Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest
Italy has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 44 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956. It was one of only seven countries that competed at the first contest. Italy competed at the contest until 1997. After a 14-year absence, the country returned to the contest in 2011. Italy has won the contest twice. In 1958, Domenico Modugno finished third with the song "Nel blu, dipinto di blu". Renamed "Volare", the song became a huge international hit. Emilio Pericoli finished third in 1963, before Italy won for the first time in 1964 with Gigliola Cinquetti and "Non ho l'età". Cinquetti returned to the contest in 1974 and finished second with the song "Si", losing to ABBA. Italy finished third in 1975 with Wess and Dori Ghezzi and the song "Era"; the country's best result of the 1980s was Umberto Tozzi and Raf finishing third in 1987. Italy's second victory in the contest came in 1990 with Toto Cutugno and the song "Insieme: 1992". Other good 1990s results were Jalisse in 1997, who both finished fourth.
After 1997, Italy withdrew from the competition. On 31 December 2010, the EBU announced that Italy would be returning to the contest as part of the "Big Five", meaning that it automatically qualified for the final. Italy's return to the contest has proved to be successful, finishing in the top ten in six of the last eight contests, including Raphael Gualazzi finishing second in 2011 and Il Volo finishing third in 2015. Il Volo won the televoting, receiving votes from all countries. Since the introduction of the 50/50 voting system in 2009, this was the first time that the winner of the viewers vote did not win the contest. Italy has withdrawn from the Eurovision Song Contest a number of times; the first withdrawal was in 1981. This absence continued through the following year, before Italy returned in 1983. Italy again withdrew in 1986. From 1994 to 1996 Italy withdrew again, with RAI citing a lack of interest in participating. Italy returned in 1997, before withdrawing again without explanation, the country did not participate again until 2011.
None of the Eurovision winning songs were successful in the Italian charts. "Non ho l'eta" by Gigliola Cinquetti was a hit in February 1964 when the song won the Sanremo festival, but according to the official "Hit Parade Italia" website, "Waterloo", "Ding-A-Dong", "Puppet on a String", "Save Your Kisses for Me" and Italy's own winning entry of 1990, "Insieme: 1992", all failed to enter the top ten of the records sales charts. A notable exception to this rule was, the 1984 entry "I treni di Tozeur" by Alice and Franco Battiato which shared 5th position in the final but still became a #3 hit in Italy and was placed at #20 on the chart of the best-selling singles in Italy of 1984. Italy refused to broadcast the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 on RAI because of a song sung by Gigliola Cinquetti which coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce, held a month in May. Despite the Eurovision contest's taking place more than a month before the planned vote, Italian censors refused to allow the contest and song to be shown or heard.
RAI censors felt that the song, titled "Sì", which contained lyrics repeating the aforementioned word could be accused of being subliminal messaging and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote'yes' in the referendum. The song thus remained censored on most Italian state radio stations for over a month. At the contest in Brighton, Cinquetti finished second, losing to ABBA. "Sì" went on to be a UK top ten hit, peaking at number eight. It reached the German top 20. However, in 2008 two noted Italian musicians, Vince Tempera and Eurovision winner Toto Cutugno expressed their sorrow at Italy's non-participation and called for the country to return to the contest. Contestants from the 2008 contest, starting with the winner Dima Bilan appeared on the Italian show Carramba! Che fortuna, hosted by Raffaella Carrà on Rai Uno. Whether this was an initiative by Carrà to try to bring Eurovision back to Italy is not clear, but Sietse Bakker, Manager Communications & PR of the Eurovision Song Contest, reiterated that "Italy is still much welcome to take part in the competition."Shortly after revealing the list of participants for the 2009 Contest the EBU announced that, for the 2010 Contest, they would work harder to bring Italy back into the contest, along with former participants Monaco and Austria.
At a press conference presenting the fourth edition of the Italian X Factor, Rai 2 director Massimo Liofredi announced that the winner of the competition might advance to represent Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest, rather than participate in the Sanremo Festival, as in previous years. On 2 December 2010, it was announced by the Eurovision Song Contest official website that Italy had applied to compete in the 2011 Contest, their participation was further confirmed on 31 December with the announcement of the official participant list. Italy's return to the contest after a 14-year absence has been successful, finishing in the top ten in six of the last eight contests. In 2011, Raphael Gualazzi finished second, Italy's best result since 1990. Italy came first with the jury vote, but only 11th in the televote to place second overall behind winners Azerbaijan. Nina Zilli in 2012 and Marco Meng
Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest
Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980 and 1985. Yugoslavia hosted the 1990 contest. Ljiljana Petrović placed eighth. In 1962, Lola Novaković gave the country its first top five result; this would remain Yugoslavia's only top five result until 1983, when Danijel finished fourth with the song "Džuli". Novi Fosili finished fourth in 1987 with "Ja sam za ples". In 1989, the country achieved its only victory in the contest, when Riva won with the song "Rock Me"; the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961 along with Spain and Finland. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television was Jugovizija, it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SR Croatia, SR Macedonia, SR Montenegro, SR Serbia and SR Slovenia and the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo and SAP Vojvodina.
The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years. Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units; these artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Slovenia, with Macedonia and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest. From 1977 to 1980, in 1985, Yugoslavia did not participate in the contest. Yugoslavia won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989 with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. Following the rules of the contest, the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia. During the process of breakup of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics of Croatia and Macedonia proclaimed independence and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance.
On 28 March 1992, the republics that still constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992's Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but from Bosnia and Herzegovina, although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among its candidates was Alma Čardžić; the winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena from Serbia. Before that year's ESC took place, on 28 April, a new federal state was formed consisting of Serbia and Montenegro called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, represented by the mentioned Extra Nena in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 held on 9 May. Yugoslavia was banned from participating in the Song Contest until 2004 due to UN sanctions during the Yugoslav Wars. After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia its former constituent republics proclaimed independence; the once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTV Slovenia, HRT, RTS, MKRTV and so on.
Since joining the EBU all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and North Macedonia. Overall the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some top 10 finishes in the mid-1990s, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed high scores in the 2000s, while the Republic of North Macedonia has never secured a top 10 result despite making it through to the final each year until 2008, in which it lost at the semi-final stage. In 2004, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd and in 2007, Montenegro joined the contest but failed to qualify for the final, while Serbia won the Eurovision Song Contest the first time it entered as an independent nation. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia and Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began; the following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest.
Note that the selected entries of 1978–1980 and 1985 did not compete at the contest, as Yugoslavia did not participate during those years because of internal political reasons. Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages. Table key NOTES: 1 ^ Yugoslavia intended to enter the contest in 1985. However, due to the Contest being held on the national memorial day marking the fifth anniversary of former Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito's death, broadcasting any musical program wasn't allowed and JRT was forced to withdraw. Between 1961 and 1991, Yugoslavia's voting history was as follows: Due to Croatia and Slovenia becoming independent countries in the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 there was no Croatian or Slovene commentator. All conductors are listed by their republic flags. All but one conductor was Yugoslav. In all, Yugoslavia did not participate in five contests: from 1977 to 1980 and again in 1985, due to the Contest being held on Yugoslavia's national memorial day for Josip Broz Tito.
Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest
Russia has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 21 times since their debut in 1994. Russia won the 2008 contest with Dima Bilan performing the song "Believe". One of the most successful countries in the contest in the 21st century with a total of nine top five placements, Russia finished second with Alsou in 2000, Dima Bilan in 2006, Buranovskiye Babushki in 2012 and Polina Gagarina in 2015. A. T.u. in 2003, Serebro in 2007 and Sergey Lazarev in 2016, fifth with Dina Garipova in 2013. In 2018, it failed to qualify for the final for the first time in its history, their debut was in the 1994 contest. Russia came second at four contests, they achieved three third-place finishes. A. T.u's song "Ne Ver', Ne Boysia", Serebro's in 2007 with their entry "Song #1", in 2016 with Sergey Lazarev's song "You Are the Only One". In 1996, Russia's entry was Andrey Kosinsky with the song "Me is me", but on the eve of competition, he scored an insufficient number of points in a special qualifying round and therefore missed the final.
In 1998, because Russia did not participate in the contest, Russia refused to broadcast the competition and the European Broadcasting Union in return forbade the country to participate the following year. According to unconfirmed information, Russia was required to submit Tatyana Ovsiyenko with the song "My Sun". Russia won their first Eurovision Song Contest in 2008, when Dima Bilan, participating for the second time in the contest, won with the song "Believe", bringing the contest to Russia for 2009. Russia was the most successful country in Eurovision in 2000-2009, with one win, two second places, two third places. However, in 2010 they finished 11th, in 2011 they were 16th, the worst place for Russia since 1995. Interest in the competition fell, but in 2012 Buranovskiye Babushki finished in second place, increasing Russia's interest in the show. Russia holds the record for the most top five finishes in the 21st century, with nine, most with Sergey Lazarev, third in 2016 with 491 points, the highest score of any Russian contestant.
In 2018, for the first time, a Russian contestant failed to reach the final. Yulia Samoylova, who represented the country with the song "I Won't Break", failed to qualify to the Grand Final from the second semi-final. In February 2019, Sergey Lazarev was once again confirmed as the Russian representative for Eurovision 2019 in Tel Aviv. Which makes Sergey the second return artist in Russian Eurovision participation history after Dima Bilan, who participated in 2006 and 2008 respectively; the contest has been broadcast irregularly on two different public state channels in Russia, both EBU members: for the 1994 and 1996 it was broadcast on Russia-1 of VGTRK, while in 1995, 1997 and from 1999 to 2007 the contest was broadcast on Channel One. Since 2008, there is an alternation on broadcast and selection, with Russia-1 on years, Channel One on odd ones. Table key NOTES: a. ^ In 1996 Russia failed to qualify from the audio only pre-qualification round. The official Eurovision site does not count 1996 in Russia's total list of appearances.
B. ^ Russia was forced to sit out another year in 1999, as the EBU only allows countries which had broadcast the previous year's contest to enter the next year's contest. C. If a country won the previous year, they did not have to compete in Semi Finals. In addition, back in 2005-2007, countries who done well did not have to compete in Semi Finals the following year; the top ten non-Big four along with the Big four countries automatically qualified, for example, if Germany and France placed inside the top 10, the 11th and 12th spots were advanced to next year's Grand Final along with everyone within the top 10. D. ^ Russia withdrew from the 2017 contest, after Julia Samoylova was banned from entering the host country Ukraine. The official Eurovision site does not count 2017 in Russia's total list of appearances; as of 2018, Russia's voting history is as follows: Lev Zemlinski Mikhail Finberg Rutger Gunnarsson Press Award Russia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest – Junior version of the Eurovision Song Contest.
Russia in the Eurovision Dance Contest – Dance version of the Eurovision Song Contest. Russia in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Russia in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. Russia in the Türkvizyon Song Contest – A contest for countries and regions which are of Turkic-speaking or Turkic ethnicity. Points to and from Russia eurovisioncovers.co.uk
Ericsson Globe known as Stockholm Globe Arena and referred to in Swedish as Globen, is an indoor arena located in Stockholm Globe City, Johanneshov district of Stockholm, Sweden. The Ericsson Globe is the largest hemispherical building on Earth and took two and a half years to build. Shaped like a large white ball, it has an inner height of 85 meters; the volume of the building is 605,000 cubic meters. It has a seating capacity of 16,000 spectators for shows and concerts, 13,850 for ice hockey, it represents the Sun in the Sweden Solar System, the world's largest scale model of the Solar System. Globen was inaugurated on 19 February 1989 after a construction period of less than three years; the first major sporting event was the 1989 World Ice Hockey Championships. On February 2, 2009, the naming rights to the Stockholm Globe Arena were acquired by Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson, it became known as the Ericsson Globe; the Globe is used for ice hockey, is the former home arena of AIK, Djurgårdens IF, Hammarby IF.
It opened in 1989 and seats 13,850 for ice hockey games, but is used for musical performances as well as other sports than ice hockey, for example futsal. It is owned by FCA fastigheter; the third team to play a home game in their league was Huddinge IK, followed by Hammarby IF and AC Camelen. The first international game played in Globen was between Hammarby IF and Jokerit a couple of weeks before the grand opening, although the players were only 12 years old at the time and it was a friendly game; the arena has been the home of the finals of Sveriges Television's yearly music competition Melodifestivalen since 2002. Ericsson Globe has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2000 and Eurovision Song Contest 2016, it will host several matches of the 2023 World Men's Handball Championship with Sweden co-hosting alongside Poland. It could host men's ice hockey if Åre are awarded the 2026 Winter Olympics; the arena hosted NHL Challenge series, when teams from the NHL came to Sweden to play against Swedish teams: the Vancouver Canucks in 2000, the Colorado Avalanche in 2001 and the Toronto Maple Leafs in 2003.
The first two games of the 2008–09 season of the NHL, between the Ottawa Senators and the Pittsburgh Penguins were played in the Globen, although the rink was altered to NHL specifications. The first two games of the 2009-10 season of the NHL, a home-and-home series between the St. Louis Blues and Detroit Red Wings October 2–3; the first two games of the 2010-11 season of the NHL, a home-and-home series between the San Jose Sharks and Columbus Blue Jackets took place on October 8 and 9, 2010. The game on October 8 was won by San Jose Sharks 3-2; the second game, on October 9, was won 3-2 in overtime by Columbus Blue Jackets. The venue once again played host to two NHL Premiere games for the 2011–12 NHL season as the New York Rangers played the Los Angeles Kings on October 7 and Anaheim Ducks on October 8; the venue most hosted the Ottawa Senators and the Colorado Avalanche on 10 and 11 November 2017. Pope John Paul II held a mass in the arena in 1989 as the first pope to hold a mass in Sweden.
Other political leaders appearances at the arena have included Nelson Mandela. American rapper Eminem performed in 2001 with "The Anger Management Tour"; the first appearance in Sweden for the rapper Eminem owing to cancellation of the 2005 tour. He was back in the arena in 2018 with "Revival Tour". American singer Mariah Carey performed at the arena during her Charmbracelet World Tour on October 5, 2003. American singer Cher performed during her marathon Living Proof: The Farewell Tour on June 15, 2004. Justin Timberlake performed for 15,000 fans in 2007 with the show of his tour FutureSex/LoveShow. Nine years in the same arena, he was invited to an interval act of Eurovision Song Contest 2016. Canadian Young Money-rapper Drake performed a sold-out show for his Club Paradise Tour in April 2012. Lady Gaga performed here on 30 and 31 August 2012 as part of her Born This Way Ball Tour and on 30 September 2014 in her ArtRave: The Artpop Ball. Jennifer Lopez performed on the 5 November 2012 on her Dance Again World Tour.
Soundgarden performed in September 1995. Gary Moore was the first rock act to appear The Globe on 8 April 1989, as part of his After The War world tour. A small cottage in aluminum with a 12-square-metre base was placed upon the Globe on May 26, 2009; the artist's intention with the arrangement is to illustrate two important symbols for Sweden: the high-technology Globe building and the traditional, simple small countryside cottage in Falu red with house corners painted in white. The house was positioned some distance from the exact top position of the Globe; the artist hopes he will manage to place a similar cottage on the Moon. The cottage remained on the Globe until October 2009. Skyview is an exterior inclined elevator which transports visitors to the top of the arena for a unobstructed view of Stockholm, it has two spherical gondolas, each able to accommodate up to 16 passengers, which travel along parallel tracks on the exterior of the south side of the globe. Skyview carried 160,000 people during its first year of operation.
Hovet Tele2 Arena MSG Sphere London MSG Sphere Las Vegas Stockholm Globe Arenas, website.. Stockholm Globe City Hockeyarenas.net entry Web cams monitoring the construction on the Globe Arena
Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine foresees it as its seat of power. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times and recaptured 44 times, attacked 52 times; the part of Jerusalem called the City of David shows first signs of settlement in the 4th millennium BCE, in the shape of encampments of nomadic shepherds. Jerusalem was named as "Urusalim" on ancient Egyptian tablets meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity, during the Canaanite period. During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE, in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah.
In 1538, the city walls were rebuilt for a last time around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today those walls define the Old City, traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian and Muslim Quarters; the Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Since 1860 Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries. In 2015, Jerusalem had a population of some 850,000 residents, comprising 200,000 secular Jewish Israelis, 350,000 Haredi Jews and 300,000 Palestinians. In 2011, the population numbered 801,000, of which Jews comprised 497,000, Muslims 281,000, Christians 14,000 and 9,000 were not classified by religion. According to the Bible, King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established it as the capital of the united kingdom of Israel, his son, King Solomon, commissioned the building of the First Temple. Modern scholars argue that Jews branched out of the Canaanite peoples and culture through the development of a distinct monolatrous — and monotheistic — religion centered on El/Yahweh, one of the Ancient Canaanite deities.
These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. The sobriquet of holy city was attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times; the holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Septuagint which Christians adopted as their own authority, was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesus's crucifixion there. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Medina. In Islamic tradition, in 610 CE it became the first qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer, Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran; as a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres, the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount with its Western Wall, Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Outside the Old City stands the Garden Tomb. Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory. One of Israel's Basic Laws, the 1980 Jerusalem Law, refers to Jerusalem as the country's undivided capital. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset, the residences of the Prime Minister and President, the Supreme Court. While the international community rejected the annexation as illegal and treats East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel, Israel has a stronger claim to sovereignty over West Jerusalem. A city called Rušalim in the execration texts of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt is but not universally, identified as Jerusalem. Jerusalem is called Urušalim in the Amarna letters of Abdi-Heba.
The name "Jerusalem" is variously etymologized to mean "foundation of the god Shalem". Shalim or Shalem was the name of the god of dusk in the Canaanite religion, whose name is based on the same root S-L-M from which the Hebrew word for "peace" is derived; the name thus offered itself to etymologizations such as "The City of Peace", "Abode of Peace", "dwelling of peace", alternately "Vision of Peace" in some Christian authors. The ending -ayim indicates the dual, thus leading to the suggestion that the name Yerushalayim refers to the fact that the city sat on two hills; the form Yerushalem or Yerushalayim first appears in the Book of Joshua. According to a Midrash, the name is a combination of "Yireh" and "Shalem" the two names were un
Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Finland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 52 times since its debut in 1961. Finland won the contest for the first time in 2006 with Lordi's "Hard Rock Hallelujah"; the country's best result before was achieved by Marion Rung with the song "Tom Tom Tom" in 1973, which placed sixth. Finland has finished last in the contest ten times, receiving "nul points" in 1963, 1965 and 1982. Since the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, Finland has failed to reach the final seven times. In 2014, the country had its best result in eight years. In 2015, Finland finished last in the first semi-final with the shortest-ever Eurovision entry, "Aina mun pitää" performed by Pertti Kurikan Nimipäivät. Before the 2006 victory, Finland was considered by many as the ultimate under-achiever of Eurovision. Prior to its triumph, it had placed last a total of eight times, once with "nul points" after the introduction of the current scoring method. Finland's entry in 1982, "Nuku pommiin" by Kojo, was one of only fifteen songs since the modern scoring system was instituted in 1975 to earn no points..
Due to low results, Finland was excluded from the contest in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003. In 2015, Finland finished last in the first semi-final with the shortest-ever Eurovision song, the one minute and 27 second "Aina mun pitää" performed by Pertti Kurikan Nimipäivät. Finland reached the final for the first time with Saara Aalto placing 25th. In 2006, Finland won with the band Lordi and its song Hard Rock Hallelujah, an entry different from the mainstream Europop that dominated the competition; the song broke records scoring the highest number of points in the history of the Eurovision Song Contest, with 292. The record was broken by Norway in 2009, with 387. All of Finland's entries were in English between 1973 and 1976 and again since 2000. Two entries, 1990 and 2012, were in Swedish, an official language in Finland alongside Finnish. All of Finland's other songs have been in Finnish. In voting patterns, Finland has traditionally supported and been supported by the other Nordic countries, but Estonia, which shares close cultural and linguistic ties with Finland.
Besides, Hungary with shared Finno-Ugric descents, as well as other Baltic nations such as Latvia have gained votes from Finland, the other way around. In 2004, Finland's first-place vote went to Sweden; the first time in Eurovision history that Sweden gave Finland 12 points was in 2006 for Lordi's song "Hard Rock Hallelujah." In 2007, they repeated this, giving 12 points to Hanna Pakarinen with "Leave Me Alone." Finland has given notably high points to Italy, a country that had not competed in various periods from 1998 to 2010, but returned in 2011. Finland has been a strong supporter of Israel; the jury vote seems to adversely affect Finnish results, given that three of its non-qualifications were on account of the juries when the televote alone would have carried them through to the grand final. Finland's best results, including their victory, came during all-televote years. Table key NOTES: a. ^ In 2009, Finland qualified through the back-up jury selection. B. If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year.
In addition from 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries; as of 2018, Finland's voting history is as follows: Press Award Fan Award George de Godzinsky Ossi Runne Henrik Otto Donner Olli Ahvenlahti Finland in the Eurovision Dance Contest – Dance version of the Eurovision Song Contest. Finland in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21. Finland in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger. National Final 2009 Points to and from Finland eurovisioncovers.co.uk
North Macedonia in the Eurovision Song Contest
North Macedonia presented in the contest as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 18 times since its official debut in 1998. The country had attempted to participate in 1996, but failed to qualify from the audio-only qualifying round. North Macedonia is one of the most unsuccessful countries in the contest, having failed to crack the Top 10 in the 8 appearances it has made it to the final. North Macedonia's best result in the contest is Elena Risteska's 12th-place finish in 2006. North Macedonia has failed to qualify from the semi-final round in ten of the last eleven contests, the exception being Kaliopi, who finished 13th in the 2012 final; the current Head of Delegation is Meri Popova. North Macedonia's first appearance in the contest was in 1998. However, the country had made efforts to enter the contest two years before at the Eurovision Song Contest 1996's pre-selection round, where it submitted its first song entry, "Samo ti" sung by Kaliopi, which failed to qualify to the final thus eliminating the nation from competing for the first time.
North Macedonia's efforts to enter the contest were again hindered in 1997, when another new system was introduced where countries with the lowest average scores over the previous four years were excluded from participating. The country's best result was in 2006, when Elena Risteska sang "Ninanajna" in Athens and came 12th. North Macedonia is the only country to have qualified from every semi-final from 2004 to 2007. Despite never finishing in the top 10, their record of qualifying for every final was only broken in 2008, when the jury vote used in the semi-final chose Sweden as a finalist, despite Tamara, Vrčak and Adrian having come 10th in the televote. Since only in 2012 North Macedonia have made the final. Macedonian Radio-Television, which broadcasts the event, has used the Skopje Fest festival to select the national entry since the country's debut, although it made several changes in the national final format, so the 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2012 national finals were organised outside the Skopje Festival.
Prior declaring independence in 1991, as a constituent country of SFR Yugoslavia, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia participated in the Yugoslav pre-selection called among the other Yugoslav federal units. Macedonian composers wrote songs for candidates from other parts of Yugoslavia. However, the Macedonian entries never managed to win, the SR Macedonia was the only federal state never to send a Yugoslav entry to the Eurovision Song Contest. An exception occurred when Maja Odžaklievska won the Yugoslav competition in 1979, but she did not perform in the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 due to the Yugoslavian decision not to participate that year. North Macedonia are one of the least-successful countries in the contest, as well as a current six-year nonqualification streak, failing to qualify in ten of the eleven most-recent contest, North Macedonia has not achieved higher than 9th place in any semifinal of the contest, on the occasions the country has qualified, they have placed 9th or 10th, achieving these placings an unusual number of times (placing 9th on three occasions, including in 2012, 10th four times.
North Macedonia placed 9th or 10th in the semifinal every year between 2004 and 2009 inclusive, resulting in a streak of successful qualification, except in 2008 and 2009 as explained above. The EBU confirmed in early March 2019 that North Macedonia would be participating for the first time under its new name in the 2019 contest, instead of the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, used since the countries first participation. Table key NOTES: 1. ^ North Macedonia unsuccessfully attempted to participate in 1996, when there was an audio-only pre-qualifying round for all countries. The official Eurovision site does not count 1996 in North Macedonia's list of appearances. 2. ^ Whilst 10th place in the televote would have been sufficient to qualify in previous years, in 2008 and 2009 only the top nine places qualified automatically and the tenth place was decided based on the votes of the backup juries. North Macedonia did not progress to the final in either year: in 2008 Sweden beat North Macedonia to the final, while the same occurred in 2009 with Finland.
3. If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year; the other reason being that back in 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example and France placed inside the top ten with Spain and the United Kingdom finishing after 13th place, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries; as of 2018, North Macedonia's voting history is as follows: From 1961 until 1991 North Macedonia participated as part of Yugoslavia. Aleksandar Džambazov 1998 North Macedonia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest Macedonia in the Türkvizyon Song Contest Points to and from North Macedonia eurovisioncovers.co.uk Eurovision Macedonia