Eurovision Song Contest 1987
|Eurovision Song Contest 1987|
|Final||9 May 1987|
Palais du Centenaire|
|Directed by||Jacques Bourton|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Host broadcaster||Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF)|
|Opening act||Viktor Lazlo singing "Breathless"|
|Interval act||Mark Grauwels|
|Number of entries||22|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
"Hold Me Now"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1987 was the 32nd Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 9 May 1987 in Brussels, Belgium after Sandra Kim's win the previous year. The presenter was Viktor Lazlo. She agreed to present the Eurovision Song Contest, on the condition she was allowed to open with a song of her own, "Breathless". Johnny Logan was the winner for Ireland with his own composition "Hold Me Now". That made him the first performer to win the contest twice, as he had won also in 1980.
Brussels is the capital city of Belgium. The Brussels Capital Region is part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but separate from the regions of Flanders and Wallonia.
The contest took place at the Palais du Centenaire, a set of exhibition halls built from 1930 to celebrate the centenary of the independence of Belgium in Heysel Plateau (Heysal Park). The Centenary Palace (French: Palais du Centenaire, Dutch: Eeuwfeestpaleis) is one of the remaining buildings of the World's Fair of 1935. Currently it is still being used for trade fairs.
Initially, the competition was to be jointly organized by the two Belgian public broadcasters: the French-speaking Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) and the Dutch-speaking Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep (BRT). The aim was to give Belgium the image of a united country. But quickly, disagreements appeared between the two broadcasters, especially on the place, the presenters or transmission. Finally, the BRT withdrew from the project and the RTBF decided to assume the organization of the contest alone. The necessary budget was so important that a new law had to be adopted, allowing the use of advertising to finance the Belgian public channels. This was the first time that sponsors helped to make the contest and appeared on screen. BRT was in charge of the selection of the Belgian entry for the contest, as in all other odd-numbered years.
The 1987 Eurovision was the biggest contest at that time, with 22 countries taking part. Only Malta, Monaco and Morocco failed to compete out of all the countries which had entered the contest in the past. Due to the number of countries, and the time it took for the contest to be held, the EBU set the limit of competing countries to 22. This became problematic over the next few years as new and returning nations indicated an interest in participating, but could not be accommodated.
Controversy erupted in Israel after their song was selected, "Shir Habatlanim" by the Lazy Bums. The comedic performance was criticised by the country's culture minister, who threatened to resign should the duo proceed to Brussels. They went on to perform for Israel, placing eighth; however the culture minister's threat was left unfulfilled.
Host conductor in bold
- Norway - Terje Fjærn
- Israel - Kobi Oshrat
- Austria - Richard Österreicher
- Iceland - Hjálmar H. Ragnarsson
- Belgium - Freddy Sunder
- Sweden - Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Italy - Gianfranco Lombardi
- Portugal - Jaime Oliveira
- Spain - Eduardo Leyva
- Turkey - Garo Mafyan
- Greece - Yiorgos Niarchos
- Netherlands - Rogier van Otterloo
- Luxembourg - Alec Mansion
- United Kingdom - Ronnie Hazlehurst
- France - Jean-Claude Petit
- Germany - Laszlo Bencker
- Cyprus - Jo Carlier
- Finland - Ossi Runne
- Denmark - Henrik Krogsgaard
- Ireland - Noel Kelehan
- Yugoslavia - Nikica Kalogjera
- Switzerland - no conductor
- 1.^ Contains some phrases in English.
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|8||Ireland||Austria, Belgium, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|5||Italy||Germany, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Yugoslavia|
|Gary Lux||Austria||1983 (member of Westend), 1985|
|Alexia||Cyprus||1981 (member of Island)|
|Johnny Logan||Ireland||1980 (winner)|
- Norway - Sverre Christophersen
- Israel - Yitzhak Shim'oni
- Austria - Tilia Herold
- Iceland - Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Belgium - An Ploegaerts
- Sweden - Jan Ellerås
- Italy – Mariolina Cannuli
- Portugal - Ana Zanatti
- Spain - Matilde Jarrín
- Turkey - Canan Kumbasar
- Greece - Synia Kousoula
- Netherlands - Ralph Inbar
- Luxembourg - Frédérique Ries
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- France - Lionel Cassan
- Germany - Gabi Schnelle
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Finland - Solveig Herlin
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Ireland - Brendan Balfe
- Yugoslavia - Ljiljana Tipsarević
- Switzerland - Michel Stocker
National jury members
- Iceland - Ása María Ásgeirsdóttir, Einar Már Ríkharðsson, Guðmunda Ingimundardóttir, Hildur Karen Aðalsteinsdóttir, Jóhannes Guðlaugsson, Nanna Lind Svavarsdóttir, Oddrún Kristjánsdóttir, Óskar Ingimar Örlygsson, Steingrímur Guðjónsson, Þorsteinn Pétursson, Þóra Sigurjónsdóttir
- Spain – José Fernández (waiter), María Rosa Sánchez (telephone operator), José Miguel García (underground driver), Francisco Ortega "Ayo" (businessman), María Laínz (yachtswoman), Feliciano Castañares (taxi driver and poet), Pilar Zanca (businesswoman), Raúl Díaz (student), Concepción Meller (housewife), Fran de Gonari (fashion designer), Miguel Durán (president of ONCE)
- Greece - Giorgos Ikonomou
- Netherlands - Ruud van den Bosch, Rixt Hilverda, Chantal Keijzer, Mylène Höhle, Fred Jonker, Simone Albers, John van Suijlekom, Ton Snijders, Arend van der Werf, René Pauli, Ditta de Vroed
- Yugoslavia - Fedor Janušić, Valentina Miovska, Ljubiša Terzić, Vera Županić, Ljiljana Ljolja, Mirjana Vukčević, Karolina Savić, Branislav Kitanović, Dušan Cincar, Dimitrije Savić, Slobodanka Veselinović
Possible Soviet Union participation
In 2009 Eduard Fomin, a former employee of the Ministry of Education of the RSFSR, revealed that in 1987 George Veselov, the Minister of Education for the Soviet Union, brought forward the idea of a participation of the Soviet Union at the Eurovision Song Contest due to the number of political reforms made by the President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev during the late 1980s. The idea was mainly a political one, with the thought that a win in the contest for the Soviet Union would impact on the relationships between the Soviet Union and the capitalist countries of the west. Valery Leontyev was suggested as a name for the Soviet Union's first participation, however Veselov's ideas were not shared by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or by Gorbachev himself, believing it to be too radical a step to take, and so no Soviet participation was ever made. Ten former republics of the Soviet Union would later compete in the contest on their own in the 1990s and 2000s: Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan, with five of the countries going on to win the contest.
- Décret instituant Bruxelles capitale de la Communauté française. Brussels, Belgium: Parliament of the French Community. 4 April 1984. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "The Flemish Community". Belgium.be. 2011-10-24. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- Decreet betreffende de keuze van Brussel tot hoofdstad van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap (PDF). Brussels, Belgium: Flemish Parliament. 6 March 1984. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "DE BELGISCHE GRONDWET". www.senate.be. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- HAUTIER Jean-Pierre, La folie de l’Eurovision, Bruxelles, Editions de l’Arbre, 2010, p.65.
- Kennedy O'Connor, John (2007). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History. UK: Carlton Books. pp. 108–111. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1987". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
-  Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Morgunblaðið, 09.05.1987". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
- Christian Masson. "1987 - Bruxelles". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Umberto Tozzi e Raf Gente di mare Eurofestival 1987". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "1987 eurovision ark yarmas". T Szlk. Retrieved 19 November 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987-2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- www.eurovisionartists.nl. "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1987 BBC Archives". BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1987". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Whelan speaks about Eurovision to BBC". Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
- "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Morgunblaðið, 05.05.1987". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- RadioVisie.eu. "De 11-urenmis van de Wakkere Radioman (65) [ RadioVisie.eu /columns ]". Radiovisie.eu. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Concours Eurovision de la Chanson • Consulter le sujet - Porte-paroles des jurys des pays francophones". Eurovision.vosforums.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
- "000webhost.com - free web hosting provider". Eurofestival.host22.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Jureren is geen spelletje, Trouw, 11 May 1987
- Невероятно! Леонтьев должен был представлять СССР на Евровидение-87! (in Russian). nnm.ru.[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurovision Song Contest 1987.|