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Erik Erikson

Erik Homburger Erikson was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis, his son, Kai T. Erikson, is a noted American sociologist. Despite lacking a bachelor's degree, Erikson served as a professor at prominent institutions, including Harvard, University of California and Yale. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Erikson as the 12th most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Erikson's mother, Karla Abrahamsen, came from a prominent Jewish family in Denmark, she was married to Jewish stockbroker Valdemar Isidor Salomonsen, but had been estranged from him for several months at the time Erik was conceived. Little is known about Erik's biological father except. On discovering her pregnancy, Karla fled to Frankfurt am Main in Germany where Erik was born on 15 June 1902 and was given the surname Salomonsen, she fled due to conceiving Erik out of wedlock, the identity of Erik's birth father was never made clear.

Following Erik's birth, Karla moved to Karlsruhe. In 1905 she married Theodor Homburger. In 1908, Erik Salomonsen's name was changed to Erik Homburger, in 1911 he was adopted by his stepfather. Karla and Theodor told Erik that Theodor was his real father, only revealing the truth to him in late childhood; the development of identity seems to have been one of Erikson's greatest concerns in his own life as well as being central to his theoretical work. As an older adult, he wrote about his adolescent "identity confusion" in his European days. "My identity confusion", he wrote " the borderline between neurosis and adolescent psychosis." Erikson's daughter writes that her father's "real psychoanalytic identity" was not established until he "replaced his stepfather's surname with a name of his own invention." The change in last name occurred as he started his job at Yale, the "Erikson" name was accepted by Erik's family when they became American citizens. It is said. Erik was a tall, blue-eyed boy, raised in the Jewish religion.

Due to these mixed identities, he was a target of bigotry by both gentile children. At temple school, his peers teased him for being Nordic. At Das Humanistische Gymnasium his main interests were art and languages, but he lacked a general interest in school and graduated without academic distinction. After graduation, instead of attending medical school as his stepfather had desired, he attended art school in Munich, much to the likes of his mother and her friends. Uncertain about his vocation and his fit in society, Erik dropped out of school and began a lengthy period of roaming about Germany and Italy as a wandering artist with his childhood friend Peter Blos and others. For children from prominent German families taking a "wandering year" was not uncommon. During his travels he sold or traded his sketches to people he met. Erik realized he would never become a full-time artist and returned to Karlsruhe and became an art teacher. During the time he worked at his teaching job Erik was hired by an heiress to sketch and tutor her children.

Erik worked well with these children and was hired by many other families that were close to Anna and Sigmund Freud. During this period, which lasted until he was 25 years old, he continued to contend with questions about his father and competing ideas of ethnic and national identity; when Erikson was twenty-five, his friend Peter Blos invited him to Vienna to tutor art at the small Burlingham-Rosenfeld School for children whose affluent parents were undergoing psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud's daughter, Anna Freud. Anna noticed Erikson's sensitivity to children at the school and encouraged him to study psychoanalysis at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, where prominent analysts August Aichhorn, Heinz Hartmann, Paul Federn were among those who supervised his theoretical studies, he underwent a training analysis with Anna Freud. Helene Deutsch and Edward Bibring supervised his initial treatment of an adult, he studied the Montessori method of education, which focused on child development and sexual stages.

In 1933 he received his diploma from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. This and his Montessori diploma were to be Erikson's only earned academic credentials for his life's work. In 1930 Erikson married Joan Mowat Serson, a Canadian dancer and artist whom Erikson had met at a dress ball. During their marriage Erikson converted to Christianity. In 1933, with Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany, the burning of Freud's books in Berlin and the potential Nazi threat to Austria, the family left an impoverished Vienna with their two young sons and emigrated to Copenhagen. Unable to regain Danish citizenship because of residence requirements, the family left for the United States, where citizenship would not be an issue. In the United States, Erikson became the first child psychoanalyst in Boston and held positions at Massachusetts General Hospital, the Judge Baker Guidance Center, at Harvard Medical School and Psychological Clinic, establishing a singular reputation as a clinician. In 1936, Erikson left Harvard and joined the staff at Yale University, where he worked at the Institute of Social Relations and taught at the medical school.

Erikson continued to deepen his interest in areas beyond psychoanalysis and

Manor House (Naples, Maine)

The Manor House is a historic house on United States Route 302 in Naples, Maine. Built in 1796 by one of the area's first settlers, it is a rare high-quality example of Federal period architecture in the rural interior of the state, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. The Manor House is located on the south side of United States Route 302, several miles north of the town center of Naples, at a location that would have had a view of Long Lake to the north; the house is a 2-1/2 story wood frame structure, five bays wide, with a low-pitch hip roof, brick side walls, clapboarded front and back walls, a stone foundation. The main entrance is centrally located, with flanking pilasters and sidelight windows, a semi-oval transom window above. A Palladian window with a half-round central window and narrow side windows is set on the second floor above the entrance articulated by pilasters. A single-story wood frame ell extends to the rear; the house was built in 1796 by one of Naples' first settlers.

Peirce arrived in the area in 1775 as the land agent for an absentee proprietor, established the area's first gristmill and sawmill. He was Naples' first town clerk, served as its constable in 1798; the house he built is of unusually high quality for the period in interior Maine. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, Maine

Canada: The Great Experiment

Canada: The Great Experiment is an educational television show, produced and broadcast by TVOntario in 1981–82. The series was narrated by Sir John A. Macdonald, played by veteran actor Colin Fox. 13 or 14 episodes were produced. They were: "Power Shift" "One Dominion" "The Reasons Why" "From Sea to Shining Sea" "For the Good of the Party" "The People's House"The rest of the list is in an unknown order. "Of Limited Power" "The Decision Makers" "A Creature of the Province" "To Serve With Honour" "The Third Branch" "Pressure Point" "The Nation Within"All episodes were around 30 minutes in length. Fans of the Canadian-made soap opera Strange Paradise knew Colin Fox best in a dual role as Jean Paul Desmond and his ancient ancestor Jacques Eloi Des Mondes