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Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was designed by Shreve, Lamb & Harmon and completed in 1931; the building has a roof height of 1,250 feet and stands a total of 1,454 feet tall, including its antenna. Its name is derived from "Empire State", the nickname of New York; the Empire State Building stood as the world's tallest building for nearly 40 years until the construction of the World Trade Center's North Tower in Lower Manhattan in late 1970. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, it was again the tallest building in New York City until it was surpassed by the new One World Trade Center in 2012; as of 2019, the building is the seventh-tallest building in New York City, the sixth-tallest completed skyscraper in the United States, the 45th-tallest in the world. It is the sixth-tallest freestanding structure in the Americas; the site of the Empire State Building, located in Midtown South on the west side of Fifth Avenue between West 33rd and 34th Streets, was part of an early 18th-century farm became the site of the Waldorf–Astoria Hotel in 1893.

In 1929, Empire State Inc. devised plans for a skyscraper there. The design for the Empire State Building was changed fifteen times until it was ensured to be the world's tallest building. Construction started on March 17, 1930, the building opened thirteen and a half months afterward on May 1, 1931. Despite the publicity surrounding the building's construction, its owners failed to make a profit until the early 1950s. Since its opening, the building's Art Deco architecture and observation decks have made it a popular attraction. Around 4 million tourists from around the world visit the building's 86th and 102nd floor observatories every year, an additional indoor observatory on the 80th floor opened in 2019; the building stands near other major Midtown tourist attractions including Pennsylvania Station, Madison Square Garden and Macy's Herald Square. The Empire State Building is an American cultural icon and has been featured in more than 250 TV shows and movies since the film King Kong was released in 1933.

A symbol of New York City, the tower has been named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The Empire State Building and its ground-floor interior have been designated as a city landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, were confirmed as such by the New York City Board of Estimate, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986, was ranked number one on the American Institute of Architects' List of America's Favorite Architecture in 2007. The Empire State Building is located on the west side of Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, between 33rd and 34th Streets. Tenants enter the building through the Art Deco lobby located at 350 Fifth Avenue. Visitors to the observatories use an entrance at 20 West 34th Street. Although physically located in South Midtown, a mixed residential and commercial area, the building is so large that it was assigned its own ZIP Code, 10118; the areas surrounding the Empire State Building are home to other major Manhattan landmarks as well, including Macy's at Herald Square on Sixth Avenue and 34th Street, Koreatown on 32nd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues, Penn Station and Madison Square Garden on Seventh Avenue between 32nd and 34th Streets, the Flower District on 28th Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues.

The nearest New York City Subway stations are 34th Street–Penn Station at Seventh Avenue, two blocks west. There is a PATH station at 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue. To the east of the Empire State Building is Murray Hill, a neighborhood with a mix of residential and entertainment activity. One block east of the Empire State Building, on Madison Avenue at 34th Street, is the New York Public Library's Science and Business Library, located on the same block as the City University of New York's Graduate Center. Bryant Park and the New York Public Library Main Branch are located six blocks north of the Empire State Building, on the block bounded by Fifth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, 40th Street, 42nd Street. Grand Central Terminal is located two blocks east of the library's Main Branch, at Park Avenue and 42nd Street; the tract was part of Mary and John Murray's farm on Murray Hill. The earliest recorded major action on the site was during the American Revolutionary War, when General George Washington's troops retreated from the British following the Battle of Kip's Bay.

In 1799, John Thompson bought a 20-acre tract of land bounded by present-day Madison Avenue, 36th Street, Sixth Avenue, 33rd Street north of the Caspar Samler farm. He paid a total of 482 British pounds for the parcel, equivalent to $2,400 at the time, or about £39,203 today. Thompson was said to have sold the farm to Charles Lawton for $10,000 on September 24, 1825; the full details of this sale are unclear, as parts of the deed that certified the sale were lost. In 1826, John Jacob Astor of the prominent Astor family bought the land from Lawton for $20,500; the Astors purchased a parcel from the Murrays. John Jacob's son William Backhouse Astor Sr. bought a half interest in the properties for $20,500 on July 28, 1827, securing a tract of land on Fifth Avenue from 32nd to 35th streets. On March 13, 1893, John Jacob Astor Sr's grandson William Waldorf Astor opened the Waldorf Hotel on the site with the h

Yang Yu (footballer)

Yang Yu is a professional Chinese football player who plays as a midfielder for Qingdao Huanghai. Yang Yu broke into the senior side of Liaoning FC on September 12, 2006 in a league game against Dalian Shide as a late substitute in a 2–1 victory. After making his debut he would become a fringe player within the squad, however he would see enough playing time to score his debut goal against Shandong Luneng in a league game on August 11, 2007 in a 2–1 victory. A peripheral member of the squad it was only once Liaoning were relegated at the end of the 2008 league season and playing in the second tier before Yang Yu was given his chance to establish himself within the Liaoning team. During the 2009 league season when Liaoning were playing in the second tier Yang Yu would still have to wait to establish himself within the team and only became a vital member for the club during the second half of the season when Liaoning were pushing for the division title and promotion back into the top tier. On 2 February 2018, Yang transferred to China League One side Qingdao Huanghai.

Statistics accurate as of match played 3 November 2018. Liaoning FC China League One: 2009 Stats at Sohu.com Stats at Sodasoccer.com Yang Yu at Soccerway

History of rail transport in Slovakia

This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series The history of rail transport in Slovakia began in November 1836, at the founding meeting of the participating companies for the construction of a horse railway from Bratislava to Trnava. The first section of that railway was launched on 27 September 1840; the first locomotive powered railway in Slovakia was the Bratislava–Marchegg–Gänserndorf line, commissioned on 20 August 1848. By 1872, upon the completion of the Košice–Bohumín Railway, railways linked one end of Slovakia with the other. Železničná spoločnosť Slovensko Rail transport in Slovakia Transport in Paul. Steam and Rail in Slovakia. Kings Norton, England: Locomotives International. ISBN 1-900340-08-9. History of rail transport in Slovakia at Rail.sk History of rail transport at zsr.sk