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English Football League

The English Football League is a league competition featuring professional association football clubs from England and Wales. Founded in 1888 as the Football League, the league is the oldest such competition in world football, it was the top-level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the top 22 clubs split away to form the Premier League. The three leagues below the Premier League are known as the Championship, League One and League Two with 24 clubs in each division. Promotion and relegation between these divisions is a central feature of the League and is further extended to allow the top Championship clubs to exchange places with the lowest-placed clubs in the Premier League, the bottom clubs of League Two to switch with the top clubs of the National League, thus integrating the League into the English football league system. Although a competition for English clubs, clubs from Wales – Cardiff City, Swansea City and Newport County – take part, while in the past Wrexham, Merthyr Town and Aberdare Athletic have been members.

The Football League was associated with a title sponsor between 1983 and 2016. As this sponsor changed over the years the league too has been known by various names. Starting with the 2016–17 season, the league has moved away from having a title sponsor, rebranding itself as the English Football League, in much the same way the Premier League is known as the "EPL" internationally; the English Football League is the name of the governing body of the league competition, this body organises two knock-out cup competitions, the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy. The operations centre of the Football League is in Preston, while its commercial office is in London; the commercial office was based in Lytham St Annes, after its original spell in Preston. The Football League consists of 69 professional association football clubs in England and 3 in Wales, it runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. It organises two knockout cup competitions, the EFL Cup and EFL Trophy; the Football League was founded in 1888 by then-Aston Villa director William McGregor with 12 member clubs.

Steady growth and the addition of more divisions meant. Financial considerations led to a major shake-up in 1992, when in a step to maximise their revenue the leading members of the Football League broke away to form their own competition, the FA Premier League, renamed the Premier League in 2007; the Football League therefore no longer includes the top 20 clubs who belong to this group, although promotion and relegation between the Football League and the Premier League continues. In total, 136 teams have played in the Football League up to 2013; the EFL's 72 member clubs are grouped into three divisions: the EFL Championship, EFL League One, EFL League Two. Each division has 24 clubs, in any given season a club plays each of the others in the same division twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents; this makes for a total of 46 games played each season. Clubs gain three points for a win, one for a draw, none for a defeat. At the end of the season, clubs at the top of their division may win promotion to the next higher division, while those at the bottom may be relegated to the next lower one.

At the top end of the competition, three Championship clubs win promotion from the Football League to the Premier League, with the bottom three Premier League clubs taking their places. At the lower end, two League Two clubs lose their Football League status with relegation to the National division of the National League, while two teams from that division join League Two of The Football League in their stead. Promotion and relegation are determined by final league positions, but to sustain interest for more clubs over the length of the season one promotion place from each division is decided according to a playoff between four clubs, which takes place at the end of the season, it is therefore possible for a team finishing sixth in the Championship or League One, or seventh in League Two, to be promoted rather than the clubs finishing above them in the standings. Since the 2004–05 season, penalties have existed for clubs entering financial administration during the season. If a club enters administration before 31 March of any given season, they will be deducted 12 points.

It is required that a club exiting administration agree a Creditor's Voluntary Agreement, pay in full any other footballing creditors. Failure to do either of these will result in a second unlimited points deduction; the other main situation in, a club may lose points is by fielding an improperly registered or otherwise ineligible player. If a club is found to have done this any points earned from any match that player participated in will be deducted; the EFL organises two knock-out cup competitions: the EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy (officially called the leasing.com Trophy also

In the Depths of Despair

In the Depths of Despair is the debut album of the death metal band Gone Postal. It was released in 2008 under Molestin Records. "Modern Misanthrope" – 01:53 "Postnatal Abortion" – 02:40 "Throne of Depravity" – 04:34 "Void Of Torment" – 03:49 "Soil Consumption" – 02:03 "Roar of the Beheaded" – 04:12 "Defiant Creation" – 03:22 "Repulsive Hatred" – 05:21 "Shotgun Reality" – 03:34 "VIII" – 05:48 Þorbjörn Steingrímsson – Vocals Nökkvi G. Gylfason – Guitar, Additional vocals, bass Haukur Hannes – Guitar, Bass Stefán A. Stefánsson – Drums Daníel S. Hallgrímsson – Bass on "Repulsive Hatred"

Velika Ra─Źna

Velika Račna is a village in the Municipality of Grosuplje in central Slovenia. The area is part of the historical region of Lower Carniola; the municipality is now included in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region. Kopanj Hill rises 70 m above the village to the north; the hamlet of Kopanj is located on Kopanj Hill. The name Velika Račna means'big Račna', distinguishing it from neighboring Mala Račna. Velika Račna was first attested in written sources in 1313–1315 as in dem merern Ratek; the name Račna was attested as Radnickh in 1436, Rednigk in 1454, Raditschin in 1458. The modern name is a contraction of *Radičina derived from the patronymic Radiťь, based on the hypocorism Rado; the name thus means'Rado's village'. The local adjective form radenski and the demonym Radenc are based on the older form of the name. Popular imagination connects the name Račna with the Slovene common noun raca'duck', of which there are many in the Račna karst polje. In the past, the settlement was known as Großratschna in German.

A prehistoric settlement stood on Kopanj Hill, Roman graves have been discovered in Velika Račna. A part-time school was established in the village in 1836. A primary school was established on Kopanj Hill, just below the church, in 1865, it is now a branch of the Louis Adamič Primary School, located in Grosuplje. The Partisans burned the school on 17 December 1943. Viktor Pristov, who had served as the parish priest of Velika Račna since 1966, was murdered in the rectory on 8 July 1997; the local parish church, built on Kopanj Hill north of the settlement, is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. It belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ljubljana, it dates to the 15th century with 18th- and 19th-century additions. The church is built on the site of an ancient fortification and was first mentioned in written sources in 1433. During the Ottoman wars in Europe, the church was surrounded by a defensive wall; the poet France Prešeren spent three years of his childhood living with his uncle Joseph in the rectory next to the church.

The Partisans burned the rectory on 17 December 1943. The Partisans burned the church itself on 15 February 1944; the parish priest and some locals were able to save the monstrance and ciborium from the burning church, but the fire destroyed the 1769 painting The Assumption of Mary by Anton Cebej. A chapel dedicated to Saint Margaret stands in the village, it was built as a vow seeking protection from the floods that affect the village and it was first mentioned in written sources in 1433. The chapel was reworked in the Baroque style in 1739 and its height was increased in 1838, its Baroque altar dates to 1739 and it contains the crypt of the Lazzarini noble family. Notable people that were born or lived in Velika Račna include: France Prešeren, poet Jožef Prešeren, parish priest from 1802 to 1820 and uncle of France Prešeren Velika Račna at Geopedia