Eurovision Song Contest 1960
The Eurovision Song Contest 1960 was the fifth edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in London, United Kingdom and was held at the Royal Festival Hall on Tuesday 29 March 1960; the show was hosted by Catherine Boyle. Following Teddy Scholten's win for the Netherlands at the 1959 contest in Cannes, France with the song "Een beetje", the Netherlands Television Foundation declined to host another contest so soon after staging the event in 1958; the honour of hosting the contest therefore passed to the United Kingdom, which had come second in 1959. Thirteen countries participated in the contest. Norway made their début, Luxembourg returned after their absence from the previous edition; the winner was France with the song "Tom Pillibi", performed by Jacqueline Boyer, written by Pierre Cour, composed by André Popp. This was France's second victory in the contest, following their win in 1958, their fourth consecutive top three placing. At the age of 18 years and 341 days, Jacqueline Boyer became the first teenager and the youngest artist yet to win the contest.
As of August 2018, this is the earliest Eurovision Song Contest where the winning performer is still living. The 1960 Eurovision Song Contest was hosted in London; this is the first edition held in the host country's capital city. The Royal Festival Hall, the venue for the 1960 contest, is a 2,900-seat concert and talks venue within Southbank Centre in London, it is situated on the South Bank of the River Thames, not far from Hungerford Bridge. The result was a win for France, however Germany and the UK led in the early stages of voting; the UK came second with 25 points, four more points than the winning song in 1959, Monaco came third on 15 points making up for their disappointing début result the year before. Interest in the contest started to grow across Europe, with the number of participating nations increasing to 13 this year. Norway made its debut with one of their leading jazz singers. Luxembourg returned to the contest after a one-year break with a song in native Luxembourgish language.
The Netherlands was mistakenly announced as Holland. The conductors of the orchestra for each country's performance were: United Kingdom - Eric Robinson Sweden - Thore Ehrling Luxembourg - Eric Robinson Denmark - Kai Mortensen Belgium - Henri Segers Norway - Øivind Bergh Austria - Robert Stolz Monaco - Raymond Lefèvre Switzerland - Cédric Dumont Netherlands - Dolf van der Linden Germany - Franz Josef Breuer Italy - Cinico Angelini France - Franck Pourcel The contest saw the return of one artist who had participated in its previous editions, with Belgium's representative Fud Leclerc, who represented the country in 1956 and 1958; each country had 10 jury members. The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1960 contest along with the spokesperson, responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country; each national broadcaster sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are included in the table below.
^ Although the song was performed in Norwegian, the title and sentence in the lyrics "Voi Voi" is in Northern Sami. Official website
Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest
Denmark has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 47 times since its debut in 1957. Having competed in ten consecutive contests until 1966, Denmark was absent for eleven consecutive contests from 1967 to 1977. Since 1978, they have been absent from only four contests. Denmark has won the contest three times; the Danish qualifying competition for the contest is the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix. Denmark finished third on its debut in 1957 with Birthe Wilke and Gustav Winckler, before winning the contest for the first time in 1963 with the song "Dansevise" performed by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann; the country returned to the top three 25 years with third-place finishes for Hot Eyes in 1988 and Birthe Kjær in 1989, while Denmark's only top five result of the 1990s was Aud Wilken's fifth place in 1995. Denmark won the contest for the second time in 2000 with the Olsen Brothers and the song "Fly on the Wings of Love". Denmark finished second as hosts in 2001 with "Never Ever Let You Go" performed by Rollo & King, before Malene Mortensen became the first Danish entry to finish last in 2002.
Denmark won the contest for the third time in 2013, with Only Teardrops performed by Emmelie de Forest. Denmark has placed in the top five 14 times. Denmark first participated at the Eurovision Song Contest 1957, held in Germany; the country had intended to compete at the first contest in 1956, but had submitted its application past the deadline and was, not allowed to compete. Denmark was the first Nordic country to take part in the contest, with Sweden and Finland following soon after. Iceland, did not take part until 1986. Denmark's first participants were Birthe Wilke and Gustav Winckler, who sang the song "Skibet skal sejle i nat", their performance was controversial as, at the end of the song, the couple performed an 11-second kiss, which caused outcry in some countries. The performance achieved third place. Denmark won the contest for the first time in 1963, when Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann sang "Dansevise"; the victory, was controversial. When Norway announced its votes, the presenter Katie Boyle could not hear the spokesperson and said that she would call them again later.
Viewers around Europe, did hear the Norwegian spokesperson, when Boyle called the Norwegian spokesperson again, the votes had been changed, changing the outcome of the contest and giving the victory to Denmark at the expense of Switzerland. In fact, the reason why Norway had to announce its votes again was that the Norwegian spokesperson did not follow the right procedure the first time and, there was doubt whether he gave the correct votes on the first occasion; the final result was valid and the victory went to Denmark. Accordingly, in 1964, the contest was held in Denmark for the first time. After the 1966 contest and a record low 14th place, Denmark withdrew from the contest, as DR´s new head of entertainment Niels Jørgen Kaiser did not view the contest as being quality entertainment. Dansk Melodi Grand Prix was not held from that year onwards. However, in the 1978 contest, after 11 years' absence, following Niels Jørgen Kaisers departure from DR, Denmark returned to the contest, represented by Mabel and the song "Boom Boom".
Denmark's most successful time at the contest came between 1984 and 1990, with the country reaching the top eight in six out of seven contests, including four top-five placings. The duo of Hot Eyes represented the nation three times during this period. In 1984, they finished fourth. In 1985, they became the first and, as of 2018 only act to represent Denmark in two consecutive years. Singing "Sku' du spørg' fra no'en?", they could not repeat their success of the previous year and came 11th. In 1988, Hot Eyes represented Denmark again with "Ka' du se hva' jeg sa'?". The duo scored its best result to date, finishing in third place, losing only to Celine Dion and Scott Fitzgerald. Denmark's other good results during this time were sixth place for Lise Haavik in 1986, fifth for Anne-Cathrine Herdorf & Bandjo in 1987, third for Birthe Kjaer in 1989 and eighth for Lonnie Devantier in 1990. After 1990, Denmark fell from its high positions of the 1980s and was relegated from the contest on three occasions in the 1990s.
In 1993, Tommy Seebach, who had represented Denmark in 1979 and 1981, finished 22nd, resulting Denmark being relegated from the contest in 1994. Aud Wilken sang "Fra Mols til Skagen" for the nation at the 1995 contest and came 5th, but this high placing could not be repeated in 1996, as Denmark's entry, "Kun med dig" sung by Dorthe Andersen and Martin Loft, did not qualify from the pre-qualifying round of the contest. In 1998, Denmark was once again relegated from the contest following a poor result in 1997. In 1999, Michael Teschl and Trine Jepsen finished 8th. In 1999, the abolition of the language rule, which had required all countries to sing in their official languages, brought a return to success for Denmark, when Michael Teschl and Trine Jepsen finished 8th with "This Time I Mean It". A year in 2000, Denmark would go on to win the contest again, with brothers Jørgen and Niels Olsen defying the odds, to win with "Fly on the Wings of Love"; the song went on to enjoy huge success around Europe.
At the 2001 contest, held in Copenhagen, Rollo & King came second with the song "Never Ever Let You Go". However, in 2002, despite being a favourite to win the contest, Malene Mortensen came 24th with "Tell Me Who You Are", giving Denmark its worst result ever. Therefore, Denmark was relegated from the 2003 contest. In 2005, Copenha
Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest
Portugal has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times since its debut at the 1964 contest. Since it has missed five contests; the contest is broadcast in Portugal by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal. Portugal hosted the 2018 contest in Lisbon. Portugal finished last on its debut in 1964 and again in 1974, before achieving its best result of the 20th century in 1996, with Lúcia Moniz finishing sixth; the country finished last for the third time in 1997. Having not appeared in the final since 2010 and as holders of the record for most appearances in the contest without a win, Portugal won at the 49th attempt, when Salvador Sobral won the 2017 contest with the song "Amar Pelos Dois", Portugal's first top five result in the contest; as hosts in 2018, the country finished last in the contest for the fourth time. Portugal's debut entry was António Calvário with "Oração", it was not a successful debut for the country, with Calvário coming last in the contest. Since Portugal has come last on three further occasions, in 1974, when Paulo de Carvalho sang "E depois do adeus", in 1997, when Célia Lawson performed "Antes do adeus" and in 2018 as a host country.
Despite its last-place finish in the contest, "E depois do adeus" gained notability for being used as the radio musical signal to begin the Carnation Revolution against the Estado Novo regime, being played at 22:55 on the 24th of April, 1974. Prior to their sixth-place finish for Lúcia Moniz, with the song "O meu coração não tem cor" in 1996, Portugal's best result in the contest was two seventh-place finishes, for Carlos Mendes in 1972 and José Cid in 1980. Despite having some weak results, the 90s were the most successful decade for the country, reaching the top 10 four times. Portugal refused, its place was taken by Latvia both times. Since semi-finals were introduced in 2004, Portugal has failed to reach the final eight times, including from 2004 to 2007. In 2008, Vânia Fernandes finished 13th with the song "Senhora do Mar," Portugal's best outcome since 1996; the country continued to be present in the final until 2010. In 2017, Portugal reached the finals with Salvador Sobral's entry, "Amar pelos dois", ending a 6-year non-appearance in the finals, as it did not participate in the contest in 2013 and 2016 and did not qualify for the finals in 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2015 winning the contest for the first time earning 758 points, setting the record for the highest number of points in the history of the competition, topping both the televoting and jury voting for the first time since Austria's "Rise Like a Phoenix" in 2014.
It was the first winning song performed in a country's native language since Serbia's "Molitva" in 2007. In 2018, as a host country, Portugal came last for the fourth time in the contest, for the first time in a non-joint last position; this was the third instance of a host country coming in the bottom 5 since 2015. Portugal has been absent from five contests since their first participation; the country's first absence was in 1970, where Portugal, along with four other countries, boycotted the contest due to the result of the previous year, when four countries were announced the winner. Portugal missed the 2000 contest due to their poor average results over the past five years. Despite being eligible to enter the 2002 contest, RTP declined to enter, was replaced by eventual winner Latvia; the fourth absence was in 2013. The fifth absence was in 2016. RTP mentioned that this break was needed, so that the national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest had its contents renewed. In three of these five years when Portugal was absent, the contest was held in Sweden.
Festival da Canção is the Portuguese national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest, organized by RTP, is held in February/March of the year of the contest. It is one of the longest-running Eurovision selection methods. A number of regional juries selected the winner, however the winner has been selected through televoting. In 2009, 2010, 2017, 2018 and 2019 a 50-50 system between district juries and televote has been used. In the years when Portugal does not participate in the contest, the Festival da Canção was not held, except in two occasions: in 1970, when Portugal boycotted the contest, in 2000. Table key NOTES As of 2018, Portugal's voting history is as follows: Press Award Artistic Award Composer Award All conductors are Portuguese except those marked with a flag. In the late 1990s the English actor and comedian Steve Coogan created the character "Tony Ferrino" for his television comedy series. "Tony Ferrino" is a Portuguese singer and winner of the Eurovision Song Contest. The BBC produced a one-off programme The Tony Ferrino Phenomenon in 1997.
Portugal in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest – Junior version of the Eurovision Song Contest. Portugal in the Eurovision Dance Contest – Dance version of the Eurovision Song Contest. Portugal in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Portugal in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. Points to and from Portugal eurovisioncovers.co.uk
Voting at the Eurovision Song Contest
The winner of the Eurovision Song Contest is selected by a positional voting system. Each country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting; the current system has been in place since 2016. Small, demographically-balanced juries made up of ordinary people had been used to rank the entries, but after the widespread use of telephone voting in 1998 the contest organizers resorted to juries only in the event of a televoting malfunctions. In 2003, Eircom's telephone polling system malfunctioned. Irish broadcaster RTÉ did not receive the polling results from Eircom in time, substituted votes by a panel of judges. Between 1997 and 2003, lines were opened to the public for only five minutes after the performance and recap of the final song. Between 2004 and 2006 the lines were opened for 10 minutes, from 2007 to 2009 they were opened for 15 minutes. In 2010 viewers were allowed to vote during the performances, but this was rescinded for the 2012 contest.
The BBC contacted regional juries by telephone to choose the 1956 winners, the European Broadcasting Union began contacting international juries by telephone. This method continued to be used until 1993; the following year saw the first satellite linkup to juries. To announce the votes, the contest's presenters connect by satellite to each country in turn and inviting a spokesperson to read the country's votes in French or English; the presenters repeated the votes in both languages, but since 2004 the votes have been translated due to time constraints. To offset increased voting time required by a larger number of participating countries, since 2006 only countries' eight-, 10-, 12-point scores are read aloud; the scoreboard displays the number of points each country has received and, since 2008, a progress bar indicating the number of countries which have voted. Since 2016, only the 12-point score is read aloud due to the new voting system, meaning that the nine scoring countries were added automatically to the scoreboard.
In addition, the televoting points are combined together and the presenters announce them in order, starting from the country with the lowest score and ending with the country with the highest score from the televoting. Note The most-used voting system was last used for the 1969 contest; this system was used from 1957 to 1961 and from 1967 to 1969. Ten jurors in each country each cast one vote for their favourite song. In 1969 this resulted with no tie-breaking procedure. A second round of voting in the event of a tie was introduced to this system the following year. From 1962 to 1966, a voting system similar to the current one was used. In 1962, each country awarded its top three one and three points. With the latter system, a country could choose to give points to two countries instead of three. Although it was possible to give one country nine points, this never occurred; the 1971, 1972, 1973 contests saw the jurors "in vision" for the first time. Each country was represented by two jurors: one older than 25 and one younger, with at least ten years' difference in their ages.
Each juror gave a maximum of five points to each song. In 1974 the previous system of ten jurors was used, the following year the current system was introduced. Spokespeople were next seen on screen in 1994 with a satellite link to the venue; the 2004 contest had its first semifinal, with a slight change in voting: countries which did not qualify from the semifinal would be allowed to cast votes in the final. This resulted in Ukraine's Ruslana finishing first, with a record 280 points. If the voting had been conducted as it had been from 1956 to 2003, Serbia and Montenegro's Željko Joksimović would have won the contest with 190 points: a 15-point lead over Ruslana, who would have scored 175 points. To date, non-qualifying countries are still allowed to vote in the final. In 2006, Serbia and Montenegro were able to vote in the semifinal and the final despite their non-participation due to a scandal in the selection process. With the introduction of two semifinals in 2008, a new method of selecting finalists was created.
The top nine songs qualified, along with one song selected by the back-up juries. This method, in most cases, meant. In 2010 the 2009 final system was used, with a combination of televoting and jury votes from each country used to select the semi-finalists; each participating country had a national jury, consisting of five music-industry professionals appointed by national broadcasters. "A Million Voices" sung by Russian artist Polina Gagarina, became the first song to get over 300 points without winning the contest. In 2017, Bulgaria became the first non-winning
Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Finland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 52 times since its debut in 1961. Finland won the contest for the first time in 2006 with Lordi's "Hard Rock Hallelujah"; the country's best result before was achieved by Marion Rung with the song "Tom Tom Tom" in 1973, which placed sixth. Finland has finished last in the contest ten times, receiving "nul points" in 1963, 1965 and 1982. Since the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, Finland has failed to reach the final seven times. In 2014, the country had its best result in eight years. In 2015, Finland finished last in the first semi-final with the shortest-ever Eurovision entry, "Aina mun pitää" performed by Pertti Kurikan Nimipäivät. Before the 2006 victory, Finland was considered by many as the ultimate under-achiever of Eurovision. Prior to its triumph, it had placed last a total of eight times, once with "nul points" after the introduction of the current scoring method. Finland's entry in 1982, "Nuku pommiin" by Kojo, was one of only fifteen songs since the modern scoring system was instituted in 1975 to earn no points..
Due to low results, Finland was excluded from the contest in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003. In 2015, Finland finished last in the first semi-final with the shortest-ever Eurovision song, the one minute and 27 second "Aina mun pitää" performed by Pertti Kurikan Nimipäivät. Finland reached the final for the first time with Saara Aalto placing 25th. In 2006, Finland won with the band Lordi and its song Hard Rock Hallelujah, an entry different from the mainstream Europop that dominated the competition; the song broke records scoring the highest number of points in the history of the Eurovision Song Contest, with 292. The record was broken by Norway in 2009, with 387. All of Finland's entries were in English between 1973 and 1976 and again since 2000. Two entries, 1990 and 2012, were in Swedish, an official language in Finland alongside Finnish. All of Finland's other songs have been in Finnish. In voting patterns, Finland has traditionally supported and been supported by the other Nordic countries, but Estonia, which shares close cultural and linguistic ties with Finland.
Besides, Hungary with shared Finno-Ugric descents, as well as other Baltic nations such as Latvia have gained votes from Finland, the other way around. In 2004, Finland's first-place vote went to Sweden; the first time in Eurovision history that Sweden gave Finland 12 points was in 2006 for Lordi's song "Hard Rock Hallelujah." In 2007, they repeated this, giving 12 points to Hanna Pakarinen with "Leave Me Alone." Finland has given notably high points to Italy, a country that had not competed in various periods from 1998 to 2010, but returned in 2011. Finland has been a strong supporter of Israel; the jury vote seems to adversely affect Finnish results, given that three of its non-qualifications were on account of the juries when the televote alone would have carried them through to the grand final. Finland's best results, including their victory, came during all-televote years. Table key NOTES: a. ^ In 2009, Finland qualified through the back-up jury selection. B. If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year.
In addition from 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries; as of 2018, Finland's voting history is as follows: Press Award Fan Award George de Godzinsky Ossi Runne Henrik Otto Donner Olli Ahvenlahti Finland in the Eurovision Dance Contest – Dance version of the Eurovision Song Contest. Finland in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Finland in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. National Final 2009 Points to and from Finland eurovisioncovers.co.uk