click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Emperor Go-Fukakusa

Emperor Go-Fukakusa was the 89th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1246 through 1260; this 13th-century sovereign was named after the 9th-century Emperor Ninmyō and go-, translates as "later", thus he could be called the "Later Emperor Fukakusa". The Japanese word go has been translated to mean the "second one". Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name was Hisahito. Although the Roman-alphabet spelling of the name of this 13th-century emperor is the same as that of the personal name of a current member of the Imperial family, the kanji are different: Emperor Go-Fukakusa Prince Hisahito Prince Hisahito of Akishino He was the second son of Emperor Go-Saga. Empress: Saionji Kimiko Higashinijō‘in, Saionji Saneuji's daughter Second daughter: Imperial Princess Takako Daughter (1265-1266) Third daughter: Imperial Princess Reishi Imperial Prince Priest Shonnin (性仁法親王. 1247: In the 4th year of Go-Saga-tennō's reign, he abdicated.

Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Fukakusa is said to have acceded to the throne. In 1259, at the insistence of Retired Emperor Go-Saga, he abdicated at the age of 15 to his younger brother, who would become Emperor Kameyama. After Emperor Go-Uda's ascension in 1260, Saionji Sanekane negotiated with the Bakufu, succeeded in getting Emperor Go-Fukakusa's son Hirohito named as Crown Prince. In 1287, with his ascension as Emperor Fushimi, Go-Fukakusa's cloistered rule began. In 1290, he entered the priesthood. But, with his seventh son, Imperial Prince Hisaaki becoming the 8th Kamakura shōgun among other things, the position of his Jimyōin-tō became strengthened. In 1304, he died, he is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Kugyō is a collective term for the few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. During those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Fukakusa's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included: Sesshō, Ichijō Sanetsune, 1246–1247 Sesshō, Konoe Kanetsune, 1247–1252 Sesshō, Takatsukasa Kanehira, 1252–1254 Kampaku, Takatsukasa Kanehira, 1254–1261 Sadaijin Udaijin Nadaijin Dainagon The years of Go-Fukakusa's reign are more identified by more than one era name or nengō. Kangen Hōji Kenchō Kōgen Shōka Shōgen Emperor of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult Prince Hisahito of Akishino Link to Kyoto National Museumcalligraphy of Emperor Go-Fukakusa

The Banner (band)

The Banner is a hardcore punk band from Bloomfield, New Jersey. The Banner broke up for a brief period in 2006, before reuniting with founding member Garrett Defalco; the band released their third studio album, Frailty: The Hellbound Heart in 2008, recorded and produced at the Machine Shop studio in Hoboken, New Jersey and released on the Ferret Music label. In late 2011, Born to Ruin was announced as the band's next release, to be released by American label, Melotov Records; the four songs comprising Born to Ruin: The Way is Shut were released throughout 2012 and 2013 and were compiled onto a cassette released in the fall of 2013. The band released their fourth album, Greying, in 2014 and Only the Dead Know Jersey, a split with Old Wounds, in 2015. Both were released via Good Fight Music. Joey Southside† - vocals Jake Blochinger - drums Garrett Defalco† - guitar Pete August - bass Joe Cantamessa - guitar Paul Klein - drums Buzz Luciano – guitar Jeremy Comitas – guitar Rich Bukowski – guitar Kevin Manion † – guitar Jon Morozowski† – bass Dustin Blevins - guitar Justin Fullam – guitar Chris LeBoeuf – guitar Mike LeBoeuf – drums Chris "Fingaz" Larsen – bass Ian Mullen – drums/bass Paul Jaffre† – drums Mikey Bats – guitar Rosey – guitar Tree – bass Ryan Jansson drums† Founding members of The Banner Venom and Hope Rattlesnakes Send Me Down Official Facebook page

Poonakary Divisional Council

Poonakary Divisional Council is the local authority for Poonakary DS Division in northern Sri Lanka. PDC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, drains, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities, it has 10 members elected using the open list proportional representation system. In 1987 there was a major re-organisation of local government in Sri Lanka. District Development Councils were replaced by Divisional Councils; the Pradeshiya Sabha Act No. 15 of 1987 was passed by Parliament on 15 April 1987 and on 1 January 1988 257 Divisional Councils started functioning. The Divisional Councils were commensurate with their namesake Divisional Secretary's Divisions. Poonakary Divisional Council was established as the local authority for Poonakary DS Division. However, according to the pro-LTTE TamilNet, the Sri Lankan government had suspended all local government in the north and east of the country in 1983 using emergency regulations; the civil war prevented elections from being held for PDC until 2011 as the LTTE did not hold when it controlled the area.

In March 1994 elections were held in Vavuniya in the north. However, elections were not held in other areas of the north, including the Jaffna peninsula, because most of these areas were at that time controlled by the rebel Tamil Tigers. In August 1995 the Sri Lankan military launched an offensive to recapture the Jaffna peninsula. By December 1995 the military had captured most of the Valikamam region of the peninsula, including the city of Jaffna. By 16 May 1996 the military had recaptured the entire peninsula. In late 1996 the government announced elections would be held for 23 local authorities in Jaffna District, Kilinochchi District, Mannar District and Vavuniya District but following opposition from Tamil political parties postponed them. On 3 December 1997 the government announced that elections would be held for the 17 local authorities on the Jaffna peninsula; the elections were held on 29 January 1998. On 1 January 2002 local authority elections were called for the entire country, it was announced that elections would be held on 25 March 2002 in the north and east, on 20 March 2002 in the rest of the country.

The normal life term of Sri Lankan local government bodies is four years. On 21 March 2002 the Election Commissioner announced that the elections in the north and east, except for eight local authorities in Ampara District, had been postponed until 25 September 2002. On 17 September 2002 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a second time, until 25 June 2003. In June 2003 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a third time, until 24 January 2004. In January 2004 elections in the north and east, except for local authorities in Ampara District, were postponed, for a fourth time, until 23 October 2004. On 27 January 2006 local authority elections were called for the entire country, it was announced that elections would be held on 30 March 2006 across the entire country. The Election Commissioner subsequently postponed the elections in the north and Batticaloa District until 30 September 2006. On 23 September 2006 elections in the north and Batticaloa District were postponed until 30 June 2007.

Results of the local government election held on 23 July 2011: The following candidates were elected: Thillainathan Ananthawarnan. Ponnampalam Siriskantharasa and Thankarasa Thankeswaran were appointed Chairman and Deputy Chairman respectively

Frank O'Brien Wilson

Sir Frank O'Brien Wilson CMG DSO was a retired Royal Navy officer who settled in the Colony of Kenya. A volunteer in the East African Campaign of World War I, Wilson had a large property near Machakos, where he farmed ostriches and raised cattle, he played first-class cricket, was a pioneer of cricket in Kenya. Wilson was born at Biarritz and raised at Cliffe Hall, his father's property on the southern bank of the River Tees, his father, Col. John Gerald Wilson CB, was an officer in the York and Lancaster Regiment, died of wounds during the Boer War, at Tweebosch. Frank Wilson was one of seven children, the youngest of four brothers; the oldest brother, Lt. Richard Bassett Wilson, was killed in the Boer War, at Rustenburg; the second brother, Lt.-Col. Sir Murrough John Wilson, was a Conservative MP for Richmond, Lt.-Col. Denis Daly Wilson MC, was killed in action in France during the First World War; the brothers' nephew through their youngest sister was James Ramsden, a Cabinet member as the final Secretary of State for War.

Unlike his brothers, all army officers, Frank Wilson enlisted in the Royal Navy. He served including for a period on the China station. While in India in February 1906, Wilson played his only match of first-class cricket, appearing for the Europeans against the Hindus in the Bombay Presidency Match, he opened the Europeans' bowling in that game, but failed to take a wicket, was unsuccessful with the bat, scoring only nine runs across two innings. In the month, he appeared for the Bombay Gymkhana against the touring Ceylonese side, where he opened both the batting and the bowling, taking six wickets for the match. During the 1909 English season, Wilson appeared, he opened the batting in all five matches, bowled taking a five-wicket haul, 5/6, in his last minor counties match, against Carmarthenshire. Wilson had turned out for the Royal Navy Cricket Club on three occasions – against the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1906, against the Army team in 1908 and 1909, he had recorded a five-wicket haul in the game against the MCC, 5/38, despite being the seventh bowler brought on to bowl.

All of his matches for the Navy were played at Lord's. Upon retiring from the navy in 1910, Wilson, in partnership with Maj. Frank Joyce, established a property of 23,000 acres at Ulu, where they farmed ostriches. On the outbreak of the First World War, he established a unit of volunteers, Wilson's Scouts, incorporated into the East African Mounted Rifles and saw service in the East African Campaign. Wilson was attached to a South African division, where he oversaw military transport along the Rufiji River, in present-day Tanzania, he was awarded the DSO for his service during the war, with his partner, receiving the MC. When the pair returned to their property, Kilima Kiu, many of their ostriches had been killed, they turned to dairy farming. Kilima Kiu was at one stage the "largest dairy farm in all East Africa", but Wilson and Joyce divided it between themselves in 1934, after a quarrel. In years, Wilson's farm held 2,500 cattle and employed over 400 staff, managed by his two sons, he bred Arabian horses.

Under a policy of self-containment, the property had its own factory, pasteurisation facilities, cannery and airstrip. Wilson was involved in public life in Kenya representing Ukamba in the Legislative Council of Kenya, chairing the Board of Agriculture, for which he was made a CMG in 1935 and knighted in 1949, he remained a keen cricketer, was a pioneer of the sport in Kenya, serving as vice-president of the Kenya Kongonis Cricket Club. Wilson had married Elizabeth Frances Pease, a daughter of Sir Arthur Pease, 1st Baronet, in 1919, with whom he had four children, he died at Kilima Kiu in 1964. He and Frank Joyce both feature in the memoirs of Elspeth Huxley. Playing information and statistics at CricketArchive

Cultural contracts

Cultural contracts refer to the degree that cultural values are exchanged between groups. It extends identity negotiation theory and uncertainty reduction theory by focusing defining the negotiation experience from the perspective of minority groups when dealing with majority cultural norms. Cultural contracts theory was developed in 1999 by Dr. Ronald L. Jackson, an identity scholar and a professor in media and cinema studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Cultural contracts first appeared in Communication Quarterly in 1999; the theory is inspired by Ting-Toomey's identity validation model that emerged from a study of European American and African American communication experiences. Both theories are rooted in the exchanges between strangers as described in Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory. Cultural contracts focuses on the exchanges between traditionally marginalized groups and majority groups in power in American society from the standpoint of the minority member.

The theory is not limited to oral communication. Any value that makes up an individual's worldview, including behavior and other cultural norms, can be negotiated and subjected to a cultural contract. Cultural contracts suggests that marginalized identities are in natural conflict. In order to achieve communication, individuals must decide how much of their values will be negotiated; this results in one of three contracts by the minority identity: ready-to-sign contracts. Most individuals are not aware that they sign cultural contracts; each contract is a "result of how identities have been and constructed and exposed." The first contract is a ready-to-sign contract, or assimilation, which occurs when individuals replace their culture identity for the dominant culture. This contract benefits the majority. There is no room for negotiating marginalized identity with mainstream ideals in this contract with no perceived benefit to the marginalized group. Quasi-completed contracts result in temporarily incorporating a small part of an individual's value to the mainstream value, vice versa.

This is a short-term contract since neither identity is dominant in this interaction. Lastly, co-completed contracts result in blending values together. Cultural differences are valued in this contract. In certain instance, values are penetrated and are not up for exchange. Others are more surface and the perceived benefits of the contract do not conflict with our core identity; this will determine if an individual is willing to remain in conflict. The contracts can be signed one or two ways: the signee perceives a benefit in accommodating or assimilating, or the signee is forced to accommodate or assimilate. Applications. In addition to identity research, cultural contracts theory has been used in higher education scholarship to explore the relationships between White students and African American faculty The theory has been used to explore the cultural contracts African American women sign in their beauty and hair choices

Lizzie Robinson House

The Lizzie Robinson House, located at 2864 Corby Street in North Omaha, United States, is the location of the first Church of God in Christ congregation in the state. This was a Pentecostal denomination founded in the late 19th century in Lexington, Mississippi, by Charles Price Jones and Charles Harrison Mason. Most of the COGIC members and churches were in the Deep South states. During the Great Migration of the first half of the twentieth century, African-American migrants to northern cities established new COGIC congregations across the country. Built in 1910, the house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 25, 1993, was designated an Omaha landmark on June 9, 1992. Edward and Lizzie Robinson founded the first Church of God in Christ in the state of Nebraska after they moved to Omaha in 1916 from the South; the Robinsons lived here with their daughter, Ida Baker, from 1916 through 1924. According to the City of Omaha, "Mrs. Robinson is significant for her role as organizer of the women’s ministry for the Church of God in Christ, the largest African-American Pentecostal denomination in the world."

History of North Omaha, Nebraska History of Nebraska List of churches in Omaha, Nebraska Church of God in Christ