Enrico Bombieri is an Italian mathematician, known for his work in analytic number theory, Diophantine geometry, complex analysis, group theory. He won a Fields Medal in 1974. Bombieri is Professor Emeritus in the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Bombieri published his first mathematical paper in 1957. In 1963 at age 22 he earned his first degree in mathematics from the Università degli Studi di Milano under the supervision of Giovanni Ricci and studied at Trinity College, Cambridge with Harold Davenport. Bombieri was an assistant professor and a full professor at the Università di Cagliari, at the Università di Pisa in 1966–1974, at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa in 1974–1977. From Pisa he emigrated in 1977 to the USA, where he became a professor at the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. In 2011 he became professor emeritus. Bombieri is known for his pro bono service on behalf of the mathematics profession, e.g. for serving on external review boards and for peer-reviewing extraordinarily complicated manuscripts.
The Bombieri–Vinogradov theorem is one of the major applications of the large sieve method. It improves Dirichlet's theorem on prime numbers in arithmetic progressions, by showing that by averaging over the modulus over a range, the mean error is much less than can be proved in a given case; this result can sometimes substitute for the still-unproved generalized Riemann hypothesis. In 1969 Bombieri, De Giorgi, Giusti solved Bernstein's problem. In 1976, Bombieri developed the technique known as the "asymptotic sieve". In 1980 he supplied the completion of the proof of the uniqueness of finite groups of Ree type in characteristic 3. Bombieri's research in number theory, algebraic geometry, mathematical analysis have earned him many international prizes — a Fields Medal in 1974 and the Balzan Prize in 1980, he was a plenary speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1974 at Vancouver. He is a member, or foreign member, of several learned academies, including the French Academy of Sciences, the United States National Academy of Sciences, the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.
In 2002 he was made Cavaliere di Gran Croce al Merito della Repubblica Italiana. In 2010 he received the King Faisal International Prize. and in 2020 he was awarded the Crafoord Prize in Mathematics. Bombieri, accomplished in the arts, explored for wild orchids and other plants as a hobby in the Alps when a young man. With his powder-blue shirt open at the neck, khaki pants and running shoes, he might pass for an Italian film director at Cannes. Married with a grown daughter, he is a gourmet cook and a serious painter: He carries his paints and brushes with him whenever he travels. Still, mathematics never seems far from his mind. In a recent painting, Bombieri, a one-time member of the Cambridge University chess team, depicts a giant chessboard by a lake. He's placed the pieces to reflect a critical point in the historic match in which IBM's chess-playing computers, Deep Blue, beat Garry Kasparov. Bombieri norm Bombieri–Lang conjecture Bombieri–Vinogradov theorem Bombieri, E.. "On effective measures of irrationality for a / b r and related numbers".
Journal für die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik. 342: 173–196. Bombieri, E.. "On Siegel's lemma". Inventiones Mathematicae. 73: 11–32. Bibcode:1983InMat..73...11B. Doi:10.1007/BF01393823. E. Bombieri, Le Grand Crible dans la Théorie Analytique des Nombres. Astérisque 18, Paris 1987. B. Beauzamy, E. Bombieri, P. Enflo and H. L. Montgomery. "Product of polynomials in many variables", Journal of Number Theory, pages 219–245, 1990. Enrico Bombieri and Walter Gubler. Heights in Diophantine Geometry. Cambridge U. P. Enrico Bombieri at the Mathematics Genealogy Project O'Connor, John J.. Enrico Bombieri, Institute for Advanced Study Lista delle pubblicazioni di Enrico Bombieri, University of Pisa
The 2010–11 Hockey East women's ice hockey season marked the continuation of the annual tradition of competitive ice hockey among Hockey East members. June 2, 2010: 2010 Canadian Olympic gold medallists Catherine Ward and Marie-Philip Poulin have tentatively agreed to join the Terriers. August 16, 2010: Four Terriers players were named to Canada's Under 22 team. Jenelle Kohanchuk, Tara Watchorn, Jennifer Wakefield and Marie-Philip Poulin will take part in an exhibition series against the United States Under 22 team from August 18–21 in Toronto. September 20: Hockey East commissioner Joe Bertagna released the 2010 WHEA preseason coaches poll; the Boston University Terriers are the preseason favourites to win the league championship. September 28: In the USA Today/USA Hockey Magazine Women's College Hockey Poll, the Terriers have been voted as the pre-season Number 4. *Rankings based on number of wins in the conference October 2: Olympic gold medallist Marie-Philip Poulin scored a goal for Boston University in her first NCAA game.
October 3: By defeating North Dakota by a 6-2 mark, it signified the first time in program history that the Terriers defeated an opponent from the WCHA. Marie-Philip Poulin led all NCAA freshmen in goals and points per game during October 2010. In addition, she led all Hockey East freshmen in goals and points, ranked during the month, she was ranked first among all Hockey East players in shorthanded goals with three. In the first seven games of her NCAA career, she had a seven-game point-scoring streak consisting of nine goals and seven assists. Kelli Stack finished October 2010 with fifteen points in eight games for Boston College. Stack has accumulated points in every game, she finished the month leading the Eagles in points, power play goals, shorthanded goals. On October 31, she was involved in all three goals against Connecticut, she was part of all three goals scored at Vermont on October 15. Against the Syracuse Orange, Stack scored a hat trick; the 1-0 shutout by Connecticut on November 13 ended New Hampshire’s 17-game unbeaten streak against the Huskies.
The Huskies penalty kill was a perfect 6-of-6 on the weekend. The shutout on November 13 marked the first time the Wildcats were shut out at home since Nov. 28, 2004, a streak of 109 consecutive home games. November 21: Northeastern player Katie McSorley recorded her first career hat trick and added two assists as the Huskies prevailed by a 5-1 tally over the Providence Friars; the hat trick was the first hat trick for a Northeastern player since Julia Marty in 2008. It was the first five point game by a Husky since Chelsey Jones tallied five points against Maine on Dec. 3, 2006. Dec. 1: Northeastern Huskies freshman Rachel Llanes scored the first and last goal of the game in Northeastern’s 4-0 win over New Hampshire with six shots on goal. It was her first-ever multi-goal game. Another freshman, Katie MacSorley scored a goal in the 4-0 win over New Hampshire. Florence Schelling made 22 saves for her third shutout of the season. With the win, Northeastern snapped a 27-game unbeaten streak against New Hampshire.
Their last win over New Hampshire was Jan. 21, 2001, a 2-1 win. In addition, the fact that it was a shutout victory marks the first over UNH in the history of the program. On January 16, the Boston University Terriers defeated Maine and set a program record with their 11th home win of the season; the previous mark was 10 wins during the 2006-07 season. On January 22, 2011, Marie-Philip Poulin recorded a hat trick, including two power play goals as BU prevailed over Vermont in a 4-0 win; the win was the Terriers 100th win in program history. Poulin broke BU’s single-season points record with her second goal of the game and tied the single-season goals record with her third marker. Throughout the conference regular season, Hockey East offices names a Pure Hockey player of the week each Monday. Throughout the conference regular season, Hockey East offices names a rookie of the week each Monday. Throughout the conference regular season, Hockey East offices names a team of the week each Monday. At the conclusion of each Hockey East league game, the Hockey East “Three Stars of The Game” are selected.
Here are the leaders for the 2010-2011 season to date. February 17: Hockey East Commissioner Joe Bertagna announced that top seed Boston University and Walter Brown Arena will play host for the 2011 WHEA Championships; the championships will be held on March 5 and 6. The Championship Game will be shown tape delayed on the New England Sports Network at 4pm on Sunday, March 6. Boston University and Boston College will be the No. 1 and No. 2 seeds for the semifinal round with first round byes in the tournament. On March 5, 2011, Florence Schelling set a Hockey East tournament record with 44 saves, including a record 24 in the first period as the Huskies upset No. 1 seed Boston University by a 4-2 tally at Walter Brown Arena. Alyssa Wohlfeiler tallied two goals and Claire Santostefano potted the game-winning goal Kelli Stack scored the game-winning goal in overtime as Boston College defeated Providence by a 3-2 tally to advance to the Hockey East championship game. Providence goalie Genevieve Lacasse would break the record set by Florence Schelling earlier in the day for most saves in a tournament game with 58.
On March 18, 2011, Jillian Kirchner and junior Jenelle Kohanchuk scored in a 50-second span, as the Terriers advanced to the final of the 2011 NCAA Women's Division I Ice hockey Tournament. Kirchner's goal was the game winner as the Terriers improved to 27-6-4 and became the first Hockey East school to advance to the national title game. In addition, Catherine Ward wa
The New Ireland Forum was a forum in 1983–1984 at which Irish nationalist political parties discussed potential political developments that might alleviate the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The Forum was established by Garret FitzGerald Taoiseach, under the influence of John Hume, for "consultations on the manner in which lasting peace and stability can be achieved in a new Ireland through the democratic process"; the Forum was dismissed, by Unionists, Sinn Féin, others, as a nationalist talking-shop. The Forum's report, published on 2 May 1984, listed three possible alternative structures: a unitary state, a federal/confederal state, joint British/Irish authority; the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, dismissed the three alternatives one by one at a press conference, each time saying, "that is out", in a response that became known as the "out, out" speech. However, Garret Fitzgerald, who described the Forum's report as "an agenda not a blueprint", valued it as establishing a nationalist consensus from which the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement could be framed.
In the aftermath of the 1981 hunger strikes, "physical force Irish republicanism" represented by Provisional Sinn Féin was gaining support in Northern Ireland at the expense of the "constitutional nationalism" represented by the Social Democratic and Labour Party. Garret FitzGerald became Taoiseach after the Republic's 1981 general election and announced a "constitutional crusade", including a reframing of the state's attitude to Northern Ireland, he lost power but regained it in the November 1982 election. Before the previous month's election to the reconstituted Northern Ireland Assembly, John Hume had proposed a "Council for a New Ireland" in the SDLP manifesto. Fitzgerald persuaded Hume to accept a Forum open to non-nationalist parties, though in the event only nationalist parties joined; the SDLP's participation persuaded Fianna Fáil to join. The forum was open to "all democratic parties which reject violence and which have members elected or appointed to either House of the Oireachtas or the Northern Ireland Assembly".
From the Assembly, only the SDLP participated. From the Oireachtas, the three main parties —Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, the Labour Party— joined. Independent TDs and Senators were not eligible for membership; the SDLP was abstentionist in the Unionist-dominated Northern Ireland Assembly, which meant its representatives were able to devote more time to the Forum. The Workers' Party decided not to become members of the Forum; the Democratic Socialist Party was ineligible as its sole TD, Jim Kemmy, had lost his seat in the November 1982 election. These two parties organised a separate "alternative Forum" with the Alliance Party, the Irish Independence Party, others. There were fourteen alternates. Colm Ó hEocha was appointed chairman of the Forum, it had a secretariat staff of 17, seconded from the Irish Civil Service. The first session was held in Dublin Castle on 30 May 1983 and the final session on 9 February 1984. There were 11 public sessions, 28 private ones, visits to Northern Ireland in September 1983 and Great Britain in January 1984.
The forum's steering group, comprising the chairman and the four party leaders, met 56 times in total. Submissions were invited in press advertisements. Separately from its final report, the forum published three reports on the economic cost of Partition of Ireland since 1920, of the Troubles since 1969; the Forum published its report on 2 May 1984. Its historical treatment criticised the Government of Ireland Act 1920, the alleged short-term thinking of successive British governments' policy on Northern Ireland, it estimated the high financial cost of the Troubles since 1968, while acknowledging the high cost of implementing any new political arrangements. It outlined three possible alternative structures for a "new Ireland": a "unitary state", i.e. a 32-county Ireland a "federal/confederal state" comprising the current states of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland or "joint authority" meaning that the British and Irish governments would have equal responsibility for the administration of Northern Ireland.
At Charles Haughey's insistence, the unitary state was presented as the most desirable option, which Fitzgerald rued as "ritual obeisance". Unionist historian Graham Walker writes, "The Forum Report did reflect a more considered appreciation of the Unionists' distinctiveness and their attachment to the Union, but it was replete with time-worn assumptions and stereotypes, a partisan historical narrative." Before the Forum's report was issued, the Ulster Unionist Party presented a discussion paper of its own entitled Devolution and the Northern Ireland Assembly: The Way Forward. This described the Forum thus: The SDLP and those political parties in the Republic of Ireland presently participating in the New Ireland Forum have all publicly declared their support for the principle that there can be no change in the constitutional status of the territory of Northern Ireland as an integral part of the United Kingdom without the consent of the majority of the people of Northern Ireland.... British Governments give a formal written guarantee to this principle...
If constitutional nationalists accept the principle of consent, it is difficult to see, in logical terms, wh
Maria Georgina Grey known as Mrs William Grey, was a British educationist and writer who promoted women's education and was one of the founders of the organisation that became the Girls' Day School Trust. The college she founded was named in her honour the Maria Grey Training College. Maria Georgina Shirreff was born on 7 March 1816 in London, she was the third daughter of Elizabeth Anne Shirreff. Out of her three sisters, Caroline and Katherine, Maria was close to her elder sister Emily Shirreff, who would become her collaborator in her writings and campaigns, she had two brothers who both died at an early age. In the 1820s the family lived in France where their father was stationed at St Germain en Laye, near Paris, in Normandy; the four Shirreff sisters were first taught at home by a French-Swiss governess who had a limited education. In 1828, Maria and Emily joined a boarding school in Paris, which influenced scenes in Maria's second novel Love’s Sacrifice in 1868. A year they were removed from the school due to Emily's poor health and after their father was appointed captain of the port of Gibraltar in 1831 he did not think it was necessary to appoint another governess.
Though their formal education was at an end and Emliy continued to improve themselves by travelling extensively and became expert linguists through their visits to France and Italy, reading books from their father's extensive library, became acquainted with many intellectuals of the age through their father's contacts. In 1834 Mrs Shirreff brought her daughters back to England, Maria and Emily began to write together, they first produced Letters from Spain and Barbary, published in 1835. In 1841 the wrote a novel called Passion and Principle, published anonymouslyIn 1841 Maria married her cousin, William Thomas Grey, a wine merchant, the nephew of former prime minister Earl Grey; the marriage was a happy one but produced no children. Though she was married, Maria still remained close to Emily, she moved into William and Maria's home, the sisters continued to write together. Their treatise on women's education, Thoughts on Self Culture Address to Women, was published in 1850 funded by Maria's husband.
In the publication they voiced their disapproval of the frivolous attitude to marriage and the established view that women should be only educated enough to attract a husband. They laid out a basis for education for girls which included subjects, such as arithmetic, history, elementary science and politics neglected in customary female education of the time, they argued that female education should not end at ‘the period when female education is supposed to be finished’ and continue into life. Maria's husband died in 1864, she began to take an active role in public life and joined Emily in the movement for the improving of education for girls, she was interested in the lack of funding for girls’ education. In 1870 she wrote to the to The Times to try to raise funds for the North London Collegiate School for Girls and encouraged Frances Buss to introduce student teachers. In the same year she unsuccessfully stood for election as the representative for the Borough of Chelsea to The London School Board, one of the first women to do so.
Her speeches were published in a booklet entitled The London School Board. Maria saw the election as a turning point in her career leading her and Emily to work more toward the improvement of Women's Education. Maria and Emily were suffragists and in 1870 Maria published a booklet Is the Exercise of the Suffrage unfeminine?. Maria demanded the girls should receive an education which would prepare them for their increased civil responsibilities. Maria proposed the creation of a national movement which would promote women's education and presented the scheme to the Society of Arts in 1871; the scheme received great support and Maria gave a second paper to the Social Science Association's annual congress in Leeds the same year. As a result and Emily set up a provisional committee named the National Union of the Improving the Education of Women of All Classes; the Union aimed 1871 to establish good and cheap day schools for all classes above the level of elementary education. Maria and Emily were active in the Union, Emily acted as the organizing secretary of the Union until 1879.
The Union led to the formation The Girls' Public Day School Company in 1872 to provide new secondary schools to educate girls from various classes. Maria was an active member of the Council of the GPDSC until 1890 when her poor health prevented her. In September 2007, this trust converted one of its schools back into the maintained sector. Maria encouraged the GPDSC to set up teaching training Departments to train the next generation of teachers. Maria retired from the Council of the GPDSC in 1890 and was made a Vice-President of the organisation. In 1878 Maria help found a teacher training college with The Teachers’ Training and Registration Society. In 1885 the College was renamed The Maria Grey Training College for Women. In 1976 the College merged with Borough Road College to form the West London Institute of Higher Education, now part of Brunel University. Maria continued to write through the 1880s. By 1890 she became too ill to be active and for last 15 years of her life, Maria lived in strict retirement due to ill health.
Despite her ill health and Emily's death in 1897 she wrote her Last Words to Girls on Life in School and after School in 1889. She died on 1
"My Boy Jack" is a 1916 poem by Rudyard Kipling. Kipling wrote it for Jack Cornwell, the 16 year old youngest recipient of the Victoria Cross who stayed by his post on board ship during the battle of Jutland until he died. Kipling's son John was never referred to as "Jack"; the poem echoes the grief of all parents. John Kipling was a 2nd Lt in the Irish Guards and disappeared in September 1915 during the Battle of Loos in the First World War; the poem was published as a prelude to a story in his book Sea Warfare written about the Battle of Jutland in 1916. The imagery and theme is maritime in nature and as such it is about a generic nautical Jack, though affected by the death of Kipling's son. My Boy Jack is the name of a 1997 play written by English actor David Haig, it examines how grief affected Rudyard Kipling and his family following the death of his son, John, at the Battle of Loos in 1915. It includes a recitation of My Boy Jack. Ben Silverstone first played Jack Kipling on stage, while Daniel Radcliffe took over the role for the ITV screen adaptation of the same name.
Haig played Rudyard Kipling on both screen. "Have You News of My Boy Jack?" set to music by Edward German in 1917. "My Boy Jack", song for medium piano by Betty Roe. Neofolk singer Andrew King recorded a song showcasing the lyrics to this poem. Setting for voice and concertina by Peter Bellamy. Bellamy's version was set to a three part harmony by the English folk group "Lady Maisery" on their 2011 début album Weave and Spin, was recorded by accapella group "Hex" on their 2014 CD Husk and Bark. 1915 in poetry My Boy Jack
Octopus wrestling involves a diver grappling with a large octopus in shallow water and dragging it to the surface. An early article on octopus wrestling appeared in a 1949 issue of Mechanix Illustrated. Octopus wrestling was most popular on the West Coast of the United States during the 1960s. At that time, annual World Octopus Wrestling Championships were held in Washington; the event attracted up to 5,000 spectators. Trophies were awarded to the individual teams who caught the largest animals. Afterwards, the octopuses were either given to the local aquarium, or returned to the sea. A report from the Toledo Blade said that in 1957 200 people gathered to watch an octopus wrestling event in the Puget Sound near Tacoma, Washington. A team from Portland, won the contest by catching an eighty-pound octopus. In fact, most octopuses are rather skittish and not aggressive at all unless they are provoked, with most cases of provocation ending with the octopus fleeing. Although it was called "Wrestling" it was not wrestling per se as the contestants were only searching in holes along rocks in the ocean to grab the head of an octopus.
Once a diver caught an octopus he continued to pull. In April 1963, 111 divers took part in the World Octopus Wrestling Championships. A total of 25 giant Pacific octopuses were captured that day. Due to a deal to televise the championships and as not sufficient octopuses could be found at the beach the organizers placed several octopuses which they had caught in advance of the contest along the beach to promise action and ensure a successful contest. A 1965 issue of Time magazine documented the growing popularity of octopus wrestling as follows: Merely to minnow about underwater is no longer enough, such sports as octopus wrestling are coming into vogue in the Pacific Northwest, where the critters grow up to 90 lbs. and can be exceedingly tough customers. Although there are several accepted techniques for octopus wrestling, the sporty way requires that the human diver go without artificial breathing apparatus. H. Allen Smith wrote an article for True magazine in 1964, collected in Low Man Rides Again, about a gentleman named O'Rourke whom he dubs the "Father of Octopus Wrestling".
According to information Smith collected from Idwal Jones and other sources, O'Rourke and a partner developed a business in the late 1940s of fishing for octopuses with O'Rourke serving as live bait and his partner hauling him out of the water after an octopus was sufficiently wrapped around him. All this while O'Rourke was becoming the world's greatest authority on the thought processes and the personality of the octopus, he knew how to outmaneuver them, to outflank them, to outthink them. He knew full well, many years ago, what today's octopus wrestlers are just beginning to learn—that it is impossible for a man with two arms to apply a full nelson on an octopus. Octopus Wrestling, A Sport That Amounted To Cephalopod Home Invasion