Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore, as a sister institution to King's College, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school. Eton's history and influence have made Eton one of the most prestigious schools in the world. Following the public school tradition, Eton is a full boarding school, which means pupils live at the school seven days a week, it is one of only four such remaining single-sex boys', boarding-only independent senior schools in the United Kingdom; the remainder have since become co-educational: Rugby, Charterhouse and Shrewsbury. Eton has educated prime ministers, world leaders, Nobel laureates and generations of the aristocracy and has been referred to as "the chief nurse of England's statesmen". Eton charges up to £42,501 per year. Eton was noted as being the sixth most expensive HMC boarding school in the UK in 2013/14, however the school admits some boys with modest parental income: in 2011 it was reported that around 250 boys received "significant" financial help from the school, with the figure rising to 263 pupils in 2014, receiving the equivalent of around 60% of school fee assistance, whilst a further 63 received their education free of charge.
Eton has announced plans to increase the figure to around 320 pupils, with 70 educated free of charge, with the intention that the number of pupils receiving financial assistance from the school continues to increase. Eton College was founded by King Henry VI as a charity school to provide free education to 70 poor boys who would go on to King's College, founded by the same King in 1441. Henry took Winchester College as his model, visiting on many occasions, borrowing its statutes and removing its headmaster and some of the scholars to start his new school; when Henry VI founded the school, he granted it a large number of endowments, including much valuable land. The group of feoffees appointed by the king to receive forfeited lands of the Alien Priories for the endowment of Eton were as follows: Archbishop Chichele Bishop Stafford Bishop Lowe Bishop Ayscough William de la Pole, 1st Marquess of Suffolk John Somerset, Chancellor of the Exchequer and the king's doctor Thomas Beckington, Archdeacon of Buckingham, the king's secretary and Keeper of the Privy Seal Richard Andrew, first Warden of All Souls College, Oxford the king's secretary Adam Moleyns, Clerk of the Council John Hampton of Kniver, Staffordshire, an Esquire of the Body James Fiennes, another member of the Royal Household William Tresham, another member of the Royal HouseholdIt was intended to have formidable buildings and several religious relics including a part of the True Cross and the Crown of Thorns.
He persuaded the Pope, Eugene IV, to grant him a privilege unparalleled anywhere in England: the right to grant indulgences to penitents on the Feast of the Assumption. The college came into possession of one of England's Apocalypse manuscripts. However, when Henry was deposed by King Edward IV in 1461, the new King annulled all grants to the school and removed most of its assets and treasures to St George's Chapel, Windsor, on the other side of the River Thames. Legend has it that Jane Shore, intervened on the school's behalf, she was able to save a good part of the school, although the royal bequest and the number of staff were much reduced. Construction of the chapel intended to be over twice as long, with 18, or 17, bays was stopped when Henry VI was deposed. Only the Quire of the intended building was completed. Eton's first Headmaster, William Waynflete, founder of Magdalen College and Head Master of Winchester College, built the ante-chapel that completed the chapel; the important wall paintings in the chapel and the brick north range of the present School Yard date from the 1480s.
As the school suffered reduced income while still under construction, the completion and further development of the school has since depended to some extent on wealthy benefactors. Building resumed when Roger Lupton was Provost, around 1517, his name is borne by the big gatehouse in the west range of the cloisters, fronting School Yard the most famous image of the school. This range includes the important interiors of the Parlour, Election Hall, Election Chamber, where most of the 18th century "leaving portraits" are kept. "After Lupton's time, nothing important was built until about 1670, when Provost Allestree gave a range to close the west side of School Yard between Lower School and Chapel". This was remodelled and completed in 1694 by Matthew Bankes, Master Carpenter of the Royal Works; the last important addition to the central college buildings was the College Library, in the south range of the cloister, 1725–29, by Thomas Rowland. It has a important collection of books and manuscripts.
In the 19th century, the architect John Shaw Jr became surveyor to Eton. He designed New Buildings, Provost Francis Hodgson's addition to providing better accommodation for collegers, who until had lived in Long Chamber, a long first-floor room where conditions were inhumane. Following complai
The Super Barbarians is a science fiction novel by British writer John Brunner, first published in the United States by Ace Books in 1962. Written in the first person, the story gives an account of an Earthman's struggle to regain lost memories and to uncover the horrifying secret of the feudal society whose people used remarkably advanced technology to conquer Earth and its solar system. For two generations humanity has been enslaved by the Vorra, a race of technologically advanced barbarians who had conquered space. On Qallavarra, the home planet of the Vorra, Gareth Shaw is an indentured servant of the House of Pwill, one of the giant city-states into which the planet is divided; as the only Terran on the estate, he is drawn into a seraglio intrigue by Under-lady Shavarri, the ninth wife of Pwill Himself, the overlord who rules the estate like a medieval duke. Shavarri's demand obliges Shaw to visit the "Acre of Earth", a ghetto-like enclave in the middle of a nearby city. In the Acre humans lived in relative freedom because they provided services that the Vorra could not provide for themselves.
Chief among those services was the maintenance and repair of machines brought from Earth for the Vorra to use. But the Terrans provided certain chemical services and Shaw had been sent to obtain one of those. Chased into the Acre by a Vorrish mob instigated by a squad of soldier-trainees, Shaw meets an equally hostile reception from three Terrans—Marijane Lee, her brother Ken, their friend Gustav—who have rescued him from the mob. Seeing that he's wearing the livery of a Vorrish estate, they take him to Judge Olafsson, the voice of Terran law in the Acre. After being interrogated about his time on Qallavarra, Shaw leaves Judge Olafsson's court and completes his mission, he obtains from Hans Kramer, an apothecary, the love potion that Shavarri has ordered him to bring to her. Containing credulin, a drug that enhances suggestibility, the potion will enable Shavarri to manipulate Pwill Himself in her favor. Returning to the Pwill estate, he is called to the Grand Terrace of the manor house, where he finds Pwill Himself and his primary wife, Over-lady Llaq, having an angry confrontation with their wastrel son, Pwill Heir Apparent.
Pwill, Sr. tells Shaw that his son has become addicted to a drug that affects the Vorra much as heroin affects Terrans—coffee—and that he expects Shaw to ensure that no one in the Acre will supply his son with more coffee. Pwill, Jr. prevails upon Shaw to keep him supplied with coffee beans through his friend Forrel. Soon after returning from the Acre and after his confrontation with Pwill Himself, Shaw begins to notice that he doesn't know things that he should know and that he knows things that he shouldn't, he struggles to decode the meaning of that discovery and to regain lost memories, but has little success. After an encounter with the estate's whipmaster, he uses drugs obtained from Kramer to drive the whipmaster insane and thereby gains a reputation among the superstitious Vorra as a powerful shaman. One day he is taken to confront a rival shaman, who tells him that the Vorra acquired their hyperdrive-propelled starships and advanced weaponry by stealing them from another alien race.
The shock of seeing the mummified remains of one of those aliens, still encased in a spacesuit, breaks a barrier in Shaw's mind and he begins to regain his lost memories, including why and how he lost his memories in the first place. On the same day that he regains his memories he is told by Marijane to cut off Pwill, Jr's coffee supply. Shaw agrees, knowing that Heir Apparent's display of withdrawal symptoms will throw the House of Pwill into crisis and put his life into jeopardy, but before anyone can notice his withdrawal symptoms, Pwill, Jr. comes to Shaw's room seeking coffee and attacks Shaw. In self-defense Shaw kills the young man and hides the body in a sewer. Heir Apparent's disappearance precipitates the desired crisis and Shaw comes under suspicion of having provided the coffee that kept the young man addicted; the night before he is to be tortured to death, Shaw is extracted from the Pwill estate by Marijane and Gustav and taken to the Acre. The next morning, convinced that his son has gone to the Acre in search of coffee, Pwill Himself leads four companies of his army toward the city, only to be ambushed by six companies of soldiers from the rival House of Shugurra.
Soon thereafter the armies of ten other Houses join the battle and the Vorra are engaged in an all-out civil war, just as the Terrans had hoped. In the Acre all of the Terrans on Qallavarra climb to the rooftops and watch as a Vorra starship descends upon the city; the ship has been hijacked by a specially developed robot, hidden in a cargo container and now the ship will take all of the Terrans back to Earth. There the ship's technology can be copied for use against the Vorra in the general Terran revolt. Safe aboard the ship, Shaw sees the last piece of the puzzle fall into place in his mind, he realizes that the old shaman had lied to him about how the Vorra got their starships and advanced weaponry and he understands that for the next century or so the Vorra will be the lesser of Earth's worries. Floyd C. Gale of Galaxy Science Fiction rated The Super Barbarians three stars out of five. Tuck, Donald H.. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. P. 71. ISBN 0-911682-20-1.
The Super Barbarians title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Poulsbo is a city on Liberty Bay in Kitsap County, United States. It is the smallest of the four cities in Kitsap County; the population was 9,200 at the 2010 census and an estimated 10,927 in 2018. The area was inhabited by the Suquamish people, many of whom moved to the Port Madison Indian Reservation after the signing of the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855. Poulsbo was founded in the 1880s by Norwegian immigrant Jørgen Eliason, joined by other Scandinavians who relocated from the Midwestern states, they were drawn here by the availability of land, by the area's rich resources, by a landscape similar to their native home. The settlement was connected by boats to other areas of the region, including the Puget Sound mosquito fleet, usurped by highways built in the early 20th century. Modern-day downtown Poulsbo maintains a Scandinavian theme to honor its early immigrant history and is a popular regional tourist destination. One of its local products, Poulsbo Bread, is made locally at Sluys Bakery and used to be sold internationally.
Many visitors arrive by boat. The Suquamish people inhabited the area at the north end of Liberty Bay for millennia and had several names for modern-day Poulsbo; the Suquamish occupied villages on the Liberty Bay shoreline — among them, ho-CHEEB — for at least 5,000 years, hunted in local forests and floodplains, fished in bays and streams here, harvested shellfish along the shoreline. After the signing of the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, most Suquamish people here relocated to the Port Madison Indian Reservation, although the Suquamish Tribe reserved — and to this day exercises — certain cultural and natural resource rights in its historical territory, including Poulsbo. Founded by Norwegian immigrant Jørgen Eliason in the 1880s, Poulsbo was settled in its early years by a large number of Norwegian and other Scandinavian immigrants because of its similarities to their native countries. In 1886, I. B. Moe, one of the early Norwegian settlers, suggested. Moe suggested the town be named "Paulsbo", after the village in Halden, where Moe spent his early years.
The community's petition for a post office was granted and Moe became the first postmaster, but authorities in Washington, D. C. misspelled the town's name misreading Moe's handwriting, the community became known as "Poulsbo" thereafter. Poulsbo was incorporated on December 18, 1907; until World War II, many Poulsbo residents retained Norwegian as a primary language. However, during World War II, the military constructed about 300 residential units to provide housing for workers at the nearby Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton; the population of Poulsbo tripled over three years, the diversification of the population led to the dominance of English as the primary language. On October 22, 1975, King Olav V of Norway visited Poulsbo as part of the celebration of 150 years of Norwegian immigration to the United States, his son, visited 20 years later. Poulsbo is home to many different public schools in the North Kitsap School District. North Kitsap High School, Poulsbo Middle School, Poulsbo Elementary School and Vinland Elementary School are located within the city limits, while Pearson Elementary School lies south of town.
Private schools include West Sound Academy. Post-secondary undergraduate education includes Olympic College Poulsbo. Poulsbo is located in northern Kitsap County at 47°44′21″N 122°38′21″W, at the north end of Liberty Bay, a sheltered arm of Puget Sound. Washington State Route 305 has its northwestern terminus in the northern part of the town at State Route 3 and leads southeast 13 miles to the ferry docks at Bainbridge Island. SR 3 leads south 16 miles to the western part of Bremerton. According to the United States Census Bureau, Poulsbo has a total area of 5.27 square miles, of which 4.67 square miles are land and 0.60 square miles, or 11.43%, are water. The North Kitsap Herald has published continuously since 1901, providing local news for Poulsbo as well as the greater Kitsap County area; the Herald was founded by Peter Iverson, who served as mayor of state legislator. Today, the Herald is owned by Sound Publishing. In Kitsap, Sound publishes the Bainbridge Island Review, Central Kitsap Reporter, Port Orchard Independent.
First Lutheran Church opened in 1886 atop the hill, overlooking downtown Poulsbo, was Førdefjord Lutheran. The Norseman Statue, a 12-foot statue by artist Mark Gale of Tacoma, stands at Viking Avenue and Lindvig Way. Poulsbo's Fish Park is a 40-acre park in Poulsbo; the park was started in 2002 by a group of community members and governments including the City of Poulsbo and the Suquamish Tribe. The park is centered on the Dogfish Creek estuary at the north end of Liberty Bay; as of 2015, the park had 1.5 miles of trails with the city planning to double that figure. During the fall salmon run, Washington State University's extension service conducts salmon tours at locations on Kitsap Peninsula including Fish Park. Poulsbo has sister city relationships with: Namsos, Norway Halden, Norway As of the census of 2010, there were 9,200 people, 3,883 households, 2,310 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,970.0 inhabitants per square mile. There wer