click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Essex County, New Jersey

Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2018 Census estimate, the county's population was 799,767, making it the state's third-most populous county, an increase of 3.1% from the 2010 United States Census, when its population was enumerated at 783,969, in turn a decrease of 1.2% from the 793,633 enumerated in the 2000 census. In 2010, the county dropped down to third-largest, behind Middlesex County, was one of only two counties in the state to see a decline between 2000 and 2010, its county seat is the most populous city in the state. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $60,030, the eighth-highest in New Jersey and ranked 153rd of 3,113 counties in the United States; the Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 94th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States as of 2009. The county is named after a county in the East of England. Based on data from the 2010 census, Essex County is the 14th-most densely populated county in the United States, was ranked second in the state after Hudson County.

Newark, with a population density of 11,458.3 people/square mile, is the largest municipality in the county both in terms of land area and population, while Caldwell is the smallest in terms of land area and Essex Fells has the smallest population. Many of the county's smallest municipalities have population densities that are comparable to those of many big cities, are well above the state's average which in turn is the highest in the nation. Like many of the counties of Northern New Jersey near New York City—which tend to have sharp divides between rich suburban neighborhoods and less wealthy, more densely populated cities nearby—the eastern region of Essex County tends to be poorer and more urbanized, while the western parts tend to be more affluent and suburban; the wide area of Eastern Essex has significant pockets of high population, high building density, high poverty, high crime rates. Within this general area however are many stable and middle-income areas of diverse populations. For example and west sides of Newark have well-kept suburban areas such as Vailsburg and Forest Hill.

The east side of Newark is a working-class Brazilian and Portuguese community. East Orange has the Presidential Estate neighborhood full of large one family homes. Belleville and Bloomfield are suburbs with historic Italian communities that, in spite of retaining a core Italian-American population, now have many immigrants from Latin America and Asia; as of the 2000 Census, 36% of Nutley residents indicated that they were of Italian ancestry, the 12th-highest of any municipality in the nation and third-highest in New Jersey. Beginning at about the turn of the century, this region led the state in the rebuilding and rehab of its housing stock. In the 2000s, Newark led the state in the issuance of building permits. Many reasons were cited: citywide incentives to encourage construction development, an improving local economy, the rising demand of low-cost housing so close to Manhattan. Newark has since become one of the fastest growing cities in the entire Northeast, reported a gain in median income and drop in poverty rate.

This is a turnaround from the deterioration and abandonment experienced in the post-riot 1970s, 1980s and early part of the 1990s. Crime in this part of the county has traditionally been among the highest in the state and the country as well, but has seen significant declines, mirroring its large neighbor to the east, New York City. By 2006, crime in Newark had fallen 60% over the previous decade to its lowest levels in 40 years. Neighboring East Orange has experienced a decline in crimes, dropping 50% in the three years. While crime rates have fallen in these cities in recent years, they nonetheless remain high here compared to national crime statistics, as well as Irvington, Orange. In 2008, Newark had 67 homicides, down from 105 in 2007 and the record of 161 murders set in 1981. In contrast, Western Essex tends to be more affluent. Within this region are some of the most diverse and racially integrated municipalities in the state and nation, including Montclair, West Orange, South Orange and Maplewood.

Many neighborhoods are well-known magnets for people moving from New York City, such as Glen Ridge, Verona, Cedar Grove, South Orange and West Orange. The communities of Livingston, West Caldwell, South Orange, Millburn, North Caldwell, Essex Fells are some of the wealthiest towns in the county. Short Hills, South Orange and Livingston have large Jewish communities. Short Hills has a popular upscale shopping mall, The Mall at Short Hills located near affluent communities in Morris and Union counties; as the poorest place in the county, Newark has a median household income of $33,025 and a per capita income of $17,198. Essex County was the first county in the country to create a county park system, to ensure that it did not lose all its land to development; some of the county's municipalities Newark, The Oranges, The Caldwells were seen on episodes of the HBO mob drama The Sopranos, set in North Caldwell. There are various attractions in Essex County, such as the Newark Museum, Montclair Art Mus

C. T. Bate

Charles Thornton Bate was mayor of Ottawa in 1884. He was born in England in 1825, the son of Henry Newell Bate and Lisette Meyer; the family emigrated to St. Catharines, Ontario in 1833. In the 1850s he founded a large wholesale grocery business, "C. T. Bate & Co.", in Ottawa, Ontario with his brother, Henry Newell Bate, who became the first head of the Ottawa Improvement Commission the National Capital Commission and, knighted in 1910. Mr. Bate was mayor when Ottawa became the first city in Canada to be lit by electricity, after nearly two years of debate. President of the Ottawa Electric Light Company and the Ottawa Gas Company, Bate served on the first board of the Bank of Ottawa, which merged with Scotiabank. In Ottawa, An Illustrated History, John H. Taylor wrote, "In the late nineteenth century, only the Ottawa merchandiser C. T. Bate, appears to have had any standing in the Canadian financial community". Legislative Assembly of Ontario Dave Mullington, Chain of Office: Biographical Sketches of the Early Mayors of Ottawa, GeneralStore PublishingHouse, pp. 64–65, ISBN 978-1-897113-17-2, retrieved 14 October 2011 Star Iron Tower Co, American electrical directory, Star Iron Tower Co. pp. 366–, retrieved 14 October 2011

Meathead (album)

Meathead is a double album by Captain Sensible, released in September 1995 by Humbug Records. It contains 32 songs across two and a half hours; the album includes studio performances by Sensible's band - featuring ex-Damned bassist Paul Gray, keyboardist Malcolm Dixon and drummer Garrie Dreadful - as well as demo recordings and instrumentals recorded by Sensible on his own. Sensible writes in the album's liner notes: "If The Universe of Geoffrey Brown was my Sgt. Pepper this collection of goodies is The White Album.... Warts and all!" Meathead was recorded in a "full on experimentation mode", where "nothing was off limits", according to Sensible. He described the album as "a mixed bag of stuff including studio performances by my band, cosmic instrumentals, weird clips from radio and admittedly some dodgy demos that have a certain gnarled charm.""Freedom" and "Pasties" were released in 1991 on the 12" and CD-single versions of the Damned's "Fun Factory" single. In a review for AllMusic, Richie Unterberger called Meathead "a sprawling mess of a record", saying that Sensible "seems to be taking a Zappa-like approach to his work with his combination of so many elements: bouncy London pop, Pink Floydish spacy electronics, found sound bites from TV shows, grating bulldozer guitar riffs, dainty orchestral violins, silly lyrics about space travel.

He seems to want to shock or jolt the listener out of complacency with repeated monster guitar licks or spoken dialogue. The listener ends up being not so much dazzled as exhausted, or worse, fed up with his apparent value of cocky experimentation over cogent, humane statements." All tracks are written by Captain Sensible, except where noted. Credits adapted from the album's liner notes. MusiciansCaptain Sensible - vocals, keyboards Malcolm Dixon - keyboards, vocals, lead vocals Paul Gray - bass Garrie Dreadful - drumsAdditional musiciansHowlin' Wilf - harmonica M. M. McGhee - drums Nial - bass Martin Newell - guitar Graham - samples, programming Andrew Bor - piano Rachel Bor - cello, vocals Eric Woods - performer, arrangement

Gorilla vs. Bear

Gorilla vs. Bear is an MP3 blog for independent music MP3s, videos and reviews from all genres, it was created by Chris Cantalini in March 2005, David Bartholow joined as a contributor in 2006. Gorilla vs. Bear features unknown and independent unsigned artists; the blog is known for their use of Polaroid film and Holga cameras for artist portraiture and live music coverage. It has received a number of accolades. In 2006, Sirius Satellite Radio selected Gorilla vs. Bear as one of their hosts of "Blog Radio," a weekly radio program on the college/indie rock channel Left of Center, it is on the channel Sirius XMU. Since the 2010 South By Southwest music festival, Gorilla vs. Bear has curated a small showcase entitled Gorilla vs. Booze. 2007: "mp3 Blog of the Year" by The Morning News. 2008: One of the web’s "Best Music Blogs", "Best in Rock" issue, Rolling Stone. 2008: "Best Music Blog" of 2008 by URB. 2009: One of "25 Best Music Websites" by The Independent. 2011: Nominated for Best Independent Music Blog, MTV O Music Awards.

Official website Gorilla vs. Bear Polaroids

Korean yen

The Korean yen was the currency of Korea between 1910 and 1945. It was equivalent to the Japanese yen and consisted of Japanese currency and banknotes issued for Korea; the yen was subdivided into 100 sen. It replaced the Korean won at par and was replaced by the South Korean won and the North Korean won at par. From 1902-1910, banknotes were issued by Dai-ichi Bank. Denominations included 10 sen, 20 sen, 50 sen, 1 yen, 5 yen, 10 yen; the sen notes were vertical and resembled the Japanese sen notes of 1872 and the Japanese military yen at the turn of the century. These notes were redeemable in "Japanese Currency at any of its Branches in Korea". In 1909, the Bank of Korea was founded in Seoul as a central bank and began issuing currency of modern type. Following the establishment of the Bank of Korea, it would begin to issue its own banknotes, these new banknotes were redeemable "in gold or Nippon Ginko notes." Most of the reserves held by the Bank of Korea at the time were banknotes issued by the Bank of Japan and commercial paper.

The banknotes issued by the Bank of Korea were only slightly modified from the earlier Dai-Ichi Bank banknotes that had circulated in Korea, this was done to reduce any possible confusion during the transition period. The name of the Bank of Korea was inserted and the royal plum crest of Korea replaced Dai-Ichi Bank's 10-pointed star emblem, the reverse sides of the 1 yen banknotes changed colour, but all the overall the changes were minute. Bank of Korea notes were dated 1909 and issued in 1910 and 1911. After Korea lost sovereignty to Japan in 1910, the Bank of Korea was renamed the Bank of Chosen; the first Bank of Chosen note was dated 1911 and issued in 1914. 1 yen, 5 yen, 10 yen, 100 yen were issued while there were some sen notes. 1000 yen was printed but never issued at the end of World War II. The earlier issues were redeemable "in Gold or Nippon Ginko Note". A similar phrase was written in Japanese on issues. Bank of Korea Schuler, Kurt. "Tables of Modern Monetary History: Asia". Pick, Albert.

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues to 1960. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-469-1

Jessica Huntley

Jessica Elleisse Huntley was a Guyanese-born British publisher, a women's and community rights activist, notable as the founder in 1969 of Bogle-L'Ouverture Publications in London. She was born in Bagotstown, British Guiana, the only daughter and youngest of five children of James Carroll and his wife, Hectorine. In May 1953, Huntley co-founded in British Guiana the Women's Progressive Organization to focus on women's rights as part of the People's Progressive Party's independence struggle. Huntley was appointed as the organizing secretary of the PPP, stood as a candidate in the general election, but was not elected, she moved to the UK in April 1958, following her husband, who had moved there in 1957 to look for work. In 1969 Huntley co-founded, with her husband Eric Huntley, the London-based publishing company Bogle-L'Ouverture Publications, named in honour of two heroes of the Caribbean resistance, Toussaint L'Ouverture and Paul Bogle. Beginning with The Groundings With My Brothers, by Guyanese historian and scholar Walter Rodney, BLP went on to publish books by an expanding range of authors, including Andrew Salkey, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Lemn Sissay and Valerie Bloom.

A blue plaque unveiled in October 2018 outside the Huntleys' West Ealing home commemorates their work in the founding of Bogle-L'Ouverture. In 1948, she first met Eric Huntley, at the time a postal worker and trade union activist, they married on 9 December 1950, lived for a period in the village of Buxton, they co-founded a political study group that met in their rented house. On 13 October 2013, Huntley died in Ealing Hospital, was survived by her husband and their children Chauncey and Accabre, their son, died two years earlier, on the same day as her. Hundreds of people went to her funeral at Southall's Christ the Redeemer Church, she was buried in Greenford Park Cemetery. In 2005, papers relating to the business of Bogle-L'Ouverture, together with documents concerning the personal and educational initiatives of Jessica and Eric Huntley from 1952 to 2011, were deposited at London Metropolitan Archives. Since 2006, the Huntley Archives at LMA have inspired an annual conference on themes reflecting different elements of the content of the collection.

A blue plaque, organized by the Nubian Jak Community Trust and others, was unveiled in October 2018 outside the Ealing home of Jessica Huntley and Eric Huntley to commemorate their work in founding Bogle-L'Ouverture. Margaret Andrews, Doing Nothing is Not An Option: The Radical Lives of Eric & Jessica Huntley, England: Krik Krak, 2014. ISBN 978-1-908415-02-8. FHALMA website Peter Fraser, "Jessica Huntley 1927-2013 An appreciation", Stabroek News, 21 October 2013. Kimani Nehusi, Margaret Busby and Luke Daniels, "Jessica Huntley: a great tree has fallen", Pambazuka News, 30 October 2013. "Unlocking the Huntley Archives", London's Sound Heritage, 12 April 2019