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Epistle to the Colossians

The Epistle of Paul to the Colossians, is the twelfth book of the New Testament. It was written, according to the text, by Paul the Apostle and Timothy to the Church in Colossae, a small Phrygian city near Laodicea and 100 miles from Ephesus in Asia Minor. Scholars have questioned Paul's authorship and attributed the letter to an early follower instead; the authenticity of the letter, has been defended with equal strength. If Paul was the author, he used an amanuensis, or secretary, in writing the letter Timothy. During the first generation after Jesus, Paul's epistles to various churches helped establish early Christian theology. According to Bruce Metzger, it was written in the 50s. Colossians is similar to Ephesians written at this time; some critical scholars have ascribed the epistle to an early follower of Paul. The epistle's description of Christ as pre-eminent over creation marks it, for some scholars, as representing an advanced christology not present during Paul's lifetime. Defenders of Pauline authorship cite the work's similarities to the letter to Philemon, broadly accepted as authentic.

The letter may have been written by Paul at Rome during his first imprisonment. Other scholars have suggested that it was written from Ephesus. If the letter is not considered to be an authentic part of the Pauline corpus it might be dated during the late 1st century as late as AD 90; the letter's authors claim to be Paul and Timothy, but authorship began to be authoritatively questioned during the 19th century. Pauline authorship was held to by many of the early church's prominent theologians, such as Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Origen of Alexandria and Eusebius. However, as with several epistles attributed to Paul, critical scholarship disputes this claim. One ground is that the epistle's language doesn't seem to match Paul's, with 48 words appearing in Colossians that are found nowhere else in his writings and 33 of which occur nowhere else in the New Testament. A second ground is that the epistle features a strong use of liturgical-hymnic style which appears nowhere else in Paul's work to the same extent.

A third is that the epistle's themes related to Christ and the church seem to have no parallel in Paul's undisputed works. Advocates of Pauline authorship defend the differences that there are between elements in this letter and those considered the genuine work of Paul, it is argued that these differences can come by human variability, such as by growth in theological knowledge over time, different occasion for writing, as well as use of different secretaries in composition. As it is pointed out by the same authors who note the differences in language and style, the number of words foreign to the New Testament and Paul is no greater in Colossians than in the undisputed Pauline letters. In regard to the style, as Norman Perrin, who argues for pseudonymity, notes, "The letter does employ a great deal of traditional material and it can be argued that this accounts for the non-Pauline language and style. If this is the case, the non-Pauline language and style are not indications of pseudonymity."

Not only that, but it has been noted that Colossians has indisputably Pauline stylistic characteristics, found nowhere else in the New Testament. Advocates of Pauline authorship argue that the differences between Colossians and the rest of the New Testament are not as great as they are purported to be. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae and Hierapolis. Colossae was 12 miles from Laodicea and 14 miles from Hierapolis. Members of the congregation at Colossae may have been incorporating pagan elements into their practice, including worship of elemental spirits; the Epistle to the Colossians declares Christ's supremacy over the entire created universe and exhorts Christians to lead godly lives. The letter consists of two parts: first a doctrinal section a second regarding conduct; those who believe that the impetus of the letter was a growing heresy in the church see both sections of the letter as opposing false teachers who have been spreading error in the congregation.

Others see both sections of the letter as encouragement and edification for a developing church. I. Introduction A. Greetings B. Thanksgiving C. Prayer II; the Supremacy of Christ III. Paul's Labor for the Church A. A Ministry for the Sake of the Church B. A Concern for the Spiritual Welfare of His Readers IV. Freedom from Human Regulations through Life with Christ A. Warning to Guard against the False Teachers B. Pleas to Reject the False Teachers C. An Analysis of the Heresy V. Rules for Holy Living A; the Old Self and the New Self B. Rules for Christian Households C. Further Instructions VI. Final Greetings In its doctrinal sections, Colossians emphatically explains that Christ is begotten before all creation and is supreme over all, created. All things were created through him and for him, the universe is sustained by him. God had chosen for his complete being to dwell in Christ; the "cosmic powers" revered by the false teachers had been "discarded" and "led captive" at Christ's death. Christ is the head of the church.

Christ is humanity, the unique agent of cosmic reconciliation. It is the Fathe

HMS Galatea (1914)

HMS Galatea was one of eight Arethusa-class light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the 1910s. She fought in the First World War. Following the war, she was scrapped; the Arethusa-class cruisers were intended to lead destroyer flotillas and defend the fleet against attacks by enemy destroyers. The ships were 456 feet 6 inches long overall, with a beam of 49 feet 10 inches and a deep draught of 15 feet 3 inches. Displacement was 5,795 long tons at full load. Arethusa was powered by four Parsons steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, which produced a total of 40,000 indicated horsepower; the turbines used steam generated by eight Yarrow boilers which gave her a speed of about 28.5 knots. She carried 840 long tons tons of fuel oil; the main armament of the Arethusa-class ships was two BL 6-inch Mk XII guns that were mounted on the centreline fore and aft of the superstructure and six QF 4-inch Mk V guns in waist mountings. They were fitted with a single QF 3-pounder 47 mm anti-aircraft gun and four 21 in torpedo tubes in two twin mounts.

She was launched on 14 May 1914 at Company shipyard. On her commissioning she was assigned as the leader to the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla of the Harwich Force, guarding the eastern approaches to the English Channel. On 4 May 1916, she took part in the shooting down of Zeppelin L 7. At the Battle of Jutland, she was the flagship of the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron under Commodore E. S. Alexander-Sinclair, she was the first ship to report the presence of German ships. Galatea was the first to receive a hit by the German light cruiser SMS Elbing, but no explosion occurred, she was sold for scrapping on 25 October 1921. Mount Galatea in Alberta, Canada is named after this ship. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Corbett, Julian. Naval Operations to the Battle of the Falklands. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. I. London and Nashville, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum and Battery Press.

ISBN 0-89839-256-X. Corbett, Julian. Naval Operations. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. II. London and Nashille, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum in association with the Battery Press. ISBN 1-870423-74-7. Friedman, Norman. British Cruisers: Two World Wars and After. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-59114-078-8. Friedman, Norman. Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7. Gardiner, Robert & Gray, eds.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. Newbolt, Henry. Naval Operations. History of the Great War Based on Official Documents. V. Nashville, Tennessee: Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-255-1. Pearsall, Alan. "Arethusa Class Cruisers, Part I". Warship. London: Conway Maritime Press. VIII: 203–11. ISBN 0-87021-983-9. Pearsall, Alan. "Arethusa Class Cruisers, Part II". Warship. London: Conway Maritime Press. VIII: 258–65. ISBN 0-87021-983-9. Ships of the Arethusa class Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project - HMS Galatea Crew List

Decatur Township, Marion County, Indiana

Decatur Township is the smallest in geographic size and in population of the nine townships in Marion County, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,388. Located on the southwest corner of the county, the township is home to the new Indianapolis International Airport main terminal; the city of Indianapolis and Marion County are a merged unit. Located in one of the most rural sections of the county, Decatur Township has seen many new residential and commercial developments. AmeriPlex, one of the largest industrial parks in Indiana, is in Decatur Township. Through the White River and Perry townships share the only water boundary among Marion County's townships. Decatur Township was home to 27,881 residents in 2008 and has seen tremendous growth in recent years; as of the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,388. The township was settled in the 1820s by Quakers from South Carolina, they settled along the banks of the White River. West Newton is a small Quaker-settled town inside the township.

Many of today's residents can trace their lineages back to these early settlers. Decatur Township was named for Stephen Decatur; the township is the home of the Decatur Township Civic Council and the Metropolitan School District of Decatur Township. The Indianapolis Challenger Center calls Decatur Township home. Camby is a neighborhood in western Decatur Township that extends into neighboring Hendricks and Morgan counties, centered along Camby Road near State Road 67, its elevation is 764 feet above sea level, it is located at 39°39′45″N 86°19′00″W. Camby has a post office with the ZIP code of 46113. U. S. Congress, District 7: André Carson Indiana House, District 91: Robert Behning Indiana Senate, District 35: R. Michael Young Mayor: Joe Hogsett City-County Council, District 20: Jason Holliday City-County Council, District 22: Jared Evans Trustee: Stephen Rink Small Claims Court Judge: Myron Hockman Constable: Darrell McGaha Township Board: District 1, Cindy Freund.

Lars Leese

Lars Leese is a German former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He is the manager of DSK Köln. Born in Cologne, West Germany, his youths club were Fortuna Köln, 1. FC Köln and BC Efferen. From 1989 until 1995, he played for low-tier sides Spfr Neitersen and VfB Wissen before joining fourth-tier SCB Preußen Köln. In 1996, he transferred across the Rhine river to play for Bundesliga side Bayer Leverkusen. However, being third goalkeeper, he did not get to play a single match. In June 1997, he therefore transferred to newly promoted English Premier League side Barnsley for £250,000. Leese played in England for just two seasons, appearing in 16 league games and four League Cup matches. After his two-year contract at Barnsley wasn't extended, he returned to his native Cologne and played the 2000–01 season for Preußen Köln and from 2001 to 2003 at the reserves of Bundesliga side Borussia Mönchengladbach. Two more seasons at 1. FC Köln followed, where he was captain of the Reserve team and called up as a substitute for some Bundesliga matches in the 2004–05 season.

In the summer of 2005, he ended his active career. From 2005 to 2011, he has been the coach of fifth-tier SV Bergisch Gladbach 09. In 2011, he took over at SSVg Velbert. On 5 May 2015, it was confirmed. Leese is the subject of the book "Der Traumhüter" by German sports journalist and author Ronald Reng. Lars Leese at Soccerbase Lars Leese at WorldFootball.net Lars Leese at fussballdaten.de

National Bingo Night (Indian game show)

National Bingo Night is an Indian game show, based on the American game show of the same name, produced by Urban Brew Studios which schedule to premiere on Colors TV on 23 January 2010. The show is hosted by Indian actor Abhishek Bachchan; the first celebrity guest on the show was the father of the show's host. National Bingo Night is marketed as an interactive experience for both the studio audience and viewers at home. Members of the studio audience attempted to win a game of bingo while competing against a solo studio contestant as well as live television audience. In each episode, two fast-paced, rounds of BINGO are played; the contestant plays one of many in-studio games, driven by the game ball numbers. The nation can play alongside the studio contestant by crossing out the numbers on their own'National Bingo Night' tickets; each Ticket is only applicable for the Game number specified on it. Every episode of the Game Show will have two games: a Green Ticket Game; the host announces the game number and colour of the ticket to be played on at the beginning of each Game.

The home viewer has to circle the numbers announced by the host that are taken out of the dome, if they appear on their ticket. Viewers are instructed not to poke a hole in their tickets, or scratch out or strike-through the numbers. All the balls/numbers that are taken out will be displayed on the television screen from time to time during the game. National Bingo Night, had teaser campaign running in the form of Abhishek Aaram Classes where individuals could take a quiz of being lazy, sign a lazy petition earn a certificate for being lazy or the coined term being aarami; the show was first unveiled to viewers via a teaser campaign and witnessed the host, Abhishek Bachchan associated with'Abhishek's Aaram Classes'. Official Website Download Bingo Tickets Colors TV Abhishek Aaram Classes

Edward Dayman

Edward Arthur Dayman, BD, was an English clergyman and hymn writer. Dayman was born at Padstow in Cornwall, the third son of John Dayman, of Mambury in Devon, educated at Blundell's School in Tiverton and at Exeter College in Oxford, he was awarded 1st Class in Lit. Hum, BA, MA and BD, he was for some time fellow and tutor of his college, pro-proctor in 1835. Dayman took Holy Orders in 1835 and became successively examiner for University Scholarship for Latin, 1838. Hum. 1838–1839, 1841–1842, senior proctor of the university. Dayman’s clerical appointments were: 1842 - Rector of Shillingstone in Dorset 1849 - Rural Dean 1852 - Proctor in Convocation 1862 - Hon. Canon of Bitton in Sarum Cathedral Dayman’s works include “Modern Infidelity”, 1861, “Essay on Inspiration”, 1864, he was joint editor with Lord Nelson and Canon Woodford of the Sarum Hymnal, 1868. He contributed several translations from the Latin to The Hymnary, 1872, he was for many years engaged in compiling an English Dictionary of Mediaeval Latin founded on Du Cange.

The original hymns contributed by Dayman to the Sarum Hymnal are as follows: Almighty Father and earth, q.v. Offertory. O Lord, be with us. For use at Sea. O Man of Sorrows, Thy prophetic eye. Tuesday before Easter. Sleep thy last sleep. Burial. Upon the solitary mountain's height. Transfiguration; when the messengers of wrath. During Pestilence and Famine. Who is this with garments dyed? Monday before Easter. Hymnary.org, People › Dayman, Edward Arthur, 1807-1890, Extracted 29 April 2010 Bethany Lutheran College, Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary Handbook and Sources, Extracted 29 April 2010 Internet Archive, Open Library, The hymns and hymn writers of The Church Hymnary, John Brownlie, 1899, London A dictionary of hymnology, setting forth the origin and history of Christian hymns of all ages and nations, Dover Publications, John Julian,1907 on Google Books (see A Dictionary of Hymnology University of Glasgow, Link to manuscripts catalogue