Elstree Studios is a generic term which can refer to several current and defunct British film studios and television studios based in or around the towns of Borehamwood and Elstree in Hertfordshire. Studios have been located there since film production began in the area during 1914. While some facilities have been built and demolished since two sites remain in use in Borehamwood. Despite being called "Elstree Studios", only one studio has been located in Elstree itself, the remainder residing in the adjacent town of Borehamwood; when the studios were being established, Elstree was larger than Borehamwood. Nowadays, Borehamwood is the larger; the civil parish that contains the town was called "Elstree". The local railway station was known as "Elstree"; the local telephone exchange was called "Elstree". The Neptune Film Company opened the first studios in Borehamwood in 1914. Production ceased during 1917, the studio was sold to the Ideal Film Company who used the site up until 1924. During 1928, the studio was sold to Ludwig Blattner who connected it to the electricity mains and introduced a German system of sound recording.
The Blattner Studio was leased to Joe Rock Productions during 1934, which purchased the site two years later. Rock Productions built four new large stages; the site was again sold, taken over by the British National Films Company between 1939 and 1948, although during this period a large portion of the studio was taken over by the British government for war work. During 1953, the studios were bought by Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. for television production and were sold to Lew Grade's Associated Television. The Eldon Avenue centre became the main television production hub for ATV; the smaller Studios A and B were used for sitcoms, while Studio C was a drama studio. Studio D, with permanent audience seating, was used for light entertainment programmes such as the ATV Morecambe and Wise series Two of a Kind and The Muppet Show; when ATV was restructured as Central Independent Television in 1982, one of the conditions of its licence renewal by the governing body of the ITV network, the Independent Broadcasting Authority, was that ATV should leave any London-centric facilities and become more focused on the Midlands, the part of the United Kingdom to which it broadcast ITV programmes.
They remained in operation by Central up until July 1983. The BBC bought the Elstree site in 1984 to produce its new soap opera EastEnders. In addition to EastEnders, many other programmes have been made there including Top of the Pops,'Allo'Allo!, You Rang, M'Lord?, Grange Hill, Hangar 17 and Holby City. British National Pictures Ltd. purchased 40 acres of land on the south side of Shenley Road and began construction of two large film stages in 1925. The first film produced; the company was renamed British International Pictures and a second stage was ready for production in 1928. Alfred Hitchcock made Blackmail, the first British talkie at the studios in 1929. At the end of the silent-film era, six new sound stages were built. BIP became Associated British Picture Corporation in 1933. During World War II, the studios were used by the War Office for storage. In 1946, Warner Brothers acquired a substantial interest in ABPC, appointed a new board and decided to rebuild the stages. In 1969, EMI gained control of ABPC and the studios were renamed EMI-Elstree Studios.
In 1969, Bryan Forbes was appointed head of production of the film studio. His tenure was short-lived and marked by financial problems, brought about by deliberately withheld funding and failed projects. Forbes resigned in 1971. During the period 1970–73, when EMI had a short-lived production and distribution deal with the American Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio, the facilities were known as the EMI-MGM Elstree Studios. In 1974, Andrew Mitchell took over from Ian Scott as managing director of the studios but was immediately told to close the facility and lay off all the staff; this was only with significant job cuts and closure of some facilities. The studio's immediate survival was secured through the facilities being used for Star Wars; this led to subsequent Lucas productions such as the Star Wars sequels and Indiana Jones franchise being made at Elstree and brought in directors Steven Spielberg and Jim Henson. In 1979, Thorn Electrical Industries merged with EMI after EMI's debacle with its invention of the CT Scanner, the studios were renamed Thorn-EMI Elstree Studios.
The studios were put up for sale in 1985. Acquired by the entertainment and property company Brent Walker, most of the backlot and several facilities were demolished to build a Tesco superstore. A "Save Our Studios" campaign led to the site being purchased by Hertsmere Borough Council in February 1996 and management company, Elstree Film & Television Studios Ltd was appointed to run the studios in 2000; the studios at Shenley Road are used for both film and television production, the studios are the temporary home of BBC Studios and Post Production during the redevelopment of Television Centre. Shows such as Strictly Come Dancing and Pointless are recorded there. A single large stage was built in Station Road in 1928 by Whitehall Films Ltd, but the company was wound up in 1930. In 1935, Julius Hagen, the owner of Twickenham Studios, bought the site and formed a new company, JH Studios. Financial difficulties forced Hagen to sell the studios to MP Productions in 1937. During World War II, the
Pull My Daisy is a 1959 American short film directed by Robert Frank and Alfred Leslie, adapted by Jack Kerouac from the third act of his play, Beat Generation. Kerouac provided improvised narration, it features poets Allen Ginsberg, Peter Orlovsky and Gregory Corso, artists Larry Rivers and Alice Neel, musician David Amram, art dealer Richard Bellamy, Delphine Seyrig, dancer Sally Gross, Pablo Frank, Robert Frank's son. Based on an incident in the life of Beat icon Neal Cassady and his wife, the painter Carolyn, the film tells the story of a railway brakeman whose wife invites a respected bishop over for dinner. However, the brakeman's bohemian friends crash the party, with comic results. Intended to be called The Beat Generation, the title Pull My Daisy was taken from the poem of the same name written by Kerouac and Cassady in the late 1940s. Part of the original poem was used as a lyric in Amram's jazz composition; the Beat philosophy emphasized spontaneity, the film conveyed the quality of having been thrown together or improvised.
Pull My Daisy was accordingly praised for years as an improvisational masterpiece. It was filmed in Alfred Leslie's loft at Fourth 12th St. in Manhattan. Leslie and Frank discuss the film at length in Jack Sargeant's book Naked Lens: Beat Cinema. An illustrated transcript of the film's narration was published in 1961 by Grove Press. Pull My Daisy was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress in 1996, as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". List of American films of 1959 List of avant-garde films of the 1950s Pull My Daisy on IMDb Pull My Daisy on YouTube
The State Seal of Myanmar is used in all official government documents, including publications. For the honor of the State Seal, there are Principles for the usages; the emblem is with a red background with the golden map of Myanmar in the Center. The map is surrounded by olive branches. Beside the branches are chinthe, the mythical lions; the left lion is facing to the left and the right lion is facing to the right. The Name of the State ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် is expressed on the scroll; the word, ပြည်ထောင်စု is on the scroll, under the left lion. The word, သမ္မတ is under the map; the word, မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် is under the right lion. On the top, the large yellow five-pointed star is pointing upward; the other part of the seal is surrounded by the traditional Burmese flower The State seal can be used for the following facts. Can be used in Presidential Palace. Can be used in the vehicles of the president. Can be used in the Central Parliament Buildings, the union level government offices and Region Hluttaw Buildings, Offices of State and Region Government, Self-Administered Zones and Divisions.
Can be used in ministries and their child agencies offices, in the courts and the organizations and departments which are allowed to use by the Union Government. Can be used in Myanmar Embassies and one other representations. Can be printed on the objects which are used in State Receptions. Can be used in bank notes and stamps. Can be used by the organizations which are allowed to use by the president. Can be used in the official documents of Central Parliaments and State & Region, the Union Government and the ministries, the State, Region and SAZ and SAD Governments, the organizations and department which are allowed by the union government. Can be used in State Meetings and Ceremonies; the original coat of arms adopted at independence contained the Burmese text ပြည်ထောင်စုမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် on the banner, which translates "Union of Burma", as well as three chinthe. Additionally, there was a circle surrounding the map of the country containing Verse 194 of the Buddhavagga in the Dhammapada in Pali: သမဂ္ဂါနံ တပေါ သုခေါ, which translates to "happiness through harmony" or "well-being through unity."
However, during Ne Win's Socialist rule, the 1974 Constitution adopted a new state seal with the following changes: the coat of arms was modified to accommodate Socialist symbols: a cogwheel, a star at the top, dual olive wreaths. The words on the banner were changed to ပြည်ထောင်စု ဆိုရှယ်လစ်သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်, which translates "Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma". In 1988, when the State Law and Order Restoration Council staged a coup, the words ဆိုရှယ်လစ်သမ္မတ were removed; the previous state symbol of Burmese monarchs was the green peacock. The use of the green peacock was continued during the State of Burma; the peacock featured on Burmese rupees as a national symbol. In 2008 a new constitution for Burma was adopted in a controversial referendum. In this new constitution, changes have been made to the coat of arms; the new coat of arms removes the colours blue and dark gold/orange and instead just uses the colours red and gold/yellow. The gear wheel has been removed and replaced with laurel or olive branches and the words on the central portion of the scroll have been changed to ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်.
Flag of Burma http://www.hubert-herald.nl/Myanmar1.htm