Emperor Go-Kōgon

Emperor Go-Kōgon was the 4th of the Emperors of Northern Court during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1352 through 1371; this Nanboku-chō "sovereign" was named after his father Emperor Kōgon and go-, translates as "later. His personal name was Iyahito, he was the second son of the Northern Pretender Emperor Kōgon, brother of his predecessor, Emperor Sukō. His mother was Hideko, Sanjō Kinhide’s daughter Lady-in-waiting: Hirohashi Nakako Sukenmon’in, Hirohashi Kanetsuna’s daughter Second son: Imperial Prince Ohito Emperor Go-En'yū Fifth son: Imperial Prince Priest Eijo Sixth son: Imperial Prince Priest Gyōnin (尭仁法親王. Daughter: Princess Shūnin In his own lifetime, Go-Kōgon and those around him believed that he occupied the Chrysanthemum Throne from 25 September 1352 to 9 April 1371. In 1351, Ashikaga Takauji returned to the allegiance of the Southern Dynasty, causing the Southern Court to consolidate control of the Imperial Line.

However, this peace fell apart in April 1352. On this occasion, the Southern Court abducted Retired Emperors Emperor Kōgon and Emperor Kōmyō as well as Emperor Sukō and the Crown Prince Tadahito from Kyoto to Anau, the location of the Southern Court; this produced a state of affairs. Because of this, Imperial Prince Iyahito became emperor in 1352 with the support of Ashikaga Yoshiakira. During this period, the Era of the Northern and Southern Courts, because of the antagonism between the two competing dynasties, public order in Kyoto was disturbed; the Southern Court recaptured Kyoto. Emperor Go-Kōgon was forced to flee from Kyoto to Ōmi Province and other places. Around the time that Ashikaga Yoshimitsu was named shōgun, the Southern Courts power weakened, order was restored to Kyoto. Around this time, the Emperor's authority began to show its weakness. On 9 April 1371, he abdicated in favor of his son, who became Emperor Go-En'yū, he continued to rule as Cloistered Emperor until he died of illness on 12 March 1374.

He is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. The years of Go-Kōgon's reign are more identified by more than one era name or nengō. Nanboku-chō Southern courtEras as reckoned by legitimate Court Shōhei Kentoku Nanboku-chō Northern courtEras as reckoned by pretender Court Kannō Bunna Embun Kōan Jōji Ōan Emperor Go-Murakami Emperor Chōkei Emperor of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult

Abu Ghraib prison

Abu Ghraib prison was a prison complex in Abu Ghraib, located 32 kilometers west of Baghdad. Abu Ghraib prison was opened in the 1950s and served as a maximum-security prison with torture, weekly executions, vile living conditions. From the 1980s the prison was used by Saddam Hussein to hold political prisoners, developing a reputation for torture and extrajudicial killing, was closed in 2002. Abu Ghraib gained international attention in 2003 following the invasion of Iraq, when a scandal involving the torture and abuse of detainees committed by guards in part of the complex operated by US-led Coalition occupation forces was exposed. In 2006, the United States transferred complete control of Abu Ghraib to the Federal government of Iraq, was reopened in 2009 as Baghdad Central Prison but was closed in 2014 due to security concerns from the Iraqi Civil War; the prison complex is vacant, Saddam-era mass graves have been uncovered at the site. The prison was built by British contractors in the 1950s.

The prison held as many as 15,000 inmates in 2001. In 2002, Saddam Hussein's government began an expansion project to add six new cellblocks to the prison. In October 2002, he gave amnesty to most prisoners in Iraq. After the prisoners were released and the prison was left empty, it was looted. All of the documents relating to prisoners were piled and burnt inside of prison offices and cells, leading to extensive structural damage. Known mass-graves related to Abu Ghraib include: Khan Dhari, west of Baghdad - mass grave with the bodies of political prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad. Fifteen victims were executed on 26 December 1998 and buried by prison authorities under the cover of darkness. Al-Zahedi, on the western outskirts of Baghdad - secret graves near a civilian cemetery contain the remains of nearly 1,000 political prisoners. According to an eyewitness, 10 to 15 bodies arrived at a time from the Abu Ghraib prison and were buried by local civilians. An execution on 10 December 1999 in Abu Ghraib claimed the lives of 101 people in one day.

On 9 March 2000, 58 prisoners were killed at a time. The last corpse interred was number 993. From 2003 until August 2006, Abu Ghraib prison was used for detention purposes by both the U. S.-led coalition occupying Iraq and the Iraqi government. The Iraqi government has controlled the area of the facility known as "The Hard Site"; the prison was used to house only convicted criminals. Suspected criminals, insurgents or those arrested and awaiting trial were held at other facilities known as "camps" in U. S. military parlance. The U. S. housed all its detainees at "Camp Redemption", divided into five security levels. This camp built in the summer of 2004 replaced the three-level setup of Camp Ganci, Camp Vigilant and Abu Ghraib's Tier 1; the remainder of the facility was occupied by the U. S. military. Abu Ghraib served as both a detention facility; when the U. S. military was using the Abu Ghraib prison as a detention facility, it housed 7,490 prisoners there in March 2004. Population of detainees was much smaller, because Camp Redemption had a much smaller capacity than Camp Ganci had, many detainees have been sent from Abu Ghraib to Camp Bucca for this reason.

The U. S. military held all "persons of interest" in Camp Redemption. Some were suspected rebels, some suspected criminals; those convicted by trial in Iraqi court are transferred to the Iraqi-run Hard Site. In the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal, reserve soldiers from the 327th Military Police battalion were charged under the Uniform Code of Military Justice with prisoner abuse, beginning with an Army Criminal Investigation Division investigation on January 14, 2004. In April 2004, U. S. television news-magazine 60 Minutes reported on a story from the magazine The New Yorker, which recounted torture and humiliation of Iraqi detainees by U. S. contracted civilians. The story included photographs depicting the abuse of prisoners; the events created a substantial political scandal within the U. S. and other coalition countries. On April 20, 2004, insurgents fired 40 mortar rounds into the prison, killing 24 detainees and injuring 92. Commentators thought the attack was either an attempt to incite a riot or retribution for detainees' cooperating with the United States.

In May 2004, the U. S.-led coalition embarked on a prisoner-release policy to reduce numbers to fewer than 2,000. The U. S. military released nearly 1,000 detainees at the prison during the week ending August 27, 2005, at the request of the Iraqi government. In a May 24, 2004 address at the U. S. Army War College, President George W. Bush announced. On June 14 Iraqi interim President Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer said. S. military judge Col. James Pohl ruled the prison was a crime scene and could not be demolished until investigations and trials were completed. On April 2, 2005, the prison was attacked by more than 60 insurgents in the engagement known as the Battle of Abu Ghraib. In the two hours before being forced to retreat, the attackers suffered at least 50 casualties according to the U. S. military. Thirty-six persons at or in the prison, including U. S. military personnel and detainees, were injured in the attack. The attackers used small arms, RPGs as weapons, threw grenades over the walls. A suicide VBIED detonated just outside the front wall.

Officials believe that the car bomb was intended to breach the prison wall, enabling an assault and/or mass escape for detainees. Insurgents attacked military forces nearby on highways en route

Beards Creek Primitive Baptist Church

Beards Creek Primitive Baptist Church is located at 60 Beards Creek Church Road, Georgia in Tattnall County. The church was constituted on December 29, 1804 under the name of Beards Creek Church; the Georgia Historical Commission recognized Beards Creek Church as a historical site in 1957. The historical marker states "Beards Creek Church was orderly constituted on December 29, 1804, by the Rev. John Gooldwire, the Rev. John Standford, the Rev. Isham Peacock, the Rev. David Hennesy, all orderly Baptist ministers." The church added "Primitive Baptist" to its name. The church has been responsible for other churches developed in surrounding area that originated from Beards Creek Church. Beards Creek Primitive Baptist Church manages a cemetery on the property; the cemetery contains the remains of several Confederate soldiers