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Emmet Gael Sullivan is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. He earned his law degrees from Howard University, he worked in private practice for more than a decade at Houston & Gardner, becoming a name partner in 1980. He was appointed to the bench of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in 1984 by President Ronald Reagan, to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals as an Associate Judge in 1992 by President George H. W. Bush and to the federal bench in 1994 by President Bill Clinton. Sullivan was born in Washington, D. C. in 1947 and attended local schools. He graduated from McKinley Technology High School in 1964. In 1968, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Howard University, a black university, in 1971 a Juris Doctor from the Howard University School of Law. Upon graduation from law school, Sullivan received a Reginald Heber Smith Fellowship, he was assigned to the Neighborhood Legal Services Program in Washington, D.

C. where he worked for one year. The following year, he served as a law clerk to Superior Court Judge James A. Washington Jr. a former professor and dean of Howard University School of Law. In 1973, Sullivan joined the law firm of Houston & Gardner, co-founded by Charles Hamilton Houston, who had expanded Howard University Law School as its dean, led litigation for the NAACP to overturn racially restrictive laws. Sullivan became a partner and was engaged in the general practice of law with that firm. In August 1980, his partner, William C. Gardner, was appointed as an Associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. Sullivan was a name partner in the successor firm of Sullivan & Gardner, he taught as an adjunct professor at the Howard University School of Law and has served as a member of the visiting faculty at Harvard Law School's Trial Advocacy Workshop. Sullivan was appointed by President Reagan to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on October 3, 1984. On November 25, 1991, Sullivan was appointed by President George H. W. Bush to serve as an Associate Judge of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals.

Sullivan was nominated by President Bill Clinton on March 22, 1994, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated by Judge Louis F. Oberdorfer, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 15, 1994, received his commission on June 16, 1994. On July 3, 2019, after Sullivan received a message regarding a July 12, 2019 event co-sponsored by judiciary branch's research and education agency, he forwarded the email via "Reply all," to about 45 judges and their staffs to alert them to an upcoming climate-change seminar, his note said only, "just FYI." Within an hour, Senior Appeals Court Judge A. Raymond Randolph of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, replied with a response to Sullivan and all those, copied on the forwarded email, he questioned Sullivan's ethics and recommended he get "back into the business of judging, which are what you are being paid to do. As a former chairman of the federal judiciary's ethics committee, I think.

Should I report you? I don’t know?" Characterizing Sullivan's first message as having subjected, "...our colleagues to this nonsense," Randolph suggested he had breached judicial decorum: "The jurisdiction assigned to you does not include saving the planet. A little hubris would be welcomed in many of your latest public displays; the science and stuff you are now sponsoring is nothing of the sort." Sullivan responded to Randolph and all, copied: "I sincerely regret that you were offended by my email! I forwarded an email announcing a seminar sponsored in conjunction with the support of the Federal Judicial Center. I have no stake in that seminar." Two other judges defended Sullivan to those copied on the exchange, one writing to explain the purpose of the Center's presentation and noting that a board, chaired by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. had approved of the event.. The second characterized Randolph's outburst as "accusatory," and "quite disturbing." Sullivan presided over a number of habeas corpus petitions in the early 21st century submitted on behalf of men detained by the United States military at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp as part of President George W. Bush's response to the 9/11 attacks of terrorism.

Sullivan presided over the 2008 trial of U. S. Senator Ted Stevens, convicted of seven felony ethics violations in October. During the trial, the judge refused requests by the defense for a mistrial to be declared, after information was revealed that the prosecution had withheld exculpatory Brady material. Eight days after the guilty verdict, Stevens narrowly lost his reelection bid; as more evidence of prosecutorial misconduct became known in early 2009, Judge Sullivan held four prosecutors in civil contempt of court. On April 1, 2009, following a Justice Department probe that found additional evidence of prosecutorial misconduct, the Department of Justice recommended that Stevens' conviction be dismissed. On April 7, 2009, Sullivan set aside the conviction and appointed a lawyer to investigate the prosecution team for criminal contempt. Subsequently, one of the four prosecutors held in contempt committed suicide. Sullivan dismissed the civil contempt charges, no additional charges were brought against the prosecutors.

In 2014, Sullivan was presiding over a case, Judicial Watch v. IRS, related to an ongoing investigation into the 2013 IRS controversy. There was an attempt to determine where the deleted emails of former IRS employee Lois Lerner had gone, what damage to her computer hard drive occurred, what steps the

Joseph Chaires Plantation was a large cotton plantation of 3,800 acres located in southern Leon County, United States owned by Joseph Chaires. The Joseph Chaires Plantation's northern border was located at the southeast tip of Lake Lafayette; the property extended southward across Old St. Augustine Road. Today that land encompasses part of U. S. 27, Louvinia Drive, County Road 2197, County Road 2196, County Road 2195 as far south as County Road 259 near Lake Erie and Big Lake. The Leon County Florida 1860 Agricultural Census shows that the Joseph Chaires Plantation had the following: Improved Land: 1,400 acres Unimproved Land: 3,400 acres Cash value of plantation: $50,000 Cash value of farm implements/machinery:$150 Cash value of farm animals: \$6,500 Number of slaves: 130 Bushels of corn: 5000 Bales of cotton: 200 Joseph Chaires was the son of Benjamin Chaires and cousin of Green Chaires. Rootsweb Plantations Largest Slaveholders from 1860 Slave Census Schedules 1845 voters Paisley, Clifton.

Spreadsheet is a class of application software design to analyze tabular data called "worksheets". A collection of worksheets is called a "workbook". Online spreadsheets do not depend on a particular operating system but require a standards-compliant web browser instead. One of the incentives for the creation of online spreadsheets was offering worksheet sharing and public sharing or workbooks as part of their features which enables collaboration between multiple users; some on-line spreadsheets provide remote data update, allowing data values to be extracted from other users' spreadsheets though they may be inactive at the time. The operating systems the software can run on natively; this table gives a comparison of what file formats each spreadsheet can export. "Yes" means can both export. List of spreadsheets List of online spreadsheets Comparison of word processors

Skaergaardite is an intermetallic platinum group mineral with the general chemical formula PdCu. The mineral is named after its discovery location: the Skaergaard intrusion, Kangerdlugssuaq area, East Greenland; the mineral name was approved by the International Mineralogical Association in 2003. The mineral has been reported in the Duluth intrusion in Minnesota and the Rum layered intrusion in Scotland. Skaergaardite is associated with igneous intrusions containing well-preserved, oxide-rich, tholeiitic gabbro, it is found as inclusions in titanian magnetite, ilmenite and plagioclase. Skaergaardite can occur as an inclusion by itself, but is more found in composite microglobule inclusions of copper iron sulfide minerals and other precious metal bearing minerals; the crystallography of skaergaardite was determined using x-ray powder diffraction data. It has a hexoctahedral crystal class. Skaergaardite can appear in various forms including: droplets; when viewed under a microscope in plane polarized light, skaergaardite appears to be bright creamy white or bright white.

When the mineral is rotated on the microscope stage its color does not change, indicating that it is non-pleochroic. Under crossed polar light, skaergaardite appears dark no matter the direction the stage is rotated, indicating that the mineral is isotropic; as skaergaardite is isotropic, it is non-birefringent. Skaergaardite contains palladium, one of the six platinum group metals that are some of the rarest elements on earth. With the cost of palladium expected to increase as demand becomes greater, Skaergaardite could begin to be mined for its valuable palladium resources; the Skaergaard intrusion is the only known source of skaergaardite large enough to be mined. Skaergaardite is the most common PGM mineral in the intrusion, making up over 90% of all the PGM observed; the most mineral-rich layer of the intrusion could contain over 1000 tons of skaergaardite. In addition to palladium: gold and other precious metals have been found in the intrusion. Interest has been increasing for an underground mine in the Skaergaard intrusion.

A pre-feasibility study is under way and is scheduled for completion by December 2011

In mathematics homological algebra, an exact functor is a functor that preserves short exact sequences. Exact functors are convenient for algebraic calculations because they can be directly applied to presentations of objects. Much of the work in homological algebra is designed to cope with functors that fail to be exact, but in ways that can still be controlled. Let P and Q be abelian categories, let F: P→Q be a covariant additive functor. We say that F is an exact functor if, whenever 0 → A → f B → g C → 0 is a short exact sequence in P 0 → F → F F → F F → 0 is a short exact sequence in Q. Further, we say that F is left-exact if, whenever 0→A→B→C→0 is exact 0→F→F→F is exact; this is distinct from the notion of a topological half-exact functor. If G is a contravariant additive functor from P to Q, we define G to be exact if, whenever 0→A→B→C→0 is exact 0→G→G→G→0 is exact, it is not always necessary to start with an entire short exact sequence 0→A→B→C→0 to have some exactness preserved. The following definitions are equivalent to the ones given above: F is exact if and only if A→B→C exact implies F→F→F exact.

Every equivalence or duality of abelian categories is exact. The most basic examples of left exact functors are the Hom functors: if A is an abelian category and A is an object of A FA = HomA defines a covariant left-exact functor from A to the category Ab of abelian groups; the functor FA is only if A is projective. The functor GA = HomA is a contravariant left-exact functor. If k is a field and V is a vector space over k, we write V* = Homk; this yields a contravariant exact functor from the category of k-vector spaces to itself. If X is a topological space, we can consider the abelian category of all sheaves of abelian groups on X; the covariant functor. If R is a ring and T is a right R-module, we can define a functor HT from the abelian category of all left R-modules to Ab by using the tensor product over R: HT = T ⊗ X; this is a covariant right exact functor. In other words, given an exact sequence A→B→C→0 of left R modules, the sequence of abelian groups T ⊗ A→T ⊗ B→T ⊗ C→0 is exact. For example, Q is a flat Z -module.

Therefore, tensoring with Q as a Z -module is an exact functor. Proof: It suffices to show that if i is an injective map of Z -modules i: M → N the corresponding map between the tensor products M ⊗ Q → N ⊗ Q is injective. One can show that m ⊗ q = 0 if and only if m is a torsion element or q = 0; the given tensor products only have pure tensors. Therefore, it suffices to show that if a pure tensor m ⊗ q is in the kernel it is zero. Suppose that m ⊗ q is a nonzero element of the kernel. I is torsion. Since i is injective, m is torsion. Therefore, m ⊗ q = 0, a contradiction. Therefore, M ⊗ Q → N ⊗ Q {\displaystyle M\otimes \mathbb

The Riley Lucas Bartholomew House is a historic house museum in Richfield, United States the home of prominent early Minnesotan Riley Bartholomew. The Richfield Historical Society operates the house as the Bartholomew House Museum adjacent to their Richfield History Center. In 1852, when Fort Snelling was reduced in size, the area that would become the city of Richfield became available for settlement. Bartholomew filed a claim on the shores of Wood Lake, he proceeded to build the two-story section of the home with local lumber, using white pine for the floors. His wife and two children joined him in the spring of 1853. Soon after the construction of the house, two additions were added by moving two single story dwellings from near Minnehaha Falls and adding them on to the house. Bartholomew went on to become influential in local politics as a member of the Republican Constitutional Convention which framed the Minnesota Constitution in 1857, he represented District Four in the Minnesota Senate.

Bartholomew, who earlier in life had risen to the rank of general in the Ohio militia joined a company of volunteers during the Dakota War of 1862. The house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for local significance in military and politics/government for its association with Riley Bartholomew. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hennepin County, Minnesota Richfield Historical Society