Emperor Juntoku was the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221. Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name was Morinari-shinnō, he was the third son of Emperor Go-Toba. His mother was Shigeko, the daughter of Fujiwara Hanki Empress: Kujō Fujiwara no Ritsushi Higashiichijō-in, Kujo Yoshitsune’s daughter Second daughter: Imperial Princess Taiko Gekgimon’in Fourth son: Imperial Prince Kanenari Emperor ChūkyōLady-in-waiting: Toku-Naishi, Fujiwara Norimitsu’s Daughter Sixth son: Imperial Prince Yoshimune Seventh son: Prince Hikonari Consort: Fujiwara Noriko, Bomon Nobukiyo’s daughter Daughter: Imperial Princess Jōko Consort: Fujiwara Kiyotaka’s Daughter Son: Imperial Prince Priest Sonkaku Son: Imperial Prince Priest Kaku‘e Fifth son: Prince Iwakura no Miya Tadanari Consort: Saishō-no-Tsubone, Priest’s daughter Son: Kangan GiinMother unknown: Daughter: Princess Yoshiko (慶子女王, he was elevated to the throne.
1210: In the 12th year of Tsuchimikado-tennō's reign, the emperor abdicated. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Juntoku is said to have acceded to the throne. In actuality, Emperor Go-Toba wielded effective power as a cloistered emperor during the years of Juntoku's reign. In 1221, he was forced to abdicate because of his participation in Go-Toba's unsuccessful attempt to displace the Kamakura bakufu with re-asserted Imperial power; this political and military struggle was called the Jōkyū Incident. After the Jōkyū-no ran, Juntoku was sent into exile on Sado Island, where he remained until his death in 1242; this emperor is known posthumously. He was buried in the Mano Goryo, on Sado's west coast. Juntoku's official Imperial tomb is in Kyoto. Juntoku was tutored in poetry by Fujiwara no Sadaie, known as Teika. One of the emperor's poems was selected for inclusion in what became a well-known anthology, the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu; this literary legacy in Teika's collection of poems has accorded Juntoku a continuing popular prominence beyond the scope of his other lifetime achievements.
The poets and poems of the Hyakunin isshu form the basis for a card game, still played today. Kugyō is a collective term for the few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time; these were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During juntoku's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included: Kampaku, Konoe Iezane, d. 1242. Sadaijin Udaijin Nadaijin Dainagon The years of Juntoku's reign are more identified by more than one era name or nengō. Jōgen Kenryaku Kempō Jōkyū Emperor of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult
The 1972 Michigan Wolverines football team was an American football team that represented the University of Michigan in the 1972 Big Ten Conference football season. In their fourth season under head coach Bo Schembechler, the Wolverines compiled a 10–1 record, outscored opponents 264–57, were ranked sixth in both final polls. Offensive guard Tom Coyle and defensive back Randy Logan were the team captains. Michigan won its first ten games with four conference shutouts, was ranked third in the AP Poll prior to its 14–11 road loss to rival Ohio State in late November. Two Wolverines were consensus first-team All-Americans – senior team captain Randy Logan and offensive tackle Paul Seymour. Schembecher won the first Big Ten Football Coach of the Year Award based on a poll of news media covering the conference; the 1971 team compiled an 11–1 record, outscored opponents 421 to 83, won the Big Ten Conference championship, was ranked #4 in the final Coaches Poll and #6 in the final AP Poll. The Wolverines lost 13 starters from the 1971 team, including Mike Taylor, a consensus All-American linebacker, Reggie McKenzie, a consensus All-American at offensive guard, Billy Taylor, who set Michigan's career rushing record with 3,072 yards, defensive back Thom Darden.
On offense, the Wolverines' priorities going into the 1972 season included the development of a passing game, as Tom Slade, Larry Cipa and Kevin Casey had combined for less than 700 passing yards in 1971. Shortly before the season opener, coach Schembechler announced that sophomore Dennis Franklin would be the starting quarterback. With the loss of Billy Taylor, the Wolverines lacked a power running attack, another priority was the development of a speed and quickness attack led by Gil Chapman and Harry Banks; the highlight of the spring game was a 60-yard pass play from Franklin to Chapman. Schembechler was quoted as saying of Chapman, "He's the fastest player I've had at Michigan." Alan "Cowboy" Walker, who gained 403 yards in 1971, had been expected to be the Wolverines' lead tailback, but he quit the team before the season started. Two days before the season opener, former Michigan head coach Harry Kipke died at age 73. On September 16, Michigan opened its 1972 season with a 7–0 victory over Northwestern before a crowd of 71,757 at Michigan Stadium.
The Wolverines had been favored by 21 points, their seven-point tally was the fewest scored by a Michigan team since 1967. Michigan's seven points were scored on a 21-yard touchdown pass from Dennis Franklin to Bo Rather and an extra point kick by Mike Lantry. Michigan's touchdown was set up by an interception by Michigan linebacker Craig Mutch which he returned 18 yards to Northwestern's 31-yard line. Coach Schembechler called Mutch's interception the "key play of the game." Ed Shuttlesworth led. Northwestern's Jim Trimble rushed; the game featured two firsts in Michigan football history. First, Dennis Franklin, starting his first game, became the first African-American quarterback to play for Michigan. Second, the game was the first played in front of a sexually integrated Michigan Marching Band. Prior to 1972, the band had been an all-male unit; the 1972 band included a female twirler. On September 23, #11 Michigan defeated #6 UCLA, 26–9, in front of a crowd of 57,129 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
UCLA was led by quarterback Mark Harmon, a junior college transfer and the son of Michigan legend Tom Harmon, had opened the season two weeks earlier with a late night home upset of #1 Nebraska, halting the Huskers' unbeaten streak at 32 games. Michigan rushed for 381 yards, including 115 yards and two touchdowns by Ed Shuttlesworth, 78 yards and a touchdown by Harry Banks, 75 yards by Dennis Franklin, 26 yards and a touchdown by Clint Haslerig. Mike Lantry converted two of four extra point kicks. On September 30, Michigan defeated 41 -- 7, in front of a crowd of 84,162 at Michigan Stadium. Michigan rushed for 298 yards, including 151 yards and three touchdowns by Ed Shuttlesworth, 51 yards by Chuck Heater, 17 yards and a touchdown by Bob Thornbladh. Three Michigan quarterbacks completed five of 12 passes for 50 yards. In addition, Gil Chapman returned a punt 49 yards and Randy Logan returned an interception 32 yards for touchdowns. Chapman returned seven punts in all for 90 yards. On defense, Michigan held Tulane to 56 rushing yards.
Tulane did not score until the fourth quarter against Michigan's second- and third-string players. On October 7, Michigan defeated 35 -- 7, in front of a crowd of 81,131 at Michigan Stadium. Quarterback Dennis Franklin ran six yards around the left end for the first touchdown in the second quarter. Michigan scored 28 points in the third quarter; the quarter began with Navy's Ike Owens fumbling the opening kickoff after being hit by defensive end Mark Jacoby. Franklin threw a nine-yard touchdown pass to Bo Rather. Four minutes Dave Brown scored on an 83-yard punt return for touchdown, tying a Michigan school record. Chuck Heater scored next on a 13-yard run around left end on an option pitchout from Franklin. Michigan scored its fourth touchdown of the third quarter on a 10-yard touchdown pass from Franklin to Paul Seal. Mike Lantry converted five of five extra points. Michigan led 35-0 at the end of the third quarter. On October 14, Michigan defeated Michigan State, 10–0, in front of a crowd of 103,735 at Michigan Stadium.
The game was Michigan's first shutout victory over Michigan since 1947. Michigan scored on a 22-yard field goal by Mike Lantry in the second quarter and a 5
WRSA-FM is an adult contemporary music-formatted radio station serving the Huntsville, area. The broadcast transmitter and tower for WRSA-FM is located on Brindlee Mountain, the station's studios are located on Memorial Parkway in Huntsville. Notable local on-air personalities on WRSA-FM include John Abby Kay on mornings. Other personalities include mid-day host Bonny O'Brien, traffic reporter Allen Moore, weekend host J. J. McCall. Before a gradual format change in the late 1990s away from its longtime "Beautiful 97" image, WRSA-FM was one of the last remaining easy listening-formatted radio stations in the United States. Founded and constructed in 1964 and early 1965 by Redstone Arsenal engineer Paul R. Nielsen, WRSA went on the air in late November 1965, continues to be one of the top-rated radio stations in the Huntsville, Alabama radio market. On January 12, 2015 WRSA-FM rebranded as "Mix 96.9". WRSA-FM official website Query the FCC's FM station database for WRSA Radio-Locator information on WRSA Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WRSA
Lee Electric Ltd was incorporated as a business in 1961 by John and Benny Lee, two film lighting electricians. Lee Electric was involved in the rental of lighting equipment for commercial and documentary productions, as all principal film and television studios were at the time equipped with their own lighting equipment. Although the lighting rental market grew throughout the 1960s due to the impact of commercial television, the market was dominated by a single manufacturer of lighting equipment, Mole-Richardson Ltd, the largest rental house. In 1961, this company was started by a gentleman by the name of Bill Burst And was known as Sunburst lighting. Two brothers John and Benny Lee worked for him so let me make that clear, they did not create this company. In 1967 Lee Electric started to purchase lighting equipment from the Italian manufacturer, itself attempting to establish a foothold in the international market. In addition, Lee Filters was formed to design, market and, from 1974, to manufacture lighting filters.
In 1967, BBC2 started to transmit in colour, with BBC1 and ITV following in 1969. The introduction of colour broadcasts entailed a substantial increase in the amount of lighting needed in studios as well as on location. With a major increase in the amount of equipment available to it as a result of purchasing Ianiro equipment, Lee Electric was able to tender for and to win a five-year contract with the BBC for the supply of lighting equipment for U. K. television outside broadcasts. The contract, retained by Lee Electric for many more years necessitated further substantial investment in equipment and established Lee Electric's leading reputation and position in the lighting rental market; the contract was gained from Mole Richardson Ltd, acquired by Lee Electric in 1975, subsequently extended to 1990. In 1968, Lee Electric purchased a 3-acre site in North Kensington, converted to provide premises for the lighting equipment rental business and a three-stage film studio. Lee Electric was able to compete with the major U.
K. studios because it offered its stages on a ‘four wall’ basis, without the requirement to use the studio's labour and equipment. Significant feature films made at the Kensington studios included A Touch of Class and The Who rock opera, Tommy. In the same year Lee Electric acquired Telefilm Lighting Services Ltd, a competitor, thereby further increasing the quantity of equipment that Lee Electric could provide and expanding its range of marketing contracts. To enhance the services offered to the television companies, Lee Scaffolding Ltd was formed in 1969 to hire scaffolding for rigging lighting equipment for television outside broadcasts. Stagemate Ltd was established to provide scaffolding to film production companies. Lee Electric Ltd was formed in 1972 to service the lighting requirements of the BBC in the North of U. K, it became a major rental house in its own right. In 1974, Lee Enterprises Ltd was formed to act as a bulk buyer of consumable items, principally for the rest of the Lee Group but as a wholesaler to third parties.
In 1975 Joe Dunton Cameras Ltd was formed to provide a camera rental service to the film industry. In 1977, Lee Electric moved to Lee International Film Studios, Wembley. Over the two year following the studios acquisition, Lee Electric refurbished and refitted these studios for film and television productions and commercials. By 1979, Lee Electric had established working relationships with a number of U. S. film production companies whose lighting requirements outside of the U. S. A were serviced by Lee Electric. In that year Lee Electric took the strategic step of opening a lighting rental house in New York City; the establishment of Lee Lighting America was coupled with the acquisition of Belden, a New York-based distributor and selling agent for film and television equipment, the exclusive U. S. distributor for Lee Filters since 1976. In January, 1986 a second rental house was opened in Los Angeles. In August, 1984 Lee Electric acquired the Shepperton Film Studios complex where major films have been produced since the 1920s.
In October 1984, a new holding Company, Media Technology International PLC, was formed to acquire Lee Filters and Joe Dunton Cameras and admission was obtained to the Unlisted Securities Market on the London Stock Exchange. At that time, Lee Electric and John and Benny Lee owned in aggregate 59.3 per cent. Of MTI's issued share capital, it was considered that the allied but self-contained activities of Lee Filters and Joe Dunton Cameras could be more developed under its own management and with direct access to the capital markets. In June, 1984 Joe Dunton Cameras had established a subsidiary in the U. S. A. In June 1985, Lee Electric acquired Colortran, a U. S. manufacturer of lighting products, with a U. K. branch in Norfolk. Its products included advanced computerised dimming control systems and specialist lights for theatres and architectural applications. Through this acquisition the Lee Group secured an international network of agents. In November 1985, MTI acquired Mitchell Camera Corporation, based in Los Angeles and was one of the oldest manufacturers of film cameras.
The acquisition reduced the Lee Group's interest in MTI to 53.9%, further reduced to 29.9 per cent. As part of the reorganisation that took place prior to the Offer for Sale. Lee International was formed in May 1985, is now the holding company for the Lee Group. In November, 1985 Lee International made a recommended cash offer for a listed company, Humphries Holdings PLC, which rents lighting equipment in Europe, manufac
The general framework and the body of Hong Kong’s criminal laws were in fact imported from the United Kingdom when Hong Kong was first become a Crown colony in 1842 under the Treaty of Nanking. Nowadays, after the handover and years of development and modification, these laws are still similar to those in the UK. Just like in Britain, criminal laws in Hong Kong are entailed in different statutory law and common law. Although an individual can initiate a criminal prosecution, this is rare due to many reasons: expensive costs involved in legal proceedings, lack of power and information to carry out formal investigation and collect evidence, exclusive right for the Secretary for Justice to get involved or take over any private criminal prosecution, etc. Therefore, it is the Secretary for Justice who initiates a formal criminal prosecution. Before the Secretary initiates a prosecution, the Secretary must first determine if there is enough evidence to provide an adequate basis to prosecute, whether the prosecution is to benefit the society as a whole.
The Secretary, or officials acting upon his behalf, is required to follow a set of rules in a prosecution. The Secretary is to present the case and any evidence to an impartial court; the defendant of the case is allowed to defense him in the court proceeding. At last, the court determines. Therefore, criminal law can further divide into procedure law, substantive law, judgement. During a criminal proceeding, many steps and rules are involved; each of the steps must be followed in the correct order and the right time. First things first, in order for the Secretary for Justice to institute a criminal proceeding, the Secretary must first lawfully collect evidence and arrest the accused person; the Secretary determines whether to institute a criminal proceeding. See Arrest powers in Hong Kong See Summary Proceedings See Trial First Stage Voir Dire Empanelling jury Similar to many former British colonies, Hong Kong inherits the practice of trial by jury from the UK; the precise process of empanelling a jury is provided in the Jury Ordinance.
In general, a jury is composed of seven jurors. Sometimes, a judge may enlarge a jury to a nine-person jury based on the situation. Prosecution's opening, Cross-examination, Re-examination of witnesses Defendant's opening, Cross-examination, Re-examination of witnesses Closing Summing-up by judge & Verdict 2212629
The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨v⟩, the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is v; the sound is similar to voiced alveolar fricative /z/ in that it is familiar to most European speakers, but cross-linguistically it is a uncommon sound, being only a quarter as frequent as. Moreover, Most languages that have /z/ have /v/ and to /z/, the overwhelming majority of languages with are languages of Europe, Africa, or Western Asia, although the similar labiodental approximant /ʋ/ is common in India; the presence of and absence of, is a distinctive areal feature of European languages and those of adjacent areas of Siberia and Central Asia. Speakers of East Asian languages that lack this sound may pronounce it as, or /, thus be unable to distinguish between a number of English minimal pairs. In certain languages, such as Danish, Icelandic or Norwegian the voiced labiodental fricative is in a free variation with the labiodental approximant.
Features of the voiced labiodental fricative: Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence. Its place of articulation is labiodental, which means it is articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth, its phonation is voiced. It is an oral consonant; because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the central–lateral dichotomy does not apply. The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds. Index of phonetics articles List of languages with on PHOIBLE