Emsworth is a small town in Hampshire on the south coast of England, near the border of West Sussex. It lies at the north end of an arm of Chichester Harbour, a large and shallow inlet from the English Channel and is equidistant between Portsmouth and Chichester. Emsworth has a population of 10,000; the town has a basin for small yachts and fishing boats, which fills at high tide and can be emptied through a sluice at low tide. In geodemographic segmentation the town is the heart of the Emsworth built-up area, the remainder of, Westbourne and Nutbourne with a combined population of 18,777 in 2011, with a density of 30.5 people per hectare and which shares in two railway stations. Emsworth began as a Saxon village. At first it was linked to the settlement of Warblington nearby. People from Emsworth worshipped in the church at Warblington. Emsworth was not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. Emsworth's name came from Anglo Saxon Æmeles worþ = "a man called Æmele's enclosure". Emsworth grew to be larger and more important: in 1239 Emsworth was granted the right to hold a market, there was an annual fair In 1332 Emsworth was one of Hampshire's four Customs Ports.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, Emsworth was still a port. Emsworth was known for boat building and rope making. Grain from the area was ground into flour by tidal mills and transported by ship to places such as London and Portsmouth. Timber from the area was exported in the 18th and 19th centuries; the River Ems, named after the town, flows into the Slipper millpond. The mill itself is now used as offices. In the 19th century Emsworth had beer houses. At the beginning of the 19th century, Emsworth had a population of less than 1,200 but it was still considered a large village for the time. By the end of the 18th century, it became fashionable for wealthy people to spend the summer by the sea. In 1805 a bathing house was built; the parish Church of St James was built in 1840. Queen Victoria visited Emsworth in 1842, resulting in Queen Street and Victoria Road being named after her. In 1847 the London and South Coast Railway came to Emsworth, with a railway station built to serve the town. By 1901 the population of Emsworth was about 2,000.
It grew during the 20th century to about 5,000 by the middle of the century. In 1906 construction began on the post office, with local cricketer George Wilder laying an inscribed brick; the renamed Emsworth Recreation Ground dates from 1909 and is the current home of Emsworth Cricket Club, founded in 1811. Cricket in Emsworth has been played at the same ground, Cold Harbour Lawn, since 1761. In 1902 the once famous Emsworth oyster industry went into rapid decline; this was after many of the guests at mayoral banquets in Southampton and Winchester became ill and four died after consuming oysters. The infection was due to oysters sourced from Emsworth, as the oyster beds had been contaminated with raw sewage. Fishing oysters at Emsworth was subsequently halted until new sewers were dug, though the industry never recovered. Emsworth's last remaining oyster boat, The Terror, was restored and is now sailing again. During the Second World War, nearby Thorney Island was used as a Royal Air Force station, playing a role in defence in the Battle of Britain.
The north of Emsworth at this time further north was woodland. In the run up to D-Day, the Canadian Army used these woods as one of their pre-invasion assembly points for men and material. Today the foundations of their barracks can still be seen. In the 1960s large parts of this area were developed with a mix of terraced housing. For a few years, Emsworth held a food festival, it was the largest event of its type in the UK, with more than 50,000 visitors in 2007. The festival was cancelled due to numerous complaints of disruption to residents and businesses in the proximity; the harbour is now used exclusively for recreational sailing. The town has two sailing clubs, Emsworth Sailing Club and Emsworth Slipper Sailing Club, the latter based at Quay Mill, a former tide mill. Both clubs organise a programme of racing and social events during the sailing season. In April 2014, Emsworth Sailing Club received national media coverage when retired Royal Navy Captain Clifford'John' Caughey drove his car into the clubhouse, causing a loud explosion and requiring thirty firefighters to extinguish the blaze.
The Emsworth Museum is administered by the Emsworth Maritime & Historical Trust and is run by volunteers and has limited opening hours. Emsworth is twinned with Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer in Normandy, France The town is part of the Havant constituency, which since the 1983 election has been a Conservative seat; the current Member of Parliament is Alan Mak MP. The town is represented at Havant Borough Council by Councillors Colin Mackey, Rivka Cresswell and Lulu Bowerman; the local Hampshire County Councillor is Ray Bolton. The town has branches of the Conservative Party, Liberal Democrats, the Labour Party and United Kingdom Independence Party. Emsworth railway station is on the West Coastway Line, it has services that run to Portsmouth, Southampton and London Victoria. Stagecoach South operate the number 700 bus which operates between Southsea; as of November 2019 Havant Borough Council claims local bus services are provided by Emsworth & District and Stagecoach. Denise Black, actress. Best known for pl
Chicago Landmark is a designation by the Mayor and the City Council of Chicago for historic sites in Chicago, United States. Listed sites are selected after meeting a combination of criteria, including historical, architectural, artistic and social values. Once a site is designated as a landmark, it is subject to the Chicago Landmarks Ordinance, which requires that any alterations beyond routine maintenance, up to and including demolition, must have their permit reviewed by the Landmarks Commission. Many Chicago Landmarks are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, providing federal tax support for preservation, some are further designated National Historic Landmarks, providing additional federal oversight. Mayor and the City Council appoint a nine-member Commission on Chicago Landmarks to develop landmark recommendations in accordance with a 1968 Chicago city ordinance; the commission considers areas, places, structures, works of art, other objects within the City of Chicago for nomination based on whether each meets two or more of the following criteria: Its value as an example of the architectural, economical, social, or other aspect of the heritage of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, or the United States.
Once the commission has determined that a candidate meets at least two of the above criteria, the group may provide a preliminary landmark designation if the candidate "has a significant historic, architectural or aesthetic interest or value, the integrity of, preserved in light of its location, setting, materials and ability to express such historic, architectural or aesthetic interest or value." In Chicago, the historic preservation movement sought to ensure the survival of individual buildings of special significance. However, the movement has evolved to include districts and neighborhoods and encompasses distinctive areas of the natural environment. Preservation is now an integral element of urban design. Three trends led to popular support of the formalization of the movement in response to extensive and far reaching destruction of Chicago's environment: government-sponsored "urban renewal", which had resulted in destruction of some residential areas. In 1957, Chicago City Council 5th ward alderman Leon Despres began the landmark preservation movement in Chicago, by adopting the Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House.
This led to the formation of the City Landmarks Commission, who chose 39 buildings as "honorary" landmarks. That body evolved into the present Commission on Chicago Landmarks, empowered by Despres's 1968 city ordinance to select and protect 12 important buildings as the inaugural official Chicago Landmarks. Although the movement was unable to save either Louis Sullivan's Garrick Theater in 1960 or Sullivan's Chicago Stock Exchange Building in 1972, the efforts spawned the Landmarks Preservation Council of Illinois in addition to the municipal Commission. Many landmarks have been designated with National Historic Landmark status by the United States Secretary of the Interior for historical significance. All of those and a number of other districts, buildings and objects worthy of preservation have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Not all Chicago Landmarks have been listed on the National Register, not all Registered Historic Places have been designated Chicago Landmarks.
No Chicago Landmarks are classified as any other type of National Park System protected area including National Parks, National Monuments, or National Preserves. The charts below detail these designations for the city of Chicago-designated sites and the National Historic Landmarks. For consistency, the list below uses the name from the Chicago Landmark website. Neighborhood names and boundaries are consistent with the Community areas in Chicago; as noted in the list above, there are many places that are designated as City landmarks but they have not been nationally registered. There are approximately 200 nationally Registered Historic Places in Chicago that are not designated Chicago Landmarks. Of these, 13 are further designated as U. S. National Historic Landmarks: National Register of Historic Places listings in Central Chicago National Register of Historic Places listings in North Side Chicago Nation
BPP may refer to: BPP Holdings, a holding company based in the United Kingdom BPP Law School, a law school based in the United Kingdom and a constituent school of BPP University BPP University, a private university based in the United Kingdom Bounded-error probabilistic polynomial time, a class of decision problems in computational complexity theory Bin packing problem a problem in computational complexity theory Biophysical profile, a prenatal ultrasound evaluation of fetal well-being BPP, a medicine used for treatment of upper respiratory tract infection et al, in tablet or other form, with Brompheniramine and Phenylpropanolamine as active ingredients. Bang Pa-in Palace, the former Summer Palace of Thai kings. Bandar Puteri Puchong, a township in Puchong, Malaysia Beckenham Place Park, a local nature reserve in southeastern London Belmont Provincial Park, a provincial park, Prince Edward Island, Canada Bình Phước Province, a province of Vietnam Black Patch Park, a park in Smethwick, England Black Pudding Peak, an isolated mountain Prince Albert Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica Blomidon Provincial Park, a provincial park in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Bloomfield Provincial Park a provincial park, Prince Edward Island, Canada Bogwang Phoenix Park, a ski resort in South Korea Bonnechere Provincial Park, a provincial park on Round Lake, Canada Bonshaw Provincial Park, a provincial park, Prince Edward Island, Canada Brookvale Provincial Park, a provincial park, Prince Edward Island, Canada Brown-Lowery Provincial Park, a provincial park in Alberta, Canada Buffaloland Provincial Park, a provincial park, Prince Edward Island, Canada Baluchistan People's Party Bavarian People's Party Bangon Pilipinas Party, a political party in the Philippines Bessarabian Peasants' Party Bhutan Peoples' Party Bihar People's Party, a political party Bihar state, India Black Panther Party, a black left-wing organization, active from 1966–1976 Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party Botswana People's Party British People's Party Brunei People's Party Bits per pixel known as color depth Beam parameter product, a measure of laser beam quality BeanShell preprocessor Breakthrough Propulsion Physics Program, a NASA research project 1996-2002, studying hypothetical spacecraft propulsion B.
P. P. Album by Ukrainian band Faktychno Sami MIT Billion Prices project, real-time inflation estimate from MIT Bali Peace Park, organization to found a Bali Peace Park Birmingham Parks Police, United Kingdom, park police 1912-1962 Brighton Parks Police, United Kingdom, park police Bekenntnisbruderschaft St. Peter und Paul, German Lutheran High Church brotherhood Bryant Park Project, radio show on NPR Buakaw Por. Pramuk, Thai Muay Thaifighter Border Patrol Police, the border guard of Thailand North American Bird Phenology Program, database on North American bird migration patterns and population British protected persons, class of British nationality Banca Popolare Pugliese, Italian bank Bund Philatelistischer Prüfer, German philatelic expertising guild Bavarian Political Police, forerunner of the Gestapo in Bavaria
Juqu Mengxun was a king of the Xiongnu state Northern Liang, the first from the Juqu clan. His cousin Juqu Nancheng and he supported Duan Ye as prince of Northern Liang in 397 after rebelling against Later Liang, but in 401, Juqu Mengxun tricked Duan Ye into wrongly executing Juqu Nancheng, used that as an excuse to attack and kill Duan Ye, taking over the throne himself. While he maintained his own state, he nominally served as a vassal of Later Qin and Northern Wei, he was considered a capable ruler when young, but in old age was considered arbitrary. Juqu Mengxun was born in 368, while the area that would be his domain was under the rule of Former Liang, but little is known about his early years, he was of Xiongnu ancestry, it was said that his ancestors served as the left Juqu for Xiongnu Chanyus, so they started using Juqu as the family name. During Former Qin and Later Liang rule, Juqu Mengxun became known for broad knowledge in history and military tactics and thought to be both humorous and full of strategies, became feared by the Former Qin governor Liang Xi and the Later Liang emperor Lü Guang, so he tried to divert attention from himself by drinking and spending time on frivolous matters.
In 397, Lü Guang sent his brother Lü Yan on an attack against Western Qin, but Lü Yan was killed in a trap set by the Western Qin prince Qifu Gangui. Juqu Mengxun's uncles Juqu Luochou and Juqu Quzhou were Lü Yan's assistants, in light of Lü Yan's death, Lü Guang believed false accusations against them and executed them. Juqu Mengxun escorted their caskets back to their home territory of Zhangye and persuaded the various Xiongnu tribes to rise against Later Liang, he was defeated by Lü Guang's son Lü Zuan and fled into the mountains, but he was soon joined in rebellion by his cousin Juqu Nancheng, who sieged Jiankang and persuaded Duan Ye the governor of Jiankang Commandery to accept leadership of the rebels, establishing Northern Liang. Soon, Lü Guang came under the greater threat of a rebellion by Guo Nen and recalled Lü Zuan to face that threat, Duan Ye's nascent state survived. Juqu Mengxun joined Duan Ye, was made a major general of the state. In 398, Duan Ye sent him on an expedition against Lü Guang's nephew Lü Chun, Juqu Mengxun captured Lü Chun, causing all remaining Later Liang cities west of Zhangye to submit to Northern Liang, further enlarging Northern Liang territory.
Duan Ye therefore created Juqu Mengxun the Marquess of Linchi. Lü Guang's son Lü Hong soon abandoned Zhangye, Duan Ye moved his capital to Zhangye, tried to further pursue Lü Hong against Juqu Mengxun's advice. Lü Hong defeated him and nearly killed him. In 399, when Duan Ye claimed the title of Prince of Liang, he made Juqu Mengxun one of his two prime ministers, sharing responsibilities with Liang Zhongyong; that year, when Northern Liang was under attack by Lü Guang's crown prince Lü Shao and Lü Zuan, it was at Juqu Mengxun's suggestion that Duan Ye refused to engage, forcing Lü Shao and Lü Zuan to retreat when Southern Liang relief forces under Tufa Lilugu arrived. In 400, when the general Wang De rebelled, Duan Ye sent Juqu Mengxun to attack him, Juqu Mengxun defeated him and, while he fled, captured his wife and children. By 401, Duan Ye was apprehensive of Juqu Mengxun's strategies and abilities, he considered sending Juqu Mengxun far away. Juqu Mengxun, knowing Duan Ye's suspicions, tried to hide his ambitions.
However, at the same time, because he was insulted by another official that Duan Ye relied on, Ma Quan, he falsely accused Ma of treason, Duan Ye killed Ma. Juqu Mengxun told Juqu Nancheng that he felt that Duan Ye lacked abilities and was an inappropriate ruler, trying to persuade Juqu Nancheng to rise against Duan Ye; when Juqu Nancheng refused, Juqu Mengxun requested to leave the capital to be the governor of Xi'an Commandery, Duan Ye agreed. Juqu Mengxun set a trap for both Juqu Nancheng and Duan Ye—he made an appointment with Juqu Nancheng to offer sacrifices to the god of Lanmen Mountain on a vacation day, but submitting a false report through the official Xu Xian that Juqu Nancheng was set to rebel and would start the rebellion on a day that he requested permission to sacrifice to the god of Lanmen Mountain; when Juqu Nancheng requested Duan Ye for such permission, Duan Ye arrested him and ordered him to commit suicide. Juqu Nancheng, who had realized Juqu Mengxun's plan by this point, told Duan Ye that this was a sign that Juqu Mengxun was about to rebel and that he should keep Juqu Nancheng alive, when Juqu Mengxun rebels he could counterattack.
Duan Ye, not believing in Juqu Nancheng, executed him. Juqu Mengxun cited Duan Ye's execution of Juqu Nancheng to ask his people to rise against Duan Ye, the people indeed rose in rebellion, because of the high regard they had for Juqu Nancheng; the rebels arrived at Zhangye, it fell. Despite Duan Ye's pleas, Juqu Mengxun executed him; the Northern Liang officials all endorsed Juqu Mengxun to take over the throne, he took throne with the title Duke of Zhangye. Juqu Mengxun, having taken the ducal title, promoted a number of officials who were considered capable, it was said that the people of his state were pleased, he nominally submitted to the Later Qin emperor Yao Xing as a vassal, although remaining in reality independent. However, he faced the crisis that his Jiuquan and Liangning Commanderies (r
The Pleasant Grove Camp Meeting Ground is a historic Methodist camp meeting national historic district located near Waxhaw, Union County, North Carolina. The district encompasses one contributing site; the main building is the arbor that dates to 1830. It is an 80 feet long by 60 feet wide open sided frame structure with a gable roof surround on all four sides by pent roof extensions. Located nearby are the church and former schoolhouse, now used as the preacher's dwelling, the old cemetery, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Balls Creek Campground Ocean Grove Camp Meeting Association Center Arbor Chapel Hill Church Tabernacle Pleasant Grove Campground Pleasant Grove United Methodist Church
Plans are in place to construct a southern bypass that would link the A9, A82 and A96 together involving crossings of the Caledonian Canal and the River Ness in the Torvean area, southwest of the city. The bypass, known as the Inverness Trunk Road Link, is aimed at resolving Inverness’s transport problems and has been split into two separate projects, the east and west sections. Proposed is the upgrade of the existing B8082 Southern Distributor Road to dual 2-lane carriageway or single 4-lane carriageway, that will connect the two sections together; when the Trunk Link Road is completed, it will ease gridlock in the City Centre and provide opportunities for Transport Demand Management measures throughout the city as well as environmental enhancement in the City Centre in line with National Transport Strategy of reducing emissions and congestion in City Centres. The east section will bypass Inshes Roundabout, a notorious traffic bottleneck, using a new road linking the existing Southern Distributor with the A9 and the A96, both via grade separated interchanges.
This proposed new link road would bypass Inshes roundabout, as stated before, separate strategic traffic from local traffic as well as accommodating proposals for new development at the West Seafield Retail and Business Park and a new Inverness Campus, which houses Inverness College UHI's main campus together with "An Lochran", jointly occupied by HIE and UHI Executive Office. At the west end, two options for crossing the River Ness and Caledonian Canal were developed. One involving a high level vertical opening bridge which will allow the majority of canal traffic to pass under without the need for opening; the other involved a bridge over an aqueduct under the canal. Both of these designs are technically complex and were considered in detail along by the key stakeholders involved in the project, it was decided that a bridge over the river and a tunnel under the canal were the best option, although more expensive. Following a public consultation, 8 route options were put forward for consideration by Highland Council from which one was chosen.
This route passes through the canal park area of Inverness, remains contentious. An Inverness Courier poll indicated that 85% of residents would choose an alternative route, most popularly one through Torvean Quarry. In late 2008 the controversial decision by the Scottish Government not to include the full Inverness bypass in its transport plan for the next 20 years was made; the government's Strategic Transport Projects Review did however, include the eastern section of the route, which will see the A9 at Inshes linked to the A96. But the absence of the TLR's western section, which would include a permanent crossing over the Caledonian Canal and River Ness, sparked dismay among several Highland councillors and business leaders in Inverness who feel the bypass is vital for the city's future economic growth; the Inverness West Link, Highland Council Proposed TRL route