click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Ernest Jones

Alfred Ernest Jones was a Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst. A lifelong friend and colleague of Sigmund Freud from their first meeting in 1908, he became his official biographer. Jones was the first English-speaking practitioner of psychoanalysis and became its leading exponent in the English-speaking world; as President of both the International Psychoanalytical Association and the British Psycho-Analytical Society in the 1920s and 1930s, Jones exercised a formative influence in the establishment of their organisations and publications. Ernest Jones was born in Gowerton, Wales, an industrial village on the outskirts of Swansea, the first child of Thomas and Ann Jones, his father was a self-taught colliery engineer who went on to establish himself as a successful business man, becoming accountant and company secretary at the Elba Steelworks in Gowerton. His mother, Mary Ann, was from a Welsh-speaking Carmarthenshire family which had relocated to Swansea. Jones was educated at Swansea Grammar School, Llandovery College, Cardiff University in Wales.

Jones studied at University College London and meanwhile he obtained the Conjoint diplomas LRCP and MRCS in 1900. A year in 1901, he obtained an M. B. degree with honours in medicine and obstetrics. Within five years he received an MD degree and a Membership of the Royal College of Physicians in 1903, he was pleased to receive the University's gold medal in obstetrics from his distinguished fellow-Welshman, Sir John Williams. After obtaining his medical degrees, Jones specialised in neurology and took a number of posts in London hospitals, it was through his association with the surgeon Wilfred Trotter that Jones first heard of Freud's work. Having worked together as surgeons at University College Hospital, he and Trotter became close friends, with Trotter taking the role of mentor and confidant to his younger colleague, they had in common a wide-ranging interest in philosophy and literature, as well as a growing interest in Continental psychiatric literature and the new forms of clinical therapy it surveyed.

By 1905 they were sharing accommodation above Harley Street consulting rooms with Jones's sister, installed as housekeeper. Trotter and Elizabeth Jones married. Appalled by the treatment of the mentally ill in institutions, Jones began experimenting with hypnotic techniques in his clinical work. Jones first encountered Freud's writings directly in 1905, in a German psychiatric journal in which Freud published the famous Dora case-history, it was thus he formed "the deep impression of there being a man in Vienna who listened with attention to every word his patients said to him...a revolutionary difference from the attitude of previous physicians..."Jones's early attempts to combine his interest in Freud's ideas with his clinical work with children resulted in adverse effects on his career. In 1906 he was arrested and charged with two counts of indecent assault on two adolescent girls whom he had interviewed in his capacity as an inspector of schools for "mentally defective" children. At the court hearing Jones maintained his innocence, claiming the girls were fantasising about any inappropriate actions by him.

The magistrate concluded that no jury would believe the testimony of such children and Jones was acquitted. In 1908, employed as a pathologist at a London hospital, Jones accepted a colleague's challenge to demonstrate the repressed sexual memory underlying the hysterical paralysis of a young girl's arm. Jones duly obliged but, before conducting the interview, he omitted to inform the girl's consultant or arrange for a chaperone. Subsequently, he faced complaints from the girl's parents over the nature of the interview and he was forced to resign his hospital post. Jones's first serious relationship was with Loe Kann, a wealthy Dutch émigré referred to him in 1906 after she had become addicted to morphine during treatment for a serious kidney condition, their relationship lasted until 1913. It ended with Kann in analysis with Freud and Jones, at Freud's behest, undergoing analysis with Sándor Ferenczi. A tentative romance with Freud's daughter, did not survive the disapproval of her father. Before her visit to Britain in the autumn of 1914, which Jones chaperoned, Freud advised him: She does not claim to be treated as a woman, being still far away from sexual longings and rather refusing man.

There is an outspoken understanding between me and her that she should not consider marriage or the preliminaries before she gets 2 or 3 years older. In 1917 Jones married the Welsh musician Morfydd Llwyn Owen, they were holidaying in South Wales the following year when Morfydd became ill with acute appendicitis. Emergency surgery was carried out at her parents-in-law's Swansea home but the local surgeon who operated was unable to save her from the effects of chloroform poisoning, she was buried in Oystermouth Cemetery on the outskirts of Swansea where her gravestone bears the inscription, chosen by Jones from Goethe's Faust, "Das Unbeschreibliche, hier ist's getan". Following some inspired matchmaking by his Viennese colleagues, in 1919 Jones met and married Katherine Jokl, a Jewish economics graduate from Moravia, she had been at school in Vienna with Freud's daughters. They had four children in what proved to be a long and happy marriage, though both struggled to overcome the loss of their eldest child, Gwenith, at the age of 7, during the interwar influenza epidemic.

Their son Mervyn Jones became a writer. Whilst attending a congress of neurologists in Amsterdam in 1907, Jones met Carl Jung, from whom he received a first-hand account of the work of Freud and his circle in Vienna. Confirmed in his judgement of the importance of Freud's work, Jones joined Jung in Zurich to plan the inaugural Psycho

Regional State Archives in Oslo

The Regional State Archives in Oslo is a regional state archives situated at Sognsvann in Oslo, Norway. Part of the National Archival Services of Norway, it is responsible for archiving documents from state institutions in the counties of Akershus, Oslo and Østfold; the facility is jointly located with the National Archives of Norway. The collection includes 19.2 shelf-kilometers of material. The agency was created in 1914 as the Regional State Archives in Kristiania, covered all of Eastern Norway and Agder. From 13 July 1917 the newly created Regional State Archives in Hamar took over documents from Oppland and Hedmark; the current name was adopted in 1924. With the opening of the Regional State Archives in Kristiansand in 1934, documents from Agder was moved there; the final demerger took place in 1994, when the Regional State Archives in Kongsberg took over documents from Buskerud and Vestfold

San Miniato al Monte

San Miniato al Monte is a basilica in Florence, central Italy, standing atop one of the highest points in the city. It has been described as one of the finest Romanesque structures in Tuscany and one of the most scenic churches in Italy. There is an adjoining Olivetan monastery, seen to the right of the basilica when ascending the stairs. St. Miniato or Minas was an Armenian prince serving in the Roman army under Emperor Decius, he was denounced as a Christian after becoming a hermit and was brought before the Emperor, camped outside the gates of Florence. The Emperor ordered him to be thrown to beasts in the Amphitheatre where a panther was called upon him but refused to devour him. Beheaded in the presence of the Emperor, he is alleged to have picked up his head, crossed the Arno and walked up the hill of Mons Fiorentinus to his hermitage. A shrine was erected at this spot and there was a chapel there by the 8th century. Construction of the present church was begun in 1013 by Bishop Alibrando and it was endowed by the Emperor Henry II.

The adjoining monastery began as a Benedictine community passed to the Cluniacs and in 1373 to the Olivetans, who still run it. The monks make famous liqueurs and herbal teas, which they sell from a shop next to the church; the interior exhibits the early feature of a choir raised on a platform above the large crypt. It has changed little; the patterned pavement dates from 1207. The centre of the nave is dominated by the beautiful freestanding Cappella del Crocefisso, designed by Michelozzo in 1448, it housed the miraculous crucifix now in Santa Trìnita and is decorated with panels long thought to be painted by Agnolo Gaddi. The terracotta decoration of the vault is by Luca della Robbia; the mosaic of Christ between the Virgin and St Minias was made in 1297. The crypt is the oldest part of the church and the high altar contains the bones of St Minias himself. In the vaults are frescoes by Taddeo Gaddi; the raised choir and presbytery contain a magnificent Romanesque pulpit and screen made in 1207.

The apse is dominated by a great mosaic dating from 1297, which depicts the same subject as that on the façade and is by the same unknown artist. The crucifix above the high altar is attributed to Luca della Robbia; the sacristy is decorated with a great fresco cycle on the Life of St Benedict by Spinello Aretino. The Cappella del Cardinale del Portogallo to the left of the nave, "one of the most magnificent funerary monuments of the Italian Renaissance", was built in 1473 as a memorial to Cardinal James of Lusitania, who died in Florence, to which he was Portuguese ambassador, in 1459, it is the only tomb in the church. The chapel is a collaboration of outstanding artists of Florence: it was designed by Brunelleschi's associate, Antonio Manetti, finished after his death by Antonio Rossellino; the tomb was made by Bernardo Rossellino. The chapel decoration is by Alesso Baldovinetti and Piero del Pollaiuolo, Luca della Robbia; the geometrically patterned marble façade was begun in about 1090, although the upper parts date from the 12th century or financed by the Florentine Arte di Calimala, who were responsible for the church’s upkeep from 1288.

The eagle which crowns the façade was their symbol. The campanile was replaced in 1523, although it was never finished. During the siege of Florence in 1530 it was used as an artillery post by the defenders and Michelangelo had it wrapped in mattresses to protect it from enemy fire. Adjacent to the church is the fine cloister, planned as early as 1426 and built from 1443 to mid-1450s, it was designed by Bernardo and Antonio Rosselino, financed by the Arte della Mercantia of Florence, the fortified bishop’s palace, built in 1295 and used as a barracks and a hospital. The whole complex is surrounded by defensive walls built hastily by Michelangelo during the siege and in 1553 expanded into a true fortress by Cosimo I de' Medici; the walls now enclose a large ornate monumental cemetery, the Porte Sante, laid out in 1854. Buried there are Carlo Collodi, creator of Pinocchio; the basilica served as an important setting in Brian de Palma's 1976 film Obsession. On 16 June 2012, it was the venue for the religious wedding of Dutch royal Princess Carolina of Bourbon-Parma with businessman Albert Brenninkmeijer.

Romanesque architecture The Church of San Miniato al Monte San Miniato al Monte The Sacristy of the Basilica Paradoxplace San Miniato Photo Page The Museums of Florence - San Miniato al Monte

Bojana Stamenov

Bojana Stamenov is a Serbian singer and musician best known for performing soul, jazz and R&B music, who represented Serbia, placing 10th in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 with the song "Beauty Never Lies". She participates in performances for children in the Boško Buha Theatre in Belgrade. Stamenov had her first concert on 13 June, in Sava Centar in Belgrade, while working on her debut album; the singer has announced. In 2012, Stamenov placed fourth in the third season of Ja imam talenat!, the Serbian version of Got Talent. She performed live the following songs: Chaka Khan — "I Feel for You" James Brown — "It's a Man's Man's Man's World" Aretha Franklin — "Think" Serbia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015

8th Canadian Parliament

The 8th Canadian Parliament was in session from August 19, 1896, until October 9, 1900. The membership was set by the 1896 federal election on June 23, 1896, it was dissolved prior to the 1900 election. It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the 8th Canadian Ministry; the Official Opposition was the Conservative/Liberal-Conservative, led by Charles Tupper. The Speaker was first James David Edgar, Thomas Bain. See List of Canadian electoral districts 1892-1903 for a list of the ridings in this parliament. There were five sessions of the 8th Parliament: Following is a full list of members of the eighth Parliament listed first by province by electoral district. Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk indicates. Government of Canada. "8th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09. Government of Canada. "8th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament.

Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30. Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12

Grímur Kamban

Grímr Kamban was, according to the Færeyinga saga, the first Norse settler in the Faroe Islands. The modern Faroese form of the name is Grímur, but it was Grímr in Old Norse and is anglicised as Grim; the saga says. However, this is an error in this saga, because Harald's age was in the late 9th century, while the first Norse settlers reached the Faroes after 825. "According to the Færeyinga saga... the first settler in the Faroe Islands was a man named Grímr Kamban - Hann bygdi fyrstr Færeyar, it may have been the land taking of Grímr and his followers that caused the anchorites to leave... the nickname Kamban is Gaelic and one interpretation is that the word refers to some physical handicap, another that it may point to his prowess as a sportsman. He came as a young man to the Faroe Islands by way of Viking Ireland, local tradition has it that he settled at Funningur in Eysturoy."It is said that he settled down in Funningur on Eysturoy. The name funningur means finding. Excavations have shown Viking era houses in this area, as well as all over the Faroes.

Grímr is an Old Norse name. The name Kamban indicates Celtic origins, thus he could have been a man from Ireland, Western Isles or Isle of Man, where the Vikings had settlements. Another theory says, he could have been an early Christianized Norwegian under the influence of Irish monks there. If Gaelic, the first part of Kamban would originate in the Old Gaelic camb "crooked"; the name Kamban is therefore most be derived from cambán "crooked one". The root camb is found in the Gaelic names Campbell "crooked-mouth" and Cameron "crooked nose", as well as the sports term cambóg, which in Gaelic refers to the type of stick used in games like hurling and golf. On 20 September 2004, the Faroese post office issued a stamp including honoring the poem Grímur Kamban by Faroese poet Janus Djurhuus. Norse settlement in the Faroe Islands John Haywood Northmen: The Viking Saga, AD 793-1241 ISBN 9781250106155 Sverri Dahl: The Norse settlement of the Faroe Islands