Emperor Kammu was the 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kammu reigned from 781 to 806, it was during his reign that Japanese imperial power reached its peak. Kammu's personal name was Yamabe, he was the eldest son of Prince Shirakabe, was born prior to Shirakabe's ascension to the throne. According to the Shoku Nihongi, Yamabe's mother, Yamato no Niigasa, was a 10th generation descendant of Muryeong of Baekje. After his father became emperor, Kammu's half-brother, Prince Osabe was appointed to the rank of crown prince, his mother was a daughter of Emperor Shōmu. After Inoe and Prince Osabe were confined and died in 775, Osabe's sister – Kammu's half-sister Princess Sakahito – became Kammu's wife; when he ascended to the throne in 781, Kammu appointed his young brother, Prince Sawara, whose mother was Takano no Niigasa, as crown prince. Hikami no Kawatsugu, a son of Emperor Tenmu's grandson Prince Shioyaki and Shōmu's daughter Fuwa, attempted to carry out a coup d'état in 782, but it failed and Kawatsugu and his mother were sent into exile.
In 785 Sawara was died in exile. The Nara period saw the appointment of the first shōgun, Ōtomo no Otomaro by Emperor Kanmu in 794 CE; the shōgun was the military dictator of Japan with near absolute power over territories via the military. Otomaro was declared "Sei-i Taishōgun" which means "Barbarian-subduing Great General". Emperor Kanmu granted the second title of shōgun to Sakanoue no Tamuramaro for subduing the Emishi in northern Honshu. Kammu had 16 empresses and consorts, 32 imperial sons and daughters. Among them, three sons would ascend to the imperial throne: Emperor Heizei, Emperor Saga and Emperor Junna; some of his descendants took the Taira hereditary clan title, in generations became prominent warriors. Examples include Taira no Masakado, Taira no Kiyomori, the Hōjō clan; the waka poet Ariwara. Kammu is traditionally venerated at his tomb. Kammu was an active emperor who attempted to consolidate government functions. Kammu appointed Sakanoue no Tamuramaro to lead a military expedition against the Emishi.
737: Kammu was born. 773: Received the title of crown prince. April 30, 781: In the 11th year of Kōnin's reign, he abdicated. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Kammu is said to have ascended to the throne. During his reign, the capital of Japan was moved from Nara to Nagaoka-kyō in 784. Shortly thereafter, the capital would be moved again in 794. July 28, 782: The sadaijin Fujiwara no Uona was involved in an incident that resulted in his removal from office and exile to Kyushi. Claiming illness, Uona was permitted to return to the capital. In the same general time frame, Fujiwara no Tamaro was named Udaijin. During these days in which the offices of sadaijin and udaijin were vacant, the major counselors and the emperor assumed responsibilities and powers which would have been otherwise delegated. 783: The udaijin Tamaro died at the age of 62 years. 783: Fujiwara no Korekimi became the new udaijin to replace the late Fujiwara no Tamaro. 793: Under the leadership of Dengyō, construction began on the Enryaku Temple.
794: The capital was relocated again, this time to Heian-kyō, where the palace was named Heian no Miya. November 17, 794: The emperor traveled by carriage from Nara to the new capital of Heian-kyō in a grand procession; this marks the beginning of the Heian period. 794 appointed Ōtomo no Otomaro as the first Shōgun "Sei-i Taishōgun—"Barbarian-subduing Great General", together with Sakanoue no Tamuramaro subdues the Emishi in Northern Honshu. 806: Kammu died at the age of 70. Kammu's reign lasted for 25 years; the years of Kammu's reign are more identified by more than one era name. Ten'ō Enryaku Earlier Imperial sponsorship of Buddhism, beginning with Prince Shōtoku, had led to a general politicization of the clergy, along with an increase in intrigue and corruption. In 784 Kammu shifted his capital from Nara to Nagaoka-kyō in a move, said to be designed to edge the powerful Nara Buddhist establishments out of state politics—while the capital moved, the major Buddhist temples, their officials, stayed put.
Indeed, there was a steady stream of edicts issued from 771 right through the period of Kūkai's studies which, for instance, sought to limit the number of Buddhist priests, the building of temples. However the move was to prove disastrous and was followed by a series of natural disasters including the flooding of half the city. In 785 the principal architect of the new capital, royal favourite, Fujiwara no Tanetsugu, was assassinated. Meanwhile, Kammu's armies were pushing back the boundaries of his empire; this led to an uprising, in 789 a substantial defeat for Kammu's troops. In 789 there was a severe drought and famine—the streets of the capital were clogged with the sick, people avoiding being drafted into the military, or into forced labour. Many disguised themselve
Col. Isaac R. Moores was an American soldier and politician in Illinois and Oregon. A native of Kentucky, he would serve in the Seminole War and the Black Hawk War before immigrating to the Oregon Territory. In Oregon, Moores served at the Oregon Constitutional Convention, his son, Isaac R. Moores, Jr. would become Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives. Isaac Moores was born in Madison County, Kentucky, on March 23, 1796, his father, was a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. Moores grew up in the south and in 1814 he enlisted in the United States Army to fight in the Seminole War. In 1818, he served under future president Andrew Jackson in the Seminole War, fighting two campaigns. In 1818, he married Jane Alexander in Tennessee, they would live for a time in Alabama before moving north to Illinois. Moores was a friend of Sam Houston and the attempted to recruit Moores for settlement in Texas; the Moores family would settle in Danville, Illinois, in 1824. During the Black Hawk War in 1831 he was selected as a colonel and led the 4th regiment of the Illinois Volunteers.
Moores formed a company of soldiers to serve in the Mexican American War, but never enlisted as the state had reached its quota for soldiers. Isaac Moores and his family left Danville in March 1852 and traveled the Oregon Trail to the Oregon Territory in a wagon train of 70 wagons; the family arrived in Portland in November 1852. Col. Moores moved to the southern end of the Willamette Valley. There he acquired a farm totaling 1,710 acres. In 1855, Moores was elected to represent Lane County as a Democrat in the Oregon Territory House of Representatives. Moores was elected as a delegate to the Oregon Constitutional Convention in 1857. Held in Salem, the convention created a constitution as Oregon prepared to become a state. Moores represented Lane County again as a Democrat. Opposed to slavery, he would become a Republican; the Republican Party nominated him for the Oregon State Senate in 1860. Moores' children were Charles W. and Isaac Ross Moores. Isaac R. Moores, Sr. died in Eugene on April 15, 1861, at the age of 65 and was buried in the Salem Pioneer Cemetery.
Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library
Mount Paatusoq known as'Mount Patuersoq', is the highest mountain in the Kujalleq municipality, SE Greenland. It is the highest peak in the King Frederick VI Coast area of far southeastern Greenland. Long considered the highest unclimbed peak in remote southern Greenland, it was climbed by the 1962 Austro-German Greenland Expedition led by Austrian alpinist Toni Dürnberger from April to July 1962. Rising on the northern side of the inner end of Paatusoq fjord Mount Paatusoq is an isolated peak in a remote and uninhabited location; this mighty mountain rises steeply from the glacier located north of the nunatak at the glacier confluence that has its terminus in Paatusoq fjord 10 km to the ESE. In the western part of Paatusoq fjord the mountain ranges on both sides of the fjord rise steeply from the shore to heights of about 2,000 m; the massive succession of mountains on the northern side culminates in this magnificent ultra-prominent peak towering to a height of 2,488 m above the glacier at the head of the fjord.
This mountain is marked as a 8,238-foot-high peak in the Defense Mapping Agency Greenland Navigation charts and as a 8,990-foot-high mountain in other sources. Geologically the western end of the range and the mountains in the nunatak south of it are part of the Paatusoq Syenite Complex. List of mountains in Greenland List of the ultra-prominent summits of North America List of the major 100-kilometer summits of North America Greenland's Climate Change JGS - Emplacement of rapakivi granite and syenite by floor depression and roof uplift in the Palaeoproterozoic Ketilidian orogen, South Greenland JSTOR The Geographical Journal Vol. 130, No. 4, pp. 572-574
The 1980–81 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship was the 11th season of the All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, the Gaelic Athletic Association's premier club hurling tournament. The All-Ireland series began on 12 April 1981 and ended on 17 May 1981. Castlegar were the defending champions, they failed to qualify. Ballyhale Shamrocks won the title after defeating. First round Semi-final Final First round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final Quarter-final Semi-finals Final Semi-finals Final Quarter-final Semi-finals Final Top scorers overall McQuillan's of Antrim become the first team to win three successive Ulster titles. Ballyhale Shamrocks win the All-Ireland title for the first time. In doing so they deny St. Finbarr's a unique double as their Gaelic footballers would claim the All-Ireland title in that code
Melophorus bagoti, or red honey ant, is an Australian species of desert ant in the subfamily Formicinae. Widespread in arid Central Australia, the species inhabits low-shrub and grassland deserts, where it builds large underground nests; the outdoor activity is restricted to the hotter summer months, when the ants are active during the heat of the day. Foragers begin their activity at soil surface temperatures of about 50 °C and continue to forage when soil temperatures are above 70 °C, they forage solitarily for food such as dead insects and sugary plant exudates and are well known for their ability to store liquids in the abdomens of specialized workers, the so-called repletes or "honey pots", hence their common name "red honey ant". Nest relocation is aided by trail laying behavior, unusual for solitary foraging desert ants; the founding stage of an ant colony is characterized by the same sequence of events. Reproduction occurs in synchronized mating flights, which are triggered by rain; the virgin queen leaves the nest in a mating flight and is inseminated by one or several males, there is circumstantial evidence that males are chemically attracted to queens.
She looks for a new nest site and starts excavating a small nest, where she lays eggs and rears a small brood. The queens found new colonies independently and without the help of other workers. However, nothing is known about the number of queens in colony stages or other populations of M. bagoti
Yvonne T. Maddox is an American academic, who works as vice president for research at the Uniformed Services University She was the acting director of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, her career at the National Institutes of Health includes previous leadership roles as acting deputy director of the National Institutes of Health and deputy director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Maddox received her Bachelor of Science degree in biology from Virginia Union University in 1965During her senior year, Maddox was accepted into medical school. After marrying and becoming a mother, Maddox enrolled in graduate school and in 1981, she received her Ph. D. in physiology from Georgetown University. Maddox was a National Research Service Award Postdoctoral Fellow and an assistant professor of physiology in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Georgetown, she studied as a visiting scientist at the French Atomic Energy Commission in Saclay and graduated from the Senior Managers in Government Program of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Maddox's career has focused on healthcare equity for minorities and children, in both the United States and abroad. She first started working in 1965 as a blood bank technician in the Department of Medicine at the Medical College of Virginia. From 1968 to 1985, she worked as a researcher and visiting scientist in various institutions including the Department of Inhalation Toxicology, the Department of Ophthalmology at the Washington Hospital Center, the Department of Biology at American University, the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Georgetown University Medical Center, the French Atomic Energy Commission, the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Georgetown. In 1985, Maddox began work as a health scientist administrator at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, where she became deputy director of the Biophysics and Physiological Sciences Program and chief of the Pharmacology and Physiological Sciences Section, acting director of the Minority Access to Research Careers Program from 1993 to 1994.
From 1995 to 2014, Maddox was the deputy director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. As deputy director, she led many federal and international efforts to improve maternal and child health, including the NICHD Safe to Sleep, the NIH Down Syndrome Consortium, the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research. While deputy director of NICHD, she was acting director of the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research and the institute's acting associate director for Prevention and International Activities. Maddox was the NIH acting deputy director from January 2000 to June 2002. In 2014, Maddox became the acting director of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. In June 2015, Dr. Maddox became the Vice President for Research at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. United States Presidential Distinguished Executive Rank Award United States Presidential Meritorious Executive Rank Award Public Health Service Special Recognition Award United States Department of Health & Human Services Secretary's Award United States Department of Health & Human Services Career Achievement Award National Institutes of Health Director's Award American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Distinguished Public Service Award HeLa Award from the Morehouse School of Medicine 2014 National Caucus on Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Health Disparities’ Vanguard Award for Scientific Leadership in Health DisparitiesMaddox was inducted into the Historically Black Colleges and Universities Hall of Fame in recognition for her contributions in the field of medicine.
She has received several honorary degrees, served on public service and academic boards, delivered national and international keynote scientific lectures. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Institutes of Health