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Erik Dahlbergh

Count Erik Jönsson Dahlbergh was a Swedish military engineer, Governor-general and Field marshal. He was born of peasant stock but rose to the level of nobility through his military competence; as an architect and draftsman, he was renowned for fortification works. His collection of engravings Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna is a remarkable work of topographical research. Erik Dahlbergh was born of peasant stock in Stockholm, but rose to the level of titled nobility due to his military abilities, his early studies involved the science of fortification. Orphaned at an early age, Dahlbergh's studies qualified him as a scribe and in 1641 he found employment with Gert Rehnskiöld, the senior accountant for Pommern and Mecklenburg. During his six years he was taught the fundamentals in draughtsmanship and stood out for his ability to draw. While learning these skills, he intensely studied mathematics, architecture and map drawing; as an engineer officer he saw service in the latter years of the Thirty Years' War.

In 1650, the military command dispatched Dahlbergh to Frankfurt to recoup war indemnity awarded to Sweden following the end of the war and the Treaty of Westphalia. Dahlbergh provided topographical maps. In 1635 Matthäus Merian the Elder initiated the Theatrum Europaeum, a series of contemporary chronicles published until 1732. Both works, the Theatrum Europaeum and the topographical prints, were continued following the death of Mattheus Merian in 1650 by his sons and stepsons, he attempted several unsuccessful pilgrimages to Jerusalem both by sea and land. While studying art in Italy, news reached him of a coming war between Sweden and Poland-Lithuania and he saw the potential for a military career and he rode from Rome to Stettin in 23 days. In his military career, Dahlbergh saw service in Poland where he witnessed the fighting at the second battle of Warsaw and survived a plague which nearly killed him; as adjutant-general and engineering adviser to Charles X of Sweden, he had a great share in the famous crossing of the frozen Belts, at the sieges of Copenhagen and Kronborg where he directed the engineers during the Northern Wars.

In spite of his distinguished service, Dahlbergh remained an obscure lieutenant-colonel for many years. His patriotism, proved superior to the tempting offers Charles II of England made to induce him to enter the British service, when, in that age of professional soldiering, the offer was acceptable, his talents were recognized and, in 1676, he became director-general of fortifications for the Swedish crown. As director, Dahlbergh rendered distinguished service over the next twenty-five years in attack as in the Scanian War. In Helsingborg in 1677, he was a key operative in the Great Northern War at Dunamünde, in 1700 he was instrumental in the defense of the two sieges of Riga, his work in repairing the fortresses of his own country earned for him the title of the "Vauban of Sweden", he was the founder of the Swedish engineer corps. He died the following year. In modern times, Erik Dahlbergh best known for compiling the collection of engravings called "Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna", or Ancient and Modern Sweden, published 1660–1716, assisted Samuel Pufendorf in his "Histoire de Charles X Gustave".

He wrote a memoir of his life and an account "Of the campaigns of Charles X". The German influence reveals itself in his work. Governor of Jönköping County Governor-General of Bremen-Verden Field Marshal Governor-General of Livonia Fortifications of Gothenburg Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban Menno van Coehoorn Tureholm Castle Stockholm viewed from the west, original drawing dated late 17th century treasure 2 National Library of Sweden in The European Library Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna at the Royal Library of Sweden

Merriwa Shire

Merriwa Shire was a local government area in New South Wales, Australia. Merriwa Shire was based in the town of Merriwa, New South Wales, covered an area of the upper Hunter Valley region, bounded by the Liverpool Range to the north, drained by several rivers and creeks flowing southwards to the Goulburn River. Merriwa was the only significant town in the shire; the Shire was abolished in the 2004 local government restructuring, combined with Scone Shire and most of Murrurundi Shire to form the new Upper Hunter Shire. A small part of the Shire was added based in Mudgee. Media related to Merriwa Shire at Wikimedia Commons

Hixon, Wisconsin

Hixon is a town in Clark County in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 740 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated community of Clark is located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.7 square miles, of which, 33.3 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles of it is water. The six mile square that would become Hixon was first surveyed in the summer of 1847 by a crew working for the U. S. government. In late 1853 another crew marked all the section corners in the township, walking through the woods and swamps, measuring with chain and compass; when done, the deputy surveyor filed this general description: The Surface of this Township is level except a small portion near the Margin of Black River. The Soil is second rate; the Timber is principally valuable for lumber. There are Several large Swamp in the Township; the Township is well watered with numerous Small Streams. Black River Enter this Township in Section 5 and runs through it in Southerly direction until it leaves the Township in Section 32 the banks of which are high water from 1 to 2 feet deep and averaging about 150 links in width.

It is well adapted to logging purposes. There are no Settlers in the Township; the town was named for Gideon C. Hixon, a lumber executive from La Crosse; as of the census of 2000, there were 740 people, 232 households, 180 families residing in the town. The population density was 22.2 people per square mile. There were 252 housing units at an average density of 7.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.32% White, 0.14% Asian, 0.14% from other races, 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population. There were 232 households out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.4% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.65. In the town, the population was spread out with 35.8% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $36,375, the median income for a family was $38,611. Males had a median income of $26,912 versus $20,179 for females; the per capita income for the town was $12,092. About 8.6% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over