click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Essanay Studios

The Essanay Film Manufacturing Company was an American motion picture studio. The studio was founded in 1907 and based in Chicago, had an additional film lot in Niles Canyon, California, it is best known today for its series of Charlie Chaplin comedies of 1915. In the 1920s, after it merged with other studios, it was absorbed into Warner Bros; the studio was founded in 1907 in Chicago by George K. Spoor and Gilbert M. Anderson as the Peerless Film Manufacturing Company. On August 10, 1907, playing on the founders initials. Essanay was located at 496 Wells Street. Essanay's first film, "An Awful Skate, or The Hobo on Rollers", starring Ben Turpin, produced for only a couple hundred dollars, grossed several thousand dollars in release; the studio prospered and in 1908 moved to its more famous address at 1333–45 W. Argyle St in Uptown, Chicago. Essanay produced silent films with such stars as George Periolat, Ben Turpin, Wallace Beery, Thomas Meighan, Colleen Moore, Francis X. Bushman, Gloria Swanson, Ann Little, Helen Dunbar, Lester Cuneo, Florence Oberle, Lewis Stone, Virginia Valli, Edward Arnold, Edmund Cobb and Rod La Rocque.

The mainstay of the organization, were studio co-owner, starring in the popular "Broncho Billy" westerns, Charlie Chaplin was at one time its biggest star. Allan Dwan was hired by Essanay Studios as a screenwriter and developed into a famous Hollywood director. Louella Parsons was hired as a screenwriter and went on to be a famous Hollywood gossip columnist. Both George K. Spoor and Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson received Oscars Academy Honorary Awards, for their pioneering efforts with Essanay. Essanay's famous movies, include the first American film version of A Christmas Carol and the first Jesse James movie, The James Boys of Missouri in 1908, they produced the first American Sherlock Holmes film in 1916 with William Gillette. The first film comedy pie in the face gag is believed to have hit Essanay star Ben Turpin in Mr. Flip. Essanay produced some of the world's first cartoons. Due to Chicago's seasonal weather patterns and the popularity of westerns, Gilbert Anderson took a part of the company west, first to Colorado.

He told The Denver Post in 1909, "Colorado is the finest place in the country for Wild West stuff," The western operations moved to California, but traveled between Northern to Southern California seasonally. This included locations in San Rafael, just outside San Francisco, Santa Barbara. Essanay opened the Essanay-West studio in Niles, California, in 1912, at the foot of Niles Canyon, where many Broncho Billy westerns were shot, along with The Tramp featuring Charlie Chaplin; the Chicago studio, as well as the new Niles studio, continued to produce films for another five years, reaching a total of well over 1,400 Essanay titles during its ten-year history. In late 1914, Essanay succeeded in hiring Charlie Chaplin away from Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios, offering Chaplin a higher salary and his own production unit. Chaplin made 14 short comedies for Essanay in 1915, at both the Chicago and Niles studios, plus a cameo appearance in one of the Broncho Billy westerns. Chaplin's Essanays are more disciplined than the chaotic roughhouse of Chaplin's Keystones, with better story values and character development.

The landmark film of the Chaplin series is The Tramp, in which Chaplin's vagabond character finds work on a farm and is smitten with the farmer's daughter. Chaplin pathos unheard of in slapstick comedies; the film ends with the famous shot of the lonely tramp with his back to the camera, walking down the road dejectedly, squaring his shoulders optimistically and heading for his next adventure. Audiences responded to the humanity of Chaplin's character, Chaplin continued to explore serious or sentimental themes within comic situations. Attempting to capitalize on the popularity of Chaplin, the studio in 1915 had its cartoon character Dreamy Dud in a Chaplin themed short Dreamy Dud Sees Charlie Chaplin in which Dud watches a Chaplin short. Chaplin's stock company at Essanay included Ben Turpin, who disliked working with the meticulous Chaplin and appeared with him in only a couple of films. Chaplin disliked the unpredictable weather of Chicago and left after only one year for more money and more creative control elsewhere.

His departure caused a rift between founders Anderson. Chaplin was the studio's biggest moneymaker, Essanay resorted to creating "new" Chaplin comedies from file footage and out-takes. With Chaplin off the Essanay scene for good, Essanay signed French comedian Max Linder, whose clever pantomime compared to Chaplin's, failed to match Chaplin's popularity in America. In 1915, the Essanay entered into an agreement, in a last-ditch effort to save the studio, with Vitagraph Studios, Lubin Manufacturing Company, Selig Polyscope Company to form a film distribution partnership known as V-L-S-E, Incorporated, it was orchestrated by Chicago distributor George Kleine. Only the Vitagraph brand name continued into the 1920s, was absorbed by Warner Brothers in 1925. George K. Spoor continued to work in the motion picture industry, introducing an unsuccessful 3-D system in 1923, Spoor-Berggren Natural Vision, a 65 mm widescreen format, in 1930, he died in Chicago i

Berkeley Timesharing System

The Berkeley Timesharing System was a pioneering time-sharing operating system implemented between 1964 and 1967 at the University of California, Berkeley. It was designed as part of Project Genie and marketed by Scientific Data Systems for the SDS 940 computer system, it was the first commercial time-sharing which allowed general-purpose user programming, including machine language. In the mid-1960s, most computers used batch processing: one user at a time with no interactivity. A few pioneering systems such as the Atlas Supervisor at the University of Manchester, Compatible Time-Sharing System at MIT, the Dartmouth Time Sharing System at Dartmouth College required large expensive machines. Implementation started in 1964 with the arrival of the SDS 930, modified and an operating system was written from scratch. Students who worked on the Berkeley Timesharing System included undergraduates Chuck Thacker and L. Peter Deutsch and doctoral student Butler Lampson; the heart of the system was the Executive.

When the system was working, Max Palevsky, founder of Scientific Data Systems, was at first not interested in selling it as a product. He thought. However, as other customers expressed interest, it was put on the SDS pricelist as an expensive variant of the 930. By November 1967 it was being sold commercially as the SDS 940. By August 1968 a version 2.0 was announced, just called the "SDS 940 Time-Sharing System". Other timesharing systems were one-of-a-kind systems, or limited to a single application; the 940 was the first to allow for general-purpose programming, sold about 60 units: not large by today's standards, but it was a significant part of SDS' revenues. One customer was Bolt and Newman; the TENEX operating system for the PDP-10 mainframe computer used many features of the SDS 940 Time-Sharing System system, but extended the memory management to include demand paging. Some concepts of the operating system influenced the design of Unix, whose designer Ken Thompson worked on the SDS 940 while at Berkeley.

The QED text editor was first implemented by Butler Lampson and L. Peter Deutsch for the Berkeley Timesharing System in 1967. Another major customer was Tymshare, who used the system to become the USA's best known commercial timesharing service in the late 1960s. By 1972, Tymshare alone had 23 systems in operation. Timeline of operating systems Time-sharing system evolution Butler Lampson. "A user machine in a time-sharing system". Proceedings of the IEEE. 54: 1766–1774. Doi:10.1109/proc.1966.5260. Reprinted in Computer Structures, ed. Bell and Newell, McGraw-Hill, 1971, pp 291–300 SDS-940 Simulator Configuration David Patterson. "Berkeley Hardware Prototypes". Retrieved April 17, 2011

Maciej Paterski

Maciej Paterski is a Polish professional road bicycle racer, who rides for UCI Continental team Wibatech Merx. Born in Kalisz, Paterski left Cannondale at the end of the 2013 season, joined CCC–Polsat–Polkowice for the 2014 season, he had quite a successful 2014 season, winning the Tour of Norway and the mountains classification in his native Tour de Pologne. That year, he won the Memoriał Henryka Łasaka, he started the 2015 season in good form, placing 6th at the Vuelta a Murcia and winning the first stage of the Volta a Catalunya. He followed up these promising results with strong placings in some April classics such as the Amstel Gold Race. At the end of April, Paterski dominated the newly organized Tour of Croatia, winning the overall classification, the points classification and the mountains classification plus two stages. In August, he clinched the mountains classification in the Tour de Pologne for the second consecutive year. 2016 proved to be a comparatively lean year with Paterski scoring just one win, stage 6 at the Bałtyk–Karkonosze Tour where he finished second overall.

Another highlight was a sixth place at the UCI World Tour event Bretagne Classic Ouest–France. 2017 was a much more successful season for Paterski with overall victories in the Tour of Małopolska, Szlakiem Walk Majora Hubala and the Coupe des Carpathes. Media related to Maciej Paterski at Wikimedia Commons Maciej Paterski at ProCyclingStats

Acanthogobius flavimanus

Acanthogobius flavimanus is a species of fish in the goby family known by the common name yellowfin goby. Other common names include mahaze, Japanese river goby, Oriental goby, spotted goby, it is native to Asia, where its range includes China, Korea, parts of Russia and Malaysia. It has spread beyond its native range to become an introduced, invasive, species, it has been recorded in Australia and Florida and California in the United States. This fish reaches 25 to 30 centimeters in length, it is light brown with darker spots. The ventral fins are yellow; these fins are fused to form a cup. There are two dorsal fins; the species can be identified by the arrangement of pores on its head, the spines and rays in the dorsal fins, the scales and papillae on the head and face. The yellow ventral fins distinguish it from other gobies; the lifespan is up to 3 years, but some individuals may get older. This fish streams. During the winter it descends to more saline environments, such as bays and estuaries, where it breeds.

There it is a bottom-dweller, living on sandy beds. Spawning only occurs when the temperature is between about 7° and 13 °C. One fish may produce up to 37,000 eggs; each egg is about 5.5 millimeters long. The eggs are deposited in a nest, a burrow up to 35 centimeters deep, constructed by the male; the nest may be guarded by both male and female. In optimal conditions the eggs hatch in about 28 days; the fish tolerates fresh and saline waters, rapid movements between them. It can live in a wide variety of water habitat types; the adult can spend its whole life in freshwater, but the larvae develop in saltwater. The diet of the goby includes many kinds of small organisms, such as copepods, mantis shrimp, small fish, polychaetes, it has been known to consume fly larvae, bivalves such as the Asian clam and various detritus. Natural predators of the goby include yellow goosefish, ocellate spot skate, Japanese whiting, leopard shark and suzuki. Fish of this species are found to carry heavy parasite loads.

They play host to the metacercariae of flukes, including Echinostoma hortense, Heterophyes nocens, Heterophyopsis continua, Pygidiopsis summa, Strictodora fuscata, S. lari, Acanthotrema felis. These E. hortense, pose a risk to humans. People in Korea catch and eat the yellowfin goby raw, become infected with flukes; the fish is host to the copepods Acanthochondria yui and Anchistrotos kojimensis, the latter of, first described from a yellowfin goby specimen. A. flavimanus, the largest species of goby found in estuaries of California, was first discovered in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River system of California in 1963. It had been introduced a few years earlier, around the same time as the chameleon goby, it may have arrived as eggs on biofouling animals such as oysters on ship hulls. Anglers using the goby as bait in the local river system may have aided its dispersal. Now it is one of the most common bottom-dwelling fish in the rivers and the Delta, as well as San Francisco Bay. There it has become an important prey item for the harbor seal.

On the other hand, it has negative effects on the local ecosystem. It may compete with native fish such as the tidewater goby; the fish was first encountered in Southern California in 1977, when it was found in Los Angeles Harbor. This fish is thought to have been introduced on imported oysters; the species has been collected from the waters of New South Wales since 1971. It is a Class 1 noxious fish in the state, its sale or possession prohibited and punishable by fines; this species is sometimes kept in aquaria as an ornamental fish

One cool word

One cool word magazine was a Vancouverlogue from Vancouver, British Columbia. The publication was an art and literary magazine that comes with a full-length CD compilation, with all content from Metro Vancouverites, its mandate wa s: "Our quest to encourage creative work in the city takes place on many levels: we invite people to submit work, we invite people to create writing and music at our events, we choose work on the basis of quality of thought, freshness of vision and innovation in form, we showcase work by professionals and up-and-comers side by side, to declare that everyone has the capacity to be an artist and to share the bliss of being on the giving and/or receiving end of expression." The magazine featured many subgenres within the genres of art and music, from painting to cartoons, non-fiction to experimental writing, spoken word to electronic music. One cool word magazine was 100% Vancouver owned and operated, was independent, not-for-profit and volunteer-run, it was published from 2006 to 2013.

One cool word magazine was created by Tracy Stefanucci and Ken Yong, with the first issue released in April 2006. The name is a play on words, a joke about the fact that most magazine titles are one word, cool; the magazine's initial aims were to create a platform for work, not being showcased in other Vancouver publications, to unite the genres of art and music to create dialogue between different mediums. Since 2007, ocw evolved to focus on inspiring creation and artistic development on a city and individual level. Ocw was mentioned in Other Voices, Inc.. Ricepaper, The Tyee, CITR-FM, 99.3 The Fox, A New Rock Reality. Featured contributors included Mary Schendlinger, Nathan Sellyn, Brenden McLeod, Severn Cullis-Suzuki, Jessica Glesby, Kegan McFadden, Tara Gereaux, Randy Jacobs, Barbara Adler, Brandon Yan, CR Avery, Magpie Ulysses, Sean McGarragle, Chelsea Rooney, Colin J. Stewart, Emily Wight, Cathleen With, Elliot Lummin, Rob Taylor, Jenni Uitto, Sam Rappaport, Byron Barrett, Mary Kim, Fraser MacLean, Howard Penning, Mary Finlayson, Parlour Steps, The Februarys, Hey Ocean!, The Sessions, Octoberman, RC Weslowski, Lotus Child and Mathematics, The Mohawk Lodge and In Medias Res.

Issue #1: Spring 2006 Issue #2: Summer 2006 Issue #3: Autumn 2006 Issue #4: Winter 2006 Issue #5: Spring 2007 Issue #6: Summer 2007 Issue #7: Autumn 2007 Issue #8: "The Black and White Issue" Winter 2007 List of literary magazines Hana Art Studios one cool word magazine website

SV Ratibor 03

SV Ratibor was a German association football club from the city of Ratibor, Upper Silesia. It was the first football club established in Upper Silesia and remained active until 1945; the club was established in 1903 by Fritz Seidl as Fußball Club Ratibor and in 1906 became part of the Upper Silesian division of the Southeast German Football Association. In 1911, the team took on the name Sportvereinigung Ratibor. During the interwar period, Ratibor was in and out of regional first class competition with their best result coming as a second-place finish in 1931. In 1933, German football was reorganized under the Third Reich into sixteen top-flight divisions and Ratibor became part of the Gauliga Schlesien. SV's best finish came in the 1933–34 season, just three campaigns the team was relegated, they made a single appearance in the Tschammerpokal tournament, predecessor to today's DFB-Pokal, in 1937. Ratibor returned to first division play in 1938 and withdrew after playing just four matches of the 1939–40 Gauliga Oberschlesien season when they could not field a team due to lack of players.

The team disappeared with the end of World War II. Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv historical German domestic league tables