Estadio Azteca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Estadio Azteca
Aztec Stadium
El Coloso de Santa Úrsula
"The Colossus of Santa Úrsula"
Logotipo Estadio Azteca.png
Estadio Azteca1706p2.jpg
Stadium's exterior
Location Tlalpan, Mexico City
Public transit DFGGH.JPG Xochimilco Light Rail
Owner Grupo Televisa
Operator Club América
Executive suites 856
Capacity 87,523[1]
Record attendance Football: 119,853 (Mexico vs Brazil, 7 July 1968)[2]
Boxing: 132,247 (Julio César Chávez vs Greg Haugen, 20 February 1993)[3]
Field size 105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
Surface PlayMaster Hybrid Grass by Tarkett Sports
Construction
Broke ground 1961
Opened 29 May 1966
Renovated 1986, 1999, 2013 and 2016[4]
Construction cost MXN$260 million
Architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
Tenants
Club América (1966–present)
Cruz Azul (1971–1996, 2018–present)
Mexico national football team (1966–present)
Necaxa (1966–1970, 1982–2003)
Atlante (1966–1982, 1996–2001, 2004–2007)
UNAM (1967–1969)
Atlético Español (1970–1982)

The Estadio Azteca (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðjo asˈteka]) is an association football stadium located in the suburb of Santa Úrsula in Mexico City, and the home ground of Club América, Cruz Azul, and the Mexico national football team. With an official capacity of 87,000,[5] it is the largest stadium in Mexico. The stadium sits at an altitude of 7,200 feet (2195 meters) above sea level.[6] As of 2018, the stadium also serves as the home ground for Cruz Azul.[7]

Regarded as one of the most famous and iconic football stadiums in the world,[8][9][10][11][12] it is the first to have hosted two FIFA World Cup Finals.[13] In the 1970 World Cup Final, Brazil defeated Italy 4–1, and in the 1986 World Cup Final, Argentina defeated West Germany 3–2. It also hosted the 1986 quarter-final match between Argentina and England in which Diego Maradona scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century". The stadium also hosted the "Game of the Century", when Italy defeated West Germany 4–3 in extra time in one of the 1970 semifinal matches.

The stadium was also the principal venue for the football tournament of the 1968 Summer Olympics.[14]

History[edit]

An internal view of the stadium

The Estadio Azteca was designed by architects Pedro Ramírez Vázquez and Rafael Mijares Alcérreca and broke ground in 1961. The inaugural match was between Club América and Torino F.C. on 29 May 1966, with a capacity for 107,494 spectators. The first goal was scored by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos and the second one by Brazilian José Alves "Zague"; later, the Italians tied the game, which ended in 2–2 draw. Mexican president Gustavo Díaz Ordaz made the initial kick and FIFA president Sir Stanley Rous was the witness.

A modern illumination system was inaugurated on June 5, 1966 with the first night game played between Spanish side Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the match was scored by Honduran José Cardona for Valencia. Roberto Martínez, aka Caña Brava, became the first Mexican to score a goal in the stadium after scoring for Necaxa. The result was a 3–1 victory for Valencia.

In 1978 the stadium hosted the final of the Copa Interamericana between América and Boca Juniors of Argentina, and would host a final again in 1990 between América and Club Olimpia of Paraguay.

The Estadio Azteca is also the site in which Pelé and Diego Maradona (during the 1970 and 1986 FIFA World Cup) lifted the trophy for the last time (The Jules Rimet Trophy and the current FIFA World Cup Trophy, respectively).

Estadio Azteca has also been used for musical performances throughout its history. Michael Jackson (5 sold-out shows in 1993),[15] U2 (in 2006 and 2011), Luis Miguel (in 2002), Elton John, Maná, Juan Gabriel, Gloria Estefan, Jaguares, Lenny Kravitz, *Nsync, Hanson, Ana Gabriel, and The Three Tenors all have become part of the stadium's main spectacle. The stadium has also been used for political events, including Mexican president Felipe Calderón's campaign closure in 2006, as well as religious events, such as Jehovah's Witnesses conventions, and the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999.[16]

In April 2017, it was announced that starting July 2018, Cruz Azul would relocate to the Azteca on a temporary basis, due to the impending demolition of the Estadio Azul. According to club owner Guillermo Álvarez, they plan on building a new private stadium, which could take an estimated three-to-four years.[7]

2015–19 renovation plans[edit]

The stadium has undergone gradual improvements and renovations, including the replacing of seating within the stadium as well as the installation of electronic advertising boards. In May 2015, modern Panasonic LED panels were installed at the north and south ends of the stadium, replacing the phosphorous panels installed in 1998.[17]

In February 2015, a vast renovation plan was unveiled with the intention that the completion of the project coincide with the stadium's 50th anniversary and with Club América's centenary in 2016, as well as the construction of a commercial hub outside the stadium to be completed some time in 2019. It was reported that Grupo Televisa, owners of the stadium, approved a joint-venture bid from private development firms IQ Real Estate and Alhel. The hub, named "Foro Azteca", will reportedly consist of a mall, office spaces, two hotels, new leisure spaces and parking spaces for 2,500 cars.[4] The renovations to the stadium were planned in two phases; the first saw the demolition of the restaurant and seating at the lower east stand and the construction of a new hospitality area with dining and banqueting spaces. The second phase consisted of the construction of new media boxes and private skyboxes at the upper west stand.[18] The renovations to the stadium were completed in November 2016.[19] The seating capacity was ultimately reduced to 87,000 as a result of the renovations.

Name[edit]

Estadio Azteca prior to a kickoff

The name "Azteca" is a tribute to the Aztec heritage of Mexico City. The stadium is currently owned by Mexican multimedia conglomorate Televisa, which has a heated media rivalry with the similarly-named TV Azteca. Although there had been little to no confusion between the stadium and television network (which had only come into existence four years before in 1993), Televisa officially changed the stadium's name to Estadio Guillermo Cañedo on January 20, 1997, in tribute to Guillermo Cañedo de la Bárcena, a top network executive, former Mexican Football Federation president, and a prominent member of the FIFA executive committee who had died that day.[20] As with the similar situation with the defunct Candlestick Park in San Francisco in the United States and its sponsored names, few outside of Televisa itself took up the new name, and most of the general public probably had no thought about the stadium's ownership (much less the Televisa/Azteca rivalry) and continued to refer to the Estadio Azteca by its original (and current) name. After two of Cañedo's sons took a business interest in TV Azteca in 1998,[21] Televisa quietly returned to referring to it solely as Estadio Azteca.

Known colloquially by the nickname "Coloso de Santa Úrsula", which in English translates to "Colossus of Saint Ursula", due to its large structure and Santa Úrsula referring to the suburb where the stadium is located.[22]

Access and entrance[edit]

It is served by the Azteca station on the Xochimilco Light Rail line. This line is an extension of the Mexico City metro system which begins at Metro Tasqueña station and ends in the Xochimilco Light Rail Station.

Tickets are available up until kick-off times from the ticket office which is located at the front of the stadium, located towards the exit ramps from the Azteca station. Prices start from as little as MXN$100 (about US$5 as of 2016), and could cost up to MXN$500 (about US$26 as of 2016) for more high-profile matches.[23]

A panorama of Estadio Azteca during a Club América match (Mexico City) vs Tecos (Guadalajara),

Monuments and memorials[edit]

Plaque commemorating the "Game of the Century"

A commemorative bronze plaque of the "Game of the Century" played between Italy and West Germany, as well as Diego Maradona's "Goal of the Century" against England.

There is also a commemorative plaque with the names of the first goal scorer in the inaugural match and in the first match played at night.

Notable events[edit]

Spectators outside Estadio Azteca

Estadio Azteca has hosted a variety of international sporting competitions, including:

Association Football[edit]

List of 1970 FIFA World Cup matches[edit]

Date Time (UTC−6) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1970-05-31 12:00  Mexico 0-0  Soviet Union Group 1 107,160
1970-06-03 16:00  Belgium 3-0  El Salvador Group 1 92,205
1970-06-06 16:00  Soviet Union 4-1  Belgium Group 1 95,261
1970-06-07 12:00  Mexico 4-0  El Salvador Group 1 103,058
1970-06-10 16:00  Soviet Union 2-0  El Salvador Group 1 89,979
1970-06-11 16:00  Mexico 1-0  Belgium Group 1 108,192
1970-06-14 12:00  Soviet Union 0-1  Uruguay Quarter-finals 26,085
1970-06-17 16:00  Italy 4-3  West Germany Semi-finals 102,444
1970-06-20 16:00  West Germany 1-0  Uruguay 3rd place match 104,403
1970-06-21 12:00  Brazil 4-1  Italy Final 107,412

List of 1986 FIFA World Cup matches[edit]

Date Time (UTC−6) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1986-05-31 12:00  Italy 1-1  Bulgaria Group A 96,000
1986-06-03 12:00  Mexico 2-1  Belgium Group B 110,000
1986-06-07 12:00  Mexico 1-1  Paraguay Group B 114,600
1986-06-11 12:00  Mexico 1-0  Iraq Group B 103,763
1986-06-15 12:00  Mexico 2-0  Bulgaria Round of 16 114,560
1986-06-18 12:00  England 3-0  Paraguay Round of 16 98,728
1986-06-22 12:00  Argentina 2-1  England Quarter-finals 114,580
1986-06-25 16:00  Argentina 2-0  Belgium Semi-finals 114,500
1986-06-29 12:00  West Germany 2-3  Argentina Final 114,600

American football[edit]

Date Away Team Result Home Team Attendance
August 15, 1994 Houston Oilers 6-0 Dallas Cowboys 112,376
August 17, 1998 New England Patriots 21-3 Dallas Cowboys -
August 19, 2000 Indianapolis Colts 24-23 Pittsburgh Steelers -
August 19, 2001 Oakland Raiders 21-6 Dallas Cowboys -
October 2, 2005 San Francisco 49ers 14-31 Arizona Cardinals 103,467
November 21, 2016 Houston Texans 20-27 Oakland Raiders 76,473
November 19, 2017 New England Patriots 33-8 Oakland Raiders 77,357
November 19, 2018 Kansas City Chiefs 0-0 Los Angeles Rams -

Concerts[edit]

  • On 12 March 1983, Menudo was the first band to sell out a solo concert at the stadium with an attendance of over 100,000 people.[citation needed]
  • On 29, 31 October and 07, 09 and 11 November 1993, Michael Jackson finished the Dangerous World Tour with five sold out shows at this stadium, for a total of 500,000 people (circa 100,000 per show, more than any other artist or band, Mexican or International).[citation needed]
  • On 14 and 15 February 1997, Gloria Estefan performed at the stadium.
  • On 16 June 2000, Los Temerarios performed at the Estadio Azteca for the first time in their career, in a sold out concert with the max of capacity, was over 87,000 people that attended. This concert was filmed in live.[citation needed]
  • On 14 May 2011, Irish rock band U2 presented the 360° Tour scoring the most-attended concert on the tour with a total attendance of 110,000 people.[citation needed]
  • On 8 May 2012, Paul McCartney performed at the Estadio Azteca for the first time in his career, in a non-sold-out concert for 53,000 people.[31]
  • On 16 April 2016, Vicente Fernández played his farewell concert, titled "UN AZTECA EN EL AZTECA, ADIÓS A UN GRANDE", to a sell out crowd at the stadium with an attendance of over 100,000 people.[citation needed]
  • On 11 and 12 October 2018, Shakira will perform in the stadium with her El Dorado World Tour.

Christian events[edit]

  • Nigerian Pastor T.B. Joshua held a two-day Christian crusade, attracting an estimated 150,000 over both days.[32]
  • From December 13 to 14, 2013, assemblies were held by the Jehovah's Witnesses to commemorate their religious devotion with a series of performances in scenes of biblical passages, social-contemporary themes and Christian baptisms, of which each day record of participation of 105,000 faithful, of which on Sunday there was the record time of eviction of 10 minutes for reasons of other scheduled events and in turn 2000 participants were dedicated to cleaning after each event.[33][34]

Funeral services[edit]

  • The funeral of fellow Mexican comedian Roberto Gomez Bolaños known as Chespirito was held on 30 November 2014, and was attended by 40,000 fans from Mexico and Latin America. Chespirito was a long-time fan of the stadium's main tenant América. He also filmed there the main scenes of his movie El Chanfle in 1978 (although the movie premiered in 1979), which became a success all across Mexico.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2026 FIFA World Cup Bid Book" (PDF). p. 161. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  2. ^ "El Monumental le gana a la Bombonera como estadio más emblemático". 12 April 2013. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013.
  3. ^ "StadiumDB: Estadio Azteca". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Historia #5". stadiumdb.com. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Mexico: Azteca to lose capacity again". StadiumDB. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  6. ^ Longman, Jeré (10 August 2009). "In Mexico, a Soccer Stadium Where Visitors Gasp". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 April 2017. The massive bowl, Estadio Azteca, sits in the southern part of this sprawling metropolis like a concrete sombrero. The stadium’s mystique — especially its 105,000 spectators and its 7,200-foot altitude — will play an integral role Wednesday in a World Cup qualifying match between Mexico and the United States.
  7. ^ a b "Mexico City: Cruz Azul to relocate to Azteca". StadiumDB. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Ranking the Top 10 Most Iconic Stadiums in World Football". Bleacherreport. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Classic Stadium: Estadio Azteca". FIFA.com.
  10. ^ Smart, Tony. "10 of the world's best sports venues". CNN. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  11. ^ Mazur, Martin. "FourFourTwo's 100 Best Football Stadiums in the World: No.4". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  12. ^ Gordon, Aaron. "Mexico wins Mexican-American stadium war". Buzzfeed. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Mexico's historical stadium". FIFA.com. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
  14. ^ 1968 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. pp. 78–79.
  15. ^ "Cronología Estadio Azteca". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  16. ^ "Pide Juan Pablo II "superar" deficiencias en el progreso social". Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  17. ^ "Panasonic's LED Large Screen Displays Provide an All-New Fan Experience at Estadio Azteca in Mexico City". Business Wire. Business Wire: A Berkshire Hathaway Company. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Mexico: Azteca to lose capacity again". StadiumDB.com. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  19. ^ "El 'nuevo' Azteca" [The 'new' Azteca]. La Afición (in Spanish). Grupo Milenio. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  20. ^ "FIFA Senior Vice President Guillermo Cañedo has died". FIFA.com. Retrieved 21 January 1997. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  21. ^ Martínez, César. "Cañedo Whites go to TV Azteca". La Jornada. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  22. ^ Rai, Asha (14 March 2014). "Estadio Azteca: Seasons in the Sun". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  23. ^ "Estadio Azteca". Stadium Guide.
  24. ^ Agergaard, Sine; Tiesler, Nina Clara (21 August 2014). "Women, Soccer and Transnational Migration". Routledge – via Google Books.
  25. ^ a b "Da Danmark blev verdensmestre i fodbold - TV - DR".
  26. ^ a b "Cowboys set regular season attendance record". Pro Football Hall of Fame. August 21, 2009. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  27. ^ "Back to Mexico: Texans-Raiders to play Nov. 21 in Mexico City". NFL.com. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  28. ^ "Oakland Raiders Rally Past Houston Texans in Mexico City". New York Times. November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  29. ^ Shook, Nick (2017-11-18). What to watch for in Patriots-Raiders in Mexico. NFL.com, 18 November 2017. Retrieved on 2017-11-19 from http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000000878710/article/what-to-watch-for-in-patriotsraiders-in-mexico.
  30. ^ "Chiefs-Rams to play in Mexico City next season". NFL.com.
  31. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/68PkwyNx5?url=http://www.billboard.biz/bbbiz/charts/currentboxscore.jsp
  32. ^ Elorriaga, Gerardo (2015-06-07). "El azote del maligno". Diario Sur (Spain).
  33. ^ "Estadio Azteca rompe marca de desalojo". Testigos de Jehová-Jehovah's Witnesses (in Spanish). 2013-12-15. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  34. ^ "Testigos de Jehová limpian el Estadio". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-04-05.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°18′10.48″N 99°9′1.59″W / 19.3029111°N 99.1504417°W / 19.3029111; -99.1504417

Events and tenants
Preceded by
National Stadium
Tokyo
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (Estadio Azteca)

1968
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
FIFA World Cup
Opening Venue

1970
Succeeded by
Waldstadion
Frankfurt
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1970
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
Preceded by
Camp Nou
Barcelona
FIFA World Cup
Opening Venue

1986
Succeeded by
San Siro
Milan
Preceded by
Santiago Bernabéu
Madrid
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1986
Succeeded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Preceded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

1993
Succeeded by
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles
Preceded by
King Fahd II Stadium
Riyadh
FIFA Confederations Cup
Final Venue

1999
Succeeded by
International Stadium Yokohama
Yokohama
Preceded by
Rose Bowl
Pasadena
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Final Venue

2003
Succeeded by
Giants Stadium
East Rutherford
Preceded by
first venue
National Football League
Host stadium of international regular season game
San Francisco 49ers v. Arizona Cardinals

2 October 2005
Succeeded by
Wembley Stadium, London, England
New York Giants v. Miami Dolphins
28 October 2007
Preceded by
National Stadium
Abuja
FIFA U-17 World Cup
Final Venue

2011
Succeeded by
Mohammed Bin Zayed Stadium
Abu Dhabi