It's Happening Tomorrow
It's Happening Tomorrow is a 1988 Italian comedy film directed by Daniele Luchetti. It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival. Paolo Hendel as Lupo Giovanni Guidelli as Edo Margherita Buy as Vera Claudio Bigagli as Diego Del Ghiana Quinto Parmeggiani as Enea Silvio Di Lampertico Giacomo Piperno as Cesare Del Ghiana Dario Cantarelli as Abbé Flambert Gianfranco Barra as Biagio Angela Finocchiaro as Lady Rowena Agnese Nano as Allegra Antonio Petrocelli as Terminio Nanni Moretti as Matteo il carbonaio Ugo Gregoretti as Marquis Lucifero Peter Willburger as Katowitz Ciccio Ingrassia as Gianloreto Bonacci It's Happening Tomorrow on IMDb
Distant Voices, Still Lives
Distant Voices, Still Lives is a 1988 British film directed and written by Terence Davies. It evokes working-class family life in Liverpool during the 1940s and early 1950s, paying particular attention to the role of popular music, Hollywood cinema, light entertainment and the public house within this tight-knit community; the film is made up of two separate films, with the same cast and crew. The first section,'Distant Voices', chronicles the early life of a working-class Catholic family living under a domineering father; the second section,'Still Lives', sees the children grown up and emerging into a brighter 1950s Britain, only a few years from rock and roll and The Beatles, yet somehow still a lifetime away. The film won the Grand Prix of the Belgian Film Critics Association. In 2007 the British Film Institute re-printed and distributed the film across some of Britain's most high-profile independent cinemas, prompting The Guardian newspaper to describe Distant Voices, Still Lives as "Britain's forgotten cinematic masterpiece".
In a 2011 poll carried out by Time Out of the 100 greatest British films of all time, Distant Voices, Still Lives was ranked third. In Paul Farley's British Film Institute Modern Classics book on Distant Voices, Still Lives, Terence Davies describes how they chose the location for filming: Kensington Street, Liverpool, L7 8XD This small street of Victorian terraced houses to the north of Kensington was the childhood home to Terence Davies and his family; the Victorian houses in Kensington Street were demolished in 1961 and replaced at a date by a low-rise Council estate and two industrial units. However, houses similar to those in Kensington Street remain to the south of Kensington in streets such as Albany Road, L7 8RG and Saxony Road, L7 8RU. 47 Whistler Street, London, N5 1NJ The central location for the filming of Distant Voices, Still Lives was chosen for its architectural similarity to Davies's childhood home in Kensington Street, Liverpool. 47 Whistler Street is a small terraced house in row of similar Victorian houses located in north London on the edge of Highbury Fields.
The street can be accessed from the park via a small alleyway, or from Drayton Park, the main road behind the street. The houses on the west side of Whistler Street are bay-fronted and were chosen to depict the actual family home; the houses on the east side are flat-fronted and therefore shown in the film sequences. However, a house on the eastern side of the street is used in the final scene where the group leave Tony's wedding celebration and walk into the darkness; the Futurist, Lime Street, Liverpool The Futurist was the location which inspired the film's most artistic sequence in which the two sisters and Maisie, attend a screening of Love is a Many Splendored Thing whilst unknown to them, their brother and Maisie's husband, have a serious accident. The Futurist was Liverpool's first purpose-built and longest-surviving cinema, opening in 1912, it was an ornate city centre cinema with a tiled Edwardian facade and 1,029 seats in the stalls and circle auditorium - the latter richly decorated with plasterwork in the French Renaissance style.
The cinema lasted nearly 70 years and closed its doors for the final time in 1982, before being demolished in 2016. Jubilee Drive, Liverpool, L7 8SL This Victorian street in the Kensington Fields area of east Liverpool was the street where Monica lived and begged Eileen to come and visit. "So don't be a stranger – otherwise we'll not see you till next Preston Guild. We're only in Jubilee Drive." Formby Sands Monica and Eileen pitch their tent at Formby sands – a scene, used to remind Eileen of the free and happy life she lived before her marriage to Dave. Pwllheli Although more famous in years for the Butlins holiday parks, in the 1940s this Welsh seaside town was an upmarket location with high-quality hotels. Teenagers from Liverpool and Manchester would work in these hotels in the summer season. In the film, Eileen and Jingles are seen working as waitresses in the breakfast hall of an large hotel. In his British Film Institute Modern Classics book, Paul Farley describes the inspiration that Terence Davies used for the biographical backbone of the film: Davies was the youngest of ten children, the baby boomer, born into a working-class Catholic household in post-war Liverpool.
His father died when he was six-and-a-half, though memories of him as a powerful, violent man are vivid and, together with the love and support of his mother, form a huge tension in Distant Voices, Still Lives Terence Davies's real-life father can be seen in a photograph which hangs on the wall in one of the film's central sequences when the mother and her three children, Tony and Maisie, each walk out of the frame to reveal a tired and bleached photograph of their father. Music is the central core of Distant Voices, Still Lives and is a device which binds the characters and helps to give them a voice beyond their otherwise repressed lives. In Paul Farley's BFI book, Terence Davies describes the process in which music came alive in the shooting of the film. Many of the songs were sung by the cast, including Debi Jones's light rendition of "Buttons and Bows" and Angela Walsh's emotional rendition of Johnny Mercer's "I Wanna Be Around"; the film features a juxtaposition of Ella Fitzgerald singing "Taking a Chance on Love" and a scene of brutal domestic violence.
"There's a Man Goin' Round Takin' Names" - Jessye Norman "I Get the Blues When it Rains" - Marcy Klauber "Oh, Mein Papa" - Eddie Calvert "Roll out the Barrel" - Jaromír Vejvoda "A Hymn to the Virgin" - Benjamin Britten Pastoral Symphony No.3 - Vaughan Williams "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" - Mantovani "Up the Lazy River" - Hoagy Carmichael "Galway
Portugal the Portuguese Republic, is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain, its territory includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled and fought over since prehistoric times; the pre-Celtic people, Celts and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic peoples. Portugal as a country was established during the Christian Reconquista against the Moors who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede in 1128; the Kingdom of Portugal was proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique in 1139, independence from León was recognised by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope, Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India and the European discovery of Brazil. During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castille, the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil, a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence. After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established being superseded by the Estado Novo right-wing authoritarian regime.
Democracy was restored after the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to all its overseas territories; the handover of Macau to China in 1999 marked the end of what can be considered the longest-lived colonial empire. Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe, a legacy of around 250 million Portuguese speakers, many Portuguese-based creoles, it is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and high living standards. Additionally, it is placed in rankings of moral freedom, democracy, press freedom, social progress, LGBT rights. A member of the United Nations and the European Union, Portugal was one of the founding members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries; the word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale. Portus, the Latin word for port or harbour, Cala or Cailleach was the name of a Celtic goddess – in Scotland she is known as Beira – and the name of an early settlement located at the mouth of the Douro River which flows into the Atlantic Ocean in the north of what is now Portugal.
At the time the land of a specific people was named after its deity. Those names are the origins of the - gal in Galicia. Incidentally, the meaning of Cale or Calle is a derivation of the Celtic word for port which would confirm old links to pre-Roman, Celtic languages which compare to today's Irish caladh or Scottish cala, both meaning port; some French scholars believe it may have come from ` Portus Gallus', the port of the Celts. Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, in the process conquered Cale and renamed it Portus Cale incorporating it to the province of Gaellicia with capital in Bracara Augusta. During the Middle Ages, the region around Portus Cale became known by the Suebi and Visigoths as Portucale; the name Portucale evolved into Portugale during the 7th and 8th centuries, by the 9th century, that term was used extensively to refer to the region between the rivers Douro and Minho. By the 11th and 12th centuries, Portugallia or Portvgalliae was referred to as Portugal.
The early history of Portugal is shared with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula located in South Western Europe. The name of Portugal derives from the joined Romano-Celtic name Portus Cale; the region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD. The region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Neanderthals and by Homo sapiens, who roamed the border-less region of the northern Iberian peninsula; these were subsistence societies that, although they did not establish prosperous settlements, did form organized societies. Neolithic Portugal experimented with domestication of herding animals, the raising of some cereal crops and fluvial or marine fishing, it is believed by some scholars that early in the first millennium BC, several waves of Celts invaded Portugal from Central Europe and inter-married with the local populations, forming differe
European Film Academy
The European Film Academy is an initiative of a group of European filmmakers who came together in Berlin on the occasion of the first presentation of the European Film Awards in November 1988. The Academy—under the name of European Cinema Society—was founded by its first President, the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, as well as 40 filmmakers from all over Europe; the European Film Awards takes place every second year in Berlin, while they are presented every other year in another European city. In 1988, the Academy—under the name of European Cinema Society—was founded by its first President, the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, as well as 40 filmmakers from all over Europe in order to promote European film culture worldwide and to protect and to support the interests of the European film industry. Wim Wenders was elected Chairman. Two years the European Cinema Society was renamed European Film Academy and was registered as a non-profit association. In 1996, Wim Wenders took over the presidency from Ingmar Bergman, the British producer Nik Powell was elected new Chairman.
The decisions about political targets and contents are made by the 15 Board members of the Academy which has its seat in Berlin. Due to a decision of the General Assembly, the number of members—originally limited to 99—has been continuously increasing and has now reached 3,300; the Academy is thus working in close contact with the European film industry. President: Wim Wenders Board Chairwoman: Agnieszka Holland Deputy Chairmen: Mike Downey, Antonio SauraBoard Members: Roberto Cicutto, Tilde Corsi, Helena Danielsson, Ira von Gienanth, Ilann Girard, Angeles Gonzáles-Sinde, Vanessa Henneman, Dagmar Jacobsen, Agnès Jaoui, Nadine Luque, David MacKenzie, Rebecca O'Brien, Ewa Puszczynska, Marek Rozenbaum, Ada Solomon, Krzysztof ZanussiHonorary Members of the Board: Sir Ben Kingsley, Dušan Makavejev, Jeanne MoreauThe Secretariat: Marion Döring, Director / Rainer Pyls, Finances & Administration / Maria von Hörsten, Co-ordination awarding procedures European Film Awards / Pascal Edelmann, Head of Press&PR / Bettina Schwarz, Co-ordination Short Film Initiative & Training Projects / Yvonne Apt, Accounting & Membership Administration / Viviane Gajewski, Assistance listed are all countries with more than 20 EFA members The European Film Academy is funded by the Stiftung Deutsche Klassenlotterie Berlin, the German State Minister for Culture and the Media, Filmboard Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH.
The presentation of the European Film Awards are financed independently from the Academy. Founded in 2006 to produce the European Film Awards Ceremony for television, EFA Productions gGmbH is the in-house production company of the European Film Academy e. V. For a number of years, the European Film Awards have been supported by patrons from the international film industry, their commitment demonstrates the importance that the international film industry attaches to the European Film Awards. Throughout the year, the European Film Academy initiates and participates in a series of activities dealing with film politics as well as economic and training aspects; the programme includes conferences and workshops, a common goal is to build a bridge between creativity and the industry. Some of EFA's events have become an institution for encounters within the European film community: The Short Film Initiative Is an initiative by the European Film Academy in co-operation with fifteen festivals throughout Europe.
At each of these festivals, an independent jury presents one of the European short films in competition with a nomination in the short film category of the European Film Awards. A Sunday in the Country Is a special weekend encounter between appr. Ten young European filmmakers and some established EFA members; the private atmosphere of these gatherings guarantees an exchange of ideas and experience which goes far beyond the results of usual workshops. Conferences and Seminars Every year A series of conferences initiated and/or supported by the European Film Academy enhance a European debate on film, create platforms for a vivid exchange among film professionals and ensure that the discussion of what European film is, how it is changing and where it is going never expires. Master Classes Offer valuable training opportunities for young talent, combining theoretical and practical training; the high-profile list of former masters includes renowned film professionals such as Jean-Jacques Annaud, Jan De Bont, Henning Carlsen, André Delvaux, Bernd Eichinger, Krzysztof Kieslowski, Jiří Menzel, Tilda Swinton, István Szabó, Marc Weigert, Mike Newell, Tsui Hark, Allan Starski and Anthony Dod Mantle.
The annual European Film Awards ceremony is the most visible activity of the European Film Academy. With the awards the Academy pursues the following aims: attracting the interest of the audience in European cinema, promoting its cultural and artistic qualities, regaining the public's confidence in its entertainment value. To put these ideas into practice, the People's Choice Awards were added as a new category in 1997, they are accompanied by big advertising campaigns in European film magazines. In addition, screenings of the nominated films were in the past years organised for the public in several European cities; the members of the European Film Academy participate in the selection and awarding procedure. The European Film Awards are the first in the annual international awards calendar. Most of the nominees and winners of the European Film Awards are found in the following months among the nominees and winners of the Golden Globes or the Oscars. In the past years, European producers and distributors stressed that a
Landscape in the Mist
Landscape in the Mist is a 1988 Greek film directed by Theo Angelopoulos. The film was selected as the Greek entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 62nd Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. A critics' poll by the Village Voice included it in the 100 Best Films of the 20th Century list; the film is the third installment in Angelopoulos' Trilogy of Silence, following Voyage to Cythera and The Beekeeper. Pubescent Voula and her five-year-old brother Alexandros want to see their father, whom they have never met before, their mother tells them he lives in Germany and so Voula and Alexandros one day secretly leave their home to find him. They go to the Athens Railway Station and try to use the Germany Express, but are removed from the train for not having a ticket. A police officer takes them to a distant uncle, who convinces the officer that the children do not have a father in Germany, he informs him that their mother lied to them, to prevent them from knowing the truth: that they have different fathers and are the results of one-night stands.
Although Voula and Alexandros eavesdrop on the conversation, they still believe their mother and believe the uncle is lying. When a blizzard hits the village and no more attention is paid to them, the children manage to escape, they continue their journey on foot and meet a young man named Orestis, who broke down with his bus. He offers to take them with him, the children accept the offer. Orestis is the driver of a traveling theater troupe playing a piece about Greek history; the troupe has been struggling with declining audience numbers, due to people searching for easier distraction. As the path of Orestis splits from theirs, the children leave the troupe and look for different means of transportation to Germany, they manage to find a truck driver, willing to take them with him. While Alexandros is asleep, the driver rapes Voula, flees afterwards, shocked by his own actions. Alexandros and Voula soon reach another train station; when they spot the ticket inspector, they escape just in time before being caught.
They bump into Orestis again. Meanwhile, Orestis' theater troupe breaks up and the members begin to sell their various requisites. Orestis takes Voula and Alexandros to an empty beach cafe and they walk the promenade with him; the children witness a huge marble hand held by a helicopter emerge from the sea. The index finger of the hand is broken off. Due to his impending military service, Orestis is forced to sell his motorcycle, he meets the buyer again in a bar, it is implied that he has sexual relations with him. Voula is disappointed in Orestis, having developed a crush in him herself, the children leave again. Orestis searches for them, finds them on a deserted, newly constructed highway section, he takes Voula into his arms and starts consoling the crying girl: "The first time, it's always as if you're dying." They break up with Orestis again, this time for good. At another train station, a soldier gives Voula money to buy train tickets and the children again board a train for Germany, they exit shortly before the passport control at the border.
Outside, they realize that the border is formed by a river, use a small boat to cross it. Shots are fired by border guards and a tree begins to emerge from the fog; as the fog begins to clear and Alexandros run for the tree and embrace it. Michalis Zeke as Alexandros Tania Palaiologou as Voula Stratos Tzortzoglou as Orestis Vassilis Kolovos as truck driver Ilias Logothetis as Seagull Michael Giannatos as train station guardian Toula Stathopoulou as woman in police station Gerasimos Skiadaressis as soldier Dimitris Kaberidis as uncle Tassos Palatzidis as train conductor Angelopoulos stated he once read in the newspaper about two children embarking on a journey to Germany to find their father, he was so impressed by this strong desire to find the father, that the idea of producing a film about it came to his mind. Landscape in the Mist was Angelopoulos' first film to be distributed in the United States, being distributed by New Yorker Films. Orestis and his traveling theater troupe are a reference to Angelopoulos' earlier film The Travelling Players.
The soundtrack, containing traces of romantic music and stressed by the oboe, was composed by Eleni Karaindrou. Karaindrou stated the impetuous children reminded her of the romantic escapes from earlier times, why she wanted the soundtrack to contain traces of Mendelssohn and Franck; when it came to the selection of the fitting instrument, she chose the oboe, because it is romantic and screams at the same time. List of submissions to the 62nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Greek submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Landscape in the Mist on IMDb Landscape in the Mist at AllMovie Essay on Landscape in the Mist
Eldorado (1988 film)
Eldorado is a 1988 Hungarian drama film written and directed by Géza Bereményi. The film was entered into the main competition at the 45th edition of the Venice Film Festival. For this film Bereményi won the European Film Award for Best Director at the 2nd European Film Awards. Károly Eperjes as Sándor Monori Judit Pogány as Mrs. Monori Enikő Eszenyi as Marika Monori Barnabás Tóth as Imi Valkó Eldorado on IMDb
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th