Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
Beerwah is a rural town and a locality in the hinterland of the Sunshine Coast Region, Australia. It is situated north of Glass House Mountains 80 kilometres north of Brisbane, just south of Landsborough; the main road through Beerwah is called Steve Irwin Way. It was known as the Glasshouse Mountain Tourist Route and is accessed by the Bruce Highway, which bypassed the town in 1985. Beerwah is administered by the Sunshine Coast Regional Council; the name Beerwah comes from the Kabi language word birrawaman, with birra meaning sky and wandum meaning climbing up. Beerwah Post Office opened by August 1907; the Coochin Creek Provisional School opened in November 1888, becoming Coochin Creek State School on 1 January 1909. In about November 1928, it was renamed Beerwah State School. On 10 July 1952, another Coochin Creek State School opened, but it closed on 11 March 1962. Beerwah State High School opened on 1 January 1992; the Beerwah Library opened in 2000. Beerwah is a growing hinterland town. Transport links to Brisbane and northbound destinations at Beerwah railway station on the Nambour and Gympie North railway line.
A small bypass was constructed south of the town, including an overpass of the railway, a large roundabout at Roberts Road, traffic signals at Kilcoy-Beerwah Road and Steve Irwin Way. This work opened to traffic in October 2009; as part of that project, the original level crossing was closed and demolished, causing concern among local residents who claimed it sliced the town in two. In 2010, many residents began to complain about the lack of signage to the town center; the town entrance now features two distinctive large directional signs, one at the Steve Irwin Way entrance, one at the roundabout after travelling over the railway bridge. Australia Zoo is located in Beerwah; the zoo was founded by Bob Irwin and made famous by his son, Steve Irwin. It is a major tourist attraction and is visited daily by large numbers of local and international tourists. Another attraction, the Glass House mountain range, is located nearby; the largest mountain in the range, at 555m, is Mount Beerwah. Access to the Mount Beerwah summit route has been closed since 2008 due to the erosion and destabilization of some walking tracks, leading to a high risk of rock fall.
The Big Mower, one of Australia's big things, is located in Beerwah. Beerwah has three schools: Beerwah State School, Beerwah State High School, Glasshouse Christian College, a private college; the Sunshine Coast Regional Council operates a public library at 25 Peachester Road. There are a range of national supermarkets, specialty shops, a retirement village; the Beerwah branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 39 Simpson Street. In the 2016 census, Beerwah recorded a population of 6,769 people, 48 % male; the median age was 39 years, compared to the national median age of 38. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.8% of the population. 77.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.1% and New Zealand 4.8%. 90.8% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion in Beerwah were No Religion 32.8%, Anglican 17.2% and Catholic 14.4%. Lawrence Daws Steve Irwin Terri Irwin Bindi Irwin Robert Irwin Beerwah: Queensland Places Beerwah cemetery
Queensland Country Women's Association
The Queensland Country Women's Association is the Queensland chapter of the Country Women's Association in Australia. The association seeks to serve the interests of women and children in rural areas in Australia through a network of local branches. Established in 1922, local branches provide friendship and mutual support to their members while contributing to the betterment of life in their local communities. Over time, many branches have evolved to include support for wider issues such as domestic violence campaigns and fund-raising for international initiatives such as orphanages. On 8-11 August 1922, the Brisbane Women's Club held an open conference for countrywomen in Brisbane's Albert Hall during the Exhibition; the conference was opened by Lady Forster, wife of Australian Governor-General and the Queensland Governor Matthew Nathan attended. On 11 August 1922, the outcome of the conference was to establish the Queensland Country Women's Association. Ruth Beatrice Fairfax was elected the first President.
The first meeting of the Toowoomba branch was held at the Toowoomba Town Hall on 12 September 1922. Ruth Fairfax spoke about the objectives of the organisation; the meeting resolved to hold a conference as soon as there were sufficient representatives to attend. The objectives of the association were broad but included some specific items:1. To improve welfare and conditions of women and children in the country2. To draw together all women and children in Country Districts.3. To bring opportunities for recreation and enjoyment within reach of all Members.4. To encourage the active study of Local and State affairs and to promote a wise and kindly spirit.5. To improve educational facilities in the Country.6. To secure better provision for the safeguarding of Public Health of children, the securing of more adequate Medical and Hospital facilities for Country Districts."There was a call for a design for a badge and the winner was Mrs Mabel Chandler of Burra Burri who proposed the letters CWA within a large letter "Q".
It was decided that the royal blue should be adopted as the colours for the organisation. Many QCWA buildings are painted white to approximate the chosen colours; the Queensland chapter was inducted into the Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame in 2013. In 2017 the QWCA created its own perfume,' 1922', it was developed by Damask Perfumery in Brisbane. The artwork and branding of the bottle was supplied by Brisbane watercolour artist Michelle Grayson; as at December 2018, the QWCA has over 240 branches throughout Queensland. The following list includes all branches active in December 2018, some of the former branches. On 9 June 2003 in the Queen's Birthday Honours List, Mrs Jean Eva Anderson of Ballater Station at Stamford was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia for her "service to the community of Hughenden through the Country Womens Association", she had given 52 years of service to the Hughenden branch. Her award was presented to her by the Governor of Queensland, Quentin Bryce. Pagliano, Muriel.
Country women: history of the first seventy five years: the Queensland Country Women's Association. Merino Lithographics.—full text available online. The Queensland Country Women's Association, fifty years 1922-1972. Queensland Country Women's Association. 1972. Media related to Queensland Country Women's Association at Wikimedia Commons
Eumundi railway station
Eumundi railway station is located on the North Coast line in Queensland, Australia. It serves the town of Eumundi in the Sunshine Coast Region; the original Eumundi station opened in 1891 with the opening of the North Coast line on the site of the present day Eumundi Markets. The current station opened in 1988 when a new ten kilometre alignment was built as part of the electrification of the North Coast line; the station today consists of one platform with a steel shelter. In 2009, the platform was extended with plywood materials. Intended as an interim arrangement until a permanent extension was built, the temporary platform remains. Eumundi, unlike most other stations on the line, doesn't have a passing loop, although these exists a few kilometres north and south of the station. Eummundi is serviced by two daily City network services in each direction. Sunbus' routes 631 Noosa Junction to Nambour station serve Eumundi station. Media related to Eumundi railway station at Wikimedia Commons Eumundi station Queensland Rail Eumundi station Queensland's Railways on the Internet
Eumundi School of Arts
Eumundi School of Arts is a heritage-listed school of arts at Memorial Drive, Sunshine Coast Region, Australia. It was built in 1912 by William Henry Bytheway, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 24 March 2000. The Eumundi School of Arts, the second to be built on the site, was constructed in 1912 by W Bytheway, a builder from Gympie. At the time, Eumundi was one of a number of small but prosperous Sunshine Coast hinterland towns servicing a timber and pastoral industry; the first selector in the North Maroochy River district, Joseph Gridley, arrived at Moreton Bay in 1856 on the James Fernie with his wife Ellen and five children. In 1877, Gridley selected Portion 70, for timber getting. In 1886 the Queensland Government proposed a township at Eumundi as a station on the railway line between Brisbane and Maryborough. Residential land was auctioned in 1890 and the rail line was opened in 1891; the rail stop serviced the Eumundi timber getting area where selectors, including the Gridleys, had selected land during the 1870s.
By 1893 a local provisional school was operating. Dairy farmers started arriving in the area during the 1900s, either by overlanding their stock or accompanying them north on the railway. In May 1905, the County of Canning, Parish of Maroochy, Town of Eumundi allocated Reserve Land Allotment 5, Section 2 for the hall by Proclamation; the allotment to be set apart was "situated opposite the most southerly gate of the Eumundi railway station yards upon a ridge... The site is a fine one for building purposes, in every way suitable for a public building; the Association propose to build a Hall by subscription to be used for public meetings and associations". A single-storey timber hall was constructed by Peter Denholm on the site in 1908. After only four years however, the burgeoning community needed more space and Gympie builder, W Bytheway, built a second hall in beech timber and iron roof on the same site, replacing the first Hall, it can "best be described as a big Hall with stage at back, a couple of anterooms at the front, having a library, wide passage, reading room under the front, supper room under the centre".
The Hall was opened on 15 November 1912 when "The programme included a two days bazaar... the whole to be started by the official opening of the splendid new building... A first glance was permitted... to the party accompanying the Honourable JW Blair, Minister of Education. The building was planned by Mr W Fenwick of Cooroy"; the hall was constructed at a cost of £1000. According to social commentator, AH Corrie, writing in the Nambour Chronicle in January 1919, Eumundi was quite prosperous with two hotels, two stores, three churches, a large public hall and billiard table, he believed Eumundi's School of Arts was one of the "largest and best appointed buildings of its kind on the North Coast Line between Brisbane suburbs and Gympie". Reconstruction was considered essential when the School of Arts was damaged by termites, worsening by 1931. By 1950, the Hall was condemned and a ball was cancelled. In 1953, the building was restumped with cement blocks, more termite damage occurred during 1964 at the rear of the building.
Tenders were called in 1964 for the lowering of the Hall, "in bad repair and is so high is costly to renovate". The damage was so advanced that in 1968 the lower level was removed to save the rest of the building and the twin-spitter front steps were replaced by single steps. At this time, the Eerwah Vale Hall and stumps were incorporated into Eumundi's hall; the Government increased the School of Arts Reserve to include Allotments 6 and 7 in 1967 to allow for parking spaces. The Eumundi & District Historical Association was appointed as School of Arts Trustees in 1989; the School of Arts is still the focus for many of Eumundi's cultural activities. Eumundi School of Arts is situated on a treed ridge on the lower side of Memorial Drive; the single-storey, timber building with gabled, corrugated iron roof, sits on concrete stumps. Externally, the building is clad with chamferboard, with the exception of weatherboards at the rear of the building. At the rear of the hall is a pair of double doors and smaller door at the back of the stage, covered by tin The front, or eastern facade, has an asymmetrical veranda with timber posts and brackets.
The decorative bargeboard and finial have been removed and covered with chamferboards, the circular, ventilated opening remains. The porch ceiling is of tongue and groove boards, the remainder is unlined. Leading onto the veranda are two doors either side, which lead to storage areas, a central, panelled timber door. Internally, in the storage room located at the southern end of the building is a set of stairs which lead to the projection room. From this room, a door leads to the 1968 addition; this area now houses a kitchen. Both two storage rooms located at the front of the hall still have extant viewing slots. In the 1960s, these slots were used by the ticket collectors to watch the movies; the main hall is rectangular with crows ash flooring. It is divided by the support beams of the addition to its southern side; the main hall has two raked timber ceilings with latticed air vents and six large, sashed windows which open top and bottom, on its northern wall. Four louvered airvents have been installed at floor level below the original windows.
A trapdoor to the right hand side of the stage was used to access the lower floor pre-1968. A single door, located near the stage, allows southern external access. On the eastern side, the main hall area has a half-timbered VJ wall and a fibro upper to the ceiling; the remainder of the hall is VJ lined. Two inside doors were sealed c
Cooroy is a town and a locality in the Shire of Noosa, Australia, but between 2008 and 2013 it was in Sunshine Coast Region. Cooroy is in the hinterland of the northern Sunshine Coast hinterland about 22 kilometres west of Noosa Heads. Cooroy's name came from Cooroy Mountain, called Coorooey, from the Aboriginal word for possum, kurui; the area was explored by timber-cutters as early as 1863. Cooroy's main industry developed from timber, having two operating sawmills, into dairying and fruit growing. In 1915, a butter factory opened. Cooroy railway station was opened in 1891 and in the same year a post office opened. A town survey was conducted in 1907. Cooroy State School opened in 1909. Cooroy West State School opened in 1911 but closed in 1962. On 23 January 1961 a secondary department was added to Cooroy State School until the Cooroy State High School was opened as a separate school on 23 January 1963. In 1967 it became Noosa District State High School. In 2007, it was Cooroora Secondary College at Pomona, merged into Noosa District State High School, with the Pomona campus being used for the younger students and Cooroy campus being used for the older students.
Noosa Christian College opened on 28 January 2003 as a primary school with 37 students. In 2007 it expanded to offer secondary classes; the town was bisected by the Bruce Highway until a bypass was built in 1994. The Cooroy Library opened in 2010. Cooroy has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Lower Mill Road: Cooroy Lower Mill Site Kiln33 Maple Street: Cooroy Post Office14 Myall Street: Cooroy railway station Cooroy has one hotel, a library, a police station, a golf club, a bowls club, the RSL club and sub branch, a selection of cafes and restaurants, unique retail outlets and a range of accommodation options. Noosa Botanical Gardens is situated on Lake MacDonald just outside the town and several of the Noosa Trails are accessible in Cooroy. An RV parking area has opened adjacent to the town sewerage works; the Shire of Noosa operates a library at 9 Maple Street. Cooroy Memorial Hall Association Inc. Cooroy Area Residents Association Inc. Cooroy Chamber of Commerce Cooroy-Pomona RSL Sub-Branch, Cooroy-Pomona Lions Club, Rotary Club of Cooroy New Training Ship Sheean, Australian Navy Cadets, 128th Army Cadet Unit, Australian Army Cadets, No. 207 Squadron, Australian Air Force Cadets, Cooroy Scout GroupThe Cooroy branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the Cooroy Memorial Hall & School of Arts at 23 Maple Street.
Cooroy State School is a primary school for boys and girls operated by the Queensland Government at 59 Elm Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 545 students with 40 teachers and 24 non-teaching staff. Noosa District State High School is a secondary school for boys and girls operated by the Queendland Government over two campuses, one at 120 Summit Road, for Years 7-8 and the other at Tulip Street in Cooroy for Years 9-12. In 2016, the school had a total enrolment of 1335 students with 111 teachers and 48 non-teaching staff. Noosa Christian College is a primary and secondary school for boys and girls operated by Adventist Schools Australia at 20 Cooroy Belli Creek Road. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 243 students with 14 non-teaching staff. Cooroy Community Kindergarten is at 13-15 Maple Street. Major General John Cantwell, AO, DSC - former Deputy Chief of Army Marayke Jonkers - Bronze and Silver medal Paralympic swimmer Cooroy railway station is serviced by two daily Queensland Rail City network services in each direction.
Cooroy Website Cooroy Area Residents Association Inc Cooroy Rotary Club The Cooroy Mobile App Christmas in Cooroy Cooroy Fusion Festival University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Cooroy "Walk Cooroy". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Town map of Cooroy, 1978