The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the 35th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Zagreb, Yugoslavia on 5 May 1990; the presenters were Oliver Mlakar. Toto Cutugno was the winner of this contest with his own composition "Insieme: 1992"; this was the second victory for Italy, the first one having been "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti in 1964. Cutugno was aged 46 years and 302 days at the time of his victory, making him the oldest winner of the contest to date, the first to be aged in their forties since 1958, he held the record until 2000. The lyrics of several entries celebrated the revolution and democratisation that had occurred in central and eastern Europe in the preceding months, focusing on the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, such as in the Norwegian and Austrian entries. However, the winning song was an more sweeping evocation of European unity, in anticipation of the completion of the European single market, due at the end of 1992; as of 2019, the 1990 contest was the last time that the five countries that would be known as the Big Five, France, the United Kingdom and Germany, all placed in the top 10.
Malta had wished to return to the contest for the first time in 15 years, but Eurovision rules prevented them from returning due to a maximum of 22 entries allowed to compete, a rule which has since been removed. A national final was held in Malta, won by Maryrose Mallia with "Our Little World of Yesterday". There was a uncomfortable beginning to the rehearsal week when, offended by press comments concerning their ages, the two presenters quit the show, they were replaced by Rene Medvešek and Dubravka Marković, who were much younger, but the misunderstandings were allayed and Brnobić and Mlakar returned to the contest. Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, was the second largest city in Yugoslavia. Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall was chosen to host the contest; the concert hall and convention center is named after Vatroslav Lisinski, a 19th-century Croatian composer. The building has a small hall with 305 seats. In order to host the 1990 contest, the venue underwent its first major renovation in 1989.
In 1992, the hall's copper roof cover was replaced. Further reconstruction and redecoration work was done in 1999 and 2009; the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the first to implement an age rule. The European Broadcasting Union were forced to bring in a restriction rule after criticism arose over the ages of two performers at 1989 contest, being just 11 and 12 years old. From 1990, no artist under the age of 16 on the day of the contest could perform on stage; this rule meant that the record for the youngest winner at Eurovision could never be broken, as Sandra Kim, who won for Belgium at the 1986 competition, was just 13 years old. A notorious mishap occurred at the start of the first song, when a noticeably long delay caused by problems with the backing track was followed by the Spanish singers Azúcar Moreno missing their cue, they walked off the stage in concealed annoyance and the audience was left in confusion for a moment, but the song was restarted without any further problems. To add more confusion, the backing track for tv audio did start on the first attempt.
So the tv spectators saw the conductor just standing by. In addition, this incident revealed to the spectators that the large orchestra was just for playback. From a musicological perspective both Spain's "Bandido" and France's "White and Black Blues" can be said to be the first entries to signal a new trend at Eurovision, with both songs fusing contemporary dance music with ethnic influences, from flamenco and calypso respectively; the 1990 contest was the first to feature an official mascot, created by Joško Marušić. This mischievous purple cat popped up during the'postcards' of each of the 22 entries, which included travelogues of the country about to perform, in conjunction with the European Year of Tourism 1990. Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final: The voting order was the same as the running order of the performances. In addition to the participating countries, host Helga Brnobić mentioned several countries as among the non-participants broadcasting the contest; the only known one is Australia, as SBS has continuously broadcast the contest since 1983 using the BBC's transmission.
Spain – Amparo Mendiguren, Pedro Calleja, Paloma Gómez, José Ramón Gamo, Teresa del Río, Emilio de Villota, Fiorella Faltoyano, Julián Lago, Raquel Revuelta, Juan Carlos Arteche, Conchita de los Santos, Alfredo Roldán, Margarita Girón, José Sanjuán, María José Olmedilla, Javier Morera Greece – Αlexandros J. Roussos, Athanasia Tsoulfa, Stylianos Pesmatzoglou, Litsa Pappa, Nikolaos Desypris, Mariliz Ritsardi Turkey – Murat Türkoğlu, Selda Güneş, Mithat Kaya, Özlem Şen, Sıla Yavuz, Nazif Eke, Hülya Okçay, Kadir Gökdemir, Aydan Özbey, Özlem Çelik, Ziya Fırat Doğançay, Meltem Altınörs, Nihal Müftüoğlu, Zeki Tatlıgil, Ahmet Hüseyin Uluçay, Mustafa Sarıkoç United Kingdom – Laura Gudim, Roland Gonzalez-Attwell, Mick Elliott, Chris Whiteside Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson, Helga Sesselja Guðmundsdóttir Por
Route 47 is a state highway in the southern part of New Jersey, United States. It runs 75.20 mi from Atlantic Avenue in Wildwood, Cape May County north to U. S. Route 130 in Camden County, it is referred to as Delsea Drive, as it connects the Delaware River near Brooklawn to the Atlantic Ocean in Wildwood. This name was assigned by the New Jersey Legislature in 1933; the route runs through rural areas of southern Cumberland counties as a two-lane road. Traffic jams along this portion of Route 47 are commonplace in the summer vacation season and can stretch for miles due to the missing southern section of Route 55, where all Jersey Shore-bound traffic enters the small two-lane road. North of here, the route runs through the cities of Millville and Vineland before entering Gloucester County, where it passes through more rural areas as well as Clayton and Glassboro. Past Glassboro, it heads through suburban areas in Washington and Deptford townships before running through Westville and Brooklawn.
Route 47 is the longest signed state route in New Jersey. What is now Route 47 was designated as part of pre-1927 Route 15 between Rio Grande in 1917 and as a branch of pre-1927 Route 20 between Millville and Westville in 1923. In 1927, Route 47 was designated to run from Tuckahoe to Brooklawn, following current Route 49 south of Millville. Meanwhile, current Route 47 was a part of Route 49 between South Dennis and Millville and Route S49 between Rio Grande and South Dennis; the latter was extended to Wildwood in 1938. Route 47 and Route 49 were shifted onto their current alignments south of Millville in 1953. Since Route 47 has seen a few improvements and modifications including realignment in Millville and the reconstruction of the intersection with Route 83 in Dennis Township. Route 47 begins at a traffic light with Atlantic Avenue in the Jersey Shore city of Wildwood, Cape May County, heading to the northwest on Rio Grande Avenue, a four-lane divided highway, county maintained and signed as County Route 661.
From this intersection, Rio Grande Avenue continues southeast a block to an intersection with Ocean Avenue near the Wildwood Boardwalk. The road passes through residential and commercial areas before crossing County Route 621, where it becomes a four-lane undivided road. Upon crossing Park Boulevard, the route passes intersects Susquehanna Avenue. Here, Route 47 becomes signed and maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, turning into a divided highway again a short distance at the intersection with County Route 624. At this intersection, the route enters Lower Township and crosses over the Grassy Sound via the George Reading Wildwood Bridge, a drawbridge; the road turns more to the west-northwest and runs through wetlands with some homes to the south of the road, with the Wildwoods Welcome Center accessible from the southbound lanes. Route 47 enters Middle Township and continues past more marshland as well as some marinas adjacent to the Richardson Sound on the south side of the road.
The route turns northwest again and comes to a partial cloverleaf interchange with the Garden State Parkway. Past this interchange, Route 47 heads into a commercial district in the Rio Grande section of Middle Township. At the intersection with Fifth Street, the route becomes a three-lane undivided road with a center left-turn lane and continues to an intersection with U. S. Route 9. Past the U. S. Route 9 intersection, Route 47 becomes Delsea Drive and continues past more businesses, crossing the Cape May Seashore Lines railroad before intersecting County Route 626. Here, the route becomes a two-lane road and heads into more residential areas with some commercial establishments. At the intersection with County Route 654, Route 47 turns north and leaves the Rio Grande area, heading into woods with some farm fields, it intersects County Route 603 in Green Creek. From here, the road continues past homes with some areas of farms. Route 47 comes to an intersection with County Route 618 which, along with Route 147, provides an alternate route to The Wildwoods.
Past this intersection, the road passes more rural dwellings and enters the community of Dias Creek, where it intersects County Route 612. The route crosses over Bidwell Creek near heads into forests, it reaches the residential community of Goshen, where there is an intersection with County Route 615. Past Goshen, Route 47 turns northeast and heads through rural woods and farms with some homes and wetlands. Upon crossing Sluice Creek, the route enters Dennis Township and heads into residential areas in the community of South Dennis. Here, the road intersects County Route turns to the north. Route 47 widens into a two-lane divided highway as it intersects the western terminus of Route 83. Past this intersection, the road crosses over the Dennis Creek, it continues into Dennisville, where the route intersects County Route 610 before turning west near Johnson Pond and intersecting County Route 611. Route 47 passes more homes before coming to the southern terminus of County Route 557. Past the County Route 557 intersection, the road runs through woodland before coming to the southern terminus of Route 347.
Here, Route 47 turns to the west and passes a mix of residences and fields. It turns northwest and crosses East Creek before coming to an intersection with County Route 550 Spur. Past this intersection, the road intersects Old State Highway, a connector road to County Route 550 Spur, before turning west into wooded areas. Upon crossing West Creek, Route 47 enters Maurice River Township, Cumberland County and continues west through more forests, it enters a mix of residences an
Mister Atom is a fictional comic book supervillain, a radioactive robot, seen as an enemy of Captain Marvel. Mister Atom first appeared in Captain Marvel Adventures #78 and was created by Otto Binder and C. C. Beck. Mister Atom was created by Dr. Charles Langley in a story in Captain Marvel Adventures #78, his body was constructed first, Langley charged the robot with radioactive energy. The spark that gave the robot life ended the life of his creator. Super-charged with a nuclear reactor and armed with a deadly mind, Mister Atom went on a wave of destruction believing he should rule the world and killed several people in Washington, before being challenged to a fight to the finish by Captain Marvel as he tried to attack the UN Building, he was stopped by Captain Marvel. Mr. Atom was imprisoned in an underground, lead-lined cell, as no other prison could contain his power, but he threatens to break out one day, he was freed by aliens called the Comet Men who hoped to employ his power in the conquest of Earth, though they told him he would rule Earth, told him to destroy Fawcett City to show his power.
But they fell to fighting among themselves when Mr Atom realized they planned to destroy him and they were all destroyed in a giant explosion. However, the blast had thrown Mr. Atom forward in time, to 2053, a world where everything was run by atomic power, which Mr Atom found out from an inhabitant, he decided it would be the perfect conquest for him. Captain Marvel travelled to this future after being told by Shazam of the danger which threatened it and battled Atom again, who forced Marvel off by threatening to cause the destruction of the world using the machinery. By now the world officials sent a delegation, but once again he was destroyed, this time in an atomic furnace when the engines were turned on after Marvel disguised himself as part of the delegation to block Mister Atom from the machinery. However, Mister Atom was re-introduced in 1976, by which time DC Comics had purchased the rights to use the Captain Marvel characters. Atom's first appearance in a DC comic was in Justice League of America #137, a crossover issue depicting Captain Marvel's first meeting with Superman.
With Brainiac projecting a force field around him a much larger Mr Atom attempts to wreck a futuristic city on Earth-One called Tomorrow. Destroying the city meant the three super-speedsters had to repair it, causing increased rotation of the Earth. Atom withstood the efforts of the Golden and Silver Age Green Lanterns and Flashes, the god Mercury and Ibis the Invincible to subdue him when Brainiac's forcefield around him was turned off and Brainiac had been defeated, but when he tried to use Ibis's Ibistick to send Ibis to a faraway star, having stunned Ibis from an energy blast, he found the stick had a failsafe that caused any commands that would harm Ibis to backfire on the user, Atom was the one propelled far into space. Again Atom was brought back to Earth, this time by Mister Mind, who employed him to attach his head to an atomic racecar and challenge Captain Marvel to an auto race in Indianapolis with the threat that he'd level the city with an atomic blast; when Captain Marvel won the race using a Shazam lightning-powered car, destroyed Atom's car, Atom re-attached his head to his body and attacked Marvel, who hit him hard enough to achieve escape velocity and send Misterr Atom into orbit around the sun.
Mr Mind was meanwhile captured by Uncle Marvel using a geiger counter. Captain Marvel threw the racer into the Sun. Again Misterr Mind retrieved Atom with help from the Evil God of Magic Oggar and enlisted him as a member of his Monster Society of Evil. During the Society's assault on the Rock of Eternity, Mr. Atom was shoved off the rock into another universe where life never developed, he could do no harm. Two decades Atom was revamped by Jerry Ordway and re-introduced in The Power of Shazam! #23, Mister Atom's modern origin was the same as his Golden Age origin. His appearance was modified, however: the humanoid cyborg design of the original gave way to a more mechanical giant robot look. In his new origin story, Atom, at first not a villain, was told by Dr. Langley before he died to find a suitable woman to take care of him. Mister Atom interpreted Mary Marvel as a suitable woman and kidnapped her, until Captain Marvel found Dr. Langley's assistant to watch over the robot. In Power of Shazam!
#27, Mister Atom was controlled by Mister Mind into creating a nuclear explosion that destroyed the city of Fairview, home to the Marvels, killing thousands. In "Infinite Crisis," Mister Atom became a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains, but was destroyed by the Golden Age Superman, Kal-L, he didn't stay down for long. In 52," Captain Marvel mentioned, it is revealed that Mister Atom is one of the villains who helped Prometheus plant explosive devices in various cities across the U. S. which leads to Mister Atom and several other villains making an attempt to flee the country. Before they can cross the border, the group is attacked by the Justice League, Mister Atom is defeated and captured by Starman and Congorilla. In "DC Rebirth," Mister Atom is a member of the Monster Society of Evil, he was among it's members imprisoned in the Dungeon of Eternity within the Monsterlands until Mister Mind instructed Doctor Sivana on how to free them. Mister Atom has endurance, his robot body is impervious to harm.