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Elsa Dorfman

Elsa Dorfman is an American portrait photographer who works in Cambridge, Massachusetts. She is now known for her use of a large-format instant Polaroid camera, her principal published work published in 1974, is Elsa's Housebook - A Woman's Photojournal, a photographic record of family and friends who visited her in Cambridge when she lived there during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Many well known people literary figures associated with the Beat generation, are prominent in the book, including Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Allen Ginsberg and Peter Orlovsky, Gary Snyder, Gregory Corso, Robert Creeley, in addition to people who would become notable in other fields, such as radical feminist Andrea Dworkin and civil rights lawyer Harvey A. Silverglate, she has photographed staples of the Boston rock scene such as Jonathan Richman frontman of The Modern Lovers, Steven Tyler of Aerosmith. Dorfman moved to New York City in 1959 and found a job as a secretary to the editors at Grove Press, a leading Beat publisher.

When she moved home to Cambridge to pursue her master's degree, she called herself the "Paterson Society" and began arranging readings for many Beat authors who had become friends, maintaining an active correspondence with them as they traveled the world. By 1962, she was teaching fifth grade. A year in 1963, Dorfman began working for the Educational Development Corporation whose photographer, George Cope, introduced her to photography in June 1965, she made her first sale two months in August 1965, for $25 of a photograph of Charles Olson, used on the cover of his book The Human Universe. Due to economic limitations, she did not buy her own camera until 1967, when she sent a check for $150 to Philip Whalen, in Kyoto, he in turn enlisted Gary Snyder, who could speak Japanese, to purchase the camera and mail it to her. In May 1968, she moved into the Flagg Street house, she is now known for her use of a Polaroid 20 by 24 inch camera, from which she creates large prints. She has photographed famous writers and musicians including Bob Dylan and Allen Ginsberg.

Due to bankruptcy, the Polaroid Corporation ceased production of its unique instant film products in 2008. Dorfman stocked up with a year's supply of her camera's last available 20 x 24 instant film. Dorfman's life and work are the subject of the 2016 documentary film The B-Side: Elsa Dorfman's Portrait Photography, directed by Errol Morris. Dorfman suggests elements of healing through her work in a variety of ways, she has photographed terminal cancer patients. In 1995, she collaborated with graphic artist Marc A. Sawyer to illustrate the booklet 40 Ways to Fight the Fight Against AIDS, she photographed people, both with and without AIDS, each engaged in one of forty activities that might help AIDS victims in their daily life. The photographs were exhibited 1995 at the Lotus Development Corporation in Cambridge, in Provincetown and in New York City; the artist donated the costs of producing the photographs for this project. Dorfman co-stars in the documentary No Hair Day as she's taking the portraits of three women undergoing treatment for breast cancer.

Official website Elsa Dorfman photographs, 1957-1970, University Archives and Special Collections, Joseph P. Healey Library, University of Massachusetts Boston


JLT–Condor was a British UCI continental cycling team. They were Rapha Condor– following a merger between the Pro Cycling Team and the original RaphaCondor team at the end of 2007. Rapha Condor was owned by Rapha, a cycling clothing company, Condor Cycles, a London-based bicycle manufacturer and store; the team is British, including 2009 British champion Kristian House and double Olympic champion Ed Clancy. The team rides senior professional events in the United Kingdom and second-tier races such as the UCI Europe Tour as well as the UCI track programme; the team announced that JLT Group has signed up as a co-sponsor for the 2013 season after the team and Sharp parted ways. The Jardine Lloyd Thompson group of Insurance Brokers is one of the largest of its type in the worldRapha announced the company would be stepping away from sponsoring the team after 2014 citing a focus on Team Sky rather than grassroots sport. Subsequently, it was announced that the team would be known as JLT–Condor presented by Mavic for the 2015 season.

The team is now run by Condor, Rapha passed their ownership to Condor. In September 2018 the team announced that it would disband at the end of the season after failing to find a primary sponsor to replace JLT, whose deal with the team would expire at the end of the year; as at 31 December 2018. Source: Official website

Ganz Works

The Ganz Works or Ganz was a group of companies operating between 1845 and 1949 in Budapest, Hungary. It was named after the founder and the manager of the company, it is best known for the manufacture of tramcars, but was a pioneer in the application of three-phase alternating current to electric railways. Ganz made ships, bridge steel structures and high-voltage equipment. In the early 20th century the company experienced its heyday, it became the third largest industrial enterprise in Kingdom of Hungary after the Manfréd Weiss Steel and Metal Works and the MÁVAG company. Since 1989, various parts of Ganz have been taken over by other companies. Before 1919, the company built ocean liners, dreadnought type battleships and submarines, power plants and many types of fighter aircraft; the company was founded by Abraham Ganz in 1844. He was invited to Pest, Hungary, by Count István Széchenyi and became the casting master at the Roller Mill Plant. In 1854 he began manufacturing hard cast railroad wheels in his own plant founded in 1844.

He developed a railway wheel casting technology. 86,074 pieces of hard cast wheels had been sold to 59 European railway companies until 1866. This factory played an important role in building the infrastructure of the Hungarian Kingdom and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At this time the agricultural machines, steam locomotives and the railway carriages were the main products. At the beginning of the 20th century, 60 to 80% of the factory's products were sold for export. At the end of the 19th century, the products of the Ganz and Partner Iron Mill and Machine Factory promoted the expansion of alternating-current power transmissions. Prominent engineers at Ganz works included András Mechwart, Károly Zipernowsky, Miksa Déri, Ottó Titusz Bláthy, Kálmán Kandó and Ernő Wilczek. In 1878, the company's general manager András Mechwart founded the Department of Electrical Engineering headed by Károly Zipernowsky. Engineers Miksa Déri and Ottó Bláthy worked at the department producing direct-current machines and arc lamps.

The first turbo generators were water turbines. The first Hungarian water turbine was designed by engineers of the Ganz Works in 1866. Mass production of dynamo generators started in 1883; the missing link of a full Voltage Sensitive/Voltage Intensive system was the reliable alternating current constant voltage generator. Therefore the invention of the constant voltage generator by the Ganz Works in 1883 had a crucial role in the beginnings of industrial scale AC power generation, because only these type of generators can produce a stable output voltage, regardless of the actual load. In cooperation, Zipernovsky, Bláthy and Déri patented the transformer; the "transformer" was named by Ottó Titusz Bláthy. The three invented the first high efficiency, closed core shunt connection transformer, they invented the modern power distribution system: Instead of a series of connections they connected supply transformers in parallel to the main line. The transformer patents described two basic principles.

Loads were to be connected in parallel, not in series as had been the general practice until 1885. Additionally, the inventors described the closed armature as an essential part of the transformer. Both factors assisted the stabilisation of voltage under varying load, allowed definition of standard voltages for distribution and loads; the parallel connection and efficient closed core made construction of electrical distribution systems technically and economically feasible. The Ganz Works built the first transformers using iron plating of enamelled mild iron wire, started to use laminated core at the end of 1885. In 1886, the ZBD engineers designed, the company supplied, electrical equipment for the world's first power station to use AC generators to power a parallel connected common electrical network; this was the Italian steam-powered Rome-Cerchi power plant. Following the introduction of the transformer, the Ganz Works changed over to production of alternating-current equipment. For instance, Rome's electricity was supplied by hydroelectric plant and long-distance energy transfer.

Ganz Transelektro power plant and power distribution products The first mass-produced kilowatt-hour meter, based on Hungarian Ottó Bláthy's patent and named after him, was presented by the Ganz Works at the Frankfurt Fair in the autumn of 1889, the company was marketing the first induction kilowatt-hour meter by the end of the year. These were the first alternating-current wattmeters, known by the name of Bláthy-meters; the beginning of gas engine manufacturing in Hungary is linked to Donát Bánki and János Csonka but it is not clear that they worked for Ganz. Ganz produced engines whose designs were licensed to Western European partners, notably in the United Kingdom and Italy. Timeline1889 the first four-stroke gas engine was built by the Ganz factory 1893 the manufacture of paraffin and petrol fuelled engine with carburetor 1898 the manufacture of engines with the Bánki water injection system 1908 the introduction of a new petrol engine type, the series Am 1913 the manufacture of Büssing petrol engines for trucks 1914–18 the manufacture of fighter plane engines 1916 the manufacture of petrol engines, type Fiat 1920 the modification of petrol engines for suctio

Theron Akin

Theron Akin was an American politician and a U. S. Representative from New York. Born in Johnstown, New York, on May 23, 1855 Akin was the son of Ethan and Susan Akin, attended the common schools of Amsterdam, New York, was tutored at home, he engaged in agricultural pursuits, graduated from the New York Dental College and practiced for twelve years in Amsterdam, New York. He married Carrie Bell on September 24, 1874, they had two children and Florence, he married Mary Sanford on December 16, 1880, they had one child, David. In 1904 he married Jennie and in 1920 he married Jane Bornt. Akin moved to Akin, New York, engaged in agricultural pursuits in Montgomery County; the village of Akin changed its name because of residents' disapproval of Theron Akin. He served as president of the village of New York. Elected as a Progressive Republican to the Sixty-second Congress as a U. S. Representative of the twenty-fifth district of New York, Akin served from March 4, 1910 to March 3, 1912, he was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination on the Progressive ticket in 1912 and resumed agricultural pursuits.

He was again an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Sixty-fourth Congress on the Progressive ticket in 1914. Akin served as Mayor of Amsterdam, New York from 1920 to 1924, he resumed his former pursuits, was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican and Democratic mayoralty nomination in 1927. Akin died, from a stroke of paralysis, in Amsterdam, Montgomery County, New York, on March 26, 1933, he is interred at Tribes Hill, New York. This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website United States Congress. "Theron Akin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Theron Akin at Find a Grave

Voyage of the Pera and Arnhem to Australia in 1623

The Pera and Arnhem were two ships from the Dutch East India Company that explored the north Australian coast in 1623. Arnhem Land is named after the Arnhem; the yacht Pera, captained by Jan Carstenszoon, the smaller vessel Arnhem, captained by Willem Joosten van Colster sailed from Amboyna on 21 January 1623 with instructions to undertake treaty negotiations with the “natives of Quey and Tenimber,” and to further explore “Nova Guinea” the part of Australia sighted and charted by Willem Janszoon during his voyage in the Duyfken in 1606. After travelling along the south coast of New Guinea, they made for Cape York Peninsula and the Gulf of Carpentaria. On 14 April 1623 they sailed past the most southerly point reached by the Duyfken. Landing in search of fresh water for his stores, Carstenszoon first encountered a party of the Wik peoples. Persistent attempts by the Dutch to kidnap Wik men provoked aggressive responses and led to a skirmish with 200 Wik warriors at the mouth of small river he named as the Carpentier River, near Cape Duyfken.

Carstenszoon reached the Staaten River before heading north again. From here the Pera and Carstenszoon returned to Ambon, while the Arnhem crossed the Gulf of Carpentaria, sighting the east coast of Arnhem Land; the voyage by the Pera and Arnhem was the tenth contact with Australia, as catalogued in the Landings List compiled by the Australia on the Map Division of the Australasian Hydrographic Society. A more detailed charting of the Gulf of Carpentaria and Arnhem Land was undertaken by Abel Tasman in 1644. J. E. Heeres; the Part Borne by the Dutch in the Discovery of Australia, London: Luzac & Co, 1899, pp. 21–48

Cliff Dwellers Club

The Cliff Dwellers Club is a private civic arts organization in Chicago, Illinois. The Club was founded in 1907 by Chicago author Hamlin Garland as "The Attic Club", On January 18, 1909, the name was formally changed to The Cliff Dwellers. In 1908, Cliff Dwellers entered into a lease for the eighth floor and the ninth-story penthouse above Orchestra Hall at 220 South Michigan Avenue. Garland's model was the New York Players Club. According to the Cliff Dwellers' Articles of Incorporation, the club was formed to "encourage and develop higher standards of art and craftsmanship; the name of the Club is said to be based on the novel "The Cliff Dwellers" by Henry B. Fuller. Alternatively, it refers to the ancient cliff-dwelling Indians of the Southwest, for a club, perching on high ledges and values the arts; the club's interior, the meeting space called the "kiva", was designed by Chicago architect Howard Van Doren Shaw, featured the mural Navaho by John Warner Norton. Charter members of the club included Garland's brother-in-law Lorado Taft, a noted sculptor.

B. Pond and I. K. Pond; the Cliff Dwellers' space in Orchestra Hall was ready for occupancy on January 6, 1909, when inaugural ceremonies were held. Under the original by-laws, the Club's membership was limited to men. Women have been admitted as members since 1984; the Club became a meeting place for artists and lovers of the fine arts, through dinners and programs and performances by many local artists, the ongoing camaraderie provided by a place to meet and talk at a designated members table, open to all Cliff Dwellers members. In 1996, the Cliff Dwellers moved their meeting place from the penthouse above Orchestra Hall to the 22nd floor of the Borg-Warner building; the private club continues to operate as a non-profit organization for men and women either professionally engaged in, or who support, the fine arts and the performing arts. The Club maintains a document collection at the Newberry Library; the Club has continued its tradition of sponsoring programs and performances and providing a space for the lively exchange of ideas.

The Cliff Dwellers has been led by several of its charter members and their tradition has been carried on, with presidents who have been engaged as writers, scholars and lay members who love and support the arts. Many well-known Chicago figures have been active members of The Cliff Dwellers over the years. Members have included: Under the Club's by-laws, "any person of reputation for creative work or for distinguished service in the field of literature or arts may be elected an honorary member." Authors Stuart Dybek and Scott Turow, Chicago sculptors Terrence Karpowicz and Richard Hunt, Chicago historian Tim Samuelson, architect Carter Manny are recent honorary members of the Club. The Club has exhibitions of sculpture and visual arts, which are mounted every other month. In addition, the Club hosts numerous events every month, showcasing musicians and actors in unique and exciting performances. Over the years, the Club has opened its doors to many outstanding writers and artists in Chicago for special lectures and programs.

The Cliff Dwellers Arts Foundation operates as a charitable adjunct to the private club. The Foundation's stated mission is to support the arts. Throughout the year, the Foundation provides grants to arts-oriented organizations and individuals, presents performances at the Club, sponsors an annual music competition. Visual arts grant recipients often showcase their art at the Club. Funds are distributed biannually; the Cliff Dwellers has numerous affiliate clubs around the world. These include the Arts Club of Chicago and the Quadrangle Club, the Cosmos Club, the Salmagundi Club in New York City, the Lansdowne Club in London, England; the Cliff Dwellers official website: Cliff Dwellers Club Records at The Newberry Library