click links in text for more info


Enki is the Sumerian god of water, mischief and creation, one of the Anunnaki. He was known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology, he was patron god of the city of Eridu, but the influence of his cult spread throughout Mesopotamia and to the Canaanites and Hurrians. He was associated with the southern band of constellations called stars of Ea, but with the constellation AŠ-IKU, the Field. Beginning around the second millennium BCE, he was sometimes referred to in writing by the numeric ideogram for "40" referred to as his "sacred number"; the planet Mercury, associated with Babylonian Nabu was, in Sumerian times, identified with Enki. Many myths about Enki have been collected from various sites, stretching from Southern Iraq to the Levantine coast, he is mentioned in the earliest extant cuneiform inscriptions throughout the region and was prominent from the third millennium down to Hellenistic times. The exact meaning of his name is uncertain: the common translation is "Lord of the Earth".

The Sumerian En is translated as a title equivalent to "lord" and was a title given to the High Priest. Ki means "earth", but there are theories that ki in this name has another origin kig of unknown meaning, or kur meaning "mound"; the name Ea is Hurrian in origin while others claim that his name'Ea' is of Semitic origin and may be a derivation from the West-Semitic root *hyy meaning "life" in this case used for "spring", "running water". In Sumerian E-A means "the house of water", it has been suggested that this was the name for the shrine to the god at Eridu, it has been suggested that the original non-anthropomorphic divinity at Eridu was not Enki but Abzu. The emergence of Enki as the divine lover of Ninhursag, the divine battle between the younger Igigi divinities and Abzu, saw the Abzu, the underground waters of the Aquifer, becoming the place in which the foundations of the temple were built. With some Sumerian deity names as Enlil there are variations like Elil. En means "Lord" and E means "temple".

It is that E-A is the Sumerian short form for "Lord of Water", as Enki is a god of water. Ab in Abzu means water; the main temple to Enki was called E-abzu, meaning "abzu temple", a ziggurat temple surrounded by Euphratean marshlands near the ancient Persian Gulf coastline at Eridu. It was the first temple known to have been built in Southern Iraq. Four separate excavations at the site of Eridu have demonstrated the existence of a shrine dating back to the earliest Ubaid period, more than 6,500 years ago. Over the following 4,500 years, the temple was expanded 18 times, until it was abandoned during the Persian period. On this basis Thorkild Jacobsen has hypothesized that the original deity of the temple was Abzu, with his attributes being taken by Enki over time. P. Steinkeller believes that, during the earliest period, Enki had a subordinate position to a goddess, taking the role of divine consort or high priest taking priority; the Enki temple had at its entrance a pool of fresh water, excavation has found numerous carp bones, suggesting collective feasts.

Carp are shown in the twin water flows running into the God Enki, suggesting continuity of these features over a long period. These features were found at all subsequent Sumerian temples, suggesting that this temple established the pattern for all subsequent Sumerian temples. "All rules laid down at Eridu were faithfully observed". Enki was the keeper of the divine powers called Me, the gifts of civilization, he is shown with the horned crown of divinity. On the Adda Seal, Enki is depicted with two streams of water flowing into each of his shoulders: one the Tigris, the other the Euphrates. Alongside him are two trees, symbolizing the male and female aspects of nature, he is shown wearing a cone-shaped hat. An eagle descends from above to land upon his outstretched right arm; this portrayal reflects Enki's role as the god of water and replenishment. Considered the master shaper of the world, god of wisdom and of all magic, Enki was characterized as the lord of the Abzu, the freshwater sea or groundwater located within the earth.

In the Babylonian epic Enûma Eliš, the "begetter of the gods", is inert and sleepy but finds his peace disturbed by the younger gods, so sets out to destroy them. His grandson Enki, chosen to represent the younger gods, puts a spell on Abzu "casting him into a deep sleep", thereby confining him deep underground. Enki subsequently sets up his home "in the depths of the Abzu." Enki thus takes on all of the functions of the Abzu, including his fertilising powers as lord of the waters and lord of semen. Early royal inscriptions from the third millennium BCE mention "the reeds of Enki". Reeds were an important local building material, used for baskets and containers, collected outside the city walls, where the dead or sick were carried; this links Enki to the underworld of Sumerian mythology. In another older tradition, the goddess of the primeval creative matter and the mother-goddess portrayed as having "given birth to the great gods," was the mother of Enki, as the watery creative force, was said to preexist Ea-Enki.

Benito states "With Enki it is an interesting change of gender symbolism, the fertilising agent is water, Sumerian "a" or "Ab" which means "semen". In one evocative passage in a Sumerian hymn, Enki stands at the empty riverbeds and fills them with his'water'"; the cosmogenic myth common in Sumer was that of the hieros gamos, a sacred marriage

Haplogroup K2a (Y-DNA)

Haplogroup K2a is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. K2a is a primary subclade of haplogroup K2, which in turn is a primary descendant of haplogroup K, its sole primary descendant is haplogroup K-M2313. A secondary subclade, Haplogroup NO, a primary subclade of K-M2313, includes a majority of males now living in all parts of East Asia, Northern Eurasia and South East Asia. Basal K2a-M2308* has been found only in the remains of two Upper Paleolithic individuals, known as "Ust'-Ishim man and "Oase-1", from Siberia and the Banat respectively. In addition, K-Y28299, which appears to be a primary branch of K-M2313, has been found in three living individuals from India. NO-M214 * remains. There are two documented K-M2313* living individuals, who were NOT tested for Y28299, - they have ethnic ties to South Asia and South East Asia respectively: a Telugu from India and an ethnic Malay from Singapore. Before 2016, many authorities considered that the SNP M2308 was always found in conjunction with SNPs such as M2313 and M214.

However, researchers such as G. David Poznik discovered examples of Y-DNA that had some, but not all, of the SNPs associated with peculiar to NO, but lacked SNPs identifying other primary subclades of K2. Poznik et al. 2016 therefore identified K2a, K-M2313 and NO as "parent", "child" and "grandchild" clades respectively. While Poznik used the name "K2a1" for K-M2313, this has not been adopted. Poznik et al. found that K-Y28301 – which has living members in India – is descended from K-M2313. The above findings by Poznik et al. were reiterated by the work of Moreno-Mayar et al. in 2018. As of 2018, authorities like the International Society of Genetic Genealogy and YFull have not integrated the discoveries of Poznik et al. and differ from each other in nomenclature. ISOGG has continued to use the names "K2a" and "NO" in reference to an undifferentiated clade combining K2a and K-M2313, while referring to NO-M214 as "NO1". YFull does not distinguish between K-M2308 and K-M2313, referring to both as "K-M2335".

There is evidence of at least two additional primary branches within K-M2308 and/or K-M2313. YFull alone lists a clade, known only as K-Y28299, branching from an undifferentiated K-M2308/K-M2313. In addition, a newer, more divergent subclade named K-Y28301 is a primary branch of K-Y28299, according to YFull. Furthermore, according to both Poznik and Moreno-Mayar, K-Y28301 is descended from K-M2313, suggesting the following lineage: K-M2313 > K-Y28299 > K-Y28301. Three living individuals in India have been found to carry K-Y28299* or K-Y28301. ISOGG alone lists a haplogroup known only as "NO1~" identified by the SNP CTS707/M2306, as a sibling of NO-M214. NO1~ is a primary branch of either K-M2313 or NO-M214, because, as of 2018, YFull regards CTS707/M2306 as synonymous with M214/PAGE39/PAGES00039, yet NO1~ is not ancestral to either Haplogroup N or Haplogroup O. K2a K-M2308 K-M2313 K-Y28299 K-Y28301 NO N O? "NO1~" Notes regarding phylogenetic tree K2a* has been found only in the paleolithic remains mentioned above: "Ust'-Ishim man" – the name given to 45,000 year old remains of one of the early modern humans to inhabit western Siberia.

The fossil was named after the Ust' - Ishim District of Siberia. Until 2016, Ust'-Ishim man was classified as belonging to Haplogroup K2*. "Oase-1", the remains of an individual who lived 37,800 years ago, in Eastern Europe. As of 2016, two living males had been found to carry K-M2313 – a British Asian who identifies as Telugu and an ethnic Malay sampled in Singapore. Note that they were NOT tested for Y28299. Basal examples of haplogroup NO* have not been identified. Subclades of haplogroup NO include a majority of living males in East Asia, South East Asia and northern Eurasia. K-Y28299 has been found in a living male from India. K-Y28301, a subclade of K-Y28299, has been found in living individuals with their origins in Andhra Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh India. Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup Genealogical DNA test Y-chromosome haplogroups in populations of the world

List of The Real Housewives of Melbourne episodes

The Real Housewives of Melbourne is an Australian reality television series that premiered on 23 February 2014 on Arena. It chronicles the lives of seven women - Gina Liano, Lydia Schiavello, Janet Roach, Jackie Gillies, Gamble Wolfe, Venus Behbahani-Clark and Sally Bloomfield — in and around Melbourne as they socialize, work on their careers and spend time with their families; the cast has evolved over the four seasons that have aired to date, with seasons 1-3 featuring Andrea Moss, Chyka Keebaugh, Pettifleur Berenger and Susie McLean. As of 21 January 2018, 49 original episodes of The Real Housewives of Melbourne have aired. Jackie Gillies, Chyka Keebaugh, Gina Liano, Andrea Moss, Janet Roach, Lydia Schiavello are introduced as series regulars. Moss departed as a series regular. Gamble Breaux and Pettifleur Berenger joined the cast. Susie McLean joined the cast. Keebaugh, Berenger and McLean departed as series regulars. Sally Bloomfield and Venus Behbani-Clark joined the cast. Gillies and Behbani-Clark departed as series regulars.

Cherry Dipietrantonio, Anjali Rao and Kyla Kirkpatrick joined the cast

Ezekiel 26

Ezekiel 26 is the twenty-sixth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, is one of the Books of the Prophets; this chapter contains a "Proclamation against Tyre". The original text was written in the Hebrew language; this chapter is divided into 21 verses. Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis, the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets, Aleppo Codex, Codex Leningradensis. There is a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus, Codex Alexandrinus and Codex Marchalianus, and it came to pass in the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying,The date corresponds to the year 586 or 585 BCE based on the analysis by German theologian Bernhard Lang.

A marginal note in the Masoretic Text tradition indicates that this is the middle verse of the Book of Ezekiel in Hebrew. "Son of man, because Tyre has said against Jerusalem,'Aha! She is broken, the gateway of the peoples. Ezekiel 25:3 reports that the Ammonites said "Aha!" over God's sanctuary in Jerusalem when it was profaned. Tyre, a Phoenician major seaport and leading city, received judgment for gloating when Jerusalem fell. Chapters 27 and 28 lament the fall of Tyre, and they will take up a lamentation for you, say to you: “How you have perished, O one inhabited by seafaring men, O renowned city, Who was strong at sea and her inhabitants, Who caused their terror to be on all her inhabitants! Now the coastlands tremble on the day of your fall. "I will make you a terror, you shall be no more. Protestant theologian Heinrich Ewald translates, "To sudden death will I bring thee", which corresponds with the margin of the Revised Version, I will make thee a destruction. Babylon Jerusalem Nebuchadnezzar Tyre Related Bible parts: Psalm 35, Psalm 40, Isaiah 23, Isaiah 44, Ezekiel 25 Bromiley, Geoffrey W..

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: vol. iv, Q-Z. Eerdmans. Brown, Francis; the Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Hendrickson Publishers. ISBN 978-1565632066. Clements, Ronald E. Ezekiel. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664252724. Gesenius, H. W. F.. Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures: Numerically Coded to Strong's Exhaustive Concordance, with an English Index. Translated by Tregelles, Samuel Prideaux. Baker Book House. Joyce, Paul M.. Ezekiel: A Commentary. Continuum. ISBN 9780567483614. Kee, Howard Clark. Chilton, Bruce; the Cambridge Companion to the Bible. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521691406. Würthwein, Ernst; the Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7. Retrieved January 26, 2019. Ezekiel 26 Hebrew with Parallel English Ezekiel 26 Hebrew with Rashi's Commentary Ezekiel 26 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate

Shankar Mudi

Shankar Mudi is a Bengali Political drama film directed by Aniket Chattopadhyay and produced by Kaustuv Ray. This film was released on 15 March 2019 under the banner of RP Techvision India Private Limited. Bengali Actor-Director Shri Kaushik Ganguly plays the Titular role and music direction of the film was made by Kabir Suman; this is a story of a small suburban locality of the Metro City Kolkata named Goragacha. The neighbourhood or in Bengali Para consists of a small grocery shop, run by its owner Shankar, a barbar, a tea stall, a ladies tailor, a gents tailor and a local auto rickshaw driver. Amongst localities, there are a political leader or dada, a family whose only young youth was engaged in politics and subsequently died in a police encounter, a teacher, a live-in frustrated son-in-law and a Bahurupi; the story started with affectionate bondage between people in that big joint family like para, which faced the fear of being extinct due to their financial stringency. As a part of advanced civilized modernisation, an obvious effect of globalisation, a shopping mall emerged in their locality.

Local residents get accustomed with the central AC comfort, wide range of products, promotional techniques, acceptance of digital payments etc. of the local shopping mall which put a strong and uneven challenge of survival to local small scale business owners. They were losing their livelihood fast. Shankar tried to cope-up with "mall effects" like keeping packet food grains, home delivery, introducing utility bill payments installing stand blower fan for his customers who' in his version' his God, but all his and the entire neighbourhood's struggle gone in vain. Some leave, someone compromised their chastity, someone committed suicide after being defeated in this life struggle for survival; the plot pinpoints the obvious negative impact of globalisation without having constructive governmental planning for saving medium or small scale businesses. Kaushik Ganguly as Shankar Mudi Jisshu Sengupta as Live-in Son-in-Law Anjan Dutta as School Teacher Shantilal Mukherjee as Local Political Leader Saswata Chatterjee as Auto Rikshaw Driver Rudranil Ghosh as Bahurupi Kanchan Mullick as Barbar Sreela Majumdar as Wife of Shankar Mudi Ankita Chakraborty as Ladies Tailor owner Biswanath Basu as Gents Tailor Owner Malay Ghosh as Building Contractor of the Mall

Biafada people

The Biafada people is an ethnic group of Guinea-Bissau and Gambia. This group is considered as a subgroup of the Tenda people, they are known as Beafada, Bidyola, Dyola and Yola. In Guinea Bissau, the Biafada are divided into four groups. A small group speaks the Gool dialect. Two large groups reside in Quinara Region, the southwestern part of the country, they speak the Bubwas and Guinala dialects; the fourth group live in the southern province of Tombali, on the border with Guinea Conakry, speaks the dialect Bagandada. They were once grouped into three kingdoms: Biguda and Bissege; the Biafada speak the Biafada language. Like most West Africans, the Biafada are farmers; the staple crops for these people are rice. However, due to globalization, they raise other crops that originated in other parts of the world: maize, melons, potatoes and tomatoes. Devoted to livestock, the Biafadas raise sheep and goats for meat, as they do not drink milk from those animals; this reduces the importance of the hunting.

A ceremony celebrates. One characteristic of these ceremonies is the practice of circumcision; this applies to males, but sometimes to females. In more conservative families it is forbidden for a woman to become pregnant outside of marriage. If this happens, the woman and the man are subject to heavy punishment known as "di minjer justisa"; this was banned by Guinea Bissau in the 1970s. However Polygamy is common; the majority of Biafadas are Sunni Muslims. However, some are animists who believe that objects have spirits; the Biafadas mix Islam with animistic rites. About a dozen Biafada are most resident in Biafada. Other Biafadas are Catholics in the capital