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Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary by marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I. Elisabeth was born into the royal Bavarian House of Wittelsbach. Nicknamed Sisi, she enjoyed an informal upbringing before marrying Emperor Franz Joseph I at the age of sixteen; the marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was unprepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, died in infancy; the birth of the heir apparent, Crown Prince Rudolf, improved her standing at court, but her health suffered under the strain, she would visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary, helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867; the death of her only son and his mistress Mary Vetsera, in a murder–suicide at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in 1889 was a blow from which Elisabeth never recovered.

She withdrew from court duties and travelled unaccompanied by her family. In 1890, she had a palace built on the Greek Island of Corfu; the palace Achilleion, featuring an elaborate mythological motif, served as a refuge. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty, which were legendary during her life. In 1897, her sister, Duchess Sophie in Bavaria, died in an accidental fire at the "Bazar de la Charité" in Paris. While travelling in Geneva in 1898, she was mortally wounded by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Elisabeth was the longest serving Empress of Austria at 44 years and remains today the most famous Austrian royal member. Born Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie on 24 December 1837 in Munich, she was the fourth child of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, the half-sister of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. Maximilian was considered to be rather peculiar; the family's homes were the Herzog-Max-Palais in Munich during winter and Possenhofen Castle in the summer months, far from the protocols of court.

"Sisi" and her siblings grew up in a unrestrained and unstructured environment. In 1853, Princess Sophie of Bavaria, the domineering mother of 23-year-old Emperor Franz Joseph, preferring to have a niece as a daughter-in-law rather than a stranger, arranged a marriage between her son and her sister Ludovika's eldest daughter, Helene. Although the couple had never met, Franz Joseph's obedience was taken for granted by the archduchess, once described as "the only man in the Hofburg" for her authoritarian manner; the Duchess and Helene were invited to journey to the resort of Bad Ischl, Upper Austria to receive his formal proposal of marriage. Fifteen-year-old Sisi accompanied her mother and sister and they traveled from Munich in several coaches, they arrived late. The family was still in mourning over the death of an aunt so they were dressed in black and unable to change to more suitable clothing before meeting the young Emperor. While black did not suit eighteen-year-old Helene's dark coloring, it made her younger sister's blonder looks more striking by contrast.

Helene was a pious, quiet young woman, she and Franz Joseph felt ill at ease in each other's company, but he was infatuated with her younger sister. He did not propose to Helene, but defied his mother and informed her that if he could not have Elisabeth, he would not marry at all. Five days their betrothal was announced; the couple were married eight months in Vienna at the Augustinerkirche on 24 April 1854. The marriage was consummated three days and Elisabeth received a dower equal to US$240,000 today. After enjoying an informal and unstructured childhood, shy and introverted by nature, more so among the stifling formality of Habsburg court life, had difficulty adapting to the Hofburg and its rigid protocols and strict etiquette. Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase, she was surprised to find she was pregnant and gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Archduchess Sophie of Austria, just ten months after her wedding.

The elder Archduchess Sophie, who referred to Elisabeth as a "silly young mother", not only named the child without consulting the mother, but took complete charge of the baby, refusing to allow Elisabeth to breastfeed or otherwise care for her own child. When a second daughter, Archduchess Gisela of Austria, was born a year the Archduchess took the baby away from Elisabeth as well; the fact that she had not produced a male heir made Elisabeth unwanted in the palace. One day she found a pamphlet on her desk with the following words underlined:... The natural destiny of a Queen is to give an heir to the throne. If the Queen is so fortunate as to provide the State with a Crown-Prince this should be the end of her ambition – she should by no means meddle with the government of an Empire, the care of, not a task for women... If the Queen bears no sons, she is a foreigner in the State, a dangerous foreigner, too. For as she can never hope to be looked on kindly here, must always expect to be sent back whence she came, so will she always seek to win the King by other th

Cove section of Stamford

The Cove section of Stamford, Connecticut called "The Cove" is an area of modest homes in the southeast corner of Stamford, Connecticut. The Cove area was one of the first sections of Stamford to be cleared and divided up between settlers; the neighborhood, which made up most of what was called "East Fields", was apportioned to various settlers between 1641 and 1665. William F. Buckley Jr. the late conservative, magazine editor and syndicated columnist, was a decades-long resident at Wallack's Point, a small gated community on the shoreline. His son, the author and magazine editor Christopher Buckley, grew up there; the neighborhood is atop and on the eastern and southern slopes of Noroton Hill, which extends north across Interstate 95 and U. S. Route 1. East Main Street goes down across the ridge. Like many nearby hills formed by glaciers, Noroton Hill is much longer. For the southern end of the Noroton River, Noroton Hill defines the bounds of the western side of the watershed Weed Hill, on which the southern end of High Ridge Road in Darien runs, defines the eastern boundary).

A water tower is located on the hill. Businessman and U. S. Representative Schuyler Merritt, for whom the[Merritt Parkway is named, lived on an estate on Noroton Hill in the neighborhood; as is the case with many neighborhoods anywhere, there is no definite boundary between the Cove and neighboring sections of the city, although the Cove doesn't extend farther north than East Main Street. Somewhere north and northwest of the Cove is the East Side and somewhere to the west and southwest is Shippan; the neighborhood is approximated by census tract 219, bounded on the west by Seaside Avenue and the eastern edge of Cummings Park, on the east by the Darien town line. The tract extends as far north as I-95, but north of Cove Road, it does not go west of Shippan Avenue; the Cove borders the East Side of Stamford to the West. To the South, the Cove borders the Long Island Sound. To the East the Cove borders Holly Pond, Cove Harbor, Darien. City of Stamford Stamford Historical Society Article on manufacturing at the site of Cove Island Park More detailed article on manufacturing at the site of Cove Island Park Cove Website

Point Whitshed

Point Whitshed is a peninsula of Prince William Sound near Cordova in the U. S. state of Alaska. Whitshed is a low, wooded peninsula, presenting a cragged appearance to the sea, reaching within about 5 miles of Point Bentinck; this intermediate 5 miles has been described by Johnstone as "a low, barren sand as far as the eye could reach." It is an extensive flat of bluish yellow mud, covered with water during stormy days at flood tide. From Point Whitshed, to the southward and eastward, there is a long line of piled ice, with dwarf trees marking the channel of Eyak River, extending out into the flats. Situated west of the mouth of the Copper River was named Witshed by George Vancouver in 1794 after Captain Witshed, R. N, it appears in the text of the original 4th edition of Vancouver's voyage, but in the accompanying atlas and in the text of the 8th edition of 1801, it is called Whitshed after Captain Whitshed. Whitshed appears to be in general use by the early 20th century, it has been erroneously printed Whitshet.

The Spaniards in 1779 called it Punta de Orevilla. Fish camps were seasonally occupied by Eyak people at Point Whished. Allen, Henry Tureman. Report of an Expedition to the Copper, Tananá, Kóyukuk Rivers, in the Territory of Alaska in the Year 1885: For the Purpose of Obtaining All Information which Will be Valuable and Important, Especially to the Military Branch of the Government: Made Under the Direction of Nelson A. Miles.... U. S. Government Printing Office. Baker, Marcus. Geographic Dictionary of Alaska. U. S. Government Printing Office. P. 674. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: H. T. Allen's Report of an Expedition to the Copper, Tananá, Kóyukuk Rivers, in the Territory of Alaska in the Year 1885: For the Purpose of Obtaining All Information which Will be Valuable and Important, Especially to the Military Branch of the Government: Made Under the Direction of Nelson A. Miles This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: M. Baker's Geographic Dictionary of Alaska