Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining which team is awarded victory in an association football match that cannot end in a draw, when the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time have expired. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns shooting at goal from the penalty mark, with the goal only defended by the opposing team's goalkeeper; each team has five shots. Shoot-outs finish as soon. If scores are level after five pairs of shots, the shootout progresses into additional "sudden-death" rounds. Balls kicked into the goal during a shoot-out do not count as goals for the individual kickers or the team, are tallied separately from the goals scored during normal play. Although the procedure for each individual kick in the shoot-out resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked; the penalty shoot-out is one of the three methods of breaking a draw that are approved by the Laws of the Game.
A shoot-out is used only after one or more of the other methods fail to produce a winner. The method of breaking a draw for a specific match is determined beforehand by the match organizing body. In most professional level competitions, two 15-minute extra time periods are played if the score is tied at the end of regulation time, a shoot-out is held if the score is still tied after the extra time periods. Although employed in football since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs are disliked by many followers of the game, due to their perceived reliance on luck rather than skill and their dependence on individual duels between opposing players, arguably not in keeping with football as a team sport. Conversely, some believe the pressure and unpredictability involved makes it one of the most thrilling finales to any sport. During a shoot-out and players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle; the kicking team's goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line and the line marking the penalty area near one of the assistant referees.
Goals scored during the shoot-out are not added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A draw is a common result in football. Shoot-outs are only used in competitions that require a match-winner at the end of the game – this is predominantly in knockout "cup" ties, as opposed to round-robin "leagues". Extra time has been played first, but this is not necessary. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for; this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out. This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship; this rule is a recent innovation, for example did not apply in Group F of the 1990 World Cup, where the Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands were separated by drawing of lots after finishing their final-day match in a draw. Several leagues, such as the J. League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point.
In the United States and Canada, Major League Soccer also had a shoot-out following the end of full-time during league matches, although these shoot-outs differed from standard penalty shoot-outs. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, while the winning team in the shoot-out advances but does not get a match victory. For instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage; the following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark. The procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFAB's Laws of the Game document; the referee tosses a coin to decide the goal. The choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable; the referee tosses the coin a second time to determine. All players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitch's centre circle.
Each kick will be taken in the general manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, 12 yards from the goal line and equidistant from each touch line, with the goal defended only by the opposing goalkeeper; the goalkeeper must remain between the goal posts on his goal line until the ball has been kicked, although he can jump in place, wave his arms, move side to side along the goal line or otherwise try to distract the shooter. Each team is responsible for selecting from the eligible players the order in which they will take the kicks; each kicker can kick the ball only once. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again; the decision on a rekick is at the referee's discretion. No other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper
Brazil national football team
The Brazil national football team represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation, the governing body for football in Brazil, they have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and member of CONMEBOL since 1916. Brazil is the most successful national team in the FIFA World Cup, the main football international competition, being crowned winner five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil has the best overall performance in the World Cup, both in proportional and absolute terms, with a record of 73 victories in 109 matches played, 124 goal difference, 237 points, 18 losses. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs; the seleção is the most successful national team in the FIFA Confederations Cup with four titles: 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013. In relation to ranking standings Brazil fare well, having the all-time highest average football Elo Rating, the fourth all-time highest football Elo Rating established in 1962.
In FIFA's own ranking, Brazil holds the record for most Team of the Year wins with 12. Many commentators and former players have considered the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest football team ever. Other Brazilian teams are highly estimated and appear listed among the best teams of all time, such as the Brazil teams of 1958–62, with honorary mentions for the gifted 1982 side. Brazil is the only national team to have won the World Cup on four different continents: once in Europe, once in South America, twice in North America and once in Asia, they share with France and Argentina the feat to have won the three most important men's football titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, the Olympic tournament. They share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive matches undefeated. Brazil has notable rivalries with Argentina—known as the Superclássico das Américas in Portuguese—and Italy—known as the Clásico Mundial in Spanish or the World Derby in English. Brazil has produced players considered as the best of the world at their time and among the best in history, such are the cases of Pelé, Zico, Romário, Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, Kaká and Neymar.
A common quip about football is: "Os ingleses o inventaram, os brasileiros o aperfeiçoaram". It is believed that the first game of the Brazilian national football team was a 1914 match between a Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo select team and the English club Exeter City, held in Fluminense's stadium. Brazil won 2–0 with goals by Oswaldo Gomes and Osman, though it is claimed that the match was a 3–3 draw. In contrast to its future success, the national team's early appearances were not brilliant. Other early matches played during that time include several friendly games against Argentina and Uruguay. However, led by the goalscoring abilities of Arthur Friedenreich, they were victorious at home in the South American Championships in 1919, repeating their victory at home, in 1922. In 1930, Brazil played in the first World Cup, held in Uruguay in 1930; the squad lost to Yugoslavia, being eliminated from the competition. They lost in the first round to Spain in 1934 in Italy, but reached the semi-finals in France in 1938, being defeated 2-1 by eventual winners Italy.
Brazil were the only South American team to participate in this competition. The 1949 South American Championship held in Brazil ended a 27-year streak without official titles; the last one had been in the 1922 South American Championship played on Brazilian soil. After that, Brazil first achieved international prominence; the team went into the last game of the final round, against Uruguay at Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, needing only a draw to win the World Cup. Uruguay, won the match and the Cup in a game known as "the Maracanazo"; the match led to a period of national mourning. For the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, the Brazilian team was almost renovated, with the team colours changed from all white to the yellow and green of the national flag, to forget the Maracanazo, but still had a group of star players. Brazil reached the quarter-final, where they were beaten 4–2 by tournament favourites Hungary in one of the ugliest matches in football history, known as the Battle of Berne. For the 1958 World Cup, Brazil were drawn in a group with the USSR and Austria.
They beat Austria 3–0 in their first match drew 0–0 with England. Before the match, coach Vicente Feola made three substitutions that were crucial for Brazil to defeat the Soviets: Zito and Pelé. From the kick-off, they kept up the pressure relentlessly, after three minutes, which were described as "the greatest three minutes in the history of football", Vavá gave Brazil the lead, they won the match by 2–0. Pelé scored the only goal of their quarter-final match against Wales, they beat France 5–2 in the semi-final. Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in the final, winning their first World Cup and becoming the first nation to win a World Cup title outside of its own continent. Pelé described it tearfully as a nation coming of age. In the 1962 World Cup, Brazil earned its second title with Garrincha as the star player, a mantle and responsibility laid upon him after the regular talisman, Pelé, was injured during the second group match against Czechoslovakia and unable to play for the rest of t
Denmark national football team
The Denmark national football team represents Denmark in association football and is controlled by the Danish Football Association, the governing body for the football clubs which are organized under DBU. Denmark's home ground is Parken Stadium in the Østerbro district of Copenhagen, their head coach is Åge Hareide. Denmark were the winners of the Football at the 1906 Intercalated Games and silver medalists at the 1908 and 1912 Olympics. However, as amateurs who prohibited their internationals from becoming professionals at foreign clubs, Denmark did not qualify for the World Cup until 1986, although they won another Olympic silver in 1960. Since 1983, the team has continuously been visible as a solidly competitive side, with the triumph in the 1992 European Championship in Sweden as its most prominent victory, defeating defending champions the Netherlands in the semi-final and Germany in the final, they won the 1995 FIFA Confederations Cup, defeating Argentina in the final. Their best FIFA World Cup result was achieved in 1998, where they narrowly lost 3–2 in a quarter-final against Brazil.
Denmark made the second round in 1986, 2002 and 2018. Apart from the men's senior A-level team, Denmark competes with a women's national team, has teams at various youth levels for both men and women, most prominently the under-21 national team; the A-level team competed in the Olympics until and including the 1988 tournament, whereafter Olympic games count as under-21 national games. In addition to the A-level team and youth teams, Denmark has a special league national team named Ligalandsholdet, with the best Danish footballers from the Nordic leagues. Ligalandsholdet was created in January 1983, has played unofficial games for the national team during the winter break of the Nordic leagues every year since, save for 2005 and 2011. Sometimes the media refer to Ligalandsholdet as Denmark's B-team, as the best Danish footballers selected for the A-team play in leagues outside of the Nordic countries; as such, the national team coach has on several occasions outlined the purpose of having unofficial matches played by Ligalandsholdet as an opportunity of testing new potential upcoming Danish players for the A-team.
The first three editions of the Olympic football event in 1900–1906 had an unofficial status, as the event was not yet open for national football teams to compete, only had limited participation of three or four club teams from a few nations. Denmark had no club team invited in the 1900 Olympics and the 1904 Olympics, but received a special invitation for the 1906 Olympics, to compete against one Greek club team and two club teams from the Ottoman Empire; the team to represent Denmark was compiled of players from the Copenhagen Football Association, they won the event, thereby an unofficial gold medal. Two years in the first official football tournament at the 1908 Olympics, Denmark won a silver medal. At the next Olympics, in 1912, the team again won a silver medal, followed by a golden era from July 1912 until August 1920, with Denmark ranked most of the time as number one in the world by the Elo ranking. Although Denmark figured prominently in the pre-FIFA World Cup era, international success would elude them for years from the first World Cup in 1930 and forward.
Despite the country's ability to produce outstanding football talents, the Danish Football Association only had the ambition to send the national team to play friendly matches and in the regional tournament, the Nordic Championship, from October 1920 until June 1948. When DBU opted to set their sights higher, they allowed the national team to start contesting the Olympics again, promptly resulting in a bronze medal at the 1948 Olympics. After, the team only reached the quarter-final at the 1952 Olympics, with the DBU choosing not to contest the next 1956 Olympics; as football remained an amateur past-time, most of the best Danish footballers moved abroad to make a living, due to DBU enforcing the rule to bar all professionals from the national team, it started to become difficult to assemble a competitive team. Denmark experienced their next revival at the 1960 Olympics with a third set of Olympic silver medals; this was followed by another notable performance at the 1964 European Nations' Cup, where Denmark impressively finished in fourth place.
However, this finish was considered by many as being more the result of a comparatively easy draw rather than a result of a well-playing team. In order for Denmark to qualify for the semi-final, they only had to defeat Malta and Luxembourg. In the semi-final, Denmark fell 0–3 to the Soviet Union lost the bronze match to Hungary; the strict rule of only allowing amateurism at the national team was abolished by the DBU in May 1971, as they had acknowledged this change was needed in order to build a competitive team. In February 1978, when the DBU decided to allow professional football to be introduced in the Danish leagues, the way was at the same time paved for the national team to sign its first sponsorship with the well-known Danish brewery Carlsberg; the new sponsorship enabled the DBU to hire the German Sepp Piontek in July 1979 as the first full-time professional coach of the national team. The full transition of the national team from amateurism to professionalism had now been accomplished, indeed, this would soon lead to a vast improvement in the performances of the team.
According to Rob Smyth and Lars Eriksen, authors of a 2009 book on the "Danish Dynamite" team that would soon emerge: In 1982 FIFA World Cup qualification, Denmark finished with eight points from eight matches, including a 3–1 win against eventual World Cup champions Italy
Mar del Plata
Mar del Plata is an Argentine city in the southeast part of Buenos Aires Province located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the head of General Pueyrredón Partido. Mar del Plata is the second largest city in Buenos Aires Province; the name "Mar del Plata" has the meaning of "sea of the Plate region" or "adjoining sea to the Plate region". Mar del Plata is the biggest seaside beach resort in Argentina. With a population of 614,350 as per the 2010 census, it is the 7th largest city in Argentina; as part of the Argentine recreational coast, tourism is Mar del Plata's main economic activity with seven million tourists visiting the city in 2006. Mar del Plata has a sophisticated tourist infrastructure with numerous hotels, casinos and other tourist attractions. Mar del Plata is an important sports centre with a multi-purpose Olympic style stadium, five golf courses and many other facilities; as an important fishing port, industry concentrates on fish processing and at least two large shipyards.
The area is host to other light industry, such as textile, food manufacturing and polymers. There is a well-developed packaging machines industry, its quality being recognized in international markets. One of these companies was one of the pioneers in the automatic packaging of tea bags, exporting its original machine-designs abroad. Another company exports its products and has sold royalties to other countries. During the mid-1980s, Mar del Plata saw the birth of electronics factories, focused on the telecommunications field, with two of them and DelSat, succeeding in the international market. By the 2010s, a local technology company, PCBOX, was manufacturing and developing personal computers, tablet computers and action-cams. During the decade of 2010, the development of the software industry resulted in the formation of 92 companies and 440 microbusiness. One of these companies, Making Sense, opened offices at San Antonio and Boston, in the United States. Along with the American COPsync, the company developed in 2013 the software for VidTac, an in-car video system for law enforcement, the internet landing page application Lander, bought by the Silicon Valley company QuestionPro in 2016.
Since the 2000s, a local company builds and develops oil industry equipment, with customers in the United States, Russia and Egypt. Located southwest of the city there are quartzite quarries; the stone is traditionally used in construction. There is a huge area of farms in the rural areas surrounding the city, specialized in the cultivation of vegetables. In 2012, Mar del Plata became a wine-producing area, when a wine company from Mendoza province produced 20,000 lt from a vineyard at Chapadmalal beach from grape varieties such as Sauvignon blanc, Chardonnay and Gewürztraminer. Since the local winery turned into a tourist attraction. Microbeweries flourished during the 2010s, amounting by 2016 to one third of the national production. Although the area had suffered from a high rate of unemployment from 1995 to 2003, Mar del Plata has seen 46,000 new jobs created from the third quarter of 2003 to the third quarter of 2008, representing an increase of 22%; the 2008 Davis Cup Final was held in Mar del Plata and, after being shut for a decade the Gran Hotel Provincial was reopened by the Madrid-based NH Hotels, in 2009.
Mar del Plata continues to lead Argentina's room availability: of 440,000 registered hotel rooms nationwide in early 2009, the city was home to nearly 56,000. Mar del Plata is served by Astor Piazzolla International Airport with daily flights to Buenos Aires served by Aerolíneas Argentinas and Sol Líneas Aéreas and weekly flights to Patagonia served by LADE. Highway 2 connects Mar del Plata with Buenos Aires and Route 11 connects it through the coastline, ending at Miramar, 40 km south of Mar del Plata. Route 88 connects to Necochea and Route 226 to Balcarce and Olavarría; the city has a train station serving most cities in Argentina. There are two daily trains to Buenos Aires' Constitución station using new trains operated by Trenes Argentinos; these services are part of the General Roca Railway, owned by the government company Nuevos Ferrocarriles Argentinos. Notes Its tracks were extended to connect with the bus terminal opened in 2009 building new train platforms. Operated as the bus terminal of the city until 2009.
Pre-Spanish era: The region was inhabited by Günuna Kena nomads. They were strongly influenced by the Mapuche culture. 1577–1857: First European explorers. Sir Francis Drake made a reconnaissance of its sea lion colonies. In 1742, during the War of Jenkins' Ear, eight survivors of HMS Wager, part of Admiral Anson expedition, led by Isaac Morris, lived through a ten-months ordeal before being decimated and captured by the Tehuelches, who handed them to the Spaniards. After holding the Englishmen as prisoners, they returned Morris and his companions to London in 1746. First colonization attempt by Jesuit Order near Laguna de los Padres ended in disaster. 1857–1874: The Portuguese entrepreneur José Coelho de Meirelles, taking advantage of the country's abundance of wild cattle, built a pier and a factory for salted meat near Cabo Corrientes, but the business only lasted a few years.1874–1886: Patricio Peralta Ramos acquired the now abandoned factory along with the surrounding terrain, founded the town on February 10, 1874.
Basque rancher Pedro L
Sweden national football team
The Sweden national football team represents Sweden in association football and is controlled by the Swedish Football Association, the governing body for football in Sweden. Sweden's home ground is Friends Arena in Stockholm and the team is coached by Janne Andersson. From 1945 to late 1950s, they were considered one of the greatest teams in Europe. Sweden made their first World Cup appearance in 1934. Sweden has made six appearances in the European Championships, they finished second in the 1958 FIFA World Cup, third in both 1950 and 1994. Sweden's accomplishments include a gold medal in the 1948 Summer Olympics, bronze medals in 1924 and 1952, they reached the semi-finals in UEFA Euro 1992. Sweden has traditionally been a strong team in international football, with 11 World Cup appearances and 3 medals in the Olympics; the Swedish team finished second in the 1958 World Cup, when it was the host team, being beaten by Brazil 5–2 in the final. Sweden has finished third twice, in 1950 and 1994. In 1938, they finished fourth.
Sweden played its first international game against Norway on 12 an 11 -- 3 victory. Other matches in 1908 were played against Great Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium. In the same year, Sweden competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for the first time. Sweden, lost a game in the Olympics against the Great Britain 1–12, the biggest loss in the Swedish national team's history. In 1916, Sweden defeated Denmark for the first time. Sweden played in the 1912 Olympics, the 1920 Olympics, in the 1924 Olympics, where Sweden took the bronze and their first medal ever; the 1938 World Cup was Sweden's second qualification for the World Cup. In the first round, they were scheduled to play against Austria, but after Germany's occupation of Austria, the Austrian team could not continue playing in the tournament. Instead, Sweden went straight to the quarter-finals match against Cuba, they beat Cuba 8 -- 0 with both Harry Gustav Wetterström scoring hat-tricks. In the semi-final match against Hungary, Sweden lost 1–5.
Sweden's next match was the third-place match against Brazil. In that game the Swedes lost 2–4, ended in fourth place for the first and only time in Swedish football history. In the first round, Sweden played against Austria; the Austrian team had qualified without their professional players, a surprise since the Austrian league had many professional players who were allowed to play in the tournament. The match was played at White Hart Lane in London and Sweden won 3–0. In the second game, Sweden played against Korea and won 12–0, one of the two largest margin wins Sweden has had. In the semi-final Sweden met their archrivals from Denmark beating them 4–2; the final was played at legendary Wembley Stadium in London. The attendance was around 40,000 people, high for a football game in those days. Sweden took on Yugoslavia in the final and won 3–1, with goals by Gunnar Gren, Stjepan Bobek and Gunnar Nordahl; this was Sweden's first championship win in any international football tournament. In the 1950 World Cup, the Swedish football association did not allow any professional Swedish football players to take part.
Sweden only fielded amateur players during the tournament. Qualifying for the tournament as one of six European national teams, Sweden played in the same group as Italy and Paraguay. In the first match, Sweden beat Italy 3–2 in São Paulo; the second match was a 2–2 draw against Paraguay. With the most points in the group, Sweden advanced to the next round, their first game in the second stage – a group format – was against the hosts Brazil. It was played at the Maracanã Stadium with a total attendance of more than 138,000, to this day the record attendance for the Swedish national team; the game ended 7–1 to Brazil and it is rumored that everyone in the Brazilian audience waved the Swedes goodbye with their scarfs. The next game was against Uruguay, who Sweden played against for the first time in World Cup history. Played in São Paulo, Uruguay won the game 3 -- 2; the final game for Sweden in the tournament was played against Spain. Sweden won 3 -- 1 with goals by Bror Mellberg and Karl-Erik Palmér.
Sweden took their first World Cup medal. As Sweden was the best placed European team, Sweden was, as the time, regarded "unofficial European champions". At the Summer Olympics in 1952 in Helsinki, Sweden continued to achieve success and won an Olympic bronze; the following year, the Football Association decided not to allow foreign professionals to play in the national team and the team failed to qualify for the World Championships in Switzerland in 1954 when Sweden only came second in their qualifying group behind Belgium. In 1956, the Swedish football federation allowed the professional footballers to play for the national team again, giving Swedish football fans hope for the 1958 FIFA World Cup. Sweden, the host nation, were in the same group as Mexico and Wales; the first game, Sweden vs Mexico, was played at Sweden's national stadium, Råsunda Stadium and was attended by around 32,000 people. Sweden won the game 3–0, taking the lead in Group 3; the next match was against Hungary, who had finished 2nd in the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland and were the 1952 Olympic Champions.
Played at Råsunda, this game ended 2–1 to Sweden, with both goals scored by Kurt Hamrin. In the next match, against Wales, Sweden drew 0–0. Making it through to the quarter-finals, playing at Råsunda for the fourth time in this tournament, Sweden
Argentina national football team
The Argentina national football team represents Argentina in football. Argentina's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti in Buenos Aires. La Selección known as the Albicelestes, has appeared in five World Cup finals, including the first final in 1930, which they lost 4–2 to Uruguay. Argentina won in their next final appearance in 1978, beating the Netherlands at extra time, 3–1. Argentina won again in 1986, through a 3–2 victory over West Germany, a tournament campaign led by Diego Maradona, they made the World Cup finals once more in 1990, lost 1–0 to West Germany following a controversial penalty call in the 87th minute. Argentina, led by Lionel Messi, made their fifth appearance in a World Cup final in 2014, again losing to Germany, 1–0 during extra-time. Argentina's World Cup winning managers are César Luis Menotti in 1978, Carlos Bilardo in 1986. Argentina has been successful in the Copa América, winning it 14 times, being second only to Uruguay in Copa América victories.
Argentina have won the'extra' South American Championships in 1941, 1945 and 1946. The team won the 1992 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 1993 Artemio Franchi Trophy; the Argentine olympic team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008. Argentina and France are the only national teams that have won the three most important men's titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, the Olympic tournament, they have won their respective continental championship. Argentina is known for having rivalries with Brazil, Uruguay and Germany due to particular occurrences with one another throughout football history; the first match recorded by Argentina was against Uruguay. The game was held in Montevideo on 16 May 1901 and Argentina won 3–2. During the first years of its existence, the Argentina national team only played friendly matches against other South American teams; the reasons for this varied, including long travel times between countries and World War I. La Selección known as the Albicelestes, has appeared in five World Cup finals, including the first final in 1930, which they lost, 4–2, to Uruguay.
Argentina won in their next final in 1978, beating the Netherlands, 3–1. Argentina, led by Diego Maradona won again in a 3 -- 2 victory over West Germany. Argentina last reached the World Cup final in 2014. Previous to this their last World Cup final was in 1990, which it lost, 1–0, to West Germany by a much disputed penalty. Argentina's World Cup winning managers are César Luis Menotti in 1978, Carlos Bilardo in 1986. Argentina has been successful in the Copa América, winning it 14 times and winning the "extra" South American Championships in 1941, 1945 and 1946; the team won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Kirin Cup, both in 1992, the 1993 Artemio Franchi Trophy. An Argentina team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008. Argentina won six of the 14 football competitions at the Pan American Games, winning in 1951, 1955, 1959, 1971, 1995 and 2003. In March 2007, Argentina reached the top of the FIFA World Rankings for the first time; the first jersey worn by Argentina was a white shirt, when the national side debuted against Uruguay in 1902.
In August 1908, Argentina wore the white and light blue in vertical stripes jersey for the first time. That kit would become the official kit since then; the away kits have been in dark blue tones, varying the colors of shorts and socks. Argentina wore other uniforms a few times. One of them was on 3 June 1919 in Rio de Janeiro playing the "Roberto Chery Cup" against Brazil; that time Argentina wore a light blue kit, similar to Uruguay. The trophy was established by Brazilian Football Confederation for the benefit of Roberto Chery's relatives. Chery was Uruguay's substitute goalkeeper and died during the 1919 South American Championship after collapsing in a game against Chile. At the 1958 World Cup, Argentina wore Swedish club IFK Malmö's yellow jersey in the match against West Germany, as the team did not take away uniforms to Sweden. At the 2018 World Cup in Russia, Argentina wore a black away kit for the first time in their history; the first Argentina national team manager was Ángel Vázquez, appointed in 1924.
Guillermo Stábile is the manager with the most matches coaching the team. Here is the complete list of managers: Win Draw Loss The following 29 players were called up for two friendly matches against Venezuela and Morocco on 22 and 26 March 2019 respectively. Caps and goals correct as of: 26 March 2019, after the match against Morocco; the following players have been called up for the team in the last 12 months. Champions Runners-up Third place Football at the Summer Olympics has been an amateur tournament from 1908 to 1988. Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992. Argentina has won 6 of the 14 football competitions at the Pan American Games, winning in 1951, 1955, 1959, 1971, 1995 and 2003; as of 16 October 2018, the ten players with the most appearances for Argentina are: As of 30 June 2018, the ten players with the most goals for Argentina are: Most goals scored in all international competitions, including friendlies: 65 – Lionel Messi, 2005– Most goals scored in official international competitions, including FIFA World Cup qualification and FIFA Confederations Cup: 38 – Gabriel Batistuta, 1991–2002 Most goals scored in all major interna
1976 Argentine coup d'état
The 1976 Argentine coup d'état was a right-wing coup that overthrew Isabel Perón as President of Argentina on 24 March 1976. A military junta was installed to replace her; the political process initiated on 24 March 1976, took the official name of "National Reorganization Process", the junta, although not with its original members, remained in power until the return to the democratic process on December 10, 1983. The coup d'état had been planned since October 1975, the United States Department of State learned of the preparations two months before its execution; the American secretary of state Henry Kissinger would meet several times with Argentinian military leaders after the coup, urging them to destroy their opponents before outcry over human rights abuses grew in the United States. When president Juan Perón died of natural causes on July 1, 1974, he was succeeded by his wife María Estela Martínez de Perón known as "Isabelita." Despite her claim as the country's rightful ruler, she lost political gravitas and power.
A group of military officials, tasked by Perón to aide the vice-president, took control in an effort to revitalize Argentina's deteriorating political and social climate. This shift in governance paved the way for the ensuing coup. On February 5, 1975 Operativo Independencia was launched; this Vietnam-style intervention aimed to eliminate the guerrillas in the Tucumán jungle, who had maintained strongholds in the area as early as May 1974. In October the country was divided into five military zones, with each commander given full autonomy to unleash a planned wave of repression. On December 18, a number of warplanes took off from Morón Air Base and strafed the Casa Rosada in an attempt to overthrow Isabel Perón; the rebellion was brought to a halt four days through arbitration by a chaplain. However, the military did succeed in removing the only officer remaining loyal to the government, Air Force commander Héctor Fautario. Fautario drew harsh criticism from the Army and Navy owing to his vehement opposition to their repressive plans, for his refusal to mobilize the Air Force against the guerrillas' strongholds in the north.
Fautario was Videla's final obstacle in his pursuit of power. By January 1976 the guerrilla presence in Tucumán had been reduced to a few platoons. Meanwhile, the military backed by the local élite and the United States, bided its time before seizing power. Shortly before 01:00 am, President Martínez de Perón was detained and taken by helicopter to the El Messidor residence. At 03:10 all television and radio stations were interrupted. Regular transmissions were cut and replaced by a military march, after which the first communiqué was broadcast: People are advised that as of today, the country is under the operational control of the Joint Chiefs General of the Armed Forces. We recommend to all inhabitants strict compliance with the provisions and directives emanating from the military, security or police authorities, to be careful to avoid individual or group actions and attitudes that may require drastic intervention from the operating personnel. Signed: General Jorge Rafael Videla, Admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera and Brigadier Orlando Ramón Agosti.
A state of siege and martial law were implemented, as military patrolling spread to every major city. The morning was uneventful, but as the day progressed, the detentions multiplied. Hundreds of workers, unionists and political activists were abducted from their homes, their workplaces, or in the streets; the Junta assumed the executive power until March 29th. Congress was disbanded and an entity known as Legislative Advising Commission assumed a Legislative role. Human activists state that in the aftermath of the coup and ensuing Dirty War, some 30,000 people young opponents of the military regime, were "disappeared" or killed. Military men responsible for the killings spared pregnant women for a time, keeping them in custody until they gave birth, before killing them and giving their infants to childless military families. Kissinger assured the military regime that they would have the full support of the United States government in their war and associated actions, a promise, opposed by the U.
S. Ambassador to Argentina at the time, Robert Hill; the 24th of March anniversary of the coup is now designated the Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice. 1973 Chilean coup d'état