Jerry Reed Hubbard was an American country music singer, guitarist and songwriter, as well as an actor who appeared in more than a dozen films. His signature songs included "Guitar Man", "U. S. Male", "A Thing Called Love", "Alabama Wild Man", "Amos Moses", "When You're Hot, You're Hot", "Ko-Ko Joe", "Lord, Mr. Ford", "East Bound and Down", "The Bird", "She Got the Goldmine". Reed was announced as an inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame on April 5, 2017, was inducted by Bobby Bare on October 24. Reed was born in Atlanta, the second child of Robert and Cynthia Hubbard. Reed's grandparents lived in Rockmart and he would visit them from time to time, he was quoted as saying as a small child while running around strumming his guitar, "I am gonna be a star. I'm gonna go to Nashville and be a star." Reed's parents separated four months after his birth, he and his sister spent seven years in foster homes or orphanages. Reed was reunited with his mother and stepfather in 1944. Jerry Reed graduated from an the Atlanta city school.
The O'Keefe H. S. building still exists today, but is now part of its campus. By high school, Reed was writing and singing music, having picked up the guitar as a child. At age 18, he was signed by publisher and record producer Bill Lowery to cut his first record, "If the Good Lord's Willing and the Creek Don't Rise". At Capitol Records, he recorded both country and rockabilly singles to little notice until label mate Gene Vincent covered his "Crazy Legs" in 1958. By 1958, Lowery signed Reed to his National Recording Corporation, he recorded for NRC as both an artist and as a member of the staff band, which included other NRC artists Joe South and Ray Stevens. Reed married Priscilla "Prissy" Mitchell in 1959, they had two daughters, Seidina Ann Hubbard, born April 2, 1960, Charlotte Elaine Hubbard, born October 19, 1970. Priscilla Mitchell was a member of folk group the Appalachians, was co-credited with Roy Drusky on the 1965 Country No. 1 "Yes Mr. Peters". In 1959, Reed hit the Billboard "Bubbling Under the Top 100" known as Roar and Cashbox Country chart with the single "Soldier's Joy".
After serving two years in the United States Army, Reed moved to Nashville in 1961 to continue his songwriting career, which had continued to gather steam while he was in the Army, thanks to Brenda Lee's 1960 cover of his "That's All You Got to Do". He became a popular session and tour guitarist. In 1962, he scored some success with two singles "Goodnight Irene" and "Hully Gully Guitar", which found their way to Chet Atkins at RCA Victor, who produced Reed's 1965 "If I Don't Live Up to It". Reed is noted and respected by his musical contemporaries and new generation alike for his unique and intricate picking technique, as seen in his composition "The Claw"; as of December 2017, this challenging technique is both admired and attempted on numerous video instructional sites throughout YouTube by pros and amateurs alike. In July 1967, Reed had his best showing on the country charts with his self-penned "Guitar Man", which Elvis Presley soon covered. Reed's next single was "a comic tribute to Presley.
Recorded on September 1, the song became his first Top 20 hit. Coincidentally, Presley came to Nashville to record nine days on September 10, 1967, one of the songs he became excited about was "Guitar Man". Reed recalled how he was tracked down to play on the Presley session: "I was out on the Cumberland River fishing, I got a call from Felton Jarvis He said,'Elvis is down here. We've been trying to cut "Guitar Man" all day long, he wants it to sound like it sounded on your album.' I told him,'Well, if you want it to sound like that, you're going have to get me in there to play guitar, because these guys are straight pickers. I pick with my fingers and tune that guitar up all weird kind of ways.'"Jarvis hired Reed to play on the session. "I hit that intro, face lit up and here we went. After he got through that, he cut'U. S. Male' at the same session. I was toppin' cotton, son." Reed played the guitar for Elvis Presley's "Big Boss Man", recorded in the same session. On January 15 and 16, 1968, Reed worked on a second Presley session, during which he played guitar on a cover of Chuck Berry's "Too Much Monkey Business", "Stay Away", "Goin' Home", as well as another Reed composition, "U.
S. Male". Presley recorded two other Reed compositions: "A Thing Called Love" in May 1971 for his He Touched Me album, "Talk About The Good Times" in December 1973, for a total of four. Johnny Cash would release "A Thing Called Love" as a single in 1971, which would reach No. 2 on the Billboard Country Singles Chart for North America. It was successful in Europe, it would become the title track for a studio album. After releasing the 1970 crossover hit "Amos Moses", a hybrid of rock, country and Cajun styles, which reached No. 8 on the U. S. pop charts, Reed teamed with Atkins for the duet LP Jerry. During the 1970 television season, he was a regular on The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, in 1971, he issued his bigg
Canton is a city in and the county seat of Cherokee County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 22,958, up from 7,709 in 2000. Canton is located near the center of Cherokee County at 34°13′38″N 84°29′41″W; the city lies just north of south of Ball Ground. Interstate 575 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 14 through 20. Canton is 40 miles north of downtown Atlanta via I-575 and I-75. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles, of which 18.6 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles, or 0.76%, is water. The Etowah River, a tributary of the Coosa River, flows from east to west through the center of the city; as of the 2010 census, there were 22,958 people, 8,204 households, 5,606 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,234.3 people per square mile. There were 9,341 housing units at an average density of 502.2 per square mile. There were 8,204 households, out of which 42.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were headed by married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families.
25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.8% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77, the average family size was 3.30. The racial makeup of the city was 75.6% White, 22.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 8.9% African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 10.2% some other race, 2.9% from two or more races. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. For the period 2010-12, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $46,691, the median income for a family was $52,432. Male full-time workers had a median income of $36,971 versus $37,092 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,705. About 13.4% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the site where Canton would be founded lay in the heart of the Cherokee Nation. During the first 100 years of Georgia's history, Northwest Georgia was considered "Indian Country" and was bypassed by settlers going West. Georgia had made a treaty with the federal government in 1802 shortly after the Revolutionary War to relinquish its Western Territory in exchange for the removal of all Indians within its boundaries. Although other tribes had been removed, the Cherokee remained. Since this was the heartland of the Cherokee Nation, the state and nation were reluctant to disturb them, but following the Georgia Gold Rush in 1829, European-American settlers ignored the Indian problems and began to move into the area north of Carrollton and west of the Chattahoochee River and named it Cherokee. Many members of the Cherokee Nation moved west in 1829, but the majority stayed until removed by federal troops sent into the area during the summer of 1838.
The remaining Cherokee were held in forts until the removal could be completed. Present-day Cherokee County had the largest and most southerly of these forts, Fort Buffington, which stood 6 miles east of Canton. Today nothing stands to identify its timber structure, but the area is marked by a large piece of green Cherokee marble quarried near Holly Springs. By autumn of 1838, the federal troops had accomplished their mission, the Cherokee at Fort Buffington were marched off to join other groups on the infamous "Trail of Tears," a lengthy march in worsening winter weather to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River; the new settlers chose a site for a permanent county seat and courthouse in 1833, naming it "Etowah". The name was changed to "Cherokee Courthouse" in 1833. In 1834 it was changed to "Canton", after the Chinese city of Guangzhou, known in English as Canton; the name was chosen because a group of citizens had dreams of making the Georgia town a center of the silk industry, concentrated in China at the time.
Though Canton never became a significant silk center, it did become a successful manufacturing community. During the American Civil War, which had a population of about 200, was burned between the dates of November 1–5, 1864, by the Union Army under the command of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman. Canton was destroyed by a foraging party of the Ohio 5th Cavalry under the command of Major Thomas T. Heath. At the time the Ohio 5th Cavalry was headquartered in Cartersville; the written order for destruction was given on October 30, 1864, by Brig. General John E. Smith. Union troops were ordered to burn the town because of Confederate guerrilla attacks coming from Canton and directed against the Western and Atlantic Railroad near the town of Cassville; the railroad was a vital supply line for the Union Army from the captured city of Chattanooga, Tennessee, to newly captured Atlanta. The Union troops identified the Canton home of Governor Joseph E. Brown for destruction; the same Union party destroyed Cassville, the county seat of neighboring Bartow County, on November 5, 1864, as it has been a base of guerrilla actions.
Cassville never rebuilt. Over the years, Canton evolved from unsettled territory to a prosperou
Flint River (Georgia)
The Flint River is a 344-mile-long river in the U. S. state of Georgia. The river drains 8,460 square miles of western Georgia, flowing south from the upper Piedmont region south of Atlanta to the wetlands of the Gulf Coastal Plain in the southwestern corner of the state. Along with the Apalachicola and the Chattahoochee rivers, it forms part of the ACF basin. In its upper course through the red hills of the Piedmont, it is considered scenic, flowing unimpeded for over 200 miles, it was called the Thronateeska River. The Flint River rises in west central Georgia in the city of East Point in southern Fulton County on the southern outskirts of the Atlanta metropolitan area as ground seepage; the exact start can be traced to the field located between Plant Street, Willingham Drive, Elm Street, Vesta Avenue. It travels under the runways of the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Flowing south through rural western Georgia, the river passes through Sprewell Bluff State Park 10 miles west of Thomaston.
Farther south, it comes within 5 miles of Andersonville, the site of the Andersonville prison during the Civil War. In southwestern Georgia, the river flows through the largest city on the river. At Bainbridge it joins Lake Seminole, formed at its confluence with the Chattahoochee River upstream from the Jim Woodruff Dam near the Florida state line. From this confluence, the Apalachicola River flows south from the reservoir through Florida to the Gulf of Mexico; the Flint River is fed by Kinchafoonee Creek just north of Albany, by Ichawaynochaway Creek in southwestern Mitchell County 15 miles northeast of Bainbridge. In addition to Lake Seminole, the Flint River is impounded 15 miles upstream from Albany to form the Lake Blackshear reservoir; the Flint River is one of only 40 rivers in the nation to flow more than 200 miles unimpeded by dams or other manmade systems, is valued for that. In the 1970s, a plan by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a dam at Sprewell Bluff in Upson County was defeated by the Jimmy Carter, Governor of Georgia, other supporters.
Carter's hometown of Plains is located near the Flint River. The river is considered to have three distinct sections as it flows southward through western Georgia. In its upper reaches in the red hills of the Piedmont, it flows through a incised channel etched into crystalline rocks. South of its fall line near Culloden, the channel transforms to a broad, forested swampy flood plain. South of Lake Blackshear, it transforms again, flowing through a channel in limestone rock above the Upper Floridan Aquifer below southwestern Georgia and northwestern Florida; the river has been prone to floods throughout its history. In 1994, during flooding from Tropical Storm Alberto, the river crested at 43 feet in Albany, resulting in the emergency evacuation of over 23,000 residents, it caused one of the worst natural disasters in the state's history. Interstate 75 was closed in Macon, Albany State University was seriously flooded, as the river became a few miles or several kilometers wide in some places; the water lifted caskets from cemeteries and left them, along with drowned cattle and other livestock, stuck in trees and other places.
Montezuma, Georgia was inundated after the Flint River topped the 29-foot levee protecting the town from floodwater. The official depth of the river at the height of the flood was estimated at 34 feet; the nearby gauge was underwater. Cleanup and restoration of Albany took months to complete. In 1998 another serious flood occurred in Albany, but it was not as damaging as the one of 1994. Bainbridge flooded in 1998. Other significant floods occurred in 1841 and 1925. In January 2002, a winter storm blew through Atlanta the day after New Year's Day; the airport's drainage system overflowed. Although the antifreeze entered the drinking water of some residents, no one became ill; the airport changed its drainage system to prevent the problem in the future. No problems were reported after an unusually heavy 4 inches of rain fell at the airport at the beginning of March 2009. In May 2009, the National Fish Habitat Action Plan named the Lower Flint River one of its "10 Waters to Watch" for 2009 for its habitat restoration work.
In October 2009, AmericanRivers.org declared the Flint to be one of the most endangered rivers in the country due to new plans to put a dam on it. The Flint is one of four rivers in the southeast with significant remaining populations of Hymenocallis coronaria, the Shoals spider-lily. Four separate stands of the plant have been studied and documented in the river, ranging from Yellow Jacket Shoals to Hightower Shoals. In Gone With the Wind, author Margaret Mitchell describes the Flint River as bordering the fictional plantation Tara. American country music singer Luke Bryan, a native of Georgia, references the river in his songs "That's My Kind of Night". List of Georgia rivers Georgia Wildlife Federation: Flint River Sherpa Guides: Flint River Basin Jimmy Carter: Land Between the Rivers De Soto Trail historical marker
The Alapaha River is a 202-mile-long river in southern Georgia and northern Florida in the United States. It is a tributary of the Suwannee River; the Hernando de Soto expedition narrative records mention a "Yupaha" village they encountered after they left Apalachee, "the sound of, suggestive of the Alapaha, a tributary of the Suwanee." Another reference to a village of "Atapaha" "so resembles Alapaha that it is reasonable to suppose they are the same, that the town was on the river of that name." John Reed Swanton's landmark Indian Tribes of North America places the Indian village of Alapaha near where the Alapaha River met the Suwanee, noted that an Indian village of "Arapaja" was 70 leagues from St. Augustine, Florida on the Alapaha River. In the 1840s a German travel writer, Friedrich Gerstäcker wrote a dime novel called Alapaha, or the Renegades of the Border, giving the name to a noble Cherokee "squaw." A translation of this novel was published in the 1870s as #67 in a series of American narratives published by Beadle.
During the American Civil War, the swamps along the Alapaha River in Berrien and Echols counties became a refuge for a number of gangs of Confederate deserters. The Alapaha River rises in southeastern Dooly County and flows southeastwardly through or along the boundaries of Crisp, Turner, Ben Hill, Tift, Atkinson, Lanier and Echols Counties in Georgia, Hamilton County in Florida, where it flows into the Suwannee River 10 miles southwest of Jasper. Along its course it passes the Georgia towns of Rebecca, Willacoochee and Statenville. Near Willacoochee, the Alapaha collects the Willacoochee River. In Florida, it collects the Alapahoochee River and the short Little Alapaha River, which rises in Echols County and flows southwestward; the Alapaha River is an intermittent river for part of its course. During periods of low volume, the river becomes a subterranean river. At 2.3 miles downstream from Jennings, Florida the Dead River enters the Alapaha River. It is a dry river bed with a number of sinkholes, including the Dead River Sink.
During periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River downstream from the confluence of the Dead River and the Alapaha River flows upstream into the Dead River. A few more miles downstream is a second sinkhole variously known as the Alapaha River Sink, Suck Hole, or the Devil's Den on the western bank of the river. At the latter point during the periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River disappears underground leaving a dry bank for much of the remainder of its course; the Alapaha River reappears at the Alapaha River Rise, about a half mile upstream from the confluence of the Alapaha River and the Suwanee River. During a period of low rainfall over 11 miles of the riverbed can be dry as the river goes underground; the United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Alapaha River" as the stream's name in 1891. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has been known as: Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Georgia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-253-6.
U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alapaha River U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Alapaha River Underground: The Alapaha River as an Intermittent River
The Chattooga River is the main tributary of the Tugaloo River. Its headwaters are located southwest of Cashiers, North Carolina, it stretches 57 miles to where it has its confluence with the Tallulah River within Lake Tugalo, held back by the Tugalo Dam; the Chattooga and the Tallulah combine to make the Tugaloo River starting at the outlet of Lake Tugalo. The Chattooga begins in southern Jackson County, North Carolina flows southwestward between northwestern Oconee County, South Carolina, eastern Rabun County, Georgia; the "Chattooga" spelling was approved by the US Board on Geographic Names in 1897. The Chattooga River flows into Tugalo Lake. After flowing through Tugalo Dam the combined rivers become the Tugaloo River which, along with the Seneca River, becomes the Savannah River below Lake Hartwell. Downstream from that point, the water flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Georgia; the Chattooga was used as a setting for the fictional Cahulawassee River in the book and film Deliverance. The Chattooga River serves as part of the boundary between Georgia and South Carolina near latitude 35°N.
The Chattooga River was not the original boundary line between South Georgia. A treaty of 1816 extended the South Carolina boundary to its current location. Prior to 1816, the Chattooga was on the lands of the Cherokee Indian Nation; the Blue Ridge Mountains, where the Chattooga starts, are considered to be ancient by geological standards. The rock is granite. Geologists believe, it flowed southwesterly into the Chattahoochee riverbed and on to the Gulf of Mexico, but at some point, the Savannah River eroded its northern headland until it intersected the Chattooga and diverted it to the Atlantic. The rocks in the riverbed fell from the ridge above, but those rocks do not remain where they fall. In times of great downpours, high water, fast currents, rocks can become dislodged and move downstream, taking other rocks and debris with them. During Hurricane Ivan in 2004, the wind force and waters knocked down big boulders off the sides; the hurricane released enough water in the Chattooga watershed to bring the river to its highest recorded flow rate, around 26,000 cu ft/s to 28,000 cu ft/s, rivaling the typical flow of the Grand Canyon.
Since May 10, 1974, the Chattooga River has been protected along a 15,432-acre corridor as a national Wild and Scenic River. 39.8 miles of the river have been designated “wild”, about 2.5 miles “scenic”, 14.6 miles “recreational” for a total of about 57 miles. On the commercially rafted sections there is a 1/4 mile protected corridor of National Forest on both sides of the river, allowing no roads to the river or development of any kind. There are a few areas on the river where access has been made more accessible on Section III, but much of Section IV is remote; the Chattooga bisects the Ellicott Rock Wilderness which straddles three states and three National Forests. Much of the Georgia portion of the river is within the Chattooga River Ranger District of the Chattahoochee National Forest. Known as the "Crown Jewel" of the southeast, the Chattooga was the first river east of the Mississippi to be granted the Wild & Scenic designation, is still the only one, commercially rafted; the river is split into three forks.
The Chattooga River is the main fork. The East Fork Chattooga River runs in from Jackson County, North Carolina and Oconee County, South Carolina, is 7.4 miles long. The West Fork Chattooga River runs 6.0 miles in from Rabun County, is a variant name for that county's Holcomb Creek, one of its own tributaries. One of the largest tributaries in the Chattooga basin that flows through private lands is Stekoa Creek, which flows southeast for 18 miles from its headwaters in Mountain City, through Clayton, Georgia, to its mouth at the Chattooga River. Stekoa Creek has been the single greatest threat to the Chattooga's water quality for over 40 years, due to raw sewage leaking from the City of Clayton, GA's old sewage collection system, storm drains overflowing, sediment-laden runoff, poor agricultural practices, failing septic systems, dumping from apathetic individuals; the Chattooga Conservancy, a non-profit organization dedicated to the protection and restoration of the Chattooga River watershed, has made the neglected issue of improving water quality in Stekoa Creek a top priority.
The Stekoa Creek Basin is 45 square miles in size. In the late spring, the river is lined with white mountain laurel. Early spring is a great time to go rafting, kayaking, or canoeing because of the higher flows and cooler temperatures; the Chattooga is a free-flowing river which responds to rainfall or drought conditions. As a drop-pool style river, rapids are followed by calm pools for swimming; the Chattooga headwaters start near Cashiers as a small stream, but Green Creek is the start of the boatable section. Section I is ideal for tubing and class II float trips. Section II starting at Highway 28 is a class. Section III has Class II-IV rapids which kayakers frequent; the final rapid in Section III is Bull Sluice. Section IV inc
Cobb County, Georgia
Cobb County is a suburban county in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of 2017, the population was 755,754, its county seat and largest city is Marietta. Along with several adjoining counties, Cobb County was founded on December 3, 1832, by the Georgia General Assembly from the large Cherokee County territory—land northwest of the Chattahoochee River which the state confiscated from the Cherokee Nation and redistributed to settlers via lottery, following the passage of the federal Indian Removal Act; the county was named for Thomas Willis Cobb, a U. S. representative and senator from Georgia. It is believed that Marietta was named for Mary. Cobb County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is situated to the northwest of Atlanta's city limits. Its Cumberland District, an edge city, has over 24,000,000 square feet of office space; as of 2017, Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves play in Cumberland. The U. S. Census Bureau ranks Cobb County as the most-educated in the state of Georgia and 12th among all counties in the US.
It has ranked among the Top 100 wealthiest counties in the nation. In October 2017, Cobb was ranked as the "Least Obese County in Georgia" Cobb county was one of nine Georgia counties carved out of the disputed territory of the Cherokee Nation in 1832, it was the 81st county in Georgia and named for Judge Thomas Willis Cobb, who served as a U. S. Senator, state representative, superior court judge, it is believed that the county seat of Marietta was named for Mary. The state started acquiring right-of-way for the Western & Atlantic Railroad in 1836. A train began running between Marietta and Marthasville in 1845. Before the Civil War, Marietta was a summer resort for residents of Savannah and Charleston fleeing yellow fever. During the American Civil War, some confederate troops were trained at a camp in Big Shanty, where the Andrews Raid occurred, starting the Great Locomotive Chase. There were battles of New Hope Church May 25, Pickett's Mill May 27, Dallas May 28; these were followed by the prolonged series of battles through most of June until early July: the Battle of Marietta and the Battle of Noonday Creek.
The Battle of Allatoona Pass on October 28 occurred as Sherman was starting his march through Georgia. Union forces confiscated or burnt crops; the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain June 27, 1864, was the site of the only major Confederate victory in General William T. Sherman's invasion of Georgia. Despite the victory, Union forces outflanked the Confederates. In 1915, Leo Frank, the Jewish supervisor of an Atlanta pencil factory, convicted of murdering one of his workers, thirteen-year-old Mary Phagan, was kidnapped from his jail cell and brought to Frey's Gin, two miles east of Marietta, where he was lynched. Cotton farming in the area peaked from the 1890s through the 1920s. Low prices during the Great Depression resulted in the cessation of cotton farming throughout Cobb County; the price of cotton went from 16¢ per pound in 1920 to 9½¢ in 1930. This resulted in a cotton bust for the county, which had stopped growing the product but was milling it; this bust was followed by the Great Depression.
To help combat the bust, the state started work on a road in 1922 that would become U. S. 41 replaced by Cobb Parkway in the late 1940s and early 1950s. In 1942, Bell Aircraft opened a Marietta plant to manufacture B-29 bombers and Marietta Army Airfield was founded. Both were closed after World War II, but reopened during the Korean War, when the air field was acquired by the Air Force, renamed Dobbins AFB, the plant by Lockheed. During the Korean and Vietnam Wars, Lockheed Marietta was the leading manufacturer of military transport planes, including the C-130 Hercules and the C-5 Galaxy. "In Cobb County and other sprawling Cold War suburbs from Orange County to Norfolk/Hampton Roads, the direct link between federal defense spending and local economic prosperity structured a bipartisan political culture of hawkish conservatism and material self-interest on issues of national security." When county home rule was enacted statewide by amendment to the Georgia state constitution in the early 1960s, Ernest W. Barrett became the first chairman of the new county commission.
The county courthouse, built in 1888, was demolished, spurring a law that now prevents counties from doing so without a referendum. In the 1960s and 1970s, Cobb transformed from rural to suburban, as integration spurred white flight from the city of Atlanta, which by 1970 was majority-African-American. Real-estate booms drew rural white southerners and Rust Belt transplants, both groups first-generation white-collar workers. Cobb County was the home of Georgia governor Lester Maddox. In 1975, Cobb voters elected John Birch Society leader Larry McDonald to Congress, running in opposition to desegregation busing. A conservative Democrat, McDonald called for investigations into alleged plots by the Rockefellers and the Soviet Union to impose "socialist-one-world-government" and co-founded the Western Goals Foundation. In 1983, McDonald died aboard Korean Air Lines Flight 007, shot down by a Soviet fighter jet over restricted airspace. I-75 through the county is now named for him. In 1990, Republican Congressmen Newt Gingrich became Representative of a new district centered around Cobb County.
In 1994, as Republicans took control of the U. S. House of Representatives for the first time in fifty years, Gingrich became Speaker of the House, thrusting Cobb County into the national spotlight. In 1993, county commissioners passed a resolution condemning homosexuality and cut off funding for the arts after c
Rome is the largest city in the county seat of Floyd County, United States. Located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the principal city of the Rome, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Floyd County. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 36,303, it is the 19th largest city in the state. Rome was built at the confluence of the Oostanaula rivers, forming the Coosa River; because of its strategic advantages, this area was long occupied by the Creek and the Cherokee people. National leaders such as Major Ridge and John Ross resided here before Indian Removal; the city has developed on seven hills with the rivers running between them, a feature that inspired the early European-American settlers to name it for Rome, the longtime capital of Italy. It developed in the antebellum period as a market and trading city due to its advantageous location on the rivers, by which it sent the rich regional cotton commodity crop downriver to markets on the Gulf Coast and export overseas.
It is the second largest city, after Gadsden, near the center of the triangular area defined by the Interstate highways between Atlanta and Chattanooga. It has developed as a regional center in such areas as medical education. In addition to its public school system, there are several private schools. Higher-level institutions include private Berry College and Shorter University, the public Georgia Northwestern Technical College and Georgia Highlands College. In the late 1920s a United States company built a rayon plant in a joint project with an Italian company; this project and the American city of Rome were honored by Italy in 1929, when its dictator Benito Mussolini sent a replica of the statue of Romulus and Remus nursing from a mother wolf, a symbol of the founding myth of the original Rome. Rome is located at the confluence of the Etowah and the Oostanaula rivers, whose merging forms the Coosa River; this gave it access to the waterways, the major transportation routes of the era. Because of this water feature, Rome developed as a regional trade center, based on King Cotton.
As cotton plantations were developed in the area, Rome was an important market town, shipping the commodity downriver to other markets. It was designated as the county seat of Floyd County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.6 square miles, of which 30.9 square miles is land and 0.73 square miles, or 2.29%, is water. The seven hills that inspired the name of Rome are known as Blossom, Lumpkin, Mount Aventine, Old Shorter, Neely hills; some of the hills have been graded since Rome was founded. People of the Mississippian culture are known to have inhabited the area from about 1000 CE; these people are believed to have died off from disease brought by exposure to the Spaniards in the late 16th century. The Cherokee established themselves in the early 17th century. Specifics before the Spanish expeditions in the 16th century are unknown, but archeologists have found evidence of thousands of years of indigenous cultures along these rivers. There is some debate over whether Hernando de Soto was the first Spanish conquistador to encounter Native Americans in the area now known as Rome, but it is agreed that he passed through the region with his expedition in 1540.
In 1560, Tristán de Luna sent a detachment of 140 soldiers and two Dominican friars north along de Soto's route. They established relations with the Coosa chiefdom, as they recorded assisting the Coosa in a raid against the rebellious province of Napochín, in what is now known as Tennessee. Exposed to new Eurasian infectious diseases, these mound builder peoples suffered high mortality rates, as they lacked immunity; the Creek emerged in one of the major Muscogee-speaking tribes. They occupied a broad territory before being pushed out by Cherokee migrating from Tennessee; the Abihka tribe of Creek in the area of Rome became part of the Upper Creek people. They merged with other Creek tribes to become the Ulibahalis, who migrated westward into Alabama in the general region of Gadsden. By the mid-18th century, Iroquoian-speaking Cherokee occupied it, they had moved down from areas of Tennessee, under pressure from settlement by European Americans migrating from eastern territories across the Appalachians.
A Cherokee village named Chatuga was settled in this area during the late eighteenth century, in the period of the Cherokee–American wars during and after the American Revolutionary War. The Cherokee referred to this area as "Head of Coosa". Several Cherokee national leaders settled here, developing plantations, including chiefs Major Ridge and John Ross. In the 20th century, Ridge's home here was preserved as Chieftains House, it has been adapted by the state for use as the Chieftains Museum and is used to represent the history of the Cherokee in this area Major Ridge. In the 18th century, a high demand in Europe for American deer skins had led to a brisk trade between Native hunters and white traders. A few white traders and some settlers were accepted by the Head of Coosa Cherokee; these were joined by missionaries, more settlers. After the American War of Independence, most new settlers came from the area of Georgia east of the Proclamation Line of 1763. In 1793, in response to a Cherokee raid into Tennessee, John Sevier, the Governor of Tennessee, led a retaliatory raid against the Cherokee in the vicinity