Schindler's List is a 1993 American epic historical period drama film directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg and written by Steven Zaillian. It is based on the novel Schindler's Ark by Australian novelist Thomas Keneally; the film follows Oskar Schindler, a Sudeten German businessman, who saved the lives of more than a thousand Polish-Jewish refugees from the Holocaust by employing them in his factories during World War II. It stars Liam Neeson as Schindler, Ralph Fiennes as SS officer Amon Göth, Ben Kingsley as Schindler's Jewish accountant Itzhak Stern. Ideas for a film about the Schindlerjuden were proposed as early as 1963. Poldek Pfefferberg, one of the Schindlerjuden, made it his life's mission to tell the story of Schindler. Spielberg became interested in the story when executive Sidney Sheinberg sent him a book review of Schindler's Ark. Universal Pictures bought the rights to the novel, but Spielberg, unsure if he was ready to make a film about the Holocaust, tried to pass the project to several other directors before deciding to direct the film himself.
Principal photography took place in Kraków, over the course of 72 days in 1993. Spielberg approached it as a documentary. Cinematographer Janusz Kamiński wanted to give the film a sense of timelessness. John Williams composed the score, violinist Itzhak Perlman performs the film's main theme. Schindler's List premiered on November 30, 1993, in Washington, D. C. and it was released on December 1993, in the United States. Listed among the greatest films made, it was a box office success, earning $322 million worldwide on a $22 million budget, it was the recipient of seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, as well as numerous other awards. In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked the film 8th on its list of the 100 best American films of all time; the Library of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry in 2004. In Kraków during World War II, the Germans have forced local Polish Jews into the overcrowded Kraków Ghetto.
Oskar Schindler, an ethnic German from Czechoslovakia, arrives in the city hoping to make his fortune. A member of the Nazi Party, Schindler lavishes bribes on Wehrmacht and SS officials and acquires a factory to produce enamelware. To help him run the business, Schindler enlists the aid of Itzhak Stern, a local Jewish official who has contacts with black marketeers and the Jewish business community. Stern helps Schindler arrange financing for the factory. Schindler maintains friendly relations with the Nazis and enjoys wealth and status as "Herr Direktor", Stern handles administration. Schindler hires Jewish workers because they cost less, while Stern ensures that as many people as possible are deemed essential to the German war effort, which saves them from being transported to concentration camps or killed. SS-Untersturmführer Amon Göth arrives in Kraków to oversee construction of Płaszów concentration camp; when the camp is completed, he orders the ghetto liquidated. Many people are killed in the process of emptying the ghetto.
Schindler is profoundly affected. He notices a young girl in a red coat as she hides from the Nazis, sees her body among a wagonload of corpses. Schindler is careful to maintain his friendship with Göth and, through bribery and lavish gifts, continues to enjoy SS support. Göth brutally mistreats his Jewish maid Helen Hirsch and randomly shoots people from the balcony of his villa, the prisoners are in constant fear for their lives; as time passes, Schindler's focus shifts from making money to trying to save as many lives as possible. To better protect his workers, Schindler bribes Göth into allowing him to build a sub-camp; as the Germans begin to lose the war, Göth is ordered to ship the remaining Jews at Płaszów to Auschwitz concentration camp. Schindler asks Göth to allow him to move his workers to a new munitions factory he plans to build in Brünnlitz near his home town Zwittau. Göth charges a huge bribe. Schindler and Stern create "Schindler's List" – a list of about 850 people to be transferred to Brinnlitz and thus saved from transport to Auschwitz.
The train carrying the women and children is accidentally redirected to Auschwitz-Birkenau. At the new factory, Schindler forbids the SS guards from entering the factory floor and encourages the Jews to observe the Jewish Sabbath. Over the next seven months, he spends much of his fortune bribing Nazi officials and buying shell casings from other companies. Schindler runs out of money in 1945; as a Nazi Party member and war profiteer, Schindler must flee the advancing Red Army to avoid capture. The SS guards in Schindler's factory have been ordered to kill the Jewish workforce, but Schindler persuades them not to, so that they can "return to families as men, instead of murderers." He prepares to head west, hoping to surrender to the Americans. The workers give Schindler a signed statement attesting to his role in saving Jewish lives and present him with a ring engraved with a Talmudic quotation: "Whoever saves one life saves the world entire." Schindler is touched but ashamed, as he feels he should have done more.
He breaks down sobbing, is comforted by the workers. After he and his wife leave, the Schindlerjuden spend the n
Emily Jane Brontë was an English novelist and poet, best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third-eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell, she published under the pen name Ellis Bell. Emily Brontë was born on 30 July 1818 in Market Street in the village of Thornton on the outskirts of Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, in Northern England, to Maria Branwell and an Irish father, Patrick Brontë, she was the fifth of six children. In 1820, shortly after the birth of Emily's younger sister Anne, the family moved eight miles away to Haworth, where Patrick was employed as perpetual curate. After the death of their mother on 15 September 1821 from cancer, Emily's three elder sisters, Maria and Charlotte, were sent to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, where they encountered abuse and privations which Charlotte would draw upon in her novel Jane Eyre. At the age of six on 25 November 1824, Emily joined her sisters at school for a brief period.
When a typhoid epidemic swept the school and Elizabeth caught it. Maria, who may have had tuberculosis, was sent home, where she died. Emily was subsequently removed in June 1825, along with Charlotte and Elizabeth. Elizabeth died soon after their return home; the three remaining sisters and their brother Patrick Branwell were thereafter educated at home by their father and aunt Elizabeth Branwell, their mother's sister. A shy girl, Emily was close to her siblings and was known as a great animal lover, being noted for befriending the stray dogs she found wandering around the countryside. Despite the lack of formal education and her siblings had access to a wide range of published material. Inspired by a box of toy soldiers Branwell had received as a gift, the children began to write stories which they set in a number of invented imaginary worlds peopled by their soldiers as well as their heroes the Duke of Wellington and his sons and Arthur Wellesley. Little of Emily's work from this period survives, except for poems spoken by characters.
All four children shared in creating stories about a world called Angria, when Emily was 13, she and Anne withdrew from participation in the Angria story and began a new one about Gondal, a fictional island whose myths and legends were to preoccupy the two sisters throughout their lives. With the exception of their Gondal poems and Anne's lists of Gondal's characters and place-names and Anne's Gondal writings were not preserved. Among those that did survive are some "diary papers," written by Emily in her twenties, which describe current events in Gondal; the heroes of Gondal tend to resemble the popular image of the Scottish Highlander, a sort of British version of the "noble savage": romantic outlaws capable of more nobility and bravery than the denizens of "civilization". Similar themes of romanticism and noble savagery are apparent across the Brontë's juvenilia, notably in Branwell's The Life of Alexander Percy, which tells the story of an all-consuming, death-defying, self-destructive love and is considered an inspiration for Wuthering Heights.
At seventeen, Emily began to attend the Roe Head Girls' School, where Charlotte was a teacher, but suffered from extreme homesickness and left after only a few months. Charlotte wrote that "Liberty was the breath of Emily's nostrils; the change from her own home to a school and from her own noiseless secluded but unrestricted and unartificial mode of life, to one of disciplined routine, was what she failed in enduring... I felt in my heart she would die, if she did not go home, with this conviction obtained her recall." Emily returned Anne took her place. At this time, the girls' objective was to obtain sufficient education to open a small school of their own. Emily became a teacher at Law Hill School in Halifax beginning in September 1838, when she was twenty, her always fragile health soon broke under the stress of the 17-hour work day and she returned home in April 1839. Thereafter she remained at home, doing most of the cooking and cleaning at Haworth, she taught herself German out of books and practised the piano.
In 1842, Emily accompanied Charlotte to the Héger Pensionnat in Brussels, where they attended the girls' academy run by Constantin Héger in the hope of perfecting their French and German before opening their school. Unlike Charlotte, Emily was uncomfortable in Brussels, refused to adopt Belgian fashions, saying "I wish to be as God made me", which rendered her something of an outcast. Nine of Emily's French essays survive from this period. Héger seems to have been impressed with the strength of Emily's character, writing that: The two sisters were committed to their studies and by the end of the term had become so competent in French that Madame Héger proposed that they both stay another half-year according to Charlotte, offering to dismiss the English master so that she could take his place. Emily had, by this time, become a competent pianist and teacher and it was suggested that she might stay on to teach music. However, the illness and death of their aunt drove them to return to Haworth.
In 1844, the sisters attempted to open a school in their house, but their plans were stymied by an inability to attract students to the remote area. In 1844, Emily began going through all the poems she had written, recop
Steven Allan Spielberg is an American filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors and producers in film history. Spielberg started in Hollywood directing television and several minor theatrical releases, he became a household name as the director of Jaws, critically and commercially successful and is considered the first summer blockbuster. His subsequent releases focused on science fiction and adventure films, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, the Indiana Jones series, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Jurassic Park are seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking. Spielberg transitioned into addressing serious issues in his work with The Color Purple, Empire of the Sun, Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan, he has adhered to this practice during the 21st century, with Munich, Bridge of Spies, The Post. He co-founded Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Studios, where he has served as a producer for several successful films, including the Gremlins, Back to the Future, Men in Black, the Transformers series.
He transitioned into producing several games within the video-game industry. Spielberg is one of the American film industry's most critically successful filmmakers, with praise for his directing talent and versatility, he has won the Academy Award for Best Director twice; some of his movies are among the highest-grossing movies of all-time, while his total work makes him the highest-grossing film director in history. His net worth is estimated to be more than $3 billion. Spielberg was born on December 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, his mother, was a restaurateur and concert pianist, his father, Arnold Spielberg, was an electrical engineer involved in the development of computers. His family was Orthodox Jewish. Spielberg's paternal grandparents were Jewish Ukrainian immigrants who settled in Cincinnati in the 1900s. In 1950, his family moved to Haddon Township, New Jersey, when his father took a job with RCA. Three years the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona. Spielberg attended Hebrew school from 1953 in classes taught by Rabbi Albert L. Lewis.
As a child, Spielberg faced difficulty reconciling being an Orthodox Jew with the perception of him by other children he played with. "It isn't something I enjoy admitting," he once said, "but when I was seven, nine years old, God forgive me, I was embarrassed because we were Orthodox Jews. I was embarrassed by the outward perception of my parents' Jewish practices. I was never ashamed to be Jewish, but I was uneasy at times." Spielberg said he suffered from acts of anti-Semitic prejudice and bullying: "In high school, I got smacked and kicked around. Two bloody noses, it was horrible." At age 12, he made his first home movie: a train wreck involving his toy Lionel trains. Throughout his early teens, after entering high school, Spielberg continued to make amateur 8 mm "adventure" films. In 1958, he became a Boy Scout and fulfilled a requirement for the photography merit badge by making a nine-minute 8 mm film entitled The Last Gunfight. Years Spielberg recalled to a magazine interviewer, "My dad's still-camera was broken, so I asked the scoutmaster if I could tell a story with my father's movie camera.
He said yes, I got an idea to do a Western. I got my merit badge; that was how it all started." At age 13, while living in Phoenix, Spielberg won a prize for a 40-minute war film he titled Escape to Nowhere... using a cast composed of other high school friends. That motivated him to make 15 more amateur 8 mm films; some of the films he cited as early influences that he grew up watching include the Godzilla kaiju film King of the Monsters, which he called "the most masterful of all the dinosaur movies because it made you believe it was happening", as well as titles such as Captains Courageous and Lawrence of Arabia. In 1963, at age 16, Spielberg wrote and directed his first independent film, a 140-minute science fiction adventure called Firelight, which would inspire Close Encounters; the film was made for $500, most of which came from his father, was shown in a local cinema for one evening, which earned back its cost. After attending Arcadia High School in Phoenix for three years, his family next moved to Saratoga, where he graduated from Saratoga High School in 1965.
He attained the rank of Eagle Scout. His parents divorced while he was still in school, soon after he graduated Spielberg moved to Los Angeles, staying with his father, his long-term goal was to become a film director. His three sisters and mother remained in Saratoga. In Los Angeles, he applied to the University of Southern California's film school, but was turned down because of his "C" grade average, he applied and was admitted to California State University, Long Beach, where he became a brother of Theta Chi Fraternity. While still a student, he was offered a small unpaid intern job at Universal Studios with the editing department, he was given the opportunity to make a short film for theatrical release, the 26-minute, 35 mm, Amblin', which he wrote and directed. Studio vice president Sidney Sheinberg was impressed by the film, which had won a number of awards, offered Spielberg a seven-year directing contract, it made him the youngest director to be signed for a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio.
He subsequently dropped out of college to begin pro
Peter Kosminsky is a British writer and producer. He has directed Hollywood movies such as White Oleander and television films like Warriors, The Government Inspector, The Promise, Wolf Hall and The State. Born in London in 1956, he attended The Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School and the University of Oxford where he studied chemistry under Dr John Danby of Worcester College and was elected JCR President, he spent much of his time at the university involved in student theatre, where he was treasurer of the Oxford University Dramatic Society. He produced Twelfth Night for the OUDS which toured to northern France and starred a young Hugh Grant. On graduation in 1980, he joined the staff of the BBC in London as a general trainee, alongside Kevin Lygo, Dominic Cameron and Peter Salmon. On finishing his training in 1982, Kosminsky became a script editor in the BBC Plays Department but was fired within three months of starting work. With the help of BBC2 Controller Brian Wenham with whom he had worked as a trainee, he moved sideways on short-term contract to the BBC Current Affairs Department in Lime Grove to work on programmes such as Nationwide and Newsnight, before beginning his documentary directing career in earnest in 1985 under John Fairley and John Willis at Yorkshire Television.
Programmes at YTV included The Falklands War: The Untold Story, a two-hour documentary made with Michael Bilton to mark the 5th anniversary of the Argentine invasion of the islands. In 1990, Kosminsky began work as a drama director, directing the four-hour ITV drama Shoot To Kill, written by Mick Eaton and starring Jack Shepherd, for Yorkshire Television, it was transmitted in the UK as two two-hour films on 3 and 4 June 1990. The programme was banned in Northern Ireland. In 1995, Kosminsky was fired from YTV by incoming managing director Bruce Gyngell and set up his own company, Stonehenge Films Ltd, to act as a vehicle for his television dramas, his first independent drama as producer and director was No Child of Mine, written by Guy Hibbert and starring Brooke Kinsella for Meridian Broadcasting/ITV. The programme, transmitted in the UK on 25 February 1997, was a factually-based depiction of sexual abuse at home and in care and provoked considerable controversy, its string of awards included the BAFTA Award for Best Single Drama – 1997 and the FIPA D'Or in Biarritz.
In 1999, Kosminsky teamed up with writer Leigh Jackson and producer Nigel Stafford-Clark to make Warriors, a two-part drama for BBC Television which told the harrowing story of the first British peacekeeping deployment to central Bosnia in 1992-3. Starring the at the time unknown actors Ioan Gruffudd, Matthew Macfadyen and Damian Lewis, the films were shown on BBC1 to considerable acclaim. BAFTA Best Drama Serial – 1999, Royal Television Society Best Single Drama – 1999 and the Prix Italia for Best Fiction Serial – 1999, it transmitted in the UK across two nights on BBC1 in November 1999. Kosminsky's collaboration with Leigh Jackson continued with The Project, a two-part drama for BBC1, about New Labour; the first film – "Opposition" – deals with the Labour Party's attempt to reform itself into New Labour, as seen through the eyes of a group of student supporters. The second film – "Government" – shows what happens to the same characters when Labour comes to power in 1997. Revealing for the first time some of the tactics used by Labour to bring to an end 18 years of Tory rule, the films were immensely controversial.
Leigh Jackson fell ill with cancer during the making of the programmes, but survived to see them transmitted in November 2002. In July 2003, Kosminsky began his collaboration with David Aukin's Daybreak Pictures. Aukin encouraged Kosminsky to write the films he directed and three programmes have so far resulted; the Government Inspector, starred Mark Rylance and told the story of the death of biological weapons inspector Dr David Kelly and the search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. It was transmitted in the UK on Channel 4 on 17 March 2005 and won a series of awards including BAFTAs for Best Single Drama, Best Actor and Best Writer. Next came Britz, starring Manjinder Virk. In the wake of the 7/7 bombings in London, the two 100-minute films examined what it meant to be second-generation Muslim living in Britain today. Transmitted on Channel 4 as part of their 25th anniversary celebrations on 30 and 31 October 2007, the films won Best Drama Serial of 2007 at BAFTA and at the Royal Television Society.
The latest collaboration between Kosminsky and David Aukin for Channel 4 is The Promise, a 4 x 100-minute serial written and directed by Kosminsky, transmitted across four Sundays in February 2011. It stars Claire Foy and Christian Cooke and is shot on location in the Middle East. Eight years in the making, it tells the story of British soldiers stationed in Palestine during the Mandate period 1945–1948 and the impact of those events on the current situation in Israel/Palestine; the programme was nominated for a BAFTA for Best Drama Serial of 2010/11 in April 2011 and nominated for Best Drama Serial of 2011 by the Royal Television Society in February 2012. The Promise was dubbed and transmitted by Canal+ in France in four parts as Le Serment, commencing 21 March 2011. Kosminsky has directed two feature films, Wuthering Heights, (with, for Paramount Pictures and White Oleander, for Warner Bros.. He has been a member of the Policy Council of Liberty, the campaigner for human rights, a past Council member of BAFTA, a Fellow of the Roy
"Göth" and "Goeth" redirect here. Amon Leopold Göth was an Austrian SS functionary during the Nazi era, he served as the commandant of the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp in Płaszów in German-occupied Poland for most of the camp's existence during World War II. Göth was tried after the war by the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland at Kraków and was found guilty of ordering the imprisonment and extermination of individuals and groups of people, he was convicted of homicide, the first such conviction at a war crimes trial, for "personally killing and torturing a substantial, albeit unidentified number of people."Göth was executed by hanging not far from the former site of the Płaszów camp. The 1993 film Schindler's List, where Göth is portrayed by Ralph Fiennes, depicts his running of the Płaszów concentration camp. Göth, an only child named after his father and grandfather, was born on 11 December 1908 in Vienna to a wealthy Catholic family in the book publishing industry, his mother was Berta Schwendt Göth and his father, Amon Franz Göth, owned Verlagsanstalt Amon Franz Göth.
Its offerings included religious literature and military history books. He was raised by his aunt, due to his father travelling for business and his mother working at the publishing house; as a child he went by the nickname "Mony". He attended public school in Vienna and studied agriculture in Waidhofen an der Thaya for a few semesters, he abandoned his studies. Göth joined the local youth chapter of the Austrian Nazi Party in 1925 and, from 1927 to 1930, was a member of the Steirischer Heimatschutzverband Wien, a radical and powerful faction of the antisemitic nationalist paramilitary group Heimwehr, he dropped his membership to join the Austrian branch of the Nazi Party and was assigned the party membership number 510,764 in September 1930. He was granted full party membership on 31 May 1931, his decision to join the party at this early stage meant that he was considered an Alter Kämpfer, i.e. one who had joined the party before Hitler's rise to the position of Chancellor of Germany. Göth began working for the Party in the Ortsgruppe of the Margareten district in Vienna and soon moved to the Mariahilf Ortsgruppe, where he was a political leader in the Sturmabteilung.
Göth joined the Austrian SS in 1930, was granted full membership in 1932 after the two-year candidacy period. He was appointed an SS-Mann with the SS number 43,673. Göth served with the SS Truppe Deimel and Sturm Libardi in Vienna until January 1933, when he was promoted to serve as adjutant and Zugführer of the 52nd SS-Standarte, a regimental-sized unit, he was soon promoted to SS-Scharführer. He fled to Germany when his illegal activities, including obtaining explosives for the Nazi Party, made him a wanted man; the Austrian Nazi Party was declared illegal in Austria on 19 June 1933, so it set up operations in exile in Munich. From this base, Göth smuggled radios and weapons into Austria and acted as a courier for the SS, he was arrested in October 1933 by the Austrian authorities but was released for lack of evidence in December 1933. He was again detained after the assassination of Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed Nazi coup attempt in July 1934, he escaped custody and fled to the SS training facility at Dachau, next to Dachau Concentration Camp.
He temporarily quit the SS and Nazi party activities until 1937 because of differences with his Oberführer Alfred Bigler, lived in Munich while trying to help his parents to develop their publishing business. He was divorced after only a few months. Göth resumed his party activities, he married Anna Geiger, a woman he met at a motorcycle race, in an SS civil ceremony on 23 October 1938. Prior to the wedding, the couple had to pass a set of strict physical tests administered by the SS to determine the suitability of the marriage; the couple had three children: Peter, born in 1939. The couple maintained a permanent home in Vienna throughout World War II. Assigned to 89th SS-Standarte, Göth was transferred to the 1st SS-Sturmbann of the 11th SS-Standarte at the start of the war, was promoted to SS-Oberscharführer in early 1941. On 5 March 1940, he was drafted into the Wehrmacht with the rank of Unterfeldwebel, but his continuous SS service record indicates he did not serve. From mid-1941 to late May 1942, as Einsatzführer, financial officer in East Upper Silesia in the Kattowitz office of the Reichskommissariat für die Festigung deutschen Volkstums, he gained a reputation as a seasoned administrator in the Nazi efforts to isolate and kill the Jewish population of Europe.
He was commissioned to the rank of SS-Untersturmführer on 14 July 1941. Göth received a Dienstleistungszeugnis from his commanding officer, praising his service, as well as his physical and ideological traits, he was transferred to Lublin in the summer of 1942, where he joined the staff of SS-Brigadeführer Odilo Globočnik, the SS and Police Leader of the Kraków area, as part of Operation Reinhard, the code name given to the establish
Heathcliff (Wuthering Heights)
Heathcliff is a fictional character in Emily Brontë's novel Wuthering Heights. Owing to the novel's enduring fame and popularity, he is regarded as an archetype of the tortured anti hero whose all-consuming rage and anger destroy both him and those around him, he is better known for being a romantic hero due to his youthful love for Catherine Earnshaw, than for his final years of vengeance in the second half of the novel, during which he grows into a bitter, haunted man, for a number of incidents in his early life that suggest that he was an upset and sometimes malicious individual from the beginning. His complicated, mesmerizing and altogether bizarre nature makes him a rare character, with components of both the hero and villain. You teach me now how cruel you've been — cruel and false! Why did you despise me? Why did you betray your own heart, Cathy? I have not one word of comfort. You deserve this. You have killed yourself. Yes, you may kiss me, cry. You loved me — what right had you to leave me?
What right — answer me — for the poor fancy you felt for Linton? Because misery, degradation, death, nothing God or Satan could inflict would have parted us, you, of your own will, did it. I have not broken your heart — you have broken it. So much the worse for me. Do I want to live? What kind of living will it be when you——oh, God! would you like to live with your soul in the grave? A foundling discovered on the streets of Liverpool and raised by the Earnshaw family of Wuthering Heights in Yorkshire, Heathcliff's past and early childhood before his mysterious adoption are only hinted at by Brontë. In keeping with the supernatural themes present in the novel, it is speculated that Heathcliff might be a demon or a hellish soul, his appearance would be faithfully interpreted as resembling Gypsy. He becomes a gentleman "in dress and aspect." Mrs. Ellen Dean states that he could be a "little Lascar or American castaway." A silent and at first solitary child, Heathcliff is resented by both Catherine Earnshaw and her elder brother, Hindley.
Upon Mr. Earnshaw's death and his inheritance of the estate, the spiteful Hindley proceeds to treat Heathcliff as little more than a servant boy and makes him work the fields, which creates Heathcliff's lifelong anger and resentment. Catherine, remains close to her foster brother; as she matures into her young teens, Catherine grows close to Edgar Linton, a timid and well-bred young man from the neighbouring estate, Thrushcross Grange, accepts his proposal of marriage. She claims that she cannot marry him because it "would degrade her" and that the two would be beggars were such a union to take place, she declares her passion for him in such ways as "whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same", the famous quote "I am Heathcliff." Aware only of Catherine's decision to marry Edgar, rather than her proclamation of true love for him, a bitter Heathcliff leaves Wuthering Heights upon overhearing her saying that it would degrade her and while away, by means unknown, makes his fortune.
Nelly Dean describes him as "lazy" when he returns and that his "upright carriage suggested his being in the army". No other hints are given about where Heathcliff was and how he made his fortune over the course of his three-year absence. On returning, he is ruthlessly determined to destroy those who degraded him and prevented him from being with Catherine, cementing his status as an anti-hero, rather than a romantic hero. Not only does he swindle Hindley, who has fallen into alcoholism and gambling after the death of his wife, out of his ownership of Wuthering Heights. Although he tells Catherine that he despises Isabella and would "cut throat" if he imagined Catherine wanted him to marry Edgar's younger sister and Isabella's marriage promises to result in his inheriting Thrushcross Grange on Linton's death; this can only be achieved, however, by Heathcliff's forcing his and Isabella's son Linton into marriage with Catherine's daughter, called Cathy. After Catherine Earnshaw's death, Heathcliff's vindictive cruelty intensifies, aimed at destroying not only his enemies but their heirs — Hareton, son of Hindley and Frances Earnshaw, Catherine, daughter of Edgar Linton and Catherine the elder.
Heathcliff forces his sickly son, who resembles his mother, into marriage with Catherine Linton, daughter of Cathy and Edgar, in a bid to gain control of Thrushcross Grange. Shortly after the two are married in their nearly loveless match, the insipid Linton dies, hardly a surprise to either his father or his widow. Heathcliff treats Catherine with relative mercy, turning her into a cold, distant creature, far removed from the bright, lively girl she used to be. Hareton and Catherine fall in love and their relationship in some ways mirrors and in others opposes that between Heathcliff and the elder Catherine, their union breaks the cycle of hatred at Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff no longer cares to continue his vendetta. Hareton, resembling his aunt Catherine Earnshaw much in looks, creates a sense of uneasiness for Heathcliff: Brontë implies that he has a secret regard for Hareton, that Hareton sees Heathcliff as his true father; the novel ends with the death of Heathcliff
Ralph Nathaniel Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes is an English actor, film producer, director. A Shakespeare interpreter, he first achieved success onstage at the Royal National Theatre. Fiennes's portrayal of Nazi war criminal Amon Göth in Schindler's List earned him nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor, he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, his performance as Count Almásy in The English Patient garnered him a second Academy Award nomination, for Best Actor, as well as BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations. Since Fiennes has been in a number of notable films, including Quiz Show, Strange Days, The End of the Affair, Red Dragon, Maid in Manhattan, The Constant Gardener, In Bruges, The Reader, Clash of the Titans, Great Expectations and The Grand Budapest Hotel, he voiced Rameses in The Prince of Alfred Pennyworth in The Lego Batman Movie. Fiennes is known for his roles in major film franchises such as the Harry Potter film series, in which he played Lord Voldemort, the James Bond series, in which he has played Gareth Mallory / M, starting with the 2012 film Skyfall.
In 2011, Fiennes made his directorial debut with his film adaptation of Shakespeare's tragedy Coriolanus, in which he played the title character. Fiennes won a Tony Award for playing Prince Hamlet on Broadway. Since 1999, Fiennes has served as an ambassador for UNICEF UK. One of the highest profile actors in contemporary British popular culture, Fiennes appeared on Debrett's 2017 list of the most influential people in the UK. Fiennes is an Honorary Associate of London Film School. Fiennes was born in Ipswich, on 22 December 1962, he is the eldest child of Mark Fiennes, a farmer and photographer, Jennifer Lash, a writer. He has English and Scottish ancestry, his surname is of Norman origin. His grandfathers were Brigadier Henry Alleyne Lash, his great-great-uncle was Edward Pomeroy Colley, a civil engineer and first-class passenger who died in the sinking of RMS Titanic. Fiennes is an eighth cousin of Charles, Prince of Wales, a third cousin of adventurer Ranulph Fiennes and author William Fiennes.
He is the eldest of six children. His siblings are actor Joseph Fiennes, his foster brother, Michael Emery, is an archaeologist. His nephew Hero Fiennes-Tiffin played Tom Riddle, young Lord Voldemort, in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince; the Fiennes family moved to Ireland in 1973, living in County Kilkenny for some years. Fiennes was educated at St Kieran's College for one year, followed by Newtown School, a Quaker independent school in County Waterford, they moved to Salisbury in England, where Fiennes finished his schooling at Bishop Wordsworth's School. He went on to pursue painting at Chelsea College of Art before deciding that acting was his true passion. Fiennes trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art between 1983 and 1985, he began his career at the Open Air Theatre, Regent's Park and at the National Theatre before achieving prominence at the Royal Shakespeare Company. Fiennes first worked on screen in 1990 and made his film debut in 1992 as Heathcliff in Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights opposite Juliette Binoche.
1993 was his "breakout year". He had a major role in Peter Greenaway's film The Baby of Mâcon with Julia Ormond, which provoked controversy and was poorly received; that year he became known internationally for portraying the amoral Nazi concentration camp commandant Amon Göth in Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List. For this he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, he did win the Best Supporting Actor BAFTA Award for the role. His portrayal of Göth earned him a spot on the American Film Institute's list of Top 50 Film Villains. Fiennes shed it afterwards. Fiennes stated that playing the role had a profoundly disturbing effect on him. In a subsequent interview, Fiennes recalled, Evil is cumulative, it happens. People believe that they've got to do a job, they've got to take on an ideology, that they've got a life to lead. I mean, I could make a judgment myself this is a terrible, horrific man, but the job was to portray the human being. There's a sort of banality, that I think was important.
And it was in the screenplay. In fact, one of the first scenes with Oskar Schindler, with Liam Neeson, was a scene where I'm saying, "You don't understand how hard it is, I have to order so many-so many meters of barbed wire and so many fencing posts and I have to get so many people from A to B." And, you know, he's sort of letting off steam about the difficulties of the job. In 1994, he portrayed American academic Charles Van Doren in Quiz Show. In 1996 he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the epic World War II romance The English Patient, in which he starred with Kristin Scott-Thomas. Fiennes' film work has encompassed a variety of genres, including thrillers, an animated Biblical epic, camp nostalgia, romantic comedy, historical drama. In 1999, Fiennes had the title role in Onegin, a film which he helped produce, his sist