The following Esperanto libraries and collections of works in the Esperanto language are worthy of note: The Montagu Butler Library of Esperanto materials, maintained by the Esperanto Association of Britain. This holds some 12,500 books as well as a documentary archive, a photo archive, audio-visual materials and various artefacts. An online catalogue is under construction; the Austrian National Library in Vienna, holds the world's largest collection of research materials on Esperanto and planned languages. The National Library of Austria, includes an International Esperanto Museum with 35,000 volumes, 3,000 museum objects, 5,000 autographs and manuscripts, 22,000 photos, 1,200 posters and 40,000 flyers. In 1995, a project began to put the catalog online; the database, known as Trovanto, can be searched from the website of the Austrian National Library. The Universala Esperanto-Asocio, which maintains the Hector Hodler Library in Rotterdam, Netherlands; the Hodler collection contains around a vast collection of periodicals.
The Center for Documentation and Exploration of the International Language, in La Chaux-de-Fonds, founded in 1967. It contains more than 20,000 bibliographical units; the International Museum of Peace and Solidarity in Samarkand, founded in 1986 and handled by the International Friendship Club. The museum's goal is to advance world consciousness; the museum exhibits around 20,000 books, pieces of art, memorabilia from 100 countries. The Spanish Esperanto Museum, in San Pablo de Ordal, which began in 1963 when Mr. L. M. Hernandez Yzal began systematically collecting Esperanto publications, it grew into a museum which opened in 1968. In 1993, the computer catalog listed 12,315 yearly bound books of 2485 periodicals; the German Esperanto Library, in Aalen, which has a collection of more than 11,000 pieces. The Cesar Vanbiervliet Foundation, a section of the City Public Library of Kortrijk, Belgium; the Foundation has a preserved collection of 10,000 books and periodicals. The Fajszi Esperanto Collection in Budapest, another collection that began with the work of one person, Károly Fajszi, who started collecting in the 1970s.
In 1991, a catalog of the collection was published, 542 pages. The National Esperanto Library and Archive in Massa, founded in 1972 as the library of the Italian Esperanto Federation. In 1994, the 7250 volume collection was made part of the National Archive of Massa and opened to the public; the National Esperanto Museum in Gray, France. The museum is a public archive with a permanent Esperanto exhibition; the George Alan Connor Esperanto Collection at the University of Oregon includes many titles, catalogued in its bibliographic guide, Catalog of the George Alan Connor Esperanto Collection. The University of South Florida-Tampa Special Collections Department houses a large collection of early Esperantist publications, including the first Esperanto edition of Karel Čapek's R. U. R. and early publications of the Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda. The Allan C. Boschen Esperanto Collection, established in 2015 at the W. E. B. Du Bois Special Collections and University Archives, at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, began with 18 linear feet of books and publications and is soliciting contributions.
Department of Planned Languages and Esperanto Museum Hector Hodler Library Montagu Butler Library National Library of Austria The University of South Florida Tampa Library
Daniele Mannini is an Italian footballer who plays as a winger. Son of former ACF Fiorentina goalkeeper Alessandro Mannini, Daniele started his professional career at hometown club Viareggio, playing with them in the Italian Serie C2 and Serie D tiers. In summer 2003, he joined Pisa of Serie C1. In 2004–05 season he joined Serie A club Brescia. On 12 September 2004, he made his Serie A debut against Juventus, he followed Brescia relegated to Serie B in summer 2005, played until 31 January 2008. He left for Serie A club Napoli on 31 January 2008, joining fellow Brescia players Santacroce and Hamsik, for a total fee of €18 million within a season. Mannini himself was tagged for €7 million. In January 2009 he was handed a one-year suspension by the Court of Arbitration for Sport along with former teammate Davide Possanzini from WADA for being late for a drugs test following a Serie B match between Brescia and Chievo in December 2007; the ban was frozen by CAS due to appeal process. The ban was cancelled on 27 July 2009 after being proved there was no real intention to avoid the controls from Possanzini and Mannini.
In July 2009, Mannini joined Sampdoria in co-ownership bid, for €3.5 million. On the same day Hugo Campagnaro joined Napoli for €7 million. Mannini made an excellent start in his first season at Sampdoria, scoring 5 goals in Serie A and 3 assists in just 8 games. At the end of 2010–11 Serie A, Doria was relegated; the club gave up the co-ownership and allowed players to return to their mother clubs for a peppercorn fee of €500 each, such as keeper Gianluca Curci and winger Stefano Guberti. However the co-ownership of Mannini was not resolved before the deadline on 24 June. Thus, both clubs had to submit a bid in a sealed envelope to Lega Serie A in order to decide the highest bidder, only €500. On the other hand, Sampdoria abstain from making an offer. On 6 August 2011, Mannini moved to newly promoted Serie A club Siena in another co-ownership deal for €450,000 in a 4-year contract. In June 2013 Siena acquired Mannini outright for free. Both clubs failed to form any deal before the deadline. On 31 January 2014 he was signed by the third level club Pisa in a temporary deal.
He was released after Siena failed to register for 2014–15 Serie B. On 1 September 2014 he was signed by U. S. Lecce. Mannini was re-signed by Pisa on 27 August 2015. On 15 January 2020, his contract with Pontedera was terminated by mutual consent. La Gazzetta dello Sport profile Profile at FIGC Lega Serie B profile
The tennis players Björn Borg and John McEnroe met 14 times on the regular tour and 22 times in total, with their on-court rivalry highlighted by their contrasting temperaments and styles. Borg was known for his cool and emotionless demeanor on court, while McEnroe was famed for his court-side tantrums, their rivalry extended between 1978 and 1981, with each player winning seven times against the other. Because of their contrasting personalities, their rivalry was described as "Fire and Ice". In 1980 McEnroe reached the men's singles final at Wimbledon for the first time, where he faced Borg, aiming for an Open Era record fifth consecutive Wimbledon title. At the start of the final McEnroe was booed by the crowd as he entered Centre Court following his heated exchanges with officials during his semi-final clash with Jimmy Connors. In a fourth set tie-breaker that lasted 20 minutes, McEnroe saved five match points and won 18–16. However, he was unable to break Borg's serve in the fifth set and Borg went on to win 8–6.
This match is considered one of the best tennis matches played. McEnroe defeated Borg at the US Open final the same year in five sets. In 1981 McEnroe again faced Borg in the men's singles final; this time it was the American who prevailed and defeated Borg to end the Swede's run of 41 straight match victories at the All England Club. At the US Open in the same season, McEnroe was again victorious, winning in four sets, afterwards Borg walked off the court and out of the stadium before the ceremonies and press conference had begun. Borg retired shortly afterwards, their final confrontation came in 1983 in Tokyo at the Suntory Cup, with Borg prevailing 6–4, 2–6, 6–2. In March 2006, when Bonhams Auction House in London announced that it would auction Borg's Wimbledon trophies and two of his winning rackets on 21 June 2006, McEnroe called from New York and told Borg, "What's up? Have you gone mad?" The conversation with McEnroe, along with pleas from Jimmy Connors and Andre Agassi persuaded Borg to buy out the trophies from Bonhams at an undisclosed amount.
Borg–McEnroe: 14 All matches: Tied 7–7 All finals: McEnroe 5–4 Hard courts: McEnroe 3–1 Carpet courts: Borg 5–3 Grass courts: Tied 1–1 Grand Slam matches: McEnroe 3–1 Grand Slam finals: McEnroe 3–1 Masters matches: Borg 2–0 Masters finals: None Davis Cup matches: None WCT Finals matches: McEnroe 1–0 Borg–McEnroe Borg–McEnroe Borg McEnroe – movie Borg–Connors rivalry Lendl–McEnroe rivalry List of tennis rivalries Borg-McEnroe head-to-head at the main tour
Alice Leslie Carter was an American classic female blues singer, active as a recording artist in the early 1920s. Her best-known tracks are "Decatur Street Blues" and "Aunt Hagar's Children Blues", she was a contemporary of the better-known recording artists Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Clara Smith, Victoria Spivey, Sippie Wallace, Bertha "Chippie" Hill. Little is known of her life outside music, she is not to be confused with Alice Carter, another blues singer, who recorded four songs in 1923. Carter recorded eleven sides with musical accompaniment led by James P. Johnson on piano, she recorded at a time when record labels were keen to sign anyone capable of singing a blues song, such was the market demand. Some of these performers were less than capable, but Carter's work showed her strong vocal abilities, her output included the first vocalised recording of the W. C. Handy and Tim Brymn song "Aunt Hagar's Children Blues."On January 20, 1922, Carter competed in a blues-singing contest with Lucille Hegamin, Daisy Martin, Trixie Smith at the Inter-Manhattan Casino in New York City.
In the printed programme she was billed as "The International Blues Star", from which the musicologist David Evans inferred that she may have toured in Europe with an American band after World War I. All of her recorded output was included on the compilation album Female Blues Singers, Vol. 4: C, released in 1997 by Document Records. Recorded in New York City circa August 1921, issued by Arto Records, Bell, Hy-Tone, Cleartone "Dangerous Blues" "I Want Some Lovin' Blues" "The Also Ran Blues" "Cry Baby Blues" "You'll Think of Me Blues"Recorded in New York City circa September 1921, issued by Arto Records, Bell Records, Hy-Tone, Cleartone "Aunt Hagar's Children Blues" "Down Home Blues"Recorded in New York City circa November 1921, issued by Arto Records, Bell Records, Hy-Tone, Cleartone "Decatur Street Blues" "Got to Have My Daddy Blues" List of classic female blues singers
Monolaurin known as glycerol monolaurate, glyceryl laurate or 1-lauroyl-glycerol, is a monoglyceride. It is the mono-ester formed from lauric acid, its chemical formula is C15H30O4. Monolaurin is most used as a surfactant in cosmetics, such as deodorants; as a food additive it is used as an emulsifier or preservative. Monolaurin is taken as a dietary supplement. Monolaurin is found in coconut oil and may be similar to other monoglycerides found in human breast milk. Lauric acid can be ingested in coconut oil and the human body converts it into monolaurin, coconut oil, coconut cream, grated coconut and others products are excellent sources of lauric acid and monolaurin. Researchers are unsure of conversion rates of lauric acid obtained though foods like coconut oil or coconut to monolaurin in the body; because of this fact, it is unknown how much coconut oil or coconut one would need to ingest to receive a therapeutic dose of monolaurin. Some articles suggest it may be upwards of 100-300mL of coconut oil per day day, making ingesting coconut oil unrealistic compared to monolaurin capsules.
Monolaurin has antibacterial and other antimicrobial effects in vitro, but its clinical usefulness has not been established. Monolaurin is sold as a dietary supplement and is categorized in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration as recognized as safe. Monolaurin is known to inactivate lipid-coated viruses by binding to the lipid-protein envelope of the virus, thereby preventing it from attaching and entering host cells, making infection and replication impossible. Other studies show. Monolaurin has been studied to inactivate many pathogens including Herpes simplex virus and Chlamydia trachomatis. Monolaurin shows promising effects against bacteria, yeast and protozoa. Bacteria including E. Coli, yeast including Candida albicans, Helicobacter pylori, Giardia lamblia, Staphylococcus aureus, other microbials have all been neutralized by monolaurin in scientific studies. Monolaurin presented antibacterial and anti-biofilm properties against Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii, the bacterium which cause Lyme Disease in humans.
Furthermore, monolaurin does not seem to contribute to drug resistance
The Furness Railway 94 class, or "Improved Cleator Tanks", were built to haul mineral trains from inland to the blast furnaces on the coast around Workington. The first two locos, numbers 94 & 95 were fitted with smokebox superheaters, with the smokebox extended to accommodate this and the chimney set far forward; the apparatus was unsuccessful, as a subsequent order for a further two locos, numbers 92 and 93 omitted this, having instead an extended boiler with the frames being extended to accommodate. The locomotives operated on the northern part of the Furness Railway on the tracks of the Whitehaven and Egremont Railway and the Cleator & Workington Junction Railway in the Cleator and Frizington areas. Here they hauled trains of Haemetite Ore over the steep and curved lines linking the mines to the coast. By 1923 and the grouping of the FR into the London and Scottish Railway all four engines were still in service, received the LMS numbers 11641–11644; the locos were withdrawn between 1929 and 1934.
Baxter, Bertram. Baxter, David. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. Pp. 221–222