The Epistle to the Ephesians called the Letter to the Ephesians and shortened to Ephesians, is the tenth book of the New Testament. Its authorship has traditionally been attributed to Paul the Apostle but starting in 1792, this has been challenged as Deutero-Pauline, that is, written in Paul's name by a author influenced by Paul's thought "by a loyal disciple to sum up Paul’s teaching and to apply it to a new situation fifteen to twenty-five years after the Apostle’s death". According to New Testament scholar Daniel Wallace, the theme may be stated pragmatically as "Christians, get along with each other! Maintain the unity which Christ has effected positionally by his death."Another major theme in Ephesians is the keeping of Christ's body pure and holy. Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children, and walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. In the second part of the letter, Ephesians 4:17–6:20, the author gives practical advice in how to live a holy and Christ-inspired lifestyle.
According to tradition, the Apostle Paul wrote the letter. This would be about the same time as the Epistle to Philemon. However, many critical scholars have questioned the authorship of the letter and suggest that it may have been written between AD 80 and 100; the first verse in the letter identifies Paul as its author. While early lists of New Testament books, including Marcion's canon and the Muratorian fragment, attribute the letter to Paul, more there have been challenges to Pauline authorship on the basis of the letter's characteristically non-Pauline syntax and eschatology. Biblical scholar Harold Hoehner, surveying 279 commentaries written between 1519 and 2001, found that 54% favored Pauline authorship, 39% concluded against Pauline authorship and 7% remained uncertain. Norman Perrin and Dennis C. Duling found that of six authoritative scholarly references, "four of the six decide for pseudonymity, the other two recognize the difficulties in maintaining Pauline authorship. Indeed, the difficulties are insurmountable."
Bible scholar Raymond E. Brown asserts that about 80% of critical scholarship judges that Paul did not write Ephesians. There are four main theories in biblical scholarship that address the question of Pauline authorship; the traditional view that the epistle is written by Paul is supported by scholars that include Ezra Abbot, Ragnar Asting, Markus Barth, F. F. Bruce, A. Robert, André Feuillet, Grant, Haupt, Fenton John Anthony Hort, Johann David Michaelis, A. Van Roon, Schille, Klyne Snodgrass, John R. W. Stott, Frank Thielman, Daniel B. Wallace, Brooke Foss Westcott, Theodor Zahn. For a defense of the Pauline authorship of Ephesians, see Ephesians: An Exegetical Commentary by Harold Hoehner, pp 2–61. A second position suggests that Ephesians was dictated by Paul with interpolations from another author; some of the scholars that espouse this view include Albertz, Cerfaux, Harrison, H. J. Holtzmann, Murphy-O'Connor, Wagenfuhrer. Many critical scholars think it improbable that Paul authored Ephesians.
Among this group are Allan, Brandon, Conzelmann, Goodspeed, Kilsemann, J. Knox, W. L. Knox, Kümmel, K and S Lake, Masson, Moffatt, Pokorny, J. Weiss. Still other scholars suggest; some of this group are Cadbury, Julicher, McNeile, Williams. While most English translations indicate that the letter was addressed to "the saints who are in Ephesus", the words "in Ephesus" do not appear in the best and earliest manuscripts of the letter, leading most textual critics, like Bart Ehrman, to regard the words as an interpolation; this lack of any internal references to Ephesus in the early manuscripts may have led Marcion, a second-century heresiarch who created the first New Testament canon, to believe that the letter was addressed to the church at Laodicea, for details see Epistle to the Laodiceans.. Furthermore, if Paul is regarded as the author, the impersonal character of the letter, which lacks personal greetings or any indication that the author has personal knowledge of his recipients, is incongruous with the account in Acts of Paul staying more than two years in Ephesus.
For these reasons, most regard Ephesians to be a circular letter intended for many churches. The Jerusalem Bible notes that some critics think the words "who are..." would have been followed by a blank to be filled in with the name of "whichever church was being sent the letter". If Paul was the author of the letter it was written from Rome during Paul's first imprisonment, soon after his arrival there in the year 62, four years after he had parted with the Ephesian elders at Miletus. However, scholars who dispute Paul's authorship date the letter to between 70–80 AD. In the latter case, the possible location of the authorship could have been within the church of Ephesus itself. Ignatius of Antioch himself seemed to be well versed in the epistle to the Ephesians, mirrors many of his own thoughts in his own epistle to the Ephesians. Ephesians contains: 1:1,2; the greeting, from Paul to the church of Ephesus. 1:3–2:10. A general account of the blessings that the gospel reveals; this includes the source of these blessings, the means by which they are attained, the reason why they are given, their final result.
The whole of the section 1:3–23 consists in the original Greek of just two lengthy and complex sentences (1:3–14
The Tender was a news blog covering life in San Francisco's fifty square block Tenderloin District — published 2009–2011. Titled "The Tenderblog", The Tender was published by couple Èlia Varela Serra and Miquel Hudin, focusing on the Tenderloin, Civic Center, Mid-Market and Little Saigon neighborhoods of San Francisco; when Serra and Hudin returned to Serra's native Spain in November 2011, the couple stopped publication, allowing the site to go dormant, its archives remaining online. With an estimated monthly readership of 40,000, The Tender focused on district current events, restaurants and general social issues — earning a place as one of San Francisco's strongest neighborhood blogs and earning the respect of San Franciscans; because of its in-depth knowledge of the Tenderloin, larger publications were known to pick up stories first published in The Tender, as with June 2011 coverage of a long-established diner leaving the neighborhood subsequently carried up by the San Francisco Chronicle.
SFist), Eater SF, Grubstreet SF. — and October 2010 coverage of a four-alarm apartment building fire subsequently carried by SF Weekly, SF Appeal, SFist. The Tender was nominated for both Best San Francisco Neighborhood Blog and Best Flickr Pool in the SF Weekly - Web Awards 2011
Postcard To Brooke is a film based artwork by British artist and writer Oliver Guy-Watkins that began in April 2008 Since April 2008, Oliver Guy-Watkins has undertaken to film an unlimited number of individuals reading the poem Doubts by Rupert Brooke. Guy-Watkins describes the work as a quest, filmed near two hundred people in the projects first six months; the first public event associated with Postcard To Brooke took place on 6 June 2008 at The Art Car Boot Fair at The Truman Brewery on Brick Lane in London. Oliver Guy-Watkins filmed fifty-six people during the six hours, instigated The Box Of Doubts for the first time; this would entail individuals writing their own doubts on a blank postcard. On 24 June 2008 Oliver Guy-Watkins would screen the eighty-nine readings recorded up until that date, at the newly opened Miss Micks venue in Berlin, he would be joined by the artist Tom J Mason to host a Discussion Of Doubts, relating to the postcards, used at the Art Car Boot Fair. Over the weekend of 23-24 August 2008 Oliver Guy-Watkins would attend the Flat Lake Festival in Clones, Ireland where he would film a further 52 individuals, before screening two short edits in the cinema tent on Sunday evening.
He would give a talk regarding the quest. In March 2009 Guy-Watkins held the first of two'Evening Of Doubt' events at Shoreditch House in East London, where he was joined by Art Car Boot Fair Founder Karen Ashton, artists Boo Saville and Jessica Voorsanger and gallerist Hannah Watson of Trolley Gallery to discuss the contents of the postcards that have been contributed with individuals person doubts written on; the second event is due to take place on 19 April 2009 where the guests will include writer Damian Barr and comedians Charlotte Reather and Paul Foot Notable individuals who have contributed to Postcard To Brooke include - Nobel prize winner, Seamus Heaney. Alongside the notable names are individuals from many walks of life, including firemen, care workers and the homeless. Guy-Watkins has stated that the first section of the quest was autobiographical with him filming friends and work associates; the second part would be based around researching the life of Rupert Brooke, the third would be to document a number of social groups and stereotypes that exist in the early 21st Century.
As well as having filmed a number of individuals who belong to certain social groups on a one off basis, Oliver Guy-Watkins has announced a series of events in association with organizations that represent those who are governed by specific social restrictions. The first of these events runs in conjunction with GEAR projects, Gloucestershire's only homeless shelter. Guy-Watkins intends to document both the staff and patrons of the charity by filming the reading Doubts, as well as inviting them to contribute their own doubts on blank postcards. Postcard To Brooke Oliver Guy-Watkins
Carlos Tomás Wilson was an Argentine footballer who played as goalkeeper for the Club Atlético San Isidro, having been called-up for the Argentina national team. Wilson was born in Argentina. A son of a British-origin family, he began his career in San Isidro. In 1916 he was part of the team that played the championship final against Racing Club, which San Isidro lost by 1–0. In the national team, Carlos Wilson was the successor of José Buruca Laforia as goalkeeper, he played for Argentina between 1907 and 1916, being part of the team that attended the Copa Centenario Revolución de Mayo, considered predecessor of current Copa América. Wilson played a total of 28 international matches for Argentina
Małachowski was a Polish nobility family from Małachowice in central Poland, firstly mentioned in the 15th century. The progenitor of the family was Bartłomiej Małachowski; the family owned a number of estates, among others: Nałęczów, Jurków, Dobra, Gruszowiec, Chyszowki, Łostówka, Wilczyce, Końskie, Baranów Sandomierski, Majkowice, Ćmielów, Borkowice, Bodzechów, Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą, Ostróg, Piotrków Trybunalski, Włoszczowa, Białaczów, Ostrołęka, Bolencin, Niedźwiedź and Rzeczniów. Jacek Małachowski Stanisław Małachowski Godzimir Małachowski The family coat of arms was Nałęcz
M. Frederick Hawthorne is an inorganic chemist who has made contributions to the chemistry of boron hydrides their clusters. Hawthorne received his secondary education in Kansas and Missouri. Prior to high school graduation, through examination he entered the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy, Missouri as a chemical engineering student, he transferred to Pomona College, where he received a B. A. degree in chemistry. While there he conducted research with Corwin Hansch. Hawthorne pursued his PhD in organic chemistry under Donald Cram at the University of California, Los Angeles, he conducted postdoctoral research at Iowa State University before joining the Redstone Arsenal Research Division of the Rohm and Haas Company in Huntsville, Alabama. At the Redstone Arsenal, he worked on the chemistry of boron hydrides making several notable discoveries. In 1962, he moved to the University of Riverside as professor of chemistry, he transferred to the Los Angeles campus in 1969. In 1998 he was appointed University Professor of Chemistry at UCLA.
He returned to his home state of Missouri as head of the International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine at University of Missouri. Hawthorne was long associated with the journal Inorganic Chemistry, being the longest serving editor-in-chief. Hawthorne's contributions focused on the chemistry of boron hydride clusters, he discovered dodecaborate metal complexes of the dicarbollide anion. His group subsequently discovered the perhydroxylation of B12H122−. Hawthorne has been recognized, including election to the US National Academy of Sciences. 1992 an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences at Uppsala University, Sweden 1994 Chemical Pioneer Award from the American Institute of Chemists 2009 Priestley Medal from the American Chemical Society December 27, 2012 National Medal of Science