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Ermenonville is a commune in Oise, France. Ermenonville is notable for its park named for Jean-Jacques Rousseau by René Louis de Girardin. Rousseau's tomb was designed by the painter Hubert Robert, sits on the Isle of Poplars in its lake. In 1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashed in the Ermenonville Forest in Fontaine-Chaalis, near Ermenonville; the garden at Ermenonville was one of the earliest and finest examples of the French landscape garden. The garden at Ermenonville was planned beginning in 1762 by Marquis René Louis de Girardin, the friend and final patron of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Girardin's master plan drew its inspiration from Rousseau's novels and philosophy of the nobility of Nature. Rousseau's tomb is prominently situated on the artificial island in Ermenonville's lake, it is remarked. Completed by 1778 with care and craft, the garden came to resemble a natural environment a wilderness, appearing untouched by any human intervention. Girardin admired the work of William Shenstone at The Leasowes and made a ferme ornée at Ermenonville.

An imitation of Rousseau's island is at Germany. During the early nineteenth century it admired; the garden at Ermenonville was described by Girardin's son in 1811 in an elegant tour-book with aquatint plates that reveal Girardin's love of diverse vistas that capture painterly landscape effects. Enhancing the elegiac mood of these views were the altars and monuments, the'Rustic Temple', other details meant to evoke Rousseau's Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse. Nearby is Rousseau's'cabin' in the secluded désert of Ermenonville. Napoleon Bonaparte visited Ermenonville, where he remarked to Girardin that it might have been better for the French peace if neither he nor Rousseau had been born. Girardin retold this story again after the fact. Communes of the Oise department INSEE commune file Ermenonville official website Château d'Ermenonville website Ermenonville, Parc Jean-Jacques Rousseau - a Gardens Guide review

Bump n' Grind (R. Kelly song)

"Bump n' Grind" is a song by American R&B singer R. Kelly, it was released on January 1994 as the second single from his debut solo studio album 12 Play. The track became a number one single on the US Billboard Hot 100, it spent twelve weeks at number one on the US Hot R&B Songs chart as Kelly's third number-one R&B hit, becoming the longest-running number-one of 1994 in the US, the longest-running R&B single at that time; the song reached number eight on the UK Singles Chart, following the massive success of his previous single, "She's Got That Vibe". Kelly released three versions of "Bump n' Grind": two remixes; the original LP version was made available for airplay on urban and Top 40 pop radio stations alike at first, but the "Old School" remix was issued shortly and gained massive airplay on urban, adult R&B/soul and rhythmic radio stations. Kelly released the "Bump n' Grind", used in the original video for the song; this version received major play on urban radio as well. Some stations still play the original version to this day.

The music video does not feature the famous intro. It is black and white and is filmed like a live concert performance; the music video was directed by Kim Watson. Kelly always performs the intro of the song at all events he has performed in, Kelly performs the "Bump N' Grind" instead of the original at concert, despite the original single's huge success. Kelly performed the remix versions of the song on various shows in 1994, on The Arsenio Hall Show, Billboard Music Award and Soul Train; the song is used in numerous films such as Without a Paddle, American Reunion, Project X and The Wackness. The song is in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV on the radio station The Vibe 98.8. The song has been used in the British comedy series Gavin & Stacey, ABC Series Super Fun Night and the American adult animated sitcom American Dad!. Artist like Bruno Mars, B. Smyth, Bobby V, Adrian Marcel and Chris Brown have covered. In 2013 a video went viral on social media showing an old man singing this song in his backyard.

I'll Take Her Body Bumpin' Remix Poppa Was a Playa Rodeo Karate Chop Remix Bump & Grind 2014 Songs on 12 Play Push The Feeling On "Bump n' Grind" – 4:16 "Bump n' Grind" – 4:28 "Bump n' Grind" – 5:42 British house duo Waze & Odyssey produced a bootleg of the track back in 2012, sampling "Push the Feeling On" by Nightcrawlers. The remix was released on 19 October 2014. "Bump & Grind 2014" was produced by the duo Serge Santiágo and Firas Waez known as Waze & Odyssey. The record started as an underground hit in 2012, more DJs were playing the song at clubs as time went on, but it was not until 2014 it started getting airplay. At the time it was an underground favorite among famous British DJs like Skream, DJ EZ, Duke Dumont, Rudimental were playing it at clubs; the music video was released two months before the actual official release of the song. The video features Hok from the American hip hop group Quest Crew as the main person. Digital download"Bump & Grind 2014" – 3:00Digital remixes EP"Bump & Grind 2014" – 7:23 "Bump & Grind 2014" – 8:34 "Bump & Grind 2014" – 4:01 List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1994 List of number-one R&B singles of 1994


In computer science, ACID is a set of properties of database transactions intended to guarantee validity in the event of errors, power failures, etc. In the context of databases, a sequence of database operations that satisfies the ACID properties is called a transaction. For example, a transfer of funds from one bank account to another involving multiple changes such as debiting one account and crediting another, is a single transaction. In 1983, Andreas Reuter and Theo Härder coined the acronym ACID as shorthand for atomicity, consistency and durability, building on earlier work by Jim Gray who enumerated atomicity and durability but left out Isolation when characterizing the transaction concept; these four properties describe the major guarantees of the transaction paradigm, which has influenced many aspects of development in database systems. According to Gray and Reuter, IMS supported ACID transactions as early as 1973; the characteristics of these four properties as defined by Reuter and Härder are as follows: Transactions are composed of multiple statements.

Atomicity guarantees that each transaction is treated as a single "unit", which either succeeds or fails completely: if any of the statements constituting a transaction fails to complete, the entire transaction fails and the database is left unchanged. An atomic system must guarantee atomicity in each and every situation, including power failures and crashes. A guarantee of atomicity prevents updates to the database occurring only which can cause greater problems than rejecting the whole series outright; as a consequence, the transaction cannot be observed to be in progress by another database client. At one moment in time, it has not yet happened, at the next it has occurred in whole. An example of an atomic transaction is a monetary transfer from bank account A to account B, it consists of two operations, withdrawing the money from account A and saving it to account B. Performing these operations in an atomic transaction ensures that the database remains in a consistent state, that is, money is neither lost nor created if either of those two operations fail.

Consistency ensures that a transaction can only bring the database from one valid state to another, maintaining database invariants: any data written to the database must be valid according to all defined rules, including constraints, cascades and any combination thereof. This prevents database corruption by an illegal transaction, but does not guarantee that a transaction is correct. Referential integrity guarantees the primary key – foreign key relationship. Transactions are executed concurrently. Isolation ensures that concurrent execution of transactions leaves the database in the same state that would have been obtained if the transactions were executed sequentially. Isolation is the main goal of concurrency control. Durability guarantees that once a transaction has been committed, it will remain committed in the case of a system failure; this means that completed transactions are recorded in non-volatile memory. The following examples further illustrate the ACID properties. In these examples, the database table has two columns, A and B.

An integrity constraint requires that the value in A and the value in B must sum to 100. The following SQL code creates a table as described above: Atomicity is the guarantee that series of database operations in an atomic transaction will either all occur, or none will occur; the series of operations cannot be separated with only some of them being executed, which makes the series of operations "indivisible". A guarantee of atomicity prevents updates to the database occurring only which can cause greater problems than rejecting the whole series outright. In other words, atomicity means irreducibility. Alternatively, we may say that a logical transaction may be made of, or composed of, one or more, physical transactions. Unless and until all component physical transactions are executed, the Logical transaction will not have occurred – to the effects of the database. Say our Logical transaction consists of transferring funds from account A to account B; this logical transaction may be composed of several physical transactions consisting of first removing the amount from account A as a first physical transaction and as a second transaction, depositing said amount in account B.

We would not want to see the amount removed from account A before we are sure it has been transferred into account B. Unless and until both transactions have happened and the amount has been transferred to account B, the transfer has not, to the effects of the database, occurred. Consistency is a general term, which demands that the data must meet all validation rules. In the previous example, the validation is a requirement that A + B = 100. All validation rules must be checked to ensure consistency. Assume that a transaction attempts to subtract 10 from A without altering B; because consistency is checked after each transaction, it is known that A + B = 100 before the transaction begins. If the transaction removes 10 from A atomicity will be achieved. However, a validation check will show that A + B = 90, inconsistent with the rules of the database. The

Salzderhelden saltworks

Salzderhelden saltworks was a saline in Salzderhelden, a district of Einbeck city, Germany. The start of salt extraction at the site began in 1757. A brine spring had been discovered in the proximity much earlier, in the medieval ages; that was feasible. A graduation tower was built in 1772. From 1851 on balneotherapy was offered for guests. In 1860 a drilling for brine was set as deep as 450m into the ground, replacing the graduation tower. A steam engine was installed to lift the brine to the surface; the steam engine replaced wind mills, in use until then. A second derrick was built in 1884. An electrical pump replaced the steam engine in 1920. Power transmission was achieved by line shaft. In the 20th century the facility was shut down, but the drilling tower was preserved and is an industrial heritage nowadays; the power transmission devices were refurbished in 2009. In 2011 the site with its 19th century buildings including the derrick, the engine house and the wooden brine tank was reopened as museum, open for guided tours.

Bastian Sauthoff: Weißes Gold und vergessene Technik. In: Salzderheldener Geschichtsblätter, Band 1, 2009 Friedrich Otte: Das Salzwerk und die Salzgewerkschaft von Salzderhelden, Einbeck, 1918 G. Paulig, F. Otte: Geschichte der Saline Salzderhelden, 1984 F. Otte: Der alte Solbrunnen in Salzderhelden, in: Die Spinnstube 1927, Nr. 5, pp. 65 Ernst Engels: Geschichte der Saline Salzderhelden, in: Zeitschrift für Bergrecht 22, 1881, p. 328-351

2012 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma season

The 2012 season was Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma's twenty-fourth season in the K-League in South Korea. Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma is competing Korean FA Cup and AFC Champions League. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. All times are Korea Standard Time – UTC+9 Statistics accurate as of match played 27 June 2012

Oona Garthwaite

Oona Garthwaite is an American singer-songwriter. She was born in California to a musical family, niece of Terry Garthwaite and daughter of David Garthwaite, founding members of the Joy of Cooking. Oona's co-writing project with Oakland-based producer Dave Tweedie is listed under the bandname "OONA", their music has been featured several times on the reality TV show So You Think You Can Dance, including an audition by Stephen "Twitch" Boss and a routine choreographed by Sonya Tayeh and performed by Ellenore Scott and Jakob Karr. A collaboration with the band Jet Stream, a song called "Remote Control", was aired on the Season Premiere of The CW's 2010 show, Life Unexpected. Oona offers the song as a free download for fans through her website. In August 2009 OONA was interviewed by MTV2. Official website