click links in text for more info

Erie County, New York

Erie County is a populated county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 919,040; the county seat is Buffalo. The county's name comes from Lake Erie, it was named by European colonists for the regional Iroquoian language-speaking Erie tribe of Native Americans, who lived south and east of the lake before 1654. Since the late 20th century, Erie County has been considered part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area; the county's southern part is known as the Southtowns. When counties were established by the English colonial government in the Province of New York in 1683, present-day Erie County was part of Indian territory occupied by Iroquoian-speaking peoples, it was administered as part of New York colony. Significant European-American settlement did not begin until after the United States had gained independence with the end of the American Revolutionary War in 1783, they forced the Iroquois to cede most of their lands. About 1800 the Holland Land Company, formed by Americans and Dutch associates, extinguished Indian claims by purchasing the land from New York, acquired the title to the territory of what are today the eight western-most counties of New York, surveyed their holdings, established towns, began selling lots to individuals.

The state was eager to have farms and businesses developed. At this time, all of western New York was included in Ontario County; as the population increased, the state legislature created Genesee County in 1802 out of part of Ontario County. In 1808, Niagara County was created out of Genesee County. In 1821, Erie County was created out of Niagara County, encompassing all the land between Tonawanda Creek and Cattaraugus Creek; the first towns formed in present-day Erie County were the Town of Willink. Clarence comprised the northern portion of Erie county, Willink the southern part. Clarence is still a distinct town, but Willink was subdivided into other towns; when Erie County was established in 1821, it consisted of the towns of Amherst, Boston, Collins, Eden, Hamburg, Holland and Wales. The county has a number of houses and other properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Erie County, New York. In 1861, the hamlet of Town Line, in the Town of Lancaster, voted 85 to 40 to secede from the Union and join the Confederate States of America.

It sent five soldiers for the Confederate Army, did not rejoin the Union until January 1946. The Town Line Fire Department supports the slogan "Last of the Rebels", due to their Confederate ties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,227 square miles, of which 1,043 square miles is land and 184 square miles is water. Erie County is in the western portion of upstate New York, bordering on the lake of the same name. Part of the industrial area that has included Buffalo, it is the most populous county in upstate New York outside of the New York City metropolitan area; the county lies on the international border between the United States and Canada, bordering the Province of Ontario. The northern border of the county is Tonawanda Creek. Part of the southern border is Cattaraugus Creek. Other major streams include Buffalo Creek, Cayuga Creek, Cazenovia Creek, Scajaquada Creek, Eighteen Mile Creek, Ellicott Creek; the county's northern half, including Buffalo and its suburbs, is flat and rises up from the lake.

The southern half, known as the Southtowns, is much hillier. It has the northwesternmost foothills of the Appalachian Mountains; the highest elevation in the county is a hill in the Town of Sardinia that tops out at around 1,940 feet above sea level. The lowest ground is about 560 feet, on Grand Island at the Niagara River; the Onondaga Escarpment runs through the northern part of Erie County. Niagara County - north Genesee County - northeast Wyoming County - southeast Cattaraugus County - south Chautauqua County - southwest Niagara Region, Canada - northwest Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site As of the census of 2010, there were 919,040 people living in the county; the population density was 910 people per square mile. There were 415,868 housing units at an average density of 398 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 82.18% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.

3.27 % of the population were Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 17.2% Polish, 14.9% Italian, 11.7% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.1 % spoke 3.0 % Spanish and 1.6 % Polish as their first language. There were 380,873 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.10% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, the median income for a family was $49,490.

Males had a median income of $38,703 versus

Bangladesh Cricket League

The Bangladesh Cricket League is an annual first-class cricket tournament that began in Bangladesh in the 2012-13 season. The Bangladesh Cricket League was inaugurated in the 2012-13 season as a four-team first-class tournament comprising the best-performing players from the eight-team National Cricket League; the aim was to raise the level of the nation's top first-class competition and so prepare players better for Test cricket. The BCL consists of four zonal teams, each made up of players from teams representing two adjacent regions in the NCL; the teams are as follows: Central Zone: players from Dhaka Division and Dhaka Metropolis South Zone: players from Khulna Division and Barisal Division East Zone: players from Sylhet Division and Chittagong Division North Zone: players from Rajshahi Division and Rangpur DivisionEach team is owned and named as a franchise: Islami Bank East Zone, for example. The matches are played on a limited number of nominally neutral grounds, without home and away matches.

In the final, Central Zone beat North Zone by 31 runs. Sanjamul Islam took 8 for 73 in the second innings of the final, which remained the best bowling figures in the tournament until the 2016-17 season. Matches took place at Mirpur and Bogra; the highest scorer was Marshall Ayub and the leading wicket-takers were Sohag Gazi and Mosharraf Hossain. Marshall Ayub was named player of the tournament. In the final South Zone beat North Zone by 213 runs. Matches took place in January and May 2014, the round-robin matches at Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Protisthan cricket grounds 2, 3 and 4 in Savar, the final at Mirpur; the highest scorer was Imrul Kayes and the leading wicket-taker was Taijul Islam. Taijul Islam was named player of the tournament. There was no final. Matches took place at Fatullah and Mirpur and Chittagong; the highest scorer was Alok Kapali and the leading wicket-taker was Abdur Razzak. In April 2015, the BCL staged a One-Day League, won by East Zone. There was no final. Instead of a single round-robin, as in previous years, a double round-robin was held from mid-January to mid-March 2016.

Matches were played at Rajshahi and Bogra, Cox's Bazar, Mirpur and Fatullah. The highest scorer was Marshall Ayub, with 562 runs at 56.20, while Abdur Razzak took the most wickets, 38 at 32.15. A double round-robin was held from late January to early March 2017; the highest scorer was Tushar Imran, with 731 runs at 91.37, while Sunzamul Islam, 25 wickets at 26.44, Shuvagata Hom, 25 at 26.92, took the most wickets. Sunzamul Islam took 9 for 80, a competition record, in the second innings against Central Zone at Chittagong; the first three rounds were played in January 2018, the last three in April, split by the 2017-18 season of the Dhaka Premier Division Cricket League. The highest scorer was Liton Das, with 779 runs at 97.37, while Abdur Razzak was the leading wicket-taker with 43 wickets at 25.00. Both totals were new records for the competition; the tournament was played in November and December 2018. The highest scorer was Anamul Haque, with 658 runs at 65.80, while Abdur Razzak was once again the leading wicket-taker with 34 wickets at 24.88.

In the final, South Zone beat East Zone by 105 runs. The tournament was played from late January to late February 2020; the highest scorer was again Anamul Haque, with 501 runs, while Abdur Razzak was once again the leading wicket-taker with 22 wickets. Bangladesh Cricket Board Tournaments in Bangladesh at CricketArchive

Ahmed  ĽUrabi

Ahmed ʻUrabi or Orabi Pasha. The first political and military leader in Egypt to rise from the fellahin, ʻUrabi participated in an 1879 mutiny that developed into a general revolt against the Anglo-French dominated administration of Khedive Tewfik, he was promoted to Tewfik's cabinet and began reforms of Egypt's military and civil administrations, but the demonstrations in Alexandria of 1882 prompted a British bombardment and invasion that deposed ʻUrabi and his allies in favor of a British occupation. He was born in 1841 in the village of Hirriyat Razna near Zagazig in the Sharqia Governorate 80 kilometres to the north of Cairo. ʻUrabi was the son of a village leader and one of the wealthier members of the community, which allowed him to receive a decent education. After completing elementary education in his home village, he enrolled at Al-Azhar University to complete his schooling in 1849, he entered the army and moved up through the ranks, reaching lieutenant colonel by age 20. The modern education and military service of ʻUrabi, from a fellah, or peasant background, would not have been possible without the modernising reforms of Khedive Ismail, who had done much to eliminate the barriers between the bulk of the Egyptian populace and the ruling elite, who were drawn from the military castes that had ruled Egypt for centuries.

Ismail abolished the exclusive access to the Egyptian and Sudanese military ranks by Egyptians of Balkan and Turkish origin. Ismail conscripted soldiers and recruited students from throughout Egypt and Sudan regardless of class and ethnic backgrounds in order to form a "modern" and "national" Egyptian military and bureaucratic elite class. Without these reforms, ʻUrabi's rise through the ranks of the military would have been far more restricted, he was a galvanizing speaker. Because of his peasant origins, he was at the time, is still today, viewed as an authentic voice of the Egyptian people. Indeed, he was known by his followers as'El Wahid', when the British poet and explorer Wilfrid Blunt went to meet him, he found the entrance of ʻUrabi's house was blocked with supplicants; when Khedive Tewfik issued a new law preventing peasants from becoming officers, ʻUrabi led the group protesting the preference shown to aristocratic officers. ʻUrabi condemned severe prevalent racial discrimination of Egyptians in the army.

He and his followers, who included most of the army, were successful and the law was repealed. In 1879 they formed the Egyptian Nationalist Party in the hopes of fostering a stronger national identity, he and his allies in the army joined with the reformers in February 1882 to demand change. This revolt known as the ʻUrabi Revolt, was inspired by his desire for social justice for the Egyptians based on equal standing before the law. With the support of the peasants as well, he launched a broader effort to try to wrest Egypt and Sudan from foreign control, to end the absolutist regime of the Khedive, himself subject to Anglo-French control under the rules of the Caisse de la Dette Publique; the Arab-Egyptian deputies demanded a constitution. The revolt spread to express resentment of the undue influence of foreigners, including the predominantly Turko-Circassian aristocracy. ʻUrabi was first promoted to Bey made under-secretary of war, a member of the cabinet. Plans were developed to create a parliamentary assembly.

During the last months of the revolt, it was claimed that ʻUrabi held the office of Prime Minister of the hastily created common law government based on popular sovereignty. Feeling threatened, Khedive Tewfik requested assistance against ʻUrabi from the Ottoman Sultan, to whom Egypt and Sudan still owed technical fealty; the Sublime Porte hesitated in responding to the request. The British were concerned that ʻUrabi would default on Egypt's massive debt and that he might try to regain control of the Suez Canal; therefore and the French dispatched warships to Egypt to intimidate the nationalists. Tewfik fled to their protection; the strong naval presence spurred fears of an imminent invasion. The French fleet was recalled to France; the British warships in the harbor opened fire on the city's gun emplacements after the Egyptians ignored an ultimatum from Admiral Seymour to remove them. In September a British army landed in Alexandria but failed to reach Cairo after being checked at the Battle of Kafr El Dawwar.

Another army, led by Sir Garnet Wolseley, landed in the Canal Zone and on 13 September 1882 they defeated ʻUrabi's army at the Battle of Tell El Kebir. From there, the British cavalry advanced on Cairo which surrendered without a shot being fired, as did ʻUrabi and the other nationalist leaders. ʻUrabi was tried by the restored Khedivate for rebellion on 3 December 1882. He was defended by British solicitor Richard Alexander Meyrick Broadley. According to Elizabeth Thompson, ʻUrabi's defense stressed the idea that despite the fact that he had been illegally incarcerated by Riyad Pasha and the Khedive Tawfik he had still responded in a manner allowed under Egyptian law and with the hopes that the khedivate remain after his intervention, thus demonstrating loyalty to the Egyptian people as required by his duties. In accordance with an understanding made with the British representative, Lord Dufferin, ʻUrabi pleaded guilty and was sentenced to death, but t

September Song (album)

September Song is a 1963 album by Jimmy Durante, with arrangements by Roy Bargy. The album was reviewed by Greg Adams for Allmusic who wrote that "Mixing Durante's utterly unique voice with lush strings and a vocal chorus, September Song is a left-field masterpiece full of wistful and affecting performances. Durante was by no means a technically accomplished vocalist, but he negotiated the sessions with aplomb and created a piece of work different from, but just as charming as, the comedy that had made him a star". "September Song" "Look Ahead Little Girl" "Count Your Blessings Instead of Sheep" "When the Circus Leaves Town" "I Believe" "Young at Heart" "Don't Lose Your Sense of Humor" "You'll Never Walk Alone" "One Room Home" "Blue Bird of Happiness" Jimmy Durante – vocals Roy Bargy – arranger, conductor Stan Cornyn – liner notes Jackie Barnett – producer "Young at Heart" was featured in the 1991 film City Slickers and appears on the soundtrack album. Bakish, David. Jimmy Durante: His Show Business Career, with an Annotated Filmography and Discography.

New York: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-89950-968-6. September Song at Discogs

Philippe de Chabot

Philippe de Chabot, Seigneur De Brion, Count of Charny and Buzançois known as Admiral De Brion, was an admiral of France. The Chabot family was one of the most powerful in Poitou. Philippe was a cadet of the Jarnac branch, he was a companion of Francis I as a child, on that king's accession was loaded with honors and estates. After the battle of Pavia he was made Admiral of France and governor of Burgundy, shared with Anne de Montmorency the direction of affairs, he served as ambassador to England in 1533 and 1534. He was at the height of his power in 1535, commanded the army for the invasion of the states of the duke of Savoy, he was accused by his enemies of peculation, condemned on 10 February 1541 to a fine of 1,500,000 livres, to banishment, to the confiscation of his estates. Through the good offices of the king's mistress Madame d'Étampes, however, he obtained the king's pardon immediately, was reinstated in his posts, regained his estates and his influence, while Montmorency in his turn was disgraced.

But his health was affected by these troubles, he died soon afterwards on 1 June 1543. His tomb, removed to the Louvre, thought to be by Jean Cousin the Elder, is a fine example of French Renaissance work, it was his nephew, Guy Chabot, seigneur de Jarnac, who fought the famous duel with François de Vivonne, seigneur de la Châtaigneraie, in 1547, at the beginning of the reign of Henry II. Chabot was instrumental in arranging the voyages of Giovanni da Jacques Cartier. On 10 January 1526, Chabot married Françoise de Longwy, Dame de Pagny and de Mirebeau, the eldest daughter of Jean IV de Longwy, Seigneur de Givry, Baron of Pagny and of Mirebeau, Jeanne of Angoulême, Countess of Bar-sur-Seine, the illegitimate half-sister of King Francis, they had six children: Leonor Chabot, Count of Charny, married firstly Claude Gouffier, by whom he had two daughters. François Chabot, Marquis of Mirebeau, married firstly, Françoise, Dame de Lugny, by whom he had one daughter. Françoise Chabot de Charny, married Charles de La Rochefoucard, Seigneur de Barbesieux, by whom she had three daughters.

Antoinette Chabot de Charny, married Jean VI d'Aumont, Count of Chateauroux, by whom she had one son. Anne Chabot de Charny, married Karl van Halewijn, Marquis of Maignelais, by whom she had one daughter. Jeanne Chabot de Charny, Abbess of Porcelet The main authorities for Chabot's life are his manuscript correspondence in the Bibliothèque Nationale and contemporary memoirs. See E. de Barthlemy, Chabot de Brion, in the Revue des questions historiques. His conflict with Montmorency is depicted in a 17th-century play by George Chapman and James Shirley entitled The Tragedy of Chabot, Admiral of France. A fictionalized version of Chabot appears in the 2007 Showtime series The Tudors, played by Philippe De Grossouvre; this is in season 2, episode 6. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Chabot, Philippe de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 785–786

Rosa Sonneschein

Rosa Sonneschein was the founder and editor of The American Jewess magazine. It was the first English-language periodical targeted to American Jewish women. Sonneschein was born in Prostejov, Moravia in 1847 to Hirsch Bär Fassel. In 1864, she married Rabbi Solomon Sonneschein and moved with his congregational posts to Warasdin, New York, to St. Louis, MO, they had four children: Ben, Fanny and Monroe, who would in his life contribute to the magazine. Sonneschein was an active rebbetzin in St. Louis and helped lead ladies' meetings, choral societies, founded the Pioneers, a Jewish women's literary society. Rosa and Solomon divorced in 1893, their prominence in the community and the rarity of divorce at the time caused a sensation reported on in the New York Times. The divorce was granted to Rabbi Sonneschein on the grounds of desertion and thus she was left without alimony, leading her to enterprise on her journalistic skills to support herself, she died March 1932 in St. Louis. Sonneschein was a moderate liberal, sympathetic to Zionism and believed in synagogal rights for women.

In 1880, she wrote an essay "The Pioneers". In May 1893, she participated on Press Congress panel at the World's Colombian Exposition in Chicago, where she spoke on "Newspaperwomen in Austria"." Here she described the need for a magazine for American Jewish women. In the year, she attended the Jewish Women’s Congress at the same Exposition, won support from prominent middle-class Jewish women interested in literary and religious questions; this same congress formed the National Council of Jewish Women, to which Sonneschein lent her support. In April 1895, she edited a new magazine called The American Jewess. From her Editor's Desk column, Soneschein used the magazine as a platform to advocate for her political and religious views, she urged NCJW members to fight for religious equality within their synagogues, criticized the New Woman ideal, was one of the first journalists to champion a Jewish homeland in the British Mandate of Palestine. She was a great admirer of Theodor Herzl and he first wrote for an American audience in her magazine.

She was sent as a delegate to the First Zionist Conference in Basel in 1897. In 1898, she stayed on as editor. Over time, she grew frustrated and publicly critical of NCJW, because the organization did not take up her passion for Zionism or her religious goals; the American Jewess continued to struggle financially and its last issue was published in August 1899. Sonneschein continued to write, but she did not stay involved in the Zionist movement or Jewish women's activism. "The American Jewess." American Jewess "The National Council of Jewish Women and Our Dream of Nationality". American Jewess The Pioneers: An Historical Essay "Plucked from the Grave" Jewish Messenger "Something About the Women's Congress in Brussles". American Jewess "Three Kisses" Translated from German by Julius Wise. American Jews' Annual "The Zionist Congress". American Jewess Jewish Women's Archive Twitter for Rosa Sonneschein