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Ely Cathedral

Ely Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in the city of Ely, England. The cathedral has its origins in AD 672; the present building dates back to 1083, cathedral status was granted it in 1109. Until the Reformation it was the Church of St Etheldreda and St Peter, at which point it was refounded as the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Ely, continuing as the principal church of the Diocese of Ely, in Cambridgeshire, it is the seat of a suffragan bishop, the Bishop of Huntingdon. Architecturally it is outstanding both for stylistic details. Having been built in a monumental Romanesque style, the galilee porch, lady chapel and choir were rebuilt in an exuberant Decorated Gothic, its most notable feature is the central octagonal tower, with lantern above, which provides a unique internal space and, along with the West Tower, dominates the surrounding landscape. Ely Cathedral is a major tourist destination, receiving around 250,000 visitors per year, sustains a daily pattern of morning and evening services.

Ely Abbey was founded by Æthelthryth, daughter of the East Anglian King Anna. It was a mixed community of women. Accounts suggest her three successor abbesses were members of the East Anglian Royal family. In centuries the depredations of Viking raids may have resulted in its destruction, or at least the loss of all records, it is possible that some monks provided a continuity through to its refoundation in 970, under a Benedictine rule. The precise siting of Æthelthryth's original monastery is not known; the presence of her relics, bolstered by the growing body of literature on her life and miracles, was a major driving force in the success of the refounded abbey. The church building of 970 was within or near the nave of the present building, was progressively demolished from 1102 alongside the construction of the Norman church. Ermenilda of Ely was an Abbess here, as well, after her husband Wulfhere of Mercia died in 675; the cathedral is built from stone quarried from Barnack in Northamptonshire, with decorative elements carved from Purbeck Marble and local clunch.

The plan of the building is cruciform, with an additional transept at the western end. The total length is 537 feet, the nave at over 75 m long remains one of the longest in Britain; the west tower is 66 m high. The unique Octagon ` Lantern Tower' is 52 m high. Internally, from the floor to the central roof boss the lantern is 43 m high, it is known locally as "the ship of the Fens", because of its prominent position above the surrounding flat landscape. Having a pre-Norman history spanning 400 years and a re-foundation in 970, Ely over the course of the next hundred years had become one of England's most successful Benedictine abbeys, with a famous saint, library, book production of the highest order and lands exceeded only by Glastonbury; however the imposition of Norman rule was problematic at Ely. Newly arrived Normans such as Picot of Cambridge were taking possession of abbey lands, there was appropriation of daughter monasteries such as Eynesbury by French monks, interference by the Bishop of Lincoln was undermining its status.

All this was exacerbated when, in 1071, Ely became a focus of English resistance, through such people as Hereward the Wake, culminating in the Siege of Ely, for which the abbey suffered substantial fines. Under the Normans every English cathedral and major abbey was rebuilt from the 1070s onwards. If Ely was to maintain its status it had to initiate its own building work, the task fell to Abbot Simeon, he was the brother of Walkelin, the Bishop of Winchester, had himself been Prior at Winchester Cathedral when the rebuilding began there in 1079. In 1083, a year after Simeon's appointment as abbot of Ely, when he was 90 years old, building work began; the years since the conquest had been turbulent for the Abbey, but the unlikely person of an aged Norman outsider took sides with the Ely monks, reversed the decline in the abbey's fortunes, found the resources, administrative capacity and purpose to begin a mighty new building. The design had many similarities to Winchester, a cruciform plan with central crossing tower, aisled transepts, a three-storey elevation and a semi-circular apse at the east end.

It was one of the largest buildings under construction north of the Alps at the time. The first phase of construction took in the eastern arm of the church, the north and south transepts. However, a significant break in the way the masonry is laid indicates that, with the transepts still unfinished, there was an unplanned halt to construction that lasted several years, it would appear that when Abbott Simeon died in 1093, an extended interregnum caused all work to cease. The administration of Ranulf Flambard may have been to blame, he illegally kept various posts unfilled, including that of Abbot of Ely, so he could appropriate the income. In 1099 he got himself appointed Bishop of Durham, in 1100 Abbot Richard was appointed to Ely and building work resumed, it is Abbot Richard who asserted Ely's independence from the Diocese of Lincoln, pressed for it to be made a diocese in its own right, with the Abbey Church as its Cathedral. Although Abbot Richard died in 1107, his successor Hervey le Breton was able to achieve this and become the first Bishop of Ely in 1109.

This period at the start of the 12th century was when Ely re-affirmed its link with its Anglo-Saxon past. The struggle for independence coincided with the period when resumption of building work required the r

At the Dressing-Table

At the Dressing-Table. Self-Portrait is a 1909 painting by Russian-French painter Zinaida Serebriakova; the painting is in the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery. Its size is 75 × 65 cm. At the Dressing-Table was drawn by Serebriakova in 1909 while she was living near Neskuchnoye, Kursk Governorate. According to Serebriakova, the winter came early in that year, there was a lot of snow, but it was warm in the house, so "she started to paint herself in the mirror, entertaining by drawing different small things from her dressing-table". On the insistence of Eugene Lanceray, her brother, Serebriakova sent At the Dressing-Table to Saint-Petersburg, it was exhibited at the 7-th exhibition of Union of Russian artists, which moved from Moscow in the beginning of 1910. The painting was well received by the art critics. In particular, a painter Valentin Serov called it a "very cute and fresh thing", while a painter and critic Alexandre Benois wrote that Serebriakova "gave to Russian public such a wonderful gift, such a "smile from ear to ear", that one cannot fail to thank her for it".

Right after the exposition the painting was bought by the Tretyakov Gallery. The self-portrait At the Dressing-Table is considered as one of the most important works of Serebriakova along with "Bath-house", "Harvest" and "Whitening canvas". Benoit, A. N.. Художественные письма. 1930—1936. Moscow: Galart. ISBN 5-269-00919-6. Efremova, E. V.. Зинаида Серебрякова. Moscow: Art-Rodnik. ISBN 5-9561-0176-8. Evstratova, E. N.. 500 сокровищ русской живописи. Moscow: OLMA. ISBN 9-785-373-04169-0. Knyazeva, V. P.. Зинаида Евгеньевна Серебрякова. Moscow: Izobrazitelnoye Iskusstvo. Petinova, E. F.. Русские художники XVIII — начала XX века. Moscow: Avrora. ISBN 978-5-7300-0714-7. Rusakova, A. A.. Зинаида Серебрякова. Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. ISBN 978-5-235-03108-1. Savinov, A. N.. Зинаида Евгеньевна Серебрякова. Moscow: Khudozhnik RSFSR. Sarabyanov, D. V.. Зинаида Серебрякова. Сборник материалов и каталог экспозиции к 100-летию со дня рождения художника. Moscow: Sovetskiy Khudozhnik. Государственная Третьяковская галерея — каталог собрания.

5: Живопись конца XIX — начала XX века. Moscow: Skanrus. Bruk, Ya. V.. 2005. ISBN 5-93221-089-3. Зинаида Серебрякова: живопись, графика. Moscow: Dom Naschokina. 2003. ISBN 5-00-002077-4

Short Stories (magazine)

Short Stories was an American fiction magazine that existed between 1890 and 1959. Short Stories began its existence as a literary periodical, carrying work by Rudyard Kipling, Émile Zola, Bret Harte, Ivan Turgenev and Anna Katharine Green; the magazine advertised itself with the slogan "Twenty-Five Stories for Twenty-Five Cents". After a few years, Short Stories became dominated by reprinted fiction; the magazine was sold in 1904 and purchased by Doubleday and Company, which in 1910 transformed Short Stories into a "quality pulp". The magazine's new editor, Harry E. Maule placed an emphasis on Short Stories carrying well-written fiction. By 1916, Maule's Short Stories was selling 95,000 copies a month. Short Stories was known for publishing crime fiction by authors including Max Pemberton, Thomas W. Hanshew and Hugh Pendexter. In the 1920s and 1930s, Short Stories was best known as a publisher of Western stories, with many of the best-known Western fiction writers such as Clarence E. Mulford, Max Brand, Luke Short, Ernest Haycox, W. C.

Tuttle, James B. Hendryx, Barry Scobee, Bertrand William Sinclair and B. M. Bower appearing in its pages. Short Stories carried adventure fiction, such as "Northern" tales set in the Yukon,and adventures in the South Seas or Sub-Saharan Africa; the magazine's writers in the adventure genre included George Allan England, H. Bedford-Jones, Gordon MacCreagh, J. Allan Dunn, L. Patrick Greene, William Wirt and George F. Worts. Thriller writers Edgar Wallace and Sax Rohmer had stories in the magazine in this period, as did Vincent Starrett, who wrote about private investigator Jimmie Lavender for Short Stories. Albert Richard Wetjen contributed sea stories to the magazine. Short Stories published a large number of adventure stories featuring the Foreign Legion; the magazine's practitioners in this sub-genre included J. D. Newsom, Georges Surdez, Robert Carse and Bob Du Soe; some of the serials published in Short Stories were published in hardback by Doubleday. These included the Blue Envelope Murder, by Frank L. Packard.

The magazine adopted the symbol of a red sun on its covers. Circulation for Short Stories rose to 174,899 copies in 1922. In addition to fiction, Maule created "The Story Teller's Circle", a forum for readers to write in and discuss issues. Edgar Franklin Wittmack, Remington Schuyler and Nick Eggenhofer all painted several covers for Short Stories. Maule edited the magazine for two decades. Between 1929 and 1932 Roy De S. Horn served as editor. During his tenure, De Horn created "Adventurers All", a column where writers and readers of Short Stories related true-life adventures they had experienced. In 1936, Maule was succeeded in the role of editor by Dorothy McIlwraith; the next year, Doubleday sold the publication to a new owner, Short Stories, Inc.. During the 1940s, writers such as Frank Gruber, Arthur O. Friel, Theodore Roscoe and Carl Jacobi appeared in Short Stories. A British edition of Short Stories was published between 1920 and 1959; the September 1950 issue of Short Stories carried Robert A. Heinlein's story Destination Moon, an adaptation of the film.

This was unusual as Short Stories published science fiction. Like other pulps, the advent of World War Two, the arrival of paperbacks and television had a negative effect on Short Stories. Despite the efforts of new editor M. D. Gregory and his associate editor, Frank Belknap Long, Short Stories ceased publication in 1959


Bónus is an Icelandic no-frills supermarket chain owned by Hagar. Bónus operates seven in the Faroe Islands, it follows the no-frills format of limited hours, simple shelves and having a giant fridge instead of chiller cabinets. Bónus was started by Jón Ásgeir Jóhannesson and his father, Jóhannes Jónsson, with the first store in Skútuvogur street in Reykjavík in April, 1989. Within just a few years, the chain became the biggest supermarket chain in Iceland. In 1992, another Icelandic supermarket, bought a 50% stake, in 1993, Hagkaup and Bónus established a joint purchasing company named Baugur. In 1994, the company made its first investment in Faroe Islands. Bónus and Hagkaup are now both owned by Baugur Group's subdivision Hagar. ^ Bónus is always written with an accent on the “o”. Bónus website Bónus website

Thomas Abel (footballer)

Thomas Abel is a Danish former professional association football player, who most prominently won the 2000 Danish Superliga championship with Herfølge Boldklub. Abel started his career with Køge Boldklub, before moving to Herfølge Boldklub in the top-flight Danish Superliga in 1997, he played 34 games and scored two goals in the Superliga from November 1997 to June 2001, helped Herfølge BK win the 1999–2000 Superliga championship. In January 2001, Abel was put on the transfer list, he went on to play for lower-league club B 93, had a brief spell back at Herfølge BK, now playing in the Danish 1st Division. Abel was brought to Malaysian club Kedah FA by fellow Dane Jørgen E. Larsen, he returned to Denmark to play for lower-league club Greve Fodbold. In 2006, he retired to be youth coach of amateur club Ejby IF, but in 2007 he was convinced to return to the pitch and play for Greve Fodbold once again, he ended his career in June 2008

Kravany nad Dunajom

Kravany nad Dunajom is a village and municipality in the Komárno District in the Nitra Region of south-west Slovakia. The village lies at an altitude of 112 metres and covers an area of 15.901 km². It has a population of about 765 people. In the 9th century, the territory of Kravany nad Dunajom became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1245. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Kravany nad Dunajom once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since it has been part of Slovakia; the village is about 81 % 1 % Czech. The village has a gym and a football pitch. Https://