Emo is a rock music genre characterized by an emphasis on emotional expression, sometimes through confessional lyrics. It emerged as a style of post-hardcore from the mid-1980s hardcore punk movement in Washington, D. C. where it was known as emotional hardcore or emocore and pioneered by bands such as Rites of Spring and Embrace. In the early–mid 1990s, emo was adopted and reinvented by alternative rock, indie rock and pop punk bands such as Sunny Day Real Estate, Jawbreaker and Jimmy Eat World, with Weezer breaking into the mainstream during this time. By the mid-1990s, bands such as Braid, the Promise Ring and the Get Up Kids emerged from the burgeoning Midwest emo scene, several independent record labels began to specialize in the genre. Meanwhile, screamo, a more aggressive style of emo using screamed vocals emerged, pioneered by the San Diego bands Heroin and Antioch Arrow. Screamo achieved mainstream success in the 2000s with bands like Hawthorne Heights, Story of the Year, The Used, Underoath.

Seen as a subculture, emo signifies a specific relationship between fans and artists and certain aspects of fashion and behavior. Emo fashion has been associated with skinny jeans. Fans of emo music who dress like this are referred to as "emo kids" or "emos". Emos are known for listening to emo bands like My Chemical Romance, Fall Out Boy, Hawthorne Heights, The Used, AFI; the emo subculture is stereotypically associated with emotion, misanthropy, shyness and angst, as well as depression, self-harm and suicide. Its quick rise in popularity in the early 2000s inspired a backlash, with bands such as My Chemical Romance and Panic! at the Disco rejecting the emo label because of the social stigma and controversy surrounding it. Emo entered mainstream culture in the early 2000s with the success of Jimmy Eat World and Dashboard Confessional and many artists signed to major record labels. Bands such as My Chemical Romance, AFI, Fall Out Boy and the Red Jumpsuit Apparatus continued the genre's popularity during the rest of the decade.

In the early 2010s, emo's popularity had declined, with some groups changing their sound and others disbanding. Meanwhile, however, a underground emo revival emerged, with bands such as The World Is a Beautiful Place & I Am No Longer Afraid to Die and Modern Baseball drawing on the sound and aesthetic of 1990s emo. During the late 2010s, a fusion genre called emo rap became mainstream, with some of emo rap's most famous artists including XXXTentacion and Lil Peep. Emo is considered a form of post-hardcore. Nonetheless, emo has been considered a form of indie rock and pop punk. Emo uses loudness of punk rock music; some emo leans uses characteristics of progressive music with the genre's use of complex guitar work, unorthodox song structures, extreme dynamic shifts. Lyrics, a focus in emo music, are emotional and personal or confessional, dealing with topics such as failed romance, self-loathing, insecurity, suicidal thoughts and relationships. AllMusic described emo lyrics as "usually either free-associative poetry or intimate confessionals".

Early emo bands were hardcore punk bands that used melody and emotional or introspective lyrics and that were less structured than regular hardcore punk, making early emo bands different from the aggression and verse-chorus-verse structures of regular hardcore punk. According to AllMusic, most 1990s emo bands "borrowed from some combination of Fugazi, Sunny Day Real Estate, Weezer"; the New York Times described emo as "emotional punk or pop-punk. That is, punk that wears its heart on its sleeve and tries a little tenderness to leaven its sonic attack. If it helps, imagine Ricky Nelson singing in the Sex Pistols." Author Matt Diehl called emo a "more sensitive interpolation of punk's mission". According to Merriam-Webster, emo is "a style of rock music influenced by punk rock and featuring introspective and fraught lyrics". Pet Sounds, the Beach Boys' 1966 album, is sometimes considered the first emo album. According to music writer Luke Britton, such assertions are stated "wryly", wrote that "it’s accepted that the genre's pioneers" came in the 1980s.

During the decade, many hardcore punk and post-hardcore bands formed in Washington, D. C.. Post-hardcore, an experimental offshoot of hardcore punk, was inspired by post-punk. Hardcore punk bands and post-hardcore bands who influenced early emo bands include Minor Threat, Black Flag and Hüsker Dü. Emo, which began as a post-hardcore subgenre, was part of the 1980s hardcore punk scene in Washington, D. C. as something different from the violent part of the Washington, D. C. hardcore scene. Minor Threat fan Guy Picciotto formed Rites of Spring in 1984, using the musical style of hardcore punk and combining the musical style with melodic guitars, varied rhythms, personal, emotional lyrics. Many of the band's themes, including nostalgia, romantic bitterness and poetic desperation, became familiar tropes of emo music, its performances were public, emotional purges. Ian MacKaye of Minor Threat became a Rites of Spring fan and formed the emo band Embrace, which explored similar themes of self-searching and emotional release.

Similar bands followed in connection with the "Revolution Summer" of 1985, an attempt by members of the Washington scene to break from the usual characteristics of hardcore punk to a hardcore punk style with different characteristics. Bands such as Gray Matter, Fire Party, Dag Na

LGBT rights in Rhode Island

Lesbian, gay and transgender persons in the U. S. state of Rhode Island have the same legal protections as heterosexuals. Rhode Island established two lots of major relationship recognition for same-sex couples, starting with civil unions since July 1, 2011, since August 1, 2013 with same-sex marriage. Discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is outlawed in the state. In addition, conversion therapy on minors has been banned since 2017. Rhode Island is referred to as one of the United States' most LGBT-friendly states. A large majority of Rhode Islanders support same-sex marriage. Same-sex sexual acts between consenting adults in private have been legal in Rhode Island since anti-sodomy statutes were repealed in 1998. State Representative Edith Ajello sponsored the repeal bill for the seventh time when the Rhode Island House of Representatives passed it in May 1998. After the Rhode Island Senate passed it on June 2, 1998, Governor Lincoln Almond signed it into law. Rhode Island legalized same-sex marriage on August 1, 2013.

On February 20, 2007, Attorney General Patrick C. Lynch issued an opinion holding that same-sex marriages performed in Massachusetts would be recognized in Rhode Island, he said that "his interpretation permitted recognition of the marriages, although he acknowledged that it was just an opinion and did not have the force of law." On May 14, 2012, Gov. Chafee issued an executive ordering directing state agencies to treat same-sex marriages performed out-of-state as the equivalent of marriage. On September 21, 2012, the state's Division of Taxation, ruling in an estate tax case, announced it would treat couples in same-sex marriages or civil unions established in other jurisdictions as married, basing its decision on the state's civil unions law and the state's tradition of recognizing marriages validly performed elsewhere. Rhode Island has provided benefits to same-sex partners of state employees since 2001. A bill to legalize same-sex marriage was introduced in the Legislature on January 11, 2011.

Governor Lincoln Chafee announced his support for it. In May 2011, a bill to legalize civil unions for same-sex couples was introduced, it passed the Rhode Island House by a vote of 62-11. It passed the Senate on June 29 by a vote of 21 to 16. Governor Chafee signed the legislation on July 2, 2011 and the law was made effective from July 1, 2011; as of January 2013, only 68 couples obtained civil union licenses. Legislation establishing same-sex marriage in Rhode Island was enacted in May 2013, effective August 1. Since August 1, two persons who are parties to a civil union entered into before that date may convert their union into a marriage; the Rhode Island Family Court grants same-sex adoptions and has been doing so since at least 1995. Couples need not reside in Rhode Island and may be adopting their own birth child, using a surrogate, or adopting a child placed with them. A decree lists both partners as parents. After the adoption, the Rhode Island Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics will amend the birth certificate of a child born in Rhode Island to name both partners as parents.

A birth certificate issued in Rhode Island carries the names of both parents, including same-sex parents. Rhode Island law has outlawed discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation since 1995 and on the basis of gender identity or expression since 2001 in employment, credit and public accommodations. Moreover, the state's anti-bullying law prohibits bullying on the basis of race, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, mental and sensory disability; the law explicitly includes cyberbullying and harassment, applies to all schools approved by the state Department of Education. Rhode Island has a criminal statute covering crimes motivated by both sexual orientation and gender identity or expression. In November 2019, Rhode Island Governor signed a bill into law effective immediately. Rhode Island became the first US state to remove all "dishonorable discharge" records - prior to the repeal of the controversial 1993 to 2011 don't ask don't tell policy on all gay and lesbian veterans, who have served as Rhode Island residents so they have full access to benefits.

In June 2018, a bill to repeal the gay and trans panic defense passed the Rhode Island General Assembly. The Governor signed the bill into law a month in July 2018; the law went into effect immediately. On January 27, 2017, state representatives Edith Ajello, Joseph McNamara, Susan Donovan, J. Aaron Regunberg and Moira Walsh introduced a bill to prohibit conversion therapy on minors, ban funding such practice by the state and its political subdivisions. On May 24, the House Committee on Health and Welfare recommended indefinite postponement of the original bill and passage of its substitute. On May 30, the House approved the bill in a unanimous 69-0 vote, with six members not voting. In June 2017, the Rhode Island Senate passed a similar bill to the house bill by a unanimous vote of 29-0 with 1 absent from the chamber floor; the bill had to go back to the Rhode Island House of Representatives due to a technical amendment, passed again unanimously 62-0. On July 19, 2017, Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo signed the bill into law and it went into effect immediately.

The Rhode Island Department of Health only altered the gender designation on a person's birth certificate based on documentation of sex reassignment surgery. On October 23, 2014, new regulations took effect, which established that modifying a birth certificate requires instead that a medical provider certify that the individual intends to change gen

Sant'Andrea, Padua

Sant'Andrea is a Roman Catholic church located on Via Sant'Andrea in Padua, region of Veneto, Italy. Founded by the 12th-century as a parish church, the present church was completed in the late 19th century; the church building has undergone multiple reconstructions since the 12th-century the church was oriented with facade to the west, had a single nave with five altars. Adjacent to the hospital was a cemetery. Traces of the original facade can be seen on the left flank of the church. In 1614, the orientation was changed; the churches artworks were confiscated during the Napoleonic rule. A further reconstruction, from 1875 to 1884 gives us the present layout and Neo-Romanesque decoration. A new belltower was erected in 1920; the present ceiling was painted by Antonio Grinzato, this replaces the Apotheosis of St Andrew, painted by Giovanni Battista Mengardi. The semi circular apse now houses the marble altar once found in the church of San Marco in Padua, now razed, it has three reliefs by Francesco Bonazza, depicting biblical scenes:Sacrifice of Isaac, Dinner at Emma Emmaus, the Paschal Lamb.

The lateral altars have paintings from various centuries, some moved to this church during the 19th-century. They include a Miracle by St Francis Xavier by Natale Plache from the extant Church of the Gesuiti in Padua; the Organ was built in 1962, enlarged in 1970s. Outside of the church is a much-damaged stone column with a lion; the column was erected by the community in 1209 to celebrate the role of members of the parish in the battle of Padua against the marquis of Este, Azzo VI of Este. In riots surrounding the Napoleonic occupation of the Veneto in 1796, the column was nearly destroyed. La chiesa di sant'Andrea in Padova, Editoriale Programma Giovambattista Rossetti, Descrizione delle pitture, sculture, ed architetture di Padova, in Padova MDCCLXXX Stamperia del Seminario Padova Basiliche e chiese, Neri Pozza Editore Giuseppe Toffanin, Le strade di Padova, Newton e Compton Editori