Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim was an Austrian-American director and producer, most noted as a film star and avant garde, visionary director of the silent era. His masterpiece adaptation of Frank Norris's McTeague titled Greed is considered one of the finest and most important films made. After clashes with Hollywood studio bosses over budget and workers' rights issues, Stroheim was banned for life as a director and subsequently became a well-respected character actor in French cinema. For his early innovations as a director, Stroheim is still celebrated as one of the first of the auteur directors, he helped introduce more sophisticated plots and noirish sexual and psychological undercurrents into cinema. He died in 1957 in France of prostate cancer at the age of 71. Beloved by Parisian neo-Surrealists known as Letterists, he was honored by Letterist Maurice Lemaître with a 70-minute 1979 film entitled "Erich von Stroheim." Stroheim was born in Vienna, Austria in 1885 as Erich Oswald Stroheim, the son of Benno Stroheim, a middle-class hat-maker, Johanna Bondy, both of whom were observant Jews.
Stroheim emigrated to America aboard the SS Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm on 26 November 1909. On arrival at Ellis Island, he claimed to be Count Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim und Nordenwall, the son of Austrian nobility like the characters he would go on to play in his films. However, he first found work as a traveling salesman – work which took him to San Francisco and Hollywood. Both Billy Wilder and Stroheim's agent Paul Kohner claimed that he spoke with a decidedly lower-class Austrian accent, his years in America seem to have affected his speech, though. In The Great Gabbo, Stroheim's German, though fluid, has midwestern American r's. While living in Europe, Stroheim claimed in published remarks to have "forgotten" his native tongue. In Renoir's movie La Grande Illusion, Stroheim speaks German with what seems to be an American accent. In his French-speaking roles, von Stroheim speaks with a noticeable American accent. Jean Renoir writes in his memoirs: “Stroheim spoke hardly any German.
He had to study his lines like a schoolboy learning a foreign language.”However, the fashion photographer Helmut Newton, whose first language was German, used a clip from a Stroheim film on which to base one of his fantasy nude photographs, he has commented that in the clip Stroheim speaks "a special kind of Prussian officer lingo - it's abrupt: it's very funny". Stroheim was married three times, he was married to Margaret Knox from 1913 to 1915. He was never divorced from his third wife Valerie Germonprez, though he lived with actress Denise Vernac, from 1939 until his death. Vernac starred with him in several films. Two of Stroheim's sons joined the film business: Erich Jr. as an assistant director and Josef as a sound editor. After appearing in 1950's Sunset Boulevard, Stroheim moved to France where he spent the last part of his life. There his silent film work was much admired by artists in the French film industry. In France he acted in films, wrote several novels that were published in French, worked on various unrealized film projects.
He was awarded the French Legion of Honour shortly before his death. In 1956, Stroheim began to suffer severe back pain, diagnosed as prostate cancer, he became paralyzed and was carried to his drawing room to receive the Legion of Honor award from an official delegation. He died at his chateau in Maurepas near Paris on May 12, 1957 at age 71, accompanied by his longtime lover Denise Vernac. By 1914 he was working in Hollywood, he began working in movies as a stuntman, in bit-parts and as a consultant on German culture and fashion. His first film, in 1915, was The Country Boy, his first credited role came in Old Heidelberg. He began taking an uncredited role as a Pharisee in Intolerance. Additionally, Stroheim acted as one of the many assistant directors on Intolerance, a film remembered in part for its huge cast of extras. With America's entry into World War I, he played sneering German villains in such films as Sylvia of the Secret Service and The Hun Within. In The Heart of Humanity, he tears the buttons from a nurse's uniform with his teeth, when disturbed by a crying baby, throws it out of a window.
Following the end of the war, Stroheim turned to writing and directed his own script for Blind Husbands in 1919. He starred in the film; as a director, Stroheim was known to be dictatorial and demanding antagonizing his actors. He is considered one of the greatest directors of the silent era, creating films that represent cynical and romantic views of human nature. Recurring tropes in his films include the portrayal of janitors, the depiction of characters with physical disabilities, his next directorial efforts were the lost film The Devil's Pass Key and Foolish Wives, in which he starred. Studio publicity for Foolish Wives claimed. In 1923, Stroheim began work on Merry-Go-Round, he cast the American actor Norman Kerry as Count Franz Maximilian von Hohenegg, a part written for himself, newcomer Mary Philbin in the lead actress role. However studio executive Irving Thalberg fired Stroheim during filming and replaced him with director
Pyrus elaeagrifolia, the oleaster-leafed pear, is a species of wild pear plant in the genus Pyrus, the specific name referring to the similarity of its foliage to that of Elaeagnus angustifolia - the so-called'wild olive' or oleaster. It is native to Albania, Greece, Romania and Ukraine's Crimea, it prefers dry habitat and elevations up to 1,700 meters. It grows to a height of 10 meters; the flowers are hermaphrodite. The species is resistant to drought and frost, it is sympatric with Pyrus pyraster. The species was first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1793. Known subspecies are: Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. Elaeagrifolia, Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. Kotschyana, Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. Bulgarica, Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. Yaltirikii. Media related to Pyrus elaeagrifolia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pyrus elaeagrifolia at Wikispecies
Gods Own Medicine is the debut studio album by the English gothic rock band The Mission. It was released in November 1986 through by the Phonogram label Mercury Records; the original LP version contains 10 songs. The CD and cassette versions had the songs "Blood Brother" and "Island in the Stream" added. Both had appeared on the "III" single; the band had spent much of 1986 touring around Europe and had performed two radio broadcasts for the BBC. In the summer of that year, they signed with Phonogram Records after releasing two independent singles. Much of the material had featured on the tour and the band completed Gods Own Medicine within a period of four weeks; the record was recorded at Ridge Farm and Utopia Studios. Three singles were released from the album, "Stay With Me", "Wasteland" and "Severina". All lyrics are written by Wayne Hussey; the now-defunct American publication Trouser Press described the album as a "dull and insipid guitar/keyboard/string bombast", "a horrible amalgam of Led Zeppelin and Echo & the Bunnymen".
AllMusic described it as "the marker for goth rock's invasion of the U. K. charts for a good chunk of the late'80s". A remastered version appeared in June 2007 with four bonus tracks, including the original intro to "Love Me to Death" that had to be cut due to the time constraints of vinyl, its insertion has not been taken into account in the track list of the remaster—listing the two tracks as "Love Me to Death"—and thus all tracks after eleven are mislabelled as being one track ahead of where they appear on the album. It was certified gold in the UK. Craig Adams – bass guitar, production Mick Brown – drums, production Simon Hinkler – guitars, production Wayne Hussey – vocals, production Tim Palmer – production Julianne Regan – additional vocals Adam Peters – string arrangements The Leisure Process – sleeve design Sandy Ball – sleeve design KEV – mastering God's Own Medicine at Discogs