Eschatology is a part of theology concerned with the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity. This concept is referred to as the "end of the world" or "end times"; the word arises from the Greek ἔσχατος eschatos meaning "last" and -logy meaning "the study of", first appeared in English around 1844. The Oxford English Dictionary defines eschatology as "the part of theology concerned with death and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind". In the context of mysticism, the term refers metaphorically to the end of ordinary reality and to reunion with the Divine. Many religions treat eschatology as a future event prophesied in folklore. Most modern eschatology and apocalypticism, both religious and secular, involve the violent disruption or destruction of the world. For example, according to some ancient Hebrew worldviews, reality unfolds along a linear path. Eschatologies vary as to their degree of pessimism about the future. In some eschatologies, conditions are better for some and worse for others, e.g. "heaven and hell".
They vary as to time frames. Groups claiming imminent eschatology are referred to as Doomsday cults. In Bahá' í belief, creation has neither an end. Instead, the eschatology of other religions is viewed as symbolic. In Bahá'í belief, human time is marked by a series of progressive revelations in which successive messengers or prophets come from God; the coming of each of these messengers is seen as the day of judgment to the adherents of the previous religion, who may choose to accept the new messenger and enter the "heaven" of belief, or denounce the new messenger and enter the "hell" of denial. In this view, the terms "heaven" and "hell" are seen as symbolic terms for the person's spiritual progress and their nearness to or distance from God. In Bahá'í belief, the coming of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, signals the fulfilment of previous eschatological expectations of Islam and other major religions. Christian eschatology is the study concerned with the ultimate destiny of the individual soul and the entire created order, based upon biblical texts within the Old and New Testament.
Christian eschatology looks to study and discuss matters such as death and the afterlife and Hell, the Second Coming of Jesus, the resurrection of the dead, the Rapture, the Tribulation, the end of the world, the Last Judgment, the New Heaven and New Earth in the world to come. Eschatological passages are found in many places in the Bible, both in the Old and the New Testaments. In the Old Testament, apocalyptic eschatology can be found notably in Isaiah 24–27, Isaiah 56–66, Zechariah 9–14 as well as closing chapters of Daniel, Ezekiel. In the New Testament, applicable passages include Matthew 24, Mark 13, the parable of "The Sheep and the Goats" and in the Book of Revelation—although Revelation occupies a central place in Christian eschatology; the Second Coming of Christ is the central event in Christian eschatology within the broader context of the fullness of the Kingdom of God. Most Christians believe that suffering will continue to exist until Christ's return. There are, various views concerning the order and significance of other eschatological events.
The Book of Revelation is at the core of Christian eschatology. The study of Revelation is divided into four interpretative methodologies or hermeneutics. In the Futurist approach, Revelation is treated as unfulfilled prophecy taking place in some yet undetermined future. In the Preterist approach, Revelation is chiefly interpreted as having prophetic fulfillment in the past, principally the events of the first century CE. In the Historicist approach, Revelation provides a broad view of history, passages in Revelation are identified with major historical people and events; this is view the Jewish scholars held, along with the early Christian church, it was prevalent in Wycliffe's writings, other Reformers such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley, Sir Isaac Newton, many others. In the Idealist approach, the events of Revelation are neither past nor future, but are purely symbolic, dealing with the ongoing struggle and ultimate triumph of good over evil. Contemporary Hindu eschatology is linked in the Vaishnavite tradition to the figure of Kalki, the tenth and last avatar of Vishnu before the age draws to a close who will reincarnate as Shiva and dissolve and regenerate the universe.
Most Hindus believe that the current period is the Kali Yuga, the last of four Yuga that make up the current age. Each period has seen successive degeneration in the moral order, to the point that in the Kali Yuga quarrel and hypocrisy are the norm. In Hinduism, time is cyclic, consisting of cycles or "kalpas"; each kalpa lasts 4.1 – 8.2 billion years, one full day and night for Brahma, who in turn will live for 311 trillion, 40 billion years. The cycle of birth, growth and renewal at the individual level finds its echo in the cosmic order, yet is affected by vagaries of divine intervention in Vaishnavite belief; some Shaivites hold the view that Shiva is incessantly creating the world. Islamic eschatology is documented in the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, regarding the Signs of the Day of Judgement; the Prophet's sayings on the subject have been traditionally divided into
Haarlem Mill, on the River Ecclesbourne in Wirksworth, was an early cotton mill. Built by Richard Arkwright, it was the first cotton mill in the world to use a steam engine, though this was used to supplement the supply of water to the mill's water wheel, not to drive the machinery directly; the site of the mill, including an older corn mill, was leased by Arkwright in 1777. Construction of the mill building in brick and stone was completed by June 1780, the reported death of a young man attempting to climb on the water wheel suggests that it was operational at this date. After investigating the purchase of a steam engine from the Birmingham firm of Boulton and Watt, Arkwright installed a reciprocating steam engine manufactured by Francis Thompson of Ashover, to supplement the inadequate water supply; this was a medium-sized engine with a 26-foot-long beam, an 18-foot-diameter flywheel a 30-inch-diameter cylinder and a stroke of 5 feet. Similar to engines used at the time to pump out nearby mines, it operated 24 hours a day, powering two pumps.
By 1789 the mill was employing 200 people, but it was sold by Arkwright three years later. The base of the original building survives; the empty grade II* listed building was listed on Historic England's Heritage at Risk Register but in 2018 was noted that a major phase of repair and conversion work had been completed. "Haarlem Mill", Images of England, English Heritage "Haarlem Mill", Official Website
Trieste is a landing helicopter dock of the Italian Navy. It is expected to replace the Giuseppe Garibaldi around 2022; the ship will be equipped with heavy and medium helicopters and Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II aircraft. It will have a floodable well deck below the hangar level able to accommodate amphibious landing vessels such as LCM, LCAC, newer L-CAT vessels, it can carry Ariete MBT, B1 Centauro tank destroyers, up to 600 soldiers. Its base will be in Taranto; the unit is being built at Fincantieri's Castellamare di Stabia facility near Naples. The first cut was 12 January 2017 and completed construction of the hull on 25 May 2019, while the official delivery to the Italian Navy will be around the first half of 2022, it is the largest Italian military ship built after the Second World War. It will be the largest vessel of the Italian Navy along with Cavour. Italian Navy Aviation FREMM PPA, Pattugliatori Polivalenti d'Altura
"She's Your Lover Now" is a song written by singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, recorded for his 1966 album, Blonde on Blonde, but never used. It is a "dramatized scene for three players, but only one speaker - the singer - who's attempting to unravel a tangle of complicated emotions." The third session for Blonde on Blonde, which took place on January 21, 1966, in Studio A of Columbia Recording Studios in New York City, focused on laying down a complete take of "She's Your Lover Now". Sixteen takes were recorded between 2:30 PM and 2:30 AM; the most complete take with the full band, albeit one that breaks down before the end of the song, was take 15, released in 1991 on The Bootleg Series Volumes 1-3 1961-1991. After January 21, 1966, the song was never returned to. Take 16, a complete version of the song with just Dylan on piano and vocals --, praised by Paul Williams in Bob Dylan Performing Artist The Early Years 1960-1973 -- was released in 2015 on the deluxe and collector's editions of The Bootleg Series Vol. 12: The Cutting Edge 1965–1966, along with various other takes of the song.
Take 6 of the song appeared on all versions of The Bootleg Series Vol. 12. On the recording sheet, each take is titled "Just a Little Glass of Water", the song's working name. "She's Your Lover Now" is in the key of C♯, follows a chord procession similar to that of "Like a Rolling Stone". In the liner notes to The Bootleg Series Volumes 1-3, John Bauldie states that "it's just about impossible to do justice to its achievement, without writing an entire dissertation on the many simultaneous levels on which this song works." Because this recording of "She's Your Lover Now" breaks down before its end, the last verse is missing from the recording: Now your eyes cry wolf, While your mouth cries "I'm not scared Of animals like you." And you, there's been nothing of you I can recall. You were just there. But, I've been kissed, I'm not gonna get into this. I couldn't make it, anyhow. You do it for me, You're her lover now; this verse is missing from the official lyrics that appear in both Writings and Drawings and on bobdylan.com.
Bob Dylan: guitar, vocals Robbie Robertson: guitar Garth Hudson: organ Rick Danko: bass Richard Manuel: piano Sandy Konikoff: drumsHowever, it has been speculated that Garth Hudson, Richard Manuel, Sandy Konikoff did not play on this version, with Al Kooper on organ, Paul Griffin on piano, Levon Helm on drums, instead. Lyrics at bobdylan.com
The European Communities Act 1972 is an act of the Irish parliament, the Oireachtas, that incorporates the treaties and law of the European Union into the domestic law of the Ireland. The Act did not just incorporate the law of the European Communities which existed at the time of its enactment, but incorporates legislative acts of the Community enacted subsequently; the Act provides that government ministers may adopt statutory instruments to implement EU law, that those SIs are to have effect as if they were acts of parliament. Doing either of these things would count as an unconstitutional delegation of the legislative power of the state; however this problem was anticipated by the adoption of the Third Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland which protects any legislation, necessitated by the obligations of membership of the European Union. The constitutionality of the Act's provisions regarding statutory instruments was challenged in Meagher v Minister for Agriculture on the basis that they were an unlawful delegation of legislative power by the Oireachtas.
The plaintiff was successful in the High Court but the decision was reversed on appeal to the Supreme Court. The Court ruled that: "The court is satisfied that, having regard to the number of community laws, acts done and measures adopted which either have to be facilitated in their direct application to the law of the State or have to be implemented by appropriate action into the law of the State, the obligation of membership would necessitate facilitating of these activities, in some instances, at least, in a great majority of instances, by the making of ministerial regulations rather than legislation of the Oireachtas." The Act The Act Crotty v. An Taoiseach, a landmark decision of the Irish Supreme Court which found that Ireland could not ratify the Single European Act unless the Irish Constitution was first changed to permit its ratification
The 2010–11 Coastal Carolina Chanticleers men's basketball team represented Coastal Carolina University during the 2010–11 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Chanticleers, led by fourth year head coach Cliff Ellis, played their home games at Kimbel Arena and are members of the Big South Conference, they won the Big South regular season championship for the second year in a row and hosted the semi-finals and championship game of the 2011 Big South Conference Men's Basketball Tournament. They were defeated by UNC Asheville in the tournament final; as regular season champions who failed to win their conference tournament, the Chanticleers earned an automatic bid to the 2011 National Invitation Tournament where they were defeated in the first round by Alabama. They finished the season with a record of 28–6, 16–2 in Big South play