Catherine Elise Blanchett, is an Australian actress and theatre director. She has received many accolades, including two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, three BAFTA Awards. Time named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2007, in 2018, she was ranked among the highest-paid actresses in the world. After graduating from the National Institute of Dramatic Art, Blanchett began her acting career on the Australian stage, taking on roles in Electra in 1992 and Hamlet in 1994, she came to international attention for portraying Elizabeth I of England in the drama film Elizabeth, for which she won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress and earned her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her portrayal of Katharine Hepburn in the biographical drama The Aviator, earned her the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, she won Best Actress for playing a neurotic divorcée in the black comedy-drama Blue Jasmine, her other Oscar-nominated roles were in the dramas Notes on a Scandal, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, I'm Not There, Carol.
Blanchett's most commercially successful films include The Talented Mr. Ripley, Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy and The Hobbit trilogy, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Thor: Ragnarok, Ocean's 8. From 2008 to 2013, Blanchett and her husband Andrew Upton served as the artistic directors of the Sydney Theatre Company; some of her stage roles during this period were in revivals of A Streetcar Named Desire, Uncle Vanya, The Maids. She made her Broadway debut in 2017 with The Present, for which she received a Tony Award nomination. Blanchett has been awarded the Centenary Medal by the Australian government, who made her a companion of the Order of Australia in 2017, she was appointed Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters by the French government in 2012. She has been presented with a Doctor of Letters from the University of New South Wales, University of Sydney, Macquarie University. In 2015, she was honoured by the Museum of Modern Art and received the British Film Institute Fellowship.
Blanchett was born on 14 May 1969 in the Melbourne suburb of Ivanhoe. Her Australian mother, June Blanchett, worked as a property developer and teacher, her American father, Robert DeWitt Blanchett, Jr. a Texas native, was a United States Navy Chief Petty Officer who worked as an advertising executive. The two met; when Blanchett was 10, her father died of a heart attack, leaving her mother to raise the family on her own. Blanchett is the middle of three children, she has an older brother Bob Blanchett, a younger sister Genevieve Blanchett, her ancestry includes English, some Scottish, remote French roots. Blanchett has described herself as being "part part wallflower" during childhood, she had a penchant for dressing in traditionally masculine clothing, went through goth and punk phases during her teenage years, shaved her head at one point. She attended primary school in Melbourne at Ivanhoe East Primary School. In her late teens and early twenties, she worked at a nursing home in Victoria, she studied economics and fine arts at the University of Melbourne but dropped out after one year to travel overseas.
While in Egypt, Blanchett was asked to play an American cheerleader, as an extra in the Egyptian boxing movie, Kaboria. Upon her return to Australia, she moved to Sydney and enrolled in the National Institute of Dramatic Art to pursue an acting career, she graduated from NIDA in 1992 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Blanchett's first major stage role was opposite Geoffrey Rush, in the 1992 David Mamet play Oleanna for the Sydney Theatre Company; that year, she was cast as Clytemnestra in a production of Sophocles' Electra. A couple of weeks after rehearsals, the actress playing the title role pulled out, director Lindy Davies cast Blanchett in the role, her performance as Electra became one of her most acclaimed at NIDA. In 1993, Blanchett was awarded the Sydney Theatre Critics' Best Newcomer Award for her performance in Timothy Daly's Kafka Dances and won Best Actress for her performance in Mamet's Oleanna, making her the first actor to win both categories in the same year. Blanchett played the role of Ophelia in an acclaimed 1994–1995 Company B production of Hamlet directed by Neil Armfield, starring Rush and Richard Roxburgh, was nominated for a Green Room Award.
She appeared in the 1994 TV miniseries Heartland opposite Ernie Dingo, the miniseries Bordertown with Hugo Weaving, in an episode of Police Rescue entitled "The Loaded Boy". She appeared in the 50-minute drama short Parklands, which received an Australian Film Institute nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Blanchett made her feature film debut with a supporting role as an Australian nurse captured by the Japanese Army during World War II, in Bruce Beresford's film Paradise Road, which co-starred Glenn Close and Frances McDormand, her first leading role was as Lucinda Leplastrier in Gillian Armstrong's romantic drama Oscar and Lucinda, opposite Ralph Fiennes. Blanchett received wide acclaim for her performance, earned her first AFI Award nomination as Best Leading Actress, she won the AFI Best Actress Award in the same year for her role as Lizzie in the romantic comedy Thank God He Met Lizzie, co-starring Richard Roxburgh and Frances O'Connor. B
Mystery Road (TV series)
Mystery Road is an Australian television drama series screened on ABC from 3 June 2018. The series is Goldstone; the six-part series is produced by David Jowsey and Greer Simpkin. The script is produced by Michaeley O'Brien and written by Michaeley O'Brien, Steven McGregor, Kodie Bedford, Jon Bell and Tim Lee, with Ivan Sen and the ABC's Sally Riley and Kym Goldsworthy as executive producers. Taking place between the events of the films Mystery Road and Goldstone, Mystery Road tells the story of Detective Jay Swan, assigned to investigate the mysterious disappearance of two young farmhands on an outback cattle station, one a local indigenous football hero and the other a white backpacker. Working together with local police sergeant Emma James, the investigation uncovers drug trafficking in the town, a past injustice that threatens the fabric of the whole community. Aaron Pedersen as Jay Swan Judy Davis as Emma James Deborah Mailman as Kerry Thompson Wayne Blair as Larry Dime Aaron McGrath as Marley Thompson Tasma Walton as Mary Swan Madeleine Madden as Crystal Swan Meyne Wyatt as Cedric Thompson Colin Friels as Tony Ballantyne Rohan Mirchandaney as David Sharma Anthony Hayes as Ryan Muller Ernie Dingo as Keith Groves John Waters as Travis James Kris McQuade as Liz Rutherford Tasia Zalar as Shevorne Shields Ningali Lawford Wolf as Dot Connor Van Vuuren as Reece Dale Ben Oxenbould as Vince Pearce Benjamin Hoetjes as Eric Hoffman Jessica Falkholt as Genevieve Leclaire The series was made on location in and around Wyndham, a town in Northern Western Australia.
Other scenes were shot at Kununurra and on Aboriginal lands belonging to the Miriuwung and Balanggarra in The Kimberley. Location shooting took 10 weeks. Mystery Road on IMDb
The Flying Doctors
The Flying Doctors is an Australian drama TV series produced by Crawford Productions that revolves around the everyday lifesaving efforts of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, starring Andrew McFarlane as the newly arrived Dr. Tom Callaghan; the popular series ran for nine seasons and was screened internationally. It was a 1985 mini-series based in the fictional outback town of Cooper's Crossing; the success of the mini-series led to its return the following year as an ongoing series with McFarlane being joined by a new doctor, Chris Randall, played by Liz Burch. McFarlane left during the first season, actor Robert Grubb arrived as new doctor Geoff Standish. McFarlane returned to the series, resuming his role; the series' episodes were self-contained and about medical items. The Australian society was mirrored in handling more or less controversial social problems as the abuse of women within marriage, alcohol abuse, the position of the aboriginals, it featured ongoing storylines, such as Dr. Standish's romance with Sister Kate Wellings.
Other major characters included pilot Sam Patterson, mechanic Emma Plimpton, local policeman Sgt. Jack Carruthers and Vic and Nancy Buckley, who ran The Majestic, a local pub/hotel. Andrew McFarlane as Tom Callaghan, a young doctor who takes over the R. F. D. S base in Coopers Crossing after proving himself to the original boss of Harry Sinclair, he brings along Chris Randall, a doctor, as his assistant. In episode sixteen Tom leaves the base, he returns in episode 113, staying until episode 156 although he remained in the intro credits for the rest of the season. Tom makes a final appearance in episode 201. Liz Burch as Chris Randall, a female doctor who comes along with Tom Callaghan to run the R. F. D. S base in Cooper Crossing; when Tom leaves for Africa she decides to stay in Coopers Crossing, remaining until episode 146, when she moves to Melbourne to take care of her sick father. Returns in episode 201 for the town celebration, falls in love with Tom Callaghan again, she decides to join Tom in Africa.
Robert Grubb as Geoff Standish, who makes his first appearance in episode 17 when he takes over the R. F. D. S base from Tom Callaghan. Geoff is one of the longest-running characters in the series, stayed until the end, his relationship with Nurse Kate Wellings was a key storyline. They have one daughter in the end of the series. Brett Climo as David Ratcliffe. A young doctor who joins the staff in episode 101 and stays until episode 171 when he decides to leave to do something else with his life. However, after a final rescue mission goes wrong, he dies in a climbing accident when he falls down a cliff. Sarah Chadwick as Rosie'Rowie' Lang, she makes her first appearance in "Swinging on the Rope", when she returns to Cooper's Crossing after leaving as a teenager to attend Medical School at the University of Sydney. Dr. Lang is the replacement for Dr. Radcliffe, she is a headstrong, determined woman, applying for a position with the RFDS to confront childhood bullies, show them that "being a Lang doesn't mean being a loser", after having grown up as the youngest of 6 children, of alcoholic, neglectful parents.
Despite her late arrival, Sarah is given a rich character-profile, the series featuring episodes in which both her older brother Frank and her father Alf appear. She attracts romanctic interest from Captain Johnno Johnson and accepts his proposal of marriage. On the day of the wedding she realises she is marrying Johnno to make up for the less than ideal marriage her mother experienced. Rosie calls off the wedding as the RFDS cars are proceeding to the airstrip where the guests are waiting for the service, she resigns in the last episode. Lenore Smith as Kate Wellings / Standish, she makes her first appearance in the mini-series. The only medical staff who stayed through the entire show. David Reyne as Dr. Guy Reid. A charming womaniser that arrives in episode 167 and soon begins a relationship with the nurse Jackie Crane. Stays until the end. Melita Jurisic as Dr. Magda Heller. A young doctor from Germany that arrives in episode 159 and stays until episode 173. Lewis Fitz-Gerald as David'Gibbo' Gibson.
Dies from complications of injuries he sustained in a plane crash. Peter O'Brien as Sam Patterson, he makes his first appearance in "Good Day For It", as a replacement for Gibbo. Christopher Stollery as Johnno Johnson. Justin Gaffney as Gerry O'Neill. Louise Siversen as Debbie O'Brien, she fills in every then. Loses her flight certificate after she faints during a flight because of a concussion and is never seen again after that. One prominent feature in the show is the communication between the aircraft and the base station in Cooper's Crossing, their designations are spelled out using the NATO phonetic alphabet. MSF, or Mike Sierra Foxtrot, is the aircraft, a GAF Nomad carrying registration VH-MSF. VCC, or Victor Charlie Charlie, is the RFDS base at Coopers Crossing; the Flying Doctors was made available to purchase in Australia. All 221 episodes plus the 13 spinoff-episodes are on a 51 disc set, complete with cast interviews, episode synopses and stills gallery. In region 2, Mediumrare Entertainment have released all nine seasons of The Flying Doctors including the miniseries called The Flying Doctors in region 2.
By 1993, the ratings were in decline, few original characters remained in the much-changed cast. To revamp the show, the setting was changed to Broken Hill, the name changed to R. F. D. S. and of the cast only original cast members Fields and Jellay were retained in the show as well as Sophie Lee as
West Coast Eagles
The West Coast Eagles known as West Coast or the Eagles, is a Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League. Based in Perth, Western Australia, it represents the Perth metropolitan region. Though this makes no sense because there is no place in Perth called West Coast, it trains at Lathlain Park and plays its home games at Perth Stadium known as Optus Stadium, in Burswood, having played at Subiaco Oval and the WACA Ground. The club is one of two AFL clubs based in Western Australia, the other being its main rival, the Fremantle Football Club. Andrew Gaff is a player of the Eagles and called a criminal by many after punching a Fremantle Dockers player in the face, breaking his jaw and ruining many opportunities for that season. West Coast was founded in 1986 as an expansion team, it entered the AFL known as the Victorian Football League, in 1987 along with Queensland's Brisbane Bears. It reached the finals series for the first time in 1988, won its first premiership in 1992, having been defeated in the grand final the previous year.
It is the first non-Victorian team to win a grand final. The Eagles have since won three more premierships, in 1994, 2006 and 2018; the club is coached by Adam Simpson and captained by Shannon Hurn. From 2013 to 2018, the East Perth Football Club, which competes in the West Australian Football League, served as West Coast's reserves team. From 2019 the Eagles will field a reserves team in the WAFL; the Eagles have won the second most premierships in the AFL era and are one of the most supported and financially dominant clubs in the league. The West Coast Eagles were selected in 1986 as one of two expansion teams to enter the Victorian Football League the following season, along with the Brisbane Bears. Ron Alexander was appointed as the team's inaugural coach in September 1986, with the inaugural squad, comprising a majority of players from the West Australian Football League, unveiled in late October. Ross Glendinning, recruited from North Melbourne, was made the club's first captain as one of the few players with previous VFL experience.
The team's first senior match in the VFL was played against Richmond at Subiaco Oval in late March 1987, with West Coast defeating Richmond by 14 points. Having won eleven games and lost eleven games for the season, the club finished eighth out of fourteen teams. At the end of the season, John Todd, the coach of Swan Districts in the WAFL, replaced Alexander as West Coast's coach; the club made the finals for the first time in 1988, but lost form the following season, winning only seven games to finish 11th on the ladder. Todd was sacked at the end of the 1989 season, was replaced by Michael Malthouse, who had coached Footscray. With the competition having rebranded itself as the Australian Football League at the start of the 1990 season, West Coast finished third on the ladder at the conclusion of the home-and-away season, progressed to the preliminary final before losing to Essendon, having been forced to play four consecutive finals in Melbourne. John Worsfold replaced Steve Malaxos as captain for the 1991 season, the club finished the season as minor premiers for the first time, losing only three games.
In the finals series, West Coast progressed to the grand final, but were defeated by Hawthorn by 53 points. Peter Sumich kicking 111 goals during the season, becoming the first West Coast player to reach a century of goals, as well as the first-ever left-footer. In 1992, West Coast finished fourth on the ladder, but again progressed to the grand final, defeating Geelong by 28 points to become the first team based outside Victoria to win a premiership. Having slipped to third in 1993, the club finished as minor premiers the following season, went on to again defeat Geelong in the grand final to win its second premiership in three years. In 1995, a second AFL team based in Western Australia, the Fremantle Football Club, with the two clubs' subsequent rivalry branded as the "Western Derby". West Coast made the finals in every year that remained in the 1990s, but failed to reach another grand final, with a fourth-place finish in 1996 their best result. Worsfold retired at the end of the 1998 season, was replaced by his vice-captain, Guy McKenna, who served as captain until his retirement two seasons later.
Malthouse left West Coast at the end of the 1999 season to take up the senior coaching position with Collingwood, was replaced by Ken Judge, coach of Hawthorn. The 2000 and 2001 seasons were marked by a rapid decrease in form after the loss of several key senior players, culminating in a 14th-place in 2001, at the time the worst in the club's history. Round eighteen of the 2000 season marked the club's final match at the WACA Ground, used concurrently with Subiaco Oval since the club's inception. Judge was sacked at the end of 2001, replaced by the club's former captain John Worsfold, serving as assistant coach at Carlton; the club made the finals in 2002, 2003, 2004, but each time failed to progress past the elimination final. Ben Cousins was made sole captain of the club in 2002, having shared the role with Dean Kemp the previous season. During this time, the team was boosted by a number of high picks in the AFL Draft gained as a result of the previous poor finishes. Chris Judd, taken with pick three in the 2001 National Draft, won the Brownlow Medal as the best player in the competition in 2004, becoming the first West Coast player to win the award.
In 2005, the Eagles finished second on the ladder after the regular season, progressed to the grand final against Sydney, where the
Bran Nue Dae
Bran Nue Dae is a 1990 musical set in Broome, Western Australia, that tells stories and of issues relating to Indigenous Australians. It was the first Aboriginal musical; the name is a phonetic representation of'Brand New Day'. The musical was directed by Andrew Ross, a prominent theatre director in Western Australia, it premiered at the Octagon Theatre in February–March 1990 as part of the Festival of Perth, toured nationally. The musical won the prestigious Sidney Myer Performing Arts Awards in 1990; the following year the published script and score won the Special Award in the Western Australian Premier's Book Awards. A documentary Bran Nue Dae tells the story of the creation of the musical; the musical has been turned into a feature film directed by Rachel Perkins starring Ernie Dingo, Geoffrey Rush, Jessica Mauboy, Missy Higgins, Deborah Mailman, Magda Szubanski and Dan Sultan. The film premiered at the Melbourne International Film Festival and won the Audience Award for Best Film, it was theatrically released in Australia on 14 January 2010.
It debuted with $2.5 million in its first week. It went on to gross over $7 million, making it one of the most successful Australian films of all time. Chi, Jimmy. Amat. Bran Nue Dae. Currency Press. ISBN 0-86819-293-7. Material on History of Black Theatre The Future in Black and White. Aboriginality in Recent Australian Drama, by Katharine Brisbane Makeham, Paul B. Singing the landscape: Bran Nue Dae. Australasian Drama Studies: pp. 117–132. Bran Nue Dae at AusStage Bran Nue Dae at AustLit
2Day FM is a commercial FM radio station broadcasting in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on a frequency of 104.1 MHz, is part of Southern Cross Austereo's Hit Network. 2Day FM was one of three radio stations to be granted new FM broadcasting licenses in Sydney in 1980, commenced broadcasting on 2 August of that year. The original owners were well known media personalities John Laws, Mike Willesee and Graham Kennedy; the station's original programming format was focused towards easy-listening music, but shifted to more pop and rock oriented programming since the late 1980s, with the addition of Hip-Hop and dance music to their playlists. The studios were located on the second floor of the Sovereign Inn at 220 Pacific Highway, Crows Nest; the building became the All Seasons hotel during the 2000s and in 2009 was demolished and re-developed into a mixed commercial building. The original equipment comprised BMX Pacific Recorder mixing consoles, CEI cartridge machines; the station was sold to the Lamb Family in February 1987, who sold it again to radio group Austereo in May 1989.
In 1995, the station's owner Austereo bought out the Triple M network from Hoyts, in 1996 2Day FM moved its studios and administration to Level 24, Tower 1, Westfield Bondi Junction at 520 Oxford Street, just one floor below the original home of Triple M since 1980. Austereo took over Level 26 of the same building for group departments. With the move to new premises, 2Day FM adopted digital audio playout, incorporating the DCS audio system built by Computer Concepts Ltd and supported in Australia by Techtel. During the 1990s, 2Day FM enjoyed ratings success with its breakfast program The Morning Crew, which topped its segment in the Sydney radio market for years. From 1995 to 1998, 2Day FM broadcast the successful Martin/Molloy drive program with Tony Martin and Mick Molloy; this program was networked to over 50 stations around Australia, is considered one of Australia's most successful FM radio shows. Martin and Molloy left the Today Network in late 1998 at the top of the ratings, citing the need for a break from the pressures of radio.
Nights on 2Day FM have been controversial. In 1997, night announcer David Rymer, host of the Top 30 Countdown, was castigated in the media for a poorly thought-out on air stunt in which he called a top ranking Year 12 student, pretending to be from the Board of Studies, he told the girl that her marks had been adjusted. He played the segment to air after receiving verbal permission to do so from the girl's mother. However, her father took legal action; the media responded and Rymer was suspended until further notice. He returned to the show a month but was soon moved to day shifts on sister station Triple M to make way for the new networked night show Ugly Phil's Hot 30, hosted by Phil O'Neil and his wife Jackie O; the new show was not without its controversy either, with complaints about obscenity and foul language. O'Neil resigned in 2000 and the show disintegrated, followed by their divorce in 2001. O'Neil moved to the UK to present breakfast on Kerrang! 105.2 and was replaced by the Brisbane-based Kyle Sandilands.
Peter Moon left the breakfast show in 2002. He was replaced by yet another Melbourne comedian, Greg Fleet, poorly received by the Sydney radio listeners; when Harmer resigned in 2003, the station replaced her with Melbourne comedian Judith Lucy. Lucy was given free rein over the new show and installed two friends, Peter Helliar and Kaz Cooke, to co-host; the show was not a success in the ratings and the station received some of the worst breakfast ratings in its history. 2Day FM continued to broadcast from Bondi Junction until October 2005, when both 2Day FM and Triple M moved into new premises at World Square, Goulburn Street, Sydney. The new premises included state of the art Klotz Digital equipment, a street level studio. 2Day FM started 2005 with a number of changes, the most significant of, moving the drive show team of Kyle Sandilands and Jackie O to breakfast and employing a young and unknown Craig Lowe as the host of the nightly networked show Lowie's Hot30. This was short-lived, after yet another on air gaffe in the year that involved a porn star relating sexually charged experiences live to air which resulted in a breach of codes finding.
Lowie was forced to resign as host of the Hot30 in November 2006. Tim Lee and co-host Carla Bignasca were announced as his replacements in February 2007. In 2009, 2Day FM were ordered to provide increased protection for children after a 14-year-old child was attached to a lie detector and pressured into discussing her sex life live on air. Kyle Sandilands, the radio show host, encouraged both the girl and her mother to discuss whether she was sexually active, to which the girl responded: "I've told you the story of this and don't look at me and smile because it's not funny. Oh, okay. I got raped when I was 12 years old." To which the host replied: "Right. And is that, is that the only experience you've had?" In December 2012, the Hot 30 program hosts, Mel Greig and Mike Christian, obtained information about The Duchess of Cambridge's health by impersonating Queen Elizabeth II and The Prince of Wales in a phone call to King Edward VII's Hospital Sister Agnes, where the Duchess was being treated for hyperemesis gravidarum.
The call, made at about 5.30 am London time on 4 December, was answered at t
The Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Awards, known as the AACTA Awards, are presented annually by the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts. The awards recognise excellence in the film and television industry, including the producers, actors and cinematographers, it is the most prestigious awards ceremony for the Australian television industry. They are considered to be the Australian counterpart of the Academy Awards and British Academy Awards; the awards called Australian Film Institute Awards or AFI Awards, began in 1958 and involved 30 nominations across six categories. They expanded in 1986 to cover television as well as film; the AACTA Awards were instituted in 2011. As of 2011, the Australian awards take place at the Sydney Opera House and the International Awards, inaugurated on 27 January 2012, are presented every January in Los Angeles; the awards were presented annually by the Australian Film Institute as the Australian Film Institute Awards, "to recognise and honour outstanding achievement in the Australian film and television industry."
They were instituted in 1958, "as a way to improve the impoverished state of Australian cinema", was part of the Melbourne International Film Festival until 1972. The first AFI Awards ceremony consisted of seven fields: Documentary, Advertising, Experimental Film, Public Relations and Teaching, an Open category for other films which didn't fit in the aforementioned categories. Between 1958–1980, submitted films were presented with a gold, silver or bronze prize, in some circumstances, a Grand Prix award, the highest honour a film could receive. Additionally, films were presented with a gold or silver medallion for technical achievements, films which didn't receive a prize were given a certificate of honourable mention. From the awards inception to 1968, documentary and educational films were the only films submitted for awards due to few feature films produced in Australia, but in 1969, Jack and Jill: A Postscript became the first feature film to receive an award from the AFI, with a silver prize in the "Open" category, is considered a winner in the Best Film category of the current awards.
Up until 1970, prizes were handed out in recognition of the film and production, rather than achievements of individual filmmakers and crafts people. However, from 1971 special achievement awards were introduced to recognise actors, screenwriters, musicians and cinematographers in feature films, from 1975, an additional cash prize was given per achievement. In 1977 feature film categories became competitive, while non-feature films continued to be awarded the gold and bronze prizes until 1981, when they became competitive. In 1976 the awards were broadcast live on television for the first time on the Nine Network at the Hilton Hotel in Melbourne. In 1986 television categories were introduced, presenting awards for mini-series and telefeatures before expanding to dramas and documentaries in the 1990s. In June 2011, the AFI announced an industry consultation for an "Australian Academy"; the aim of the Academy is to create awareness for Australian film in local and international markets and to improve the way the AFI rewards practitioners with the formation of an "Honorary Council".
Of the announcement Damian Trewhella, CEO of the AFI said, "We thought a better way to engage with the industry would be to try and improve our professional membership structure It's quite a big improvement on the way the AFI does things." The consultation period ended in July 2011 and on 20 July it was announced that the AFI would go ahead with the Australian Academy with Trewhella stating that " envisage that this will lead to greater opportunities for those working in the industry, as well as greater audience recognition and connection with Australian screen content." The name of the new Academy was revealed on 18 August 2011 as the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts, with the awards renamed to the AACTA Awards. Prior to this announcement, the awards date and location was changed to January 2012 at the Sydney Opera House in Sydney as opposed to Melbourne where it was held for the majority of the AFI Awards history; the date change was made to align the awards with the international awards season.
When the Academy announced the dates for the inaugural awards season, they introduced awards which "recognise international excellence within the categories of best film, acting and direction". On 23 November 2011, it was announced that the first award to be handed out since the Academy's inception is the Longford Lyell Award, presented to Don McAlpine for his contribution to cinematography, at the inaugural awards luncheon. To be eligible for nomination, a production must be an Australian production or program and, in the case of a film, cannot have been submitted for consideration; the submission of a production is accompanied by an entry fee in Australian dollars, of up to A$1680 for feature films, $400 for documentaries, $330 for short film and animation and $1125 for television categories. At the time of the awards inception, a jury of five judges, composed of film critics and filmmakers, determined the winner of a production. In 1976, the jury system was replaced by a peer voting process for feature films which would allow public members the right to v