Poydras Street is a street that serves as the main artery of the New Orleans Central Business District, in New Orleans, Louisiana. The street is named for Julien de Lallande Poydras. Many of the city of New Orleans' and the state of Louisiana's tallest buildings have been built on the street since it was widened in the mid 1960s; the street hosts several historic structures and is the boundary between two United States National Register of Historic Places districts. The street is named for Julien de Lallande Poydras, who helped Louisiana achieve statehood, served as the first President of the Louisiana State Senate, Delegate from the Territory of Orleans to the United States House of Representatives, Eleventh Congress; the street traces back to 1788 when it was first laid out, but its prominence traces back to its transformation that began in the 1960s. In the 1890s, Poydras Street and Canal Street were early hosts of municipal lighting when gigantic spotlights in steel light towers were erected upon them by Muller Co.
In 1927, when its width measured 74 feet, the movement to widen it was begun by consultants for the City Planning Commission. The street hosted the Poydras Market from 1838 to 1932; as urban planning evolved, Poydras became the logical 4-lane connection between Expressways. It took until 1964 for a bond issue to pass that would acquire the properties to widen the street as had been recommended in 1927. From November 23, 1964 until August 16, 1966, drainage installation, utility connection, sidewalk construction and landscaping occurred, resulting in a six-lane 132-foot wide street. Many factors combined to give Poydras Street its prominent place in urban transit, including the erection of the Louisiana Superdome at one end and the Rivergate Exhibition Hall at the Mississippi River end in the late 1960s and the construction of One Shell Square in 1972. Subsequently, more than a dozen skyscrapers were erected along the street that has become a central area circulator for vehicular traffic and host of modern high-rise construction.
The street accommodates a Spaghetti Junction near the Superdome that provides access to U. S. Route 90, Interstate 10 and U. S. Route 90 Business; the Street hosts various stops for the New Orleans Regional Transit Authority streetcar lines: Riverfront, Rampart–St. Claude and St. Charles. According to the Port of New Orleans, the Canal and Poydras Street Wharves hosts a 300 feet long and 15 feet deep berth used for river boat harbor excursion tours. Below are buildings with Poydras Street addresses. One Shell Square 701 Poydras Street Energy Centre 1100 Poydras Street First Bank and Trust Tower 909 Poydras Street 400 Poydras Tower Benson Tower 1450 Poydras Street 1250 Poydras Plaza Hilton New Orleans Riverside 2 Poydras Street 1515 Poydras Pan American Life Center 601 Poydras Street Poydras Center 650 Poydras Street Orleans Tower 1340 Poydras Street Le Méridien New Orleans 333 Poydras Street Loews New Orleans Hotel 300 Poydras Street Freeport McMoRan Building 1615 Poydras Street 930 Poydras 1555 Poydras The buildings and districts below are recognized as historic by the National Park Service.
Maylie's Restaurant Whitney National Bank New Orleans Lower Central Business DistrictThe northern side of Poydras Street between Baronne and Carondelet Streets and between Camp and Tchoupitoulas Streets serves as the boundary of the original the district. New Orleans Upper Central Business DistrictThe southern side of Poydras Street between Constance Street and Convention Center Boulevard serves as the boundary of the original portion of the district that subsumed the certified Warehouse District; the following addresses on Poydras Street were added as contributing properties for the first boundary increase: 820 Poydras, 900 Poydras, 902 Poydras, 906–08 Poydras and 918–20 Poydras. Creole Queen Mercedes-Benz Superdome New Orleans Central Business District List of streets of New Orleans Poydras Market
Carrollton Avenue is a major thoroughfare stretching 3.9 miles across the Uptown/Carrollton and Mid-City districts of New Orleans. South Carrollton Avenue runs from St. Charles Avenue in the Riverbend in a northeast lakebound direction through Carrollton and into Mid-City. After crossing Canal Street it continues as North Carrollton Avenue until intersecting with Esplanade Avenue and Wisner Boulevard at the entrance to City Park. Carrollton Avenue is a broad tree-covered avenue, with a large median for most of its length. Riverside of South Claiborne Avenue, Carrollton has one lane of traffic and one lane of parking in each direction; the St. Charles Streetcar Line runs along this section before turning onto St. Charles Avenue in the Riverbend; the landmark Camellia Grill is located near the streetcar turn. This section of the road is residential with the exception of the commercial area of Riverbend. Between South Claiborne Avenue and Earhart Boulevard, there are three lanes of traffic in each direction.
This area is a mix of commercial and residential and is home to such landmarks as the Notre Dame Seminary and the Rock n' Bowl. Carrollton is commercial between Earhart Boulevard and Tulane Avenue and maintains three lanes in each direction. Lakeside of Tulane Avenue, Carrollton returns to residential area with the exception of some commercial areas between Canal Street and Bienville Street; this stretch of road is three lanes in each direction, however lakeside of Canal Street the inner lanes in each direction are shared by the Carrollton Spur of the Canal Street Streetcar Line. Jesuit High School, an elite all-male Roman Catholic institution, is located at the corner of Carrollton and Banks Street; the Carrollton neighborhood was once an independent city and Carrollton Avenue was known as Canal Street in the city plans, so named because at the time it terminated at the New Basin Canal. The name was changed to avoid confusion with Canal Street in downtown New Orleans. In addition to the Carrollton spurs of both the Canal and St. Charles Streetcar Lines, two transit routes, operated by New Orleans Public Service at first and New Orleans Regional Transit Authority, were assigned to South/North Carrollton Avenue: one local, the other an express.
Both routes were halted before Hurricane Katrina hit in August 2005. Riverside to Lakeside: St. Charles Avenue South Claiborne Avenue Earhart Expressway Palmetto Street/Washington Avenue Interstate 10, Exit 232, "Toni Morrison Interchange" Airline Highway/Tulane Avenue Canal Street Orleans Avenue City Park Avenue Esplanade Avenue/Wisner Boulevard Central Carrollton Association List of streets of New Orleans Carrollton Courthouse
City Park (New Orleans)
City Park, a 1,300-acre public park in New Orleans, Louisiana, is the 87th largest and 20th-most-visited urban public park in the United States. City Park is 50% larger than Central Park in New York City, the municipal park recognized by Americans nationwide as the archetypal urban greenspace. Although it is an urban park whose land is owned by the City of New Orleans, it is administered by the City Park Improvement Association, an arm of state government, not by the New Orleans Parks and Parkways Department. City Park is unusual in that it is a self-supporting public park, with most of its annual budget derived from self-generated revenue through user fees and donations. In the wake of the enormous damage inflicted upon the park due to Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana Department of Culture and Tourism began to subsidize the park's operations. City Park holds the world's largest collection of mature live oak trees, some older than 600 years in age; the park was founded in 1854, making it the 48th oldest park in the country, established as the "City Park" in 1891.
The park was a location used for dueling. In the 1800s, men would defend their pride and honor by dueling each other under the oaks at what is now City Park but was a quiet spot secluded from the rest of the city. There were two "dueling oaks," but one was lost in a hurricane in 1949; some of the city's most notable figures who participated in duels in City Park include Bernard de Marigny, a nobleman and president of the Louisiana Senate in 1822-23. Many of the disputes between parties were either reconciled before the duel or after one party sustained a minor injury. Dueling deaths were reported, however. In 1805, Micajah Green Lewis, Gov. William C. C. Claiborne's private secretary and brother-in-law, was killed by a Claiborne opponent. By 1890, dueling was outlawed. New Orleans City Park lost 2,000 trees after Hurricane Katrina and the federal levee failures, but the Dueling Oak still stands where Dueling Oaks Drive meets Dreyfous Drive between the Sydney and Walda Besthoff Sculpture Garden and the New Orleans Museum of Art.
There’s a small sign in front of it. City Park was established in the mid-19th century on land fronting Metairie Road, along the remains of Bayou Metairie, a former distributary of the Mississippi River; the tract of land the Allard Plantation, became city property in 1850 through John McDonogh's will and was reserved for park purposes. In 1854, the 4th District Court pronounced the property a public park; the park extended 100 acres back from City Park Avenue, as swampland covered most of the landscape between Bayou Metairie and the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain. This area, to the north of the original park, was platted for streets by city planners, though none was realized. In 1891, the City Park Improvement Association is founded, the property was established as "City Park." The carousel mule-driven, opened in 1897, was updated to a mechanical carousel in 1906. The miniature train opened in 1898 and the original golf course was built in 1902. A racetrack opened February 11, 1905, but closed only 3 years in 1908.
In the first two decades of the 20th century, numerous improvements were undertaken by the City Park Improvement Association. The Peristyle was constructed in 1907 and the Isaac Delgado Museum of Art renamed the New Orleans Museum of Art, opened in 1911. Two years in 1913, the Casino building opened offering refreshments; the Casino building is occupied by Morning Call Cafe. The Popp Bandstand was constructed in 1917 and dedicated on July 4; the Irby swimming pool was built in 1924. City Park's governing board accomplished a number of large land acquisitions, such that the park assumed its current boundaries. In 1915, the Gen. Beauregard Equestrian Statue was erected at the entrance to City Park. On June 24, 2015, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu acknowledged the impact of the June 2015 Charleston church shooting, called for the removal of several city memorials to Confederate slaveholders. On December 17, 2015, the New Orleans City Council voted 6-1 to remove the Gen. Beauregard statue, along with three other historical monuments.
In 1919, William McFadden built a mansion. In 1949, this mansion began to be used as Christian Brothers School, an all-boys middle school for grades 5-7, still remains a boys' school today. In 1927, the city extended the park by 900 acres, the first tennis courts were built in the following year. In 1928, John Phillip Sousa performed at the Popp bandstand; the park was expanded in the 1930s due to a $12 million grant from the Works Progress Administration. A master plan, by Bennett, Parsons & Frost of Chicago was commissioned to guide the development of the enlarged park. P. A; this included the installation of many sculptures by WPA artist Enrique Alférez, construction of buildings, bridges and much of the electrical and plumbing infrastructure that were still serving the park when Hurricane Katrina struck in 2005. A formal rose, the genesis of today's New Orleans Botanical Garden; the WPA planted Couterie Forest and constructed Popp Fountain, City Park Stadium, a second 18-hole golf course - home for many years to the New Orleans Open golf tournament - and a golf clubhouse, partially demolished to accommodate I-610.
Many events have taken place at Tad Gormley Stadium in City Park. Actress Dorothy Lamour from New Orleans traveled the country selling war bonds, in 1942, made a stop in her hometown to sell war
St. Charles Avenue
St. Charles Avenue is a thoroughfare in New Orleans, Louisiana, U. S. and the home of the St. Charles Streetcar Line, it is famous for the dozens of mansions that adorn the tree-lined boulevard for much of the uptown section of the boulevard. The Southern live oak trees, plentiful in the historic Garden District, were planted during the early twentieth century. Similar additions were made on other major New Orleans streets, such as Carrollton Avenue, Napoleon Avenue, part of Canal Street, becoming one of the city's most memorable features. St. Charles Avenue is one of the chief Mardi Gras parade routes; the "downriver" end meets Canal Street. On the other side of Canal Street in the French Quarter, the corresponding street is Royal Street. From Canal Street, St. Charles runs up through the New Orleans Central Business District the length of Uptown New Orleans, reflecting the crescent curve of the Mississippi River but at a distance inland, it continues to the Carrollton neighborhood, ending one block past Carrollton Avenue where it intersects with Leake Street/River Road at the foot of the Mississippi River levee.
From Canal Street to Lee Circle, St. Charles Avenue is properly called St. Charles Street and is one way in the upriver direction with two lanes of traffic, with the streetcar track sharing right-of-way with one lane of motor vehicle traffic. From Lee Circle to Louisiana Avenue it has two lanes of traffic in each direction with two streetcar rail lines on the grassy tree-lined median. From Louisiana Avenue to Carrollton Avenue it has one lane of traffic in each direction plus the streetcar neutral ground; the streetcar line turns inland at Carrollton Avenue to follow the thoroughfare, while the final stretch continues the final short block to River Road. Major intersections, from east to west, include: Canal Street, Poydras Street, Lee Circle/Howard Avenue, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard/Melpomene Avenue, Jackson Avenue, Washington Avenue, Louisiana Avenue, Napoleon Avenue, Jefferson Avenue, Nashville Avenue, Broadway Street, Carrollton Avenue, Leake Avenue. For the first half of the 19th century, the portion of St. Charles above Lee Circle was known as Nyades Street.
The lower portion is an important corridor in the Central Business District. Historically-significant buildings include Gallier Hall, City Hall until the 1950s; the street was laid out atop a slight rise, the remains of an old natural levee, in connection with the construction of the New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad, which became the St. Charles Streetcar Line; the long traffic avenue used for horse-drawn buggies and wagons, with public rail transit running down the center, helped fuel the development of Uptown in the 19th century. In 1889, writer Martha R. Field observed that "St. Charles Avenue is seven miles long, is paved with asphalt its entire length" and was lined "with beautiful homes." St. Charles Avenue was the favored site for construction of mansions by the wealthy from the mid 19th century through the early years of the 20th century. A number of the old mansions were torn down in the mid- and late 20th century, until the area was declared an historic district. Many of the surviving ones have been divided into rental apartments.
In early 1999, an effort by the New Orleans Police Department was made to clean up the Avenue and the blocks north, which were beginning to show signs of seediness. The illegal drug industry was pushed back into Central City. During the 2005 flooding of the majority of New Orleans due to levee failures caused by Hurricane Katrina, St. Charles Avenue and the portion of Uptown closer to the Mississippi River escaped significant flooding. Notable buildings along St. Charles Avenue include several hotels the most famous still in business being the Pontchartrain Hotel, in business since 1927; the Columns Hotel is a small hotel in a 19th-century mansion. The St. Charles Hotel, near Canal Street, was one of the city's two most well-known hotels through most of the 19th and early 20th centuries; the former Bienville Hotel on Lee Circle is now an apartment building. The headquarters of the United Fruit Company was on St. Charles Avenue in the Central Business District; the former mansion of silent-film star Marguerite Clark is now the Milton Latter Memorial branch of the New Orleans Public Library.
The facades of both Tulane University and Loyola University New Orleans are located on St. Charles Avenue, opposite Audubon Park. Buildings and architecture of New Orleans History of New Orleans List of streets of New Orleans Neighborhoods in New Orleans Streetcars in New Orleans St. Charles Streetcar Line Uptown New Orleans Brock, Eric J.. New Orleans, pp 108–109, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC Hogan, C. Michael and Marc Papineau, Earth Metrics Incorporated, Phase I Environmental Site Assessment for the Pontchartrain Hotel, New Orleans, Report Number 10456, March 19, 1990 Southeastern Architectural Archive, Special Collections Division, Tulane University Libraries
Lee Circle is a central traffic circle in New Orleans, which featured a monument to Confederate General Robert E. Lee between 1884 and 2017, it is located at the intersection of Howard Avenues. Prior to the erection of the monument, the location was known as Place du Tivoli. Tivoli Circle was an important, central point in the city, as it linked upriver areas with downriver areas, it was a common local meeting point and the site remains a popular place to gather for Mardi Gras parades. On July 31, 1877, "Lee Place" within "Tivoli Circle" was authorized by Ordinance A. S. 4064 Although the traffic circle is referred to as "Lee Circle", this ordinance makes clear that the "enclosure" containing the statue is to be known as "Lee Place", while the circle is to continue to be known as "Tivoli Circle". This ordinance contains no reference to the name "Lee Circle". On June 24, 2015, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu acknowledged the impact of the June 2015 Charleston church shooting but credited a 2014 conversation with New Orleans jazz ambassador Wynton Marsalis for his decision to call for the removal of the Lee statue and renaming of Lee Circle and other city memorials of Confederate slaveholders.
As part of a sixty-day period for public input, two city commissions called for the removal of four monuments associated with the Confederacy, the Lee statue, statues of Jefferson Davis and P. G. T. Beauregard, an obelisk commemorating the "Battle of Liberty Place". Governor Bobby Jindal opposed the removals. On December 17, 2015, the New Orleans City Council voted to remove four statues from public display, among them the statue of Robert E. Lee located in Lee Circle. Four organizations filed a lawsuit in federal court the day of the decision and the City administration has agreed that no monument removals will take place before a court hearing scheduled for January 14, 2016. On May 18, 2017, the City of New Orleans announced that the statue would be removed at 9 a.m. the following day. This would be the fourth and final Confederate memorial to be removed by the city following a vote by the city council in 2015; the city announced that the war memorial statue would be replaced with a water feature.
The Lee statue was removed on the evening of May 19, 2017, at 6 p.m. C. D. T. A departure from the other removals which occurred during early morning hours under the cover of darkness. Robert E. Lee Monument List of streets of New Orleans Brock, R. A. ed.. "Ceremonies Connected with the Unveiling of the Statue of General Robert E. Lee at Lee Circle, New Orleans, February 22, 1884". Southern Historical Society Papers. 14. Southern Historical Society. Pp. 62–96. Brock, R. A. ed.. "Historical Sketch of the R. E. Lee Monumental Association of New Orleans". Southern Historical Society Papers. 14. Southern Historical Society. Pp. 96–99. Kane, Harnett. Place du Tivoli: A History of Lee Circle. Boston: John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company. Published on the occasion of the dedication of the John Hancock Building, New Orleans, LA, December 7, 1961. Kingsley, Karen. Buildings of Louisiana. Buildings of the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 112–113. ISBN 978-0195159998. Larino, Jennifer. "The history of New Orleans' Lee Circle".
New Orleans, LA: The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 9 July 2015
Faubourg St. John
Faubourg St. John, is a neighborhood in New Orleans, located just north of Broad Street at the intersection of Orleans Avenue. Faubourg St. John is 75 city blocks in area and has an average elevation of about one foot above sea level, it was built along. The Esplanade Ridge Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. More than 4,000 residents call Faubourg St. John home; the word faubourg is French for suburb. Faubourg St. John is known for its abundant parks, architecturally-significant homes, the Bayou St. John waterway, restaurants and shops along Ponce de Leon and Broad Streets; the area near the end of the navigable section of Bayou St. John was long a Native American trade route; some French trappers and traders settled with the Native Americans by the end of the 17th century. In 1708, the community of Port Bayou Saint-Jean was established here; the town predated the official founding of New Orleans, but it was not incorporated into the city boundaries until the start of the 19th century.
A 1730 account notes Mardi Gras celebrations here. In 1794 the Carondelet Canal provided a navigable water link from the neighborhood to the city at the French Quarter. A visitor at the start of the 19th century noted the neighborhood "has charming dance halls and billiard parlors; the pleasures procured there by the young folks attract many people." In 1852 the "Union Race Course" was laid out known as New Orleans Fair Grounds, it has long been a noted home to horse racing and other events. Since 1972 the Fair Grounds has been the venue for the New Orleans Heritage Festival. New Orleans Fair Grounds Pitot House, the only Creole colonial house open to the public in New Orleans, it tells the story of life in the vicinity of Bayou St. John during the earliest times of settlement; the house is named for James Pitot, the second mayor of New Orleans, who resided there from 1810 to 1819. The house was restored to its former glory in the 1960s by the Louisiana Landmarks Association. Dufour Plassan House, built in 1870.
The house is known for its elaborate cornstalk and sunflower decorated fence. Lorreins Plantation House, aka the Old Spanish Customs House, at Moss Street and Grand Route St. John. Cabrini High School is a girls' Catholic school located in Faubourg St. John which offers grades 8-12 and was founded in 1905 by Mother Francesca Cabrini. McDonough City Park Academy is a K-5 school; the current goal of the Faubourg St. John Neighborhood Association is to revamp the worn Desmare Playground at 3456 Esplanade Avenue. Plans include making the playground a more welcoming place for children, with the addition of a swing set and complete replacement of the playground equipment; the Faubourg St. John Neighborhood Association has been around in one form or another since the 1920s, it was registered with the state in 1977. FSJNA is a benevolent group interested in continuing improvements in this historic New Orleans neighborhood through its people, historic waterway, public spaces and other environs. FSJNA has participated in numerous beautification efforts throughout Faubourg St. John from parks and playgrounds to simple street plantings.
FSJNA works to keep its membership informed. It reaches out to other non-profits and bordering neighborhood organizations, through its participation in area festivals, cultural events, community workshops, informational seminars. Bayou St. John, New Orleans, another neighborhood Neighborhoods in New Orleans Faubourg St. John Neighborhood Association
Fair Grounds Race Course
Fair Grounds Race Course known as New Orleans Fair Grounds, is a thoroughbred racetrack and racino in New Orleans, Louisiana. It is operated by Churchill Downs Louisiana Horseracing Company, LLC; as early as 1838 Bernard de Marigny, Julius C Branch and Henry Augustine Tayloe, organized races at the "Louisiana Race Course" laid out on Gentilly Road, making it the second oldest site of horseracing in America still in operation, after Freehold Raceway and before the Saratoga Race Course. It lasted for five days. In 1852 it was renamed the Union Race Course. In 2009, the Horseplayers Association of North America introduced a rating system for 65 Thoroughbred racetracks in North America. Of the top Fifteen, New Orleans Fair Grounds was ranked #12, behind Evangeline Downs in Opelousas, ranked #6. In 1838 on April 13 Bernard de Marigny, Julius C Branch and Henry Augustine Tayloe, organized races at the "Louisiana Race Course" on Tuesday, April 10, 1838. April 10 the first race for "The Creole Purse" $1,000, free only for horses bred and owned in the state of Louisiana.
First Day, First Race - owners and horses: Fergus Duplantier, Louisianese. N. Oliver, Pocohantas. Second Race, sweepstakes for three year olds, weights as before, five subscribers at $1000 each, $250 forfeit, mile heats. Owners and horses: Wiliiam J Minor, Britiania. J Wells, Taglioni. Second day, first race, purse $1,200, entrance $120, free for all ages, weights as before, two mile heats. Owners and horses: Minor Kenner, Richard of York. Third day, entrance $180, free for all ages, weights as before, three mile heats. Owners and horses: Wm. R Barrow, Thos. J Wells, Dick Chin. Fourth day "Creole Plate", valued at $1,000. Entrance $100, five year olds and over to carry 100lbs. Owners and horses: Adam Lewis Bingaman, Angora. March 20, 1839, lasting five days. "The First Day was the "Creole Purse" for $500, one mile heats. Second Day-"Proprietors Purse" $1,200--two mile heat. Third Day-"Jockey Club Purse" $1,800--three mile heats. Fourth Day-"Jockey Club Plate" value $1,500 and $500, -four mile heats-to the winner, $500 to the second best horse, provided more than two start.
Fifth Day-"Proprietors Purse" $600--mile heat-best 3 in 5. The track opened again as the "Union Race Course" in 1852; the track closed in 1857 due to competition from the Metairie Course. In 1859 the track was renamed the "Creole Race Course." In 1863, the name was changed again to the "Fair Grounds" and racing was conducted during the Civil War. The track closed when the Metairie Course reopened after the war. In 1871, the younger members of the Metairie Jockey Club broke away to re-form the defunct Louisiana Jockey Club and again hold meets at the Fair Grounds. In 1872 the first race card is held at the Fair Grounds under the auspices of the Louisiana Jockey Club; the Crescent City Jockey Club was established in 1892 and ran a winter racing season from December to April until they had to liquidate their assets in the spring of 1913. In 1907, Colonel Matt Winn arrived in New Orleans to establish racing dates and deal with other matters in the Louisiana horse industry. In 1908, racing was banned in New Orleans but returned in 1915.
In 1919 a fire burned down the grandstand but the track was still able to conduct a race meeting. In 1921, an auto race was held at the only car race at the fairgrounds. In 1940, legislative sanction was given to racing in Louisiana; the track was sold to developers for construction of a subdivision. In 1941, a group of investors saved Fair Grounds from destruction; the track resumed racing after World War II. The Fair Grounds Racing Hall of Fame was established in 1971. In 1981 a turf course was installed. In 1990 the track was sold to the Krantz family. In 1993, the grandstand was destroyed by a seven alarm fire and racing continued with temporary facilities in place for a couple of years. A new $27 million construction project began in 1994 and the completed grandstand/clubhouse was opened to the public on Thanksgiving Day 1997; the track was purchased by Churchill Downs Incorporated in 2004. Fair Grounds was damaged in Hurricane Katrina, was closed for over a year, until re-opening on Thanksgiving D