Eurovision Song Contest 1993
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|Eurovision Song Contest 1993|
|Final||15 May 1993|
|Venue||Green Glens Arena|
Millstreet, Cork, Ireland
|Directed by||Anita Notaro|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||Liam Miller|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.|
|Interval act||Linda Martin,|
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
"In Your Eyes"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 15 May 1993 at Green Glens Arena in Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland. The presenter was Fionnuala Sweeney. Niamh Kavanagh was the winner of this Eurovision for Ireland with the song, "In Your Eyes". This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Three countries had previously won two years in a row: Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979.
The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.
The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest, and indeed was the most remote.
The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor well- equipped equestrian centre was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical triumph for all involved. The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin.
In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, then, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. The voting required a jury to deliberate in the midst of the ongoing war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Warm applause rang round the hall as a voice on a crackling phone line was heard to deliver the familiar greeting, "Hello Millstreet, Sarajevo calling". During the announcement of the scores by the Dutch jury, Sweeney got carried away with the audience's cheers and declared Ireland 12 points (which were going to Portugal) when they had only been awarded 10 – which was promptly corrected. By the final few juries it became clear that either Ireland or the United Kingdom were going to win. After the penultimate jury had voted, it looked to be a lost cause for second-placed Sonia of the UK as she was eleven points behind Niamh Kavanagh.
Ostensibly due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury. An expectant Irish crowd waited to hear Malta award anything between one and ten points to either the UK or Ireland – the result of which would have made it arithmetically impossible for Ireland to be caught. However, the name of neither country came up (the ten points instead surprisingly being awarded to Luxembourg). This of course meant that either the UK or Ireland must have failed to pick up any points from the final jury, and if it was Sonia that received the maximum twelve points, the seemingly impossible would have happened and the UK would snatch a single-point victory at the death. Instead it was Ireland that were awarded the final points of the evening, finishing with what looked in retrospect a comfortable twenty-three-point victory. The way the votes were cast, having Malta's vote announced last was the only way for the contest for victory to go down to the final jury. 1993 was the last year that the points were announced by telephone.
Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.
- Italy – Vittorio Cosma
- Turkey – No conductor
- Germany – Norbert Daum
- Switzerland – Marc Sorrentino
- Denmark – George Keller
- Greece – Charis Andreadis
- Belgium – Bert Candries
- Malta – Joseph Sammut
- Iceland – Jon Kjell Seljeseth
- Austria – Christian Kolonovits
- Portugal – Armindo Neves
- France – Christian Cravero
- Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Luxembourg – Francis Goya
- Slovenia – Jože Privšek
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Noel Kelehan
- United Kingdom – Nigel Wright
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Croatia – Andrej Baša
- Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Israel – Amir Frohlich
- Norway – Rolf Løvland
|Tommy Seebach||Denmark||1979, 1981|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|7||Ireland||Italy, Malta, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom|
|4||United Kingdom||Austria, Belgium, Iceland, Israel|
|3||Norway||Croatia, Finland, Greece|
|Switzerland||France, Germany, Luxembourg|
|1||Austria||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Turkey|
International broadcasts and voting
Voting and spokespersons
- Italy – Peppi Franzelin
- Turkey – Ömer Önder
- Germany – Carmen Nebel
- Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- Denmark – Bent Evold
- Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou
- Belgium – An Ploegaerts
- Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Austria – Andy Lee
- Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Mello
- France – Olivier Minne
- Sweden – Gösta Hanson
- Ireland – Eileen Dunne
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Slovenia – Miša Molk
- Finland – Solveig Herlin
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Senad Hadžifejzović
- United Kingdom – Colin Berry
- Netherlands – Joop van Os
- Croatia – Veljko Đuretić
- Spain – María Ángeles Balañac
- Cyprus – Anna Partelidou
- Israel – Danny Rup
- Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- Malta – Kevin Drake [N 1]
- Italy – Ettore Andenna (Raiuno), Antonio De Robertis (Rai Radio 2)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1), Canan Kumbasar (TRT Radyo 3)
- Germany – Jan Hofer (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen), Horst Senker (Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4)
- Switzerland – German: Bernard Thurnheer (Schweizer Fernsehen), French: Jean-Marc Richard (TSR), Italian: Emanuela Gaggini (TSI)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV), Ole Jacobsen (DR P3)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1), Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA ERT1)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1), Julien Put (BRTN Radio 2), French: Claude Delacroix (RTBF La Une), Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (RTBF La Première)
- Malta – TBC (TVM)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1), Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- Portugal – Isabel Bahia (Canal 1)
- France – Patrice Laffont (France 2)
- Sweden – Jan Jingryd and Kåge Gimtell (TV2), Susan Seidemar and Claes-Johan Larsson (SR P3)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1), Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Luxembourg – Maurice Molitor (RTL Hei Elei)
- Slovenia – Tajda Lekše (SLO1)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi (YLE TV1), Sanna Kojo and Outi Popp (YLE Radiomafia)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (TVBiH)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1), Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (Nederland 3), Daniël Dekker (Radio 3)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HRT 1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1), Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Israel – Daniel Pe'er (Reshet Gimel)
- Norway – Leif Erik Forberg (NRK), Erik Diesen (NRK P1)
- Macedonia (non-participating country) – Antonio Dimitrievski and Ivan Mircevski (MTV 2)
- Estonia (non-participating country) - TBC (Eesti Televisioon)
- Hungary (non-participating country) – István Vágó (MTV 2)
- Romania (non-participating country) – Doina Caramzulescu (TVR2)
- Poland (non-participating country) – Artur Orzech and Maria Szablowska (TVP1)
- Slovakia (non-participating country) – Alena Heribanová (STV1)
- Russia (non-participating country)- Vadim Dolgachyov (RTR)
- Yugoslavia (non-participating country) – There was no live broadcast of the contest, but later was aired the special TV programme about the 1993 contest on RTS 3K hosted by Mladen Popović and Ekstra Nena. (RTS 3K)
National jury members
- Croatia – Maja Blagdan (future Croatian entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996)
- Greece – Vangelis Alexandropoulos, Bessy Argyraki (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Dina Vasilakou, Dimitris Iatropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Paschalis (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Anastasios Alatzas, Maria Alexandrou, Alexandros Varouxis, Giorgos Karelos, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Giorgos Logothetis, Maria Sotiropoulou, Elena Hounta
- Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson
- Israel – Noel Dunsky, Karen Klutche
- Netherlands – Angelina van Dijk, Lisa Boray
- Portugal – Jorge do Carmo, José Orlando
- Spain – Cristina Pons (student), Juan Ribera (doctor), Arantxa de Benito (TV hostess), Sergio Blanco (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Estíbaliz Uranga (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Manuel Quinto (writer and film critic), Rosita Ferrer (actress), Antonio Rebollo (sportsman), Concha Márquez Piquer (singer), René Dechamps (student), Rosi Nsue (dancer), Francesc Martínez de Foix (president of Special Olympics Spain), María Luisa San José (actress), Bernardo Bonezzi (composer), Annabelle Aramburu (TV and radio scriptwriter), Miguel Ángel Bermejo (film and advertising producer)
Notes and references
- Due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury
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