Eschscholzia californica is a species of flowering plant in the Papaveraceae family, native to the United States and Mexico. It is an ornamental plant flowering in summer, with showy cup-shaped flowers in brilliant shades of red and yellow, it is used as food or a garnish. It became the official state flower of California in 1903, it is a perennial or annual plant growing to 5–60 in tall with alternately branching glaucous blue-green foliage. The leaves are alternately divided into lobed segments; the flowers are solitary on long stems, silky-textured, with four petals, each petal 2 to 6 cm long and broad. Flowering occurs from February to September in the northern hemisphere; the petals close at night and open again the following morning, although they may remain closed in cloudy weather. The fruit is a slender, dehiscent capsule 3 to 9 cm long, which splits in two to release numerous small black or dark brown seeds, it survives mild winters in its native range, dying in colder climates. Its native habitat includes California and extends to Oregon, Nevada, New Mexico and northwest Baja California.
The Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve is located in northern Los Angeles County. At the peak of the blooming season, orange flowers seem to cover all 1,745 acres of the reserve. Other prominent locations of California poppy meadows include Point Buchon. Eschscholzia californica was the first named species of the genus Eschscholzia, named by the German botanist Adelbert von Chamisso after the Baltic German botanist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz, his friend and colleague on Otto von Kotzebue’s scientific expedition to California and the greater Pacific circa 1810 aboard the Russian ship Rurik. California poppy is variable, with over 90 synonyms; some botanists accept two subspecies — one with four varieties — though others do not recognize them as distinct: E. californica subsp. Californica, native to California, Baja California, Oregon planted as an ornamental, an invasive elsewhere. E. californica subsp. Californica var. californica, found along the coast from the San Francisco Peninsula north.
They are somewhat prostrate, with yellow flowers. E. californica subsp. Californica var. maritima Jeps., found along the coast from Monterey south to San Miguel Island. They are perennial, long-lived, short in stature, have prostrate growth and yellow flowers. E. californica subsp. Californica var. crocea Jeps. which grows in non-arid inland regions. They are perennial and have orange flowers. E. California subsp. Californica var. peninsularis Munz, an annual or facultative annual growing in arid inland environments. E. californica subsp. Mexicana C. Clark, the Mexican Gold Poppy, found in the Sonoran Desert; some authorities refer to it as E. Mexicana. A UK study of meadow flowers that focused on commercial mixes, but which tested various common plants such as ragwort and dandelion, ranked the California poppy in pollen production, although it did not produce a significant amount of nectar. On a per-flower basis it ranked second, with a rate of 8.3±1.1μl. The corn poppy, Papaver rhoeas, topped the list for per-flower pollen production with its rate of 13.3 ± 2.8μl.
When measuring the entire capitulum the top two species were the ox-eye daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare, with 15.9 ± 2μl, Cosmos bipinnatus, which had a rate nearly equivalent to that of the corn poppy. As poppies are not wind-pollinated, their pollen poses no allergy risk via inhalation. California poppy leaves are used as garnish, while the seeds are used in cooking. E. californica is drought-tolerant, self-seeding, easy to cultivate. It is best grown as an annual in sandy, well-drained soil or loam. Horticulturalists have produced numerous cultivars with a range of colors and blossom and stem forms; these do not breed true on reseeding. Seeds are sold as mixtures; the following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-'Apricot Chiffon"Dali"Rose Chiffon' Because of its beauty and ease of growing, the California poppy was introduced into several regions with similar Mediterranean climates. It is commercially sold and naturalized in Australia, was introduced to South Africa and Argentina.
It is recognized as a invasive species within the United States, although no indications of ill effects have been reported for this plant where it has been introduced outside of California. The golden poppy has been displaced in large areas of its original habitat, such as Southern California, by more invasive exotic species, such as mustard or annual grasses. In Chile, it was introduced from multiple sources between the mid-19th century and the early 20th century, it appears to have been both intentionally imported as an ornamental garden plant and accidentally introduced along with alfalfa seed grown in California. Since Chile and California have similar climatic regions and have experienced much agricultural exchange, it is not surprising that it was introduced to Chile. Once there, its perennial forms spread in human-disturbed environments; the introduced Chilean populations of California poppy appear to be larger and more f
Baua Devi is a Mithila painting artist from Jitwarpur village of Madhubani District in Bihar. Mithila painting is an ancient folk art, it is recognized as a series of complex geometric and linear patterns traced on the walls of a house's inner chambers. It was transferred to handmade paper and canvases. Baua Devi won the National Award in 1984 and received the Padma Shri in 2017. Baua Devi has been practising the Mithila art form for 60 years, she got married at the age of 12, was encouraged by her mother-in-law to pursue painting. In 1966, Pupul Jayakar director of the All India Handicrafts Board, an advisory body of the Ministry of textiles, sent Mumbai artist Bhaskar Kulkarni to Madhubani to find art and artists. Baua Devi was a teenager when she met Kulkarni and was the youngest of the group of artists who formally transferred Mithila art from walls, where it was traditionally practised as mural art, to paper. Bhaskar Kulkarni took their works to museums and encouraged Baua Devi to come to the National Crafts Museum.
She was paid Rs. 1.50 per painting for the first year. Her work has since travelled to galleries and museums in Spain and Japan. In 2015, one of her paintings was gifted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the Mayor of Hanover, Stefan Schosstok on his visit to India. Over the past five decades, Madhubani art has grown in prominence and Baua Devi's work has won critical acclaim—she was the only woman artist from India to show at the Magiciens de la Terre in 1989 at the Centre Pompidou, her work ranges in scale from a small sheet of paper to murals up to 20 feet high. Her paintings tell the mythological stories of Lord Krishna and Ram and Sita, while emphasising on Sita's narrative of the story. Baua Devi uses handmade paper and natural colours for her paintings, predominantly using black, yellow and white in her palette. Padma Shri, 2017 National Award, 1984
Kent Eugene Wells is a former American football defensive tackle who played one season with the New York Giants of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the sixth round of the 1990 NFL Draft, he played college football at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and attended Lincoln East High School in Lincoln, Nebraska. Wells was a member of the Washington Redskins, San Francisco 49ers, Ohio Glory, Cleveland Browns, Cleveland Thunderbolts, Tampa Bay Storm, Iowa Barnstormers and Orlando Predators. Wells enrolled at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 1985 and lettered in football for the Nebraska Cornhuskers from 1987 to 1989, recording career totals of 37 solo tackles, 40 tackle assists and ten sacks, he earned First Team All-Big Eight honors in 1989. He participated in track and field for the Cornhuskers, competing in the shot put. Wells was selected by the Washington Redskins of the NFL with the 160th pick of the 1990 NFL Draft, he was released by the Redskins on August 27, 1990.
Wells was claimed off waivers by the New York Giants on August 30, 1990 and played in six games for the team during the 1990 season. He was released by the Giants on December 3, 1990. Wells was a member of the NFL's San Francisco 49ers during the 1991 off-season, he was released by the 49ers on August 20, 1991. Wells played in all ten games for the Ohio Glory of the World League of American Football in 1992. Wells was signed by the Cleveland Browns of the NFL on August 4, 1992. Wells signed with the Cleveland Thunderbolts of the Arena Football League on March 19, 1993 and played for the team from 1993 to 1994, he played in the 1993 AFL All-Star game. The Thunderbolts folded after the 1994 season. Wells played for the Tampa Bay Storm of the AFL from 1995 to 1997, he earned First Team All-Arena honors in 1995 and 1996. He was named Lineman of the Year in 1996. Wells won ArenaBowl X with the Storm, he was traded to the New York CityHawks for Roosevelt Nix on June 18, 1997 but the trade was rescinded when Wells failed to pass his physical.
Wells was traded to the Iowa Barnstormers in a three team deal involving the Tampa Bay Storm and New York CityHawks in 1998 and played for the Barnstormers during the 1998 season. Wells was traded to the Orlando Predators during the 1999 preseason and played for the team during the 1999 season. Just Sports Stats Fanbase profile
Günther Prien was a German U-boat commander during World War II. He was the first U-boat commander to receive the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the first member of the Kriegsmarine to receive the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany, it was Germany's highest military decoration at the time of its presentation to Prien. Under Prien's command, the submarine U-47 was credited with sinking over 30 Allied ships totaling about 200,000 gross register tons, along with the British battleship HMS Royal Oak at anchor in the Home Fleet's anchorage in Scapa Flow. Prien completed his basic education. At the age of five, Prien had been living with relatives, the notary Carl Hahn and his wife, in Lübeck. There he attended a humanistic secondary school. After his parents separated, Prien moved with his mother and siblings to Leipzig where she eked out a living selling peasant lace. Prien joined the Handelsflotte in mid-1923 to ease the financial burden on his family, he joined the Finkenwerder -- Hamburg Seaman's School.
After eight years of work and study as a seaman, rising from cabin boy on a sailing ship, Prien passed the required examinations and became the Fourth Officer on a passenger liner, the Hamburg. Prien learned telegraphy, ship handling and laws of the sea. In 1931 he attended school for a commission. Prien received his sea master's certificate in January 1932. Unable to find work due to the severe contraction of the German shipping industry during the Great Depression, he was forced to turn to the Freiwilliger Arbeitsdienst, he earned a living dredging fields and digging ditches. Prien joined the Nazi Party in May 1932, but had to resign his membership upon joining the navy prior to Hitler's ascent to power, his membership of the party cemented Prien's image as a Nazi supporter, though his actions have been described as career advancing opportunism rather than genuine political conviction. Prien applied to the Reichsmarine in January 1933 when he found the navy was offering officer-candidate programs for merchant marine officers.
He was integrated into the Reichsmarine as a member of "Crew 31", but had the age and experience of a 1926 class. Prien received his military basic training in the 2nd company in the 2nd department of the standing ship division of the Baltic Sea in Stralsund. During this time frame in Stralsund, he advanced in rank to Fähnrich zur See on 1 March, he attended the main cadet course at the Naval Academy Mürwik and various weapons courses for cadets at Kiel. From 1 October 1934 to 30 September 1935, Prien served as watch and division officer on the light cruiser Königsberg. On this assignment, he was promoted to Oberfähnrich zur See on 1 January 1935 and to Leutnant zur See on 1 April 1935. Prien joined the U-boat training force. Prien attended the U-boat school in Kiel from 1 October 1935 to 30 April 1936, his training included a specialized U-boat torpedo course, held on U-3. On 11 May 1936, Prien was appointed first Watch Officer on U-26, serving under the command of Werner Hartmann after forming a bond at the training school.
At Hartmann's request Prien was assigned to his submarine, which served in the Spanish Civil War in 1937. Prien rose in rank, from midshipman in 1933 to Oberleutnant zur See on 1 January 1937. On 1 October 1937, Prien was ordered to the Germaniawerft, the shipbuilding works in Kiel, for construction training of the new Type VIIB U-47, he commissioned U-47 on 17 December 1938, part of the Wegener Flotilla. Prien was promoted to Kapitänleutnant on 1 February 1939. Prien married in 1939 to Ingeborg. Ingeborg Prien married an Oberstleutnant in the Bundeswehr and changed her name to Inge Sturm-Prien. World War II commenced during Prien's first patrol in U-47, following the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939. Prien had departed Kiel on 19 August for a patrol lasting 28 days. On 5 September, he sank the British Bosnia of 2,407 gross register tons, the second ship of the war to be sunk by a U-boat; the prize regulations were in force at the time. After identifying her as British he surfaced alongside her and fired a warning shot from the deck gun.
The ship turned away to escape and it took six hits and a fire in her hold full of sulphur to bring it to a stop. Prien asked a passing neutral Norwegian ship to take the crew; the damaged ship was finished with a torpedo. His boat sank two British vessels, Rio Claro of 4,086 GRT on the 6th, Gartavon of 1,777 GRT on the 7th; the sinkings were notable for Prien's use of the deck gun, rare. U-47 returned to Kiel on 15 September having sunk a total tonnage of 8,270 GRT. Prien was recalled by Dönitz to prevent all boats returning leaving none on patrol. On 1 October 1939, Karl Dönitz became a Konteradmiral and "Commander of the Submarines". Dönitz had been encouraged in operations against warships by the sinking of aircraft carrier Courageous in September 1939. On 28 September 1939 he said, "it is not true Britain possesses the means to eliminate the U-boat menace." Dönitz was busy convincing Hitler of the need for 300 operational boats to achieve decisive success against "England". Dönitz was attracted to the prospect of attacking the Royal Navy anchorage at Scapa Flow out the outbreak of war, to win a victory for his
Last Wedding is a 2001 Canadian comedy drama film written and directed by Bruce Sweeney. It opened the 26th annual Toronto International Film Festival in 2001; the film won several awards including the award for Best Canadian Film from the Toronto Film Critics Association. Noah, a weatherproofing specialist, is preparing to marry a country music singer, his best friend, Peter, is a Canadian literature professor whose relationship with librarian Leslie is threatened by the arrival of beautiful student Laurel. Meanwhile, Noah's and Peter's other close friend Shane, is an architect who has a wonderful relationship with Sarah, until she graduates and lands a better job than the one he has. Benjamin Ratner as Noah Frida Betrani as Zipporah Tom Scholte as Peter Nancy Sivak as Leslie Vincent Gale as Shane Molly Parker as Sarah Marya Delver as Laurel Last Wedding on IMDb
This is a list of association footballers who have been recognised as part of a winning squad in both the UEFA Champions League and the equivalent in South America, the Copa Libertadores during their career. Some players have received medals without playing in the final match: either for being unused substitutes, or, more for being in the squad in earlier rounds of the tournament. Below is a list of players; the list includes eleven players, all of whom are from Brazil or Argentina before moving to a European club, in most cases their Libertadores win preceded their move across the Atlantic Ocean where their successes included the Champions League. The most recent addition is Rafinha, who won the 2019 Copa Libertadores after returning from Europe, which Juan Pablo Sorín and Ronaldinho achieved. List sorted by date won. Notes List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League winning players List of Copa Libertadores winning players European Cup and UEFA Champions League records and statistics Copa Libertadores records and statistics "European Champions League and Copa Libertadores Champions".