Eurovision Song Contest 2019

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Eurovision Song Contest 2019
Dare to Dream
Eurovision Song Contest 2019 logo.png
Dates
Semi-final 114 May 2019
Semi-final 216 May 2019
Final18 May 2019
Host
VenueExpo Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
Presenter(s)Erez Tal
Bar Refaeli
Assi Azar
Lucy Ayoub
Directed byAmir Ukrainitz
Sivan Magazanik
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producerZivit Davidovich[1]
Host broadcasterIsraeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC)
Opening act
Interval act
Participants
Number of entries41
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countries Bulgaria
 Ukraine
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Netherlands
"Arcade"

The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 was the 64th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following Israel's victory at the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal, with the song "Toy", performed by Netta; this was the third time Israel has hosted the contest, having previously hosted in 1979 and 1999. This was also the first time the contest was held outside of Jerusalem when Israel was hosting; the contest was held at Expo Tel Aviv, the city's convention centre; it consisted of two semi-finals on 14 and 16 May, and the final on 18 May 2019.[2] The three live shows were hosted by Erez Tal, Bar Refaeli, Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub; the event was organized by the European Broadcasting Union and hosted by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation.

Forty-one countries took part in the contest, with Bulgaria and Ukraine absent. Bulgaria withdrew due to members of the delegation being moved to other projects, while Ukraine had originally planned to participate in the contest but withdrew due to the controversy that surrounded their national final.

The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Arcade", performed by Duncan Laurence and written by Laurence, Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy and Will Knox; this was the Netherlands' fifth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, 1969 and 1975; Italy, Russia, Switzerland and Sweden rounded out the Top 5. Further down the table, North Macedonia and San Marino achieved their best result ever, finishing seventh and nineteenth, respectively; this was North Macedonia's first Top 10 finish since joining the competition in 1998. Israel finished in 23rd place in the final, making it the fourth time since 2015 that the host country ranked in the bottom five.

There was an error in the voting at the contest: a wrongful counting of the jury votes by the Belarusian delegation caused the televised results to be amended three days later; the discrepancy was not large enough to change the order of the originally announced top 4 in the final result, which combines the jury voting and televoting by the public,[3] but this update saw North Macedonia as the new jury winner instead of Sweden as shown on TV, and there were also minor changes in lower positions.

The EBU reported that the contest had an audience of 182 million viewers across 40 markets all around Europe, which saw an increase by two percent in the 15–24 year old age range.[4]

Location[edit]

The 2019 contest took place in Israel for the third time, after 1979 and 1999, following the country's victory at the 2018 edition with the song "Toy", performed by Netta Barzilai.[5]

Venue[edit]

Pavilion 2 of Expo Tel Aviv

The contest took place at Expo Tel Aviv's 7,300-seat[6] congress and convention centre called "Bitan 2" (Pavilion 2), which was inaugurated in January 2015.[2][7] Located on Rokach Boulevard in northern Tel Aviv, the convention centre serves as a venue for many events, including concerts, exhibitions, trade fairs, and conferences; the fairground has ten halls and pavilions, plus a large outdoor space. The new pavilion hosted the 2018 European Judo Championships from 26–28 April.[8]

Bidding phase and host city selection[edit]

Locations of the candidate cities in Israel: the eliminated cities are marked in red, with the shortlisted cities in green and the chosen host city in blue.

After Israel's victory in Lisbon, Portugal, Netta Barzilai and Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the 2019 contest would be held in Jerusalem, but this was yet to be confirmed by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC/KAN) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).[5][9] Israeli finance minister Moshe Kahlon also stated in an interview that the event would be solely held in Jerusalem and estimated its cost at 120 million Israeli shekels (approximately €29 million);[10] the mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, mentioned Jerusalem Arena and Teddy Stadium as possible venues to host the event.[11] The municipality of Jerusalem had also confirmed that the contest would not be held at the International Convention Centre, which hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 and 1999, due to its insufficient capacity.[12]

On 18 June 2018, Prime Minister Netanyahu stated that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, so as not to affect its hosting of Eurovision; the IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would later be delegated to a second public broadcasting entity, which violates EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments.[13][14]

On 19 June 2018, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country,[15] and on 24 June 2018, KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the 2019 contest.[16] On 28 July 2018, Israeli Minister Michael Oren, who is closely connected to Prime Minister Netanyahu, stated that Jerusalem did not have the resources to host the contest, restating the common talking point that Tel Aviv was the more likely host.[17] Soon afterwards, reports surfaced of the government not providing the €12 million downpayment requested by KAN to cover hosting expenses and security, but a compromise was reached on 29 July 2018.[18]

Following a tense back-and-forth between KAN and the government, a compromise between the two parties was reached that would see KAN paying the €12 million to the EBU and the Finance Ministry covering expenses should complications arise; the Mayor of Tel Aviv announced that the city would be willing to pay for the Convention Center itself, should it be chosen as the host city.[19]

In the week of 27 August 2018, executive supervisor/scrutineer Jon Ola Sand led a handful of EBU delegates around Israel to scope out the potential venues in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and to hear the bid from Eilat. On 30 August 2018, Sand stated in an interview with KAN that Eilat was no longer in the running to host, leaving it between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, he also stated that there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU about boycotting the event.[20]

On 13 September 2018, the EBU announced Tel Aviv as the host city, with Expo Tel Aviv as the selected venue for the 2019 contest.[2]

Key:  †   Host venue  ‡   Shortlisted

City[21] Venue Capacity Notes
Eilat[22] Hangars on the port 10,000 Proposal intended to connect two hangars to a hall, in order to meet the EBU's capacity and venue requirements.
Haifa Sammy Ofer Stadium 30,870 Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Jerusalem Pais Arena 11,000 Indoor arena similar to the venues of recent contests. It was Jerusalem's preferred venue, in case they were chosen to be the host city.
Teddy Stadium 31,733 Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Tel Aviv Expo Tel Aviv, Pavilion 2 9,000[23] The IPBC expected Pavilion 2 to have room for up to 9,000 attendees, while an additional 1,500 fans will be able to gather in the greenroom.

Other sites[edit]

Location of host venue (red) and other contest-related sites and events (blue)

The Eurovision Village is the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors area during the events week, where it was possible to watch performances by local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue, it was located at the Charles Clore Park in Tel Aviv and was open from 12 to 18 May 2019.[24][25]

The EuroClub is the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub is restricted to accredited fans, delegations, and press, it is located at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port.[25]

The "Orange Carpet" event and the Opening Ceremony, where all the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place at Habima Square in central Tel Aviv on 12 May 2019 at 19:00 IDT, followed by a small event at the Charles Bronfman Auditorium.[26][25]

Format[edit]

Visual design[edit]

The slogan for the contest, Dare to Dream, was unveiled on 28 October 2018;[27] the official logo and branding was unveiled on 8 January 2019; designed by Awesome Tel Aviv and Studio Adam Feinberg, it consists of layered triangles designed to resemble a star, reflecting "the stars of the future" coming to Tel Aviv.[28]

Presenters[edit]

Presenters from left to right: Assi Azar, Bar Refaeli, Lucy Ayoub, and Erez Tal, Tel Aviv, 16 May 2019.

On 25 January 2019, KAN announced that four presenters would host the three shows: TV hosts Erez Tal (who was also one of the Israeli commentators for the Eurovision Song Contest 2018 grand final) and Assi Azar who work for the Israeli Channel 12, supermodel Bar Refaeli, and KAN host Lucy Ayoub, who was also the Israeli spokesperson at the 2018 contest.[29] Tal and Refaeli were the main hosts, while Azar and Ayoub hosted the green room.[30]

Semi-final allocation draw[edit]

The draw to determine the allocation of the participating countries into their respective semi-finals took place on 28 January 2019 at 17:00 CET, at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art;[31] the thirty-six semi-finalists had been allocated into six pots, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helps to reduce the chance of so-called neighbourly voting and increases suspense in the semi-finals; the draw also determined the semi-final that each of the six automatic finalist countries (host country Israel and Big Five countries France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) would broadcast and vote in. The ceremony was hosted by contest presenters Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub, and included the passing of a Eurovision insignia from the city of Lisbon (host city of the previous contest) to the city of Tel Aviv.[32]

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4 Pot 5 Pot 6

Voting[edit]

On 30 March 2019 the EBU announced that the presentation of the televoting result during the grand final would change for the first time since the current vote presentation system was introduced in 2016;[33] the presentation of the jury results will remain the same with a live spokesperson in each participating country revealing top song from their national jury that earned 12 points.[34] In a change from previous years the televoting result will be revealed in the order of jury ranking, from the lowest to the highest.[35]

Opening and interval acts[edit]

Madonna (in Melbourne, 2016) performed during the Eurovision 2019 final's interval.

On 16 May 2019, it was confirmed by the EBU that Madonna would perform "Future" featuring Quavo and "Like a Prayer" during the final.[36] On 15 April 2019, the EBU released further information regarding the opening and interval acts; the first semi-final was opened by Netta Barzilai, who performed a new version of her winning song "Toy". The first semi-final also featured Dana International with "Just the Way You Are";[37] the second semi-final included Shalva band with the song "Million Dreams" and mentalist Lior Suchard. The Grand Final included performances from six former Eurovision participants. Conchita Wurst who performed "Heroes", Måns Zelmerlöw with "Fuego", Eleni Foureira with "Dancing Lasha Tumbai", Verka Serduchka with "Toy", Gali Atari, together with the four above-mentioned artists, with her winning song "Hallelujah" and Netta Barzilai with "Nana Banana"; the opening of the show featured Netta Barzilai, Dana International with "Diva" and "Tel Aviv", Nadav Guedj with "Golden Boy" and Ilanit with "Ey Sham". Idan Raichel performed the song "Bo’ee – Come to Me" together with The Idan Raichel Project, while actress Gal Gadot also made an appearance in a video interval at the Grand Final.[25][38][39][40]

Madonna performed her two songs wearing an eyepatch, as "a one-eyed space pirate surrounded by humming monks"; the quality of her performance later drew criticism from some quarters.[41][42]

Participating countries[edit]

  Participating countries in the first semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the first semi-final
  Participating countries in the second semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the second semi-final

The EBU announced on 7 November 2018 that forty-two countries would participate in the contest, with Bulgaria absent due to financial reasons.[43][44]

On 27 February 2019, Ukraine announced its withdrawal from the contest; this reduced the number of participating countries to 41.[45]

On 6 March 2019, the EBU confirmed that North Macedonia would be participating for the first time under its new name, instead of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which had been used since the country's first participation.[46]

Returning artists[edit]

The contest featured five representatives who previously performed as lead vocalists for the same countries. Two of these returning artists participated in 2016Sergey Lazarev represented Russia with the song "You Are the Only One", winning the first semi-final and placing 3rd in the final, while Serhat represented San Marino with the song "I Didn't Know", which placed 12th in the first semi-final.[47][48] Joci Pápai represented Hungary in 2017 with the song "Origo", placing 8th in the final.[49] Tamara Todevska represented Macedonia (now named North Macedonia) in 2008, alongside Vrčak & Adrian, with the song "Let Me Love You", placing 10th in the second semi-final, she was also a backing vocalist in 2004 and 2014 for Toše Proeski and Tijana Dapčević, respectively.[50] Nevena Božović represented Serbia in 2013 as part of Moje 3, with the song "Ljubav je svuda", which placed 11th in the first semi-final, she also represented the country in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007 with the song "Piši mi", which placed 3rd.

In addition, the contest featured a former backing vocalist returning to represent his country for the first time – Jurij Veklenko provided backup vocals for Lithuania's representatives in 2013 and 2015 – and previous representatives coming back to provide supporting vocals for their own or another country. Mikheil Javakhishvili, Georgia's representative in 2018 as part of Ethno-Jazz Band Iriao, returned as a backing vocalist for Oto Nemsadze.[51] Mikel Hennet, who represented Spain in 2007 as part of D'Nash, returned as a backup singer for Miki.[52] Stig Rästa, Estonia's representative in 2015 alongside Elina Born, returned as a backing vocalist for Victor Crone.[53] Mladen Lukić, who represented Serbia in 2018 as part of Balkanika, returned as a backing singer for Nevena Božović.[54] Sahlene, who represented Estonia in 2002, returned as a backing vocalist for the United Kingdom, she also provided backing vocals in 1999 for her native country, Sweden, for Malta in 2000 and in 2016 for Australia.[55] Jacques Houdek, who represented Croatia in 2017, returned as a backing vocalist for Roko.[56] Émilie Satt, who represented France in 2018 as part of Madame Monsieur, returned as a backing singer for Bilal Hassani.[57] Destiny Chukunyere, who won the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2015 for Malta, provided backing vocals for Michela.[58]

Semi-final 1[edit]

The first semi-final took place on 14 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[59] Seventeen countries participated in the first semi-final; those countries plus France, Israel and Spain voted in this semi-final.[60] Ukraine was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the semi-final, but withdrew from the contest due to controversy within its national selection;[45] the highlighted countries qualified for the final.

Draw[61] Country[61] Artist[61] Song[61] Language(s) Place Points
01  Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 9 149
02  Montenegro D mol "Heaven" English 16 46
03  Finland Darude feat. Sebastian Rejman "Look Away" English 17 23
04  Poland Tulia "Fire of Love (Pali się)" Polish, English 11 120
05  Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 6 167
06  Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 2 242
07  Hungary Joci Pápai "Az én apám" Hungarian 12 97
08  Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 10 122
09  Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[c] 7 156
10  Belgium Eliot "Wake Up" English 13 70
11  Georgia Oto Nemsadze "Keep on Going" Georgian[d] 14 62
12  Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 1 261
13  Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 3 221
14  Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 4 198
15  Portugal Conan Osiris "Telemóveis" Portuguese 15 51
16  Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 5 185
17  San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[e] 8 150

Semi-final 2[edit]

The second semi-final took place on 16 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[59] Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final; those countries plus Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Switzerland was pre-drawn into this semi-final due to scheduling issues;[60] the highlighted countries qualified for the final.

Draw[62] Country[62] Artist[62] Song[62] Language(s) Place Points
01  Armenia Srbuk "Walking Out" English 16 49
02  Ireland Sarah McTernan "22" English 18 16
03  Moldova Anna Odobescu "Stay" English 12 85
04   Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 232
05  Latvia Carousel "That Night" English 15 50
06  Romania Ester Peony "On a Sunday" English 13 71
07  Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[f] 10 94
08  Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 3 238
09  Austria PÆNDA "Limits" English 17 21
10  Croatia Roko "The Dream" English, Croatian 14 64
11  Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 8 157
12  Lithuania Jurij Veklenko "Run with the Lions" English 11 93
13  Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 6 217
14  Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 9 96
15  Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[g] 7 210
16  Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 280
17  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 2 239
18  Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 5 224

Final[edit]

The final took place on 18 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[59] Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all 41 participating countries eligible to vote.

Draw[63] Country[63] Artist[63] Song[63] Language(s) Place[64] Points
01  Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 14 107
02  Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 17 90
03  Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 11 157
04  Germany S!sters "Sister" English 25 24
05  Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 3 370
06  Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[f] 12 120
07  San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[e] 19 77
08  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 7 305
09  Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 5 334
10  Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 15 105
11  Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 13 109
12  Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 498
13  Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 21 74
14  Israel Kobi Marimi "Home" English 23 35
15  Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[g] 6 331
16  United Kingdom Michael Rice "Bigger than Us" English 26 11
17  Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 10 232
18  Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 20 76
19  Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 24 31
20  Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 8 302
21  France Bilal Hassani "Roi" French, English 16 105
22  Italy Mahmood "Soldi" Italian[h] 2 472
23  Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[c] 18 89
24   Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 364
25  Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 9 284
26  Spain Miki "La Venda" Spanish 22 54

Scoreboard[edit]

Belarusian jury dismissal and incorrect aggregated result[edit]

Twitter user @euro_bruno noted on May 19 that it looked like an incorrect substitute Belarusian result was announced during the broadcast of the Grand Final four days earlier;[65] the mistake was confirmed in a statement issued by the EBU 3 days later, on 22 May 2019. The Belarusian jury had already been dismissed following the reveal of their votes from the first Semi-Final which is contrary to the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest. In order to comply with the Contest’s voting regulations, the EBU worked with its voting partner Digame to create a substitute aggregated result (calculated based on the results of other countries with similar voting records), which was approved by voting monitor Ernst & Young, to determine the Belarusian jury votes for the Grand Final.

However, the statement read that the EBU had "discovered that due to a human error an incorrect aggregated result was used; this had no impact on the calculation of points derived from televoting across the 41 participating countries and the overall winner and Top 4 songs of the Contest remain unchanged. To respect both the artists and EBU Members which took part, we wish to correct the final results in accordance with the rules."[66]

The error mentioned by the EBU statement, consisted of presenting the bottom ten of the Belarusian aggregated result, rather than the top ten. Hence the unusual original result, for instance 12 points to Israel which would not receive points from any other jury during the Grand Final.

The incorrect point totals had some consequences for the ranking. For instance, Norway and Sweden traded places in the overall ranking, with Sweden now coming in fifth instead of their Scandinavian neighbours. Also, it meant that North Macedonia was the winner of jury vote, and not Sweden. San Marino was also able to make its best ever result even a bit better, finishing in the nineteenth place instead of the twentieth.

The mistake made by EBU and their voting partner was widely panned by the press. Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad said the EBU had to present the new vote totals "blushing with shame", calling the situation "chaos".[67] British newspaper Metro thought the EBU had "screwed up", while the Daily Mirror named the accidental reversal of the aggregated vote total a "scandalous blunder".[68][69]

The corrected results have been used in all following scoreboards (where applicable):

Semi-final 1[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[70]
Total Score
Televoting Score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants Cyprus 149 54 8 4 7 10 4 8 3 5 1 8 1 12 8 6 4 6
Montenegro 46 15 4 12 5 10
Finland 23 14 1 2 4 2
Poland 120 60 10 3 7 8 6 3 8 7 3 5
Slovenia 167 93 5 1 5 8 12 3 7 7 4 5 8 1 4 4
Czech Republic 242 86 1 3 8 7 12 10 7 10 8 12 12 10 12 12 8 3 8 6 8
Hungary 97 32 6 1 6 2 4 2 6 2 1 6 5 7 10 7
Belarus 122 44 8 8 12 4 4 3 3 10 6 7 1 4 1 7
Serbia 156 65 6 7 3 10 5 6 7 5 6 3 6 6 4 6 5 3 3
Belgium 70 20 10 2 3 6 3 2 4 10 2 3 5
Georgia 62 33 7 2 1 2 10 5 2
Australia 261 140 5 12 12 5 8 5 12 4 12 1 2 10 6 7 8 12
Iceland 221 151 8 4 4 5 4 1 1 10 10 2 2 7 12
Estonia 198 133 6 1 6 12 1 7 8 7 5 1 10 1
Portugal 51 43 3 2 2 1
Greece 185 54 12 12 7 10 5 4 5 2 6 10 7 8 4 12 5 12 10
San Marino 150 124 2 10 3 1 2 3 3 2
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[70]
Total Score
Jury Score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants Cyprus 149 95 4 1 3 1 10 3 1 12 10 8 1
Montenegro 46 31 7 8
Finland 23 9 2 12
Poland 120 60 6 1 7 6 5 5 5 8 2 5 8 2
Slovenia 167 74 8 7 8 5 7 8 10 3 5 5 7 7 5 3 2 3
Czech Republic 242 157 2 3 5 5 5 4 3 1 6 1 10 12 8 4 1 4 6 5
Hungary 97 65 2 3 6 2 12 1 3 3
Belarus 122 78 6 5 2 2 3 4 7 2 6 1 2 4
Serbia 156 91 5 12 1 4 12 4 2 4 3 3 6 2 6 1
Belgium 70 50 3 1 1 4 2 5 4
Georgia 62 29 10 1 10 1 4 7
Australia 261 121 4 7 8 10 4 10 5 10 7 10 10 5 10 8 6 7 12 7
Iceland 221 70 1 6 12 12 10 6 10 12 6 7 6 12 6 8 7 7 10 3 10
Estonia 198 65 7 2 10 7 8 8 8 6 3 12 8 7 7 12 3 8 1 10 6
Portugal 51 8 3 2 8 2 4 12 12
Greece 185 131 12 1 1 2 4 4 8 5 12 3 2
San Marino 150 26 8 10 4 6 3 12 12 7 5 2 12 6 4 10 6 4 5 8

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
5 Australia Belgium, Finland, Iceland, Poland, Spain
Czech Republic Australia, Estonia, Georgia, Portugal, Slovenia
4 Greece Cyprus, Israel, Montenegro, San Marino
1 Belarus Hungary
Cyprus Greece
Estonia Belarus
Iceland France
Montenegro Serbia
Slovenia Czech Republic
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4 Iceland Australia, Belarus, Finland, Poland
3 San Marino Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary
2 Estonia Belgium, Portugal
Greece Cyprus, San Marino
Portugal France, Spain
Serbia Montenegro, Slovenia
1 Australia Israel
Cyprus Greece
Czech Republic Iceland
Finland Estonia
Hungary Serbia

Semi-final 2[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[71]
Total Score
Televoting Score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 23 2 4 2 1 1 6 6 2 2
Ireland 16 3 5 8
Moldova 85 27 5 5 12 6 2 5 5 3 2 6 3 4
Switzerland 232 137 6 10 3 4 12 7 10 5 2 5 8 8 5 2 8
Latvia 50 13 3 7 6 7 1 3 5 5
Romania 71 24 2 12 1 12 1 8 4 2 5
Denmark 94 41 3 1 2 7 2 4 3 5 3 5 12 6
Sweden 238 88 12 12 10 12 4 12 12 4 10 10 7 12 12 4 7 10
Austria 21 0 1 1 2 8 6 1 1 1
Croatia 64 38 1 5 5 2 5 8
Malta 157 50 10 4 7 4 4 5 4 2 6 3 8 6 4 10 7 6 6 10 1
Lithuania 93 77 3 6 3 3 1
Russia 217 124 7 8 1 3 6 3 7 3 8 4 8 3 7 10 12 3
Albania 96 58 2 2 5 7 12 7 3
Norway 210 170 1 7 3 6 8 5 3 4 1 2
Netherlands 280 140 4 8 12 8 8 7 10 10 8 12 12 1 4 10 6 4 10 4 2
North Macedonia 239 84 8 10 6 8 5 10 10 8 12 2 2 10 12 7 4 10 12 7 12
Azerbaijan 224 121 5 6 10 7 1 1 6 7 7 8 4 10 6 1 8 3 6 7
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[71]
Total Score
Jury Score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 26 2 10 5 6
Ireland 16 13 3
Moldova 85 58 3 12 2 5
Switzerland 232 95 8 6 6 3 7 6 4 12 8 12 4 4 6 7 8 2 10 12 6 6
Latvia 50 37 1 12
Romania 71 47 1 12 10 1
Denmark 94 53 1 2 2 5 10 2 1 2 3 1 8 4
Sweden 238 150 4 5 8 4 1 10 1 4 7 5 2 4 10 10 1 3 5 4
Austria 21 21
Croatia 64 26 2 5 1 1 8 1 3 3 10 1 3
Malta 157 107 7 4 3 2 2 5 2 1 3 1 4 6 2 8
Lithuania 93 16 12 5 1 10 4 7 3 1 5 12 2 2 1 12
Russia 217 93 12 7 10 3 12 8 3 3 4 3 5 10 2 4 3 7 12 7 7 2
Albania 96 38 12 3 2 3 6 2 12 4 2 12
Norway 210 40 5 10 4 10 8 5 12 12 10 10 8 8 8 12 12 3 5 10 8 10
Netherlands 280 140 10 8 7 6 7 6 8 5 6 7 10 6 7 10 5 8 8 8 3 5
North Macedonia 239 155 6 7 4 1 6 5 12 6 2 6 8 1 6 7 6 1
Azerbaijan 224 103 3 8 4 6 10 7 8 7 5 4 7 12 7 6 7 5 4 4 7

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
7 Sweden Armenia, Austria, Denmark, Ireland, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway
4 North Macedonia Albania, Croatia, Germany, United Kingdom
3 Netherlands Lithuania, Malta, Switzerland
2 Romania Moldova, Russia
1 Albania North Macedonia
Denmark Italy
Moldova Romania
Russia Azerbaijan
Switzerland Sweden
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4 Norway Albania, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden
3 Albania Italy, North Macedonia, Switzerland
Lithuania Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
Russia Armenia, Azerbaijan, Latvia
Switzerland Austria, Germany, Malta
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Latvia Lithuania
Moldova Romania
North Macedonia Croatia
Romania Moldova

Final[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[72]
Total Score
Televoting Score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 20 10 5 8 6 4 8 1 12 4 3 6 3 2 5 1 3 1 1 4
Albania 90 47 7 2 8 7 8 1 2 2 3 3
Czech Republic 157 7 10 4 1 8 12 6 3 1 4 12 8 3 8 5 5 1 7 7 4 6 12 3 3 4 12 1
Germany 24 0 2 3 5 8 6
Russia 370 244 12 10 6 10 5 10 6 2 4 1 5 3 1 5 6 10 4 3 2 1 10 4 3 3
Denmark 120 51 7 3 2 5 4 3 12 6 4 1 1 2 7 7 1 4
San Marino 77 65 1 5 6
North Macedonia 305 58 5 8 3 1 3 7 8 10 12 12 10 12 10 12 5 10 10 7 7 4 7 10 12 8 1 8 7 10 7 7 12 2
Sweden 334 93 2 5 12 12 8 12 6 10 2 6 4 2 12 2 12 1 7 12 2 5 8 8 12 2 10 12 12 10 12 8 7 6
Slovenia 105 59 3 4 10 1 4 4 4 10 6
Cyprus 109 32 3 6 1 5 1 5 1 5 7 8 8 2 7 6 12
Netherlands 498 261 12 7 7 3 7 7 8 8 6 1 3 8 6 6 5 5 6 8 6 12 6 12 7 8 12 6 7 12 8 10 6 12
Greece 74 24 6 4 8 4 3 12 10 3
Israel 35 35
Norway 331 291 4 1 1 7 6 5 4 5 7
United Kingdom 11 3 2 2 2 1 1
Iceland 232 186 2 6 3 8 2 10 6 4 5
Estonia 76 48 5 1 6 5 1 2 8
Belarus 31 13 1 1 8 1 7
Azerbaijan 302 100 8 8 4 4 5 2 5 7 4 7 7 8 5 6 7 5 10 6 2 12 5 10 3 4 10 8 6 5 4 6 2 10 7
France 105 38 3 6 5 2 3 3 4 10 4 8 3 1 1 5 2 2 3 2
Italy 472 253 6 5 12 12 12 6 2 3 4 7 5 7 1 7 8 8 12 12 8 12 3 10 3 7 2 8 1 8 5 5 8 10
Serbia 89 54 12 4 7 2 3 1 4 2
Switzerland 364 212 1 3 2 10 10 6 3 10 5 10 3 10 4 7 4 1 6 7 10 8 5 5 3 6 2 3 5 3
Australia 284 131 7 2 10 2 4 12 10 8 6 2 10 4 12 10 4 6 2 7 10 2 4 10 4 5
Spain 54 53 1
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[72]
Total Score
Jury Score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 87 4 6 6 4
Albania 90 43 12 7 12 1 5 10
Czech Republic 157 150 1 2 2 2
Germany 24 24
Russia 370 126 10 12 4 12 10 12 3 1 2 5 8 12 7 12 5 12 12 7 10 8 1 12 8 8 8 12 12 3 4 12
Denmark 120 69 1 5 6 5 6 4 4 7 4 4 1 3 1
San Marino 77 12 10 8 8 10 6 8 1 2 1 1 10
North Macedonia 305 247 3 5 1 6 6 2 7 12 2 2 12
Sweden 334 241 6 8 3 12 6 5 2 2 8 1 2 3 8 6 10 7 4
Slovenia 105 46 2 4 7 4 2 3 5 6 3 10 10 2 1
Cyprus 109 77 7 1 12 12
Netherlands 498 237 8 7 10 7 6 1 8 10 8 8 7 4 5 7 8 6 8 10 10 12 6 6 5 7 12 6 4 7 3 5 5 6 5 4 7 5 5 6 5 2
Greece 74 50 10 2 12
Israel 35 0 1 7 3 5 4 3 12
Norway 331 40 6 1 7 5 3 12 10 8 7 8 12 10 5 10 3 12 8 5 4 1 12 10 12 7 12 5 8 4 12 8 10 12 8 10 8 6 10
United Kingdom 11 8 3
Iceland 232 46 3 1 2 7 2 5 12 10 3 6 8 7 12 1 6 7 3 5 10 7 2 3 8 3 6 5 3 2 7 6 4 1 12 7
Estonia 76 28 2 1 10 4 3 10 1 8 8 1
Belarus 31 18 5 8
Azerbaijan 302 202 2 1 4 4 3 1 2 3 1 1 3 1 3 2 10 6 6 1 12 3 5 7 4 7 5 3
France 105 67 2 4 2 1 4 1 3 3 10 1 3 4
Italy 472 219 7 6 12 3 8 10 5 7 7 12 10 8 4 5 4 3 7 8 8 5 1 6 8 4 12 10 7 6 1 10 3 2 3 10 3 12 8 8
Serbia 89 35 10 12 4 3 8 7 10
Switzerland 364 152 5 8 8 4 5 6 4 5 6 10 12 7 3 4 5 4 7 4 8 10 7 7 2 10 5 1 6 2 6 7 7 1 5 6 2 2 4 7
Australia 284 153 4 3 2 2 6 4 5 3 10 6 1 10 2 1 2 2 4 5 4 5 1 10 3 6 8 2 6 6 2 6
Spain 54 1 12 2 3 2 4 6 2 4 1 7 5 5

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
10 Sweden Armenia, Australia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain
6 Netherlands France, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Sweden
North Macedonia Albania, Austria, Moldova, Serbia, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Italy Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Malta, North Macedonia, San Marino
4 Czech Republic Georgia, Hungary, Norway, Slovenia
2 Australia Poland, Romania
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Cyprus Greece
Denmark Italy
Greece Cyprus
Malta Belarus
Russia Azerbaijan
Serbia Montenegro
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
11 Russia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, San Marino
8 Norway Australia, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom
4 Italy Croatia, Malta, Spain, Switzerland
3 Iceland Finland, Hungary, Poland
2 Albania Italy, North Macedonia
Cyprus Greece, Georgia
Netherlands Belgium, Romania
North Macedonia Serbia, Slovenia
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Greece Cyprus
Israel France
Serbia Montenegro
Spain Portugal
Sweden Norway
Switzerland Austria

Other countries[edit]

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network; the EBU issued an invitation of participation in the contest to all fifty-six active members. The Israeli Minister of Communications Ayoob Kara has also invited countries from the Middle Eastern and North African region, with which Israel largely has tense relationships or no diplomatic relations. Kara pointed out Tunisia and the Gulf states Saudi Arabia as well as Dubai and Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates.[73][74][75] Tunisia is eligible to participate but has not due to rules banning the promotion of Israeli content, while the Gulf states do not have national broadcasters with EBU membership.

Active EBU members[edit]

  •  Andorra – Despite being absent for 10 years, local media reported that Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) was still interested in returning to the contest, but the principality's failure to make the final along with the cost was discouraging the broadcaster from participating. In order for a return to take place, RTVA would need funding from the Andorran Government.[76] On 19 May 2018, Andorra confirmed that they would not return in 2019.[77]
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina – On 25 May 2018, the Bosnian broadcaster, Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated that the country would not be allowed to return to the contest in 2019 until debt-related sanctions placed on them by the EBU are lifted. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.[78]
  •  Bulgaria – Despite confirming their preliminary participation in the 2019 contest, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) announced on 13 October 2018 that many members of the delegations were moving onto other projects,[79] and on 15 October 2018, BNT announced that they would withdraw from the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties.[44]
  •  Luxembourg – On 21 July 2018, the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced that they would not return to the contest in 2019. Luxembourg last took part in 1993.[80]
  •  Monaco – On 17 August 2018, the Monégasque broadcaster Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced that they would not return to the contest in 2019. Monaco last took part in 2006.[81]
  •  Slovakia – On 31 May 2018, the Slovak broadcaster Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) announced that the country would not return to the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties. Slovakia last took part in 2012.[82]
  •  Turkey – After the Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım had stated in an interview that Turkey had no plans to return to the contest,[83] on 4 August 2018 İbrahim Eren, the General Manager of Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu (TRT), said that at the moment the broadcaster was not considering returning to the contest for various reasons, including Conchita Wurst's victory for Austria in 2014. Turkey last took part in 2012.[84][85]
  •  Ukraine – On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced the withdrawal of the country in the contest, due to controversy surrounding their national selection.[45] However, the channel will still broadcast the show.[86]

Associate EBU members[edit]

  •  Kazakhstan – On 22 December 2017, it was claimed that Channel 31 had finalised negotiations with the EBU, allowing Kazakhstan to debut in 2019;[87] however, on 23 December 2017, the EBU told Esctoday that "Channel 31 Kazakhstan has indeed expressed interest in becoming a member of the EBU and hence participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, since Channel 31 is outside the European Broadcasting Area and is also not a member of the Council of Europe, it is not eligible to become an active member of the EBU".[88][89] On 25 July 2018, it was announced that Kazakhstan will participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018, thus making a debut in 2019 possible.[90] On 30 July 2018, the EBU stated that the decision to invite Kazakhstan was made solely by the Junior Eurovision reference group, and there were no current plans to invite associate members other than Australia.[91] On 22 November 2018, Jon Ola Sand said in a press conference that "we need to discuss if we can invite our associate member Kazakhstan to take part in adult ESC in the future, but this is part of a broader discussion in the EBU and I hope we can get back to you on this issue later."[92] However, he later clarified that Kazakhstan would not have an entry in the 2019 edition.[93]

Non-EBU members[edit]

  •  Kosovo – According to EBU guidelines, Kosovo's participation in 2018 would have been possible due to Portugal recognising Kosovo as an independent state.[94] Radio Television of Kosovo (RTK) decided not to participate and only broadcast the contest that year[95] In June 2018, RTK general director Mentor Shala said that they were pushing for full membership to still be able to take part in the 2019 contest.[96] However, in Demceber 2018, RTK's membership vote was delayed into June 2019.[97]
  •  Liechtenstein – On 4 November 2017, 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1 FL TV), the national broadcaster of the Principality of Liechtenstein, confirmed that the country were planning a debut in the 2019 contest, and that they were applying for EBU membership and are "in [the] process of complying all requirements".[98] They also reiterated their intention to select the participant through a national selection process in the form of Liechtenstein Music Contest "open to any form of music".[99] However, on 20 July 2018, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) stated that 1 FL TV had not applied for EBU membership.[100] On 26 July 2018, 1 FL TV confirmed that Liechtenstein will not debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 due to the sudden death of the broadcaster's director, Peter Kölbel.[101]

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:[102][103]

  1.  Portugal – Inês Lopes Gonçalves
  2.  Azerbaijan – Faig Agayev
  3.  Malta – Ben Camille (Co-host of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
  4.  North Macedonia – Nikola Trajkovski
  5.  San Marino – Monica Fabbri
  6.  NetherlandsEmma Wortelboer
  7.  Montenegro – Ajda Šufta
  8.  EstoniaKelly Sildaru
  9.  Poland – Mateusz Szymkowiak
  10.  NorwayAlexander Rybak (Norwegian representative in 2018; winner of the 2009 contest)
  11.  SpainNieves Álvarez
  12.  AustriaPhilipp Hansa
  13.  United KingdomRylan Clark-Neal
  14.  Italy – Ema Stokholma
  15.  AlbaniaAndri Xhahu
  16.  Hungary – Bence Forró
  17.  Moldova – Doina Stimpovschi
  18.  Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
  19.  Belarus – Maria Vasilevich
  20.  ArmeniaAram MP3 (Armenian representative in 2014)
  21.  RomaniaIlinca (Romanian representative in 2017)
  22.  CyprusHovig (Cypriot representative in 2017)
  23.  AustraliaElectric Fields
  24.  RussiaIvan Bessonov (Winner of Eurovision Young Musicians 2018)
  25.  GermanyBarbara Schöneberger
  26.  Belgium – David Jeanmotte
  27.  SwedenEric Saade (Swedish representative in 2011)
  28.  Croatia – Monika Lelas Halambek
  29.  LithuaniaGiedrius Masalskis
  30.  Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
  31.  IcelandJóhannes Haukur Jóhannesson
  32.  Georgia – Gaga Abashidze (Georgian representative in 2018 as part of Iriao)
  33.  GreeceGus G
  34.  LatviaLaura Rizzotto (Latvian representative in 2018)
  35.  Czech Republic – Radka Rosická
  36.  DenmarkRasmussen (Danish representative in 2018)
  37.  France – Julia Molkhou
  38.  Finland – Christoffer Strandberg
  39.   SwitzerlandSinplus (Swiss representatives in 2012)
  40.  SloveniaLea Sirk (Slovene representative in 2018)
  41.  IsraelIzhar Cohen (Israeli representative in 1985; winner of the 1978 contest)

Commentators[edit]

Most countries sent commentators to Tel Aviv or commentated from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.

Non-participating countries[edit]

Accessibility[edit]

Tomer Levy, a graduate of the Edmond de Rothschild Leadership Program and a student at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, reached an agreement with the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (Kan) of creating three livestreams to complement its coverage of the Eurovision Song Contest on Kan 11 and to ensure the Contest would be accessible to as many viewers as possible;[176] the three dedicated livestreams are made available on Kan's YouTube channel and its own website during the live broadcasts of each semi-final and the grand final. The livestreams are offered to Deaf and hard-of-hearing people, people with cognitive disabilities and people with vision loss.[177]

Sign language interpretation[edit]

The livestream featuring sign language interpretation for viewers who are deaf or hard of hearing is provided by Sign Now, whose leader is Levi.[177][178] In order to make the broadcast accessible for the deaf and hard of hearing people in Israel the livestream broadcasts the Contest with an interpretation into the Israeli Sign Language.[179] In addition, the contest was broadcast on Kan Educational channel with Hebrew subtitles of the names of the songs and of the interval sections; the songs themselves were not with subtitles due to the policy of the EBU, and were fully interpreted to the Israeli sign language in a real size by the hearing interpreters Lee Dan, Shirit Cohen-koka and the deaf interpreters Maor Ben Zeev, Ella Okhotin and Shiri Ofir, who were of the "Sign Now" team.[180][181]

Plain language[edit]

Simultaneous Simplification at the Eurovision Song Contest, 2019.

The second livestream was designed for viewers with cognitive disabilities. Kan worked with the team of The Israeli Institute on Cognitive Accessibility,[182] which was a partnership between Agudat Ami and Ono Academic College;[177] this livestream involved translating on what was said in real time in a plain language. In an interview with Shira Yalon-Chamovitz of the Institute, she explained the process: "We translate in real time into plain language. In this case, for the Eurovision, we’re going to be translating the English spoken into plain and understandable Hebrew."[177]

Vision impairments[edit]

The livestream for people with vision impairments was created in conjunction with The Central Library for Blind and Reading Impaired People (Israel); the action which occurred during the contest on the stage was described in detail, in Hebrew, for those who were not able to view the show.[177]

Incidents[edit]

Religious requests[edit]

On 14 May 2018, Yaakov Litzman, leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health, drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism, Communications, and Culture and Sports, in which he requested that the event not violate religious laws: "In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires".[183] According to Jewish religious law, Shabbat—the holy sabbath—is observed from just before sunset on Friday evening until Saturday night; the Saturday evening broadcast of the show, which will start at 22:00 local time, will not conflict with this. However, the Friday evening jury show and Saturday afternoon rehearsals would. Similar protests arose in the lead-up to the 1999 Israeli-held competition, but then there were fewer competing teams allowing for certain adjustments to be made to accommodate the issue; the Chairman of the EBU's Eurovision committee, Dr. Frank-Dieter Freiling, noted that he was well aware of the tension, and has plans to address it in his communications with the Israeli broadcaster.[184] Shalva Band, who performed as the interval act during the second semi-final, withdrew from Israel's national final citing similar concerns on possibly performing during Shabbat in the rehearsals for the final, should they have won.[185]

Calls for boycott[edit]

The possibility of Jerusalem being the venue for an Israeli-hosted final led many proponents of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement to call on their national broadcasters to boycott the competition because of Israel's policies towards Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza;[186] this included members of the Australian Greens party,[187] Sinn Féin,[188] the Irish Alternative,[189] Sweden's Left Party[190] and many entertainers including 1994 contest winner Charlie McGettigan.[191] Icelandic broadcaster RÚV met to discuss a boycott in response to a petition of 23,000 signatures,[192] but ultimately neither RÚV nor any other broadcaster withdrew from the contest in response to boycott calls.

Several national selections were disrupted by BDS supporters calling for a boycott in the lead-up to the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest; this included the second-semi final of France's Destination Eurovision, which was invaded by stage intruders who held up signs advocating a boycott;[193] and selection events in Spain,[194] Germany,[195] and Denmark were all targeted by protesters outside the venues calling for a boycott;[195] the European Broadcasting Union later sent a special letter to all participating broadcasters advising precautions that they could take to prevent similar disruptions.[196] An opinion piece in Sweden's largest newspaper Aftonbladet, calling for a boycott of the contest and other cultural exchanges with Israel, was signed by 171 Swedish professionals in the cultural sector.[197]

In late April 2019, over 100 celebrities including Stephen Fry and Sharon Osbourne signed a joined statement against boycotting Eurovision in Israel.[198]

Late Ukrainian withdrawal[edit]

During the final of the Ukrainian national selection on 23 February 2019, it was announced that the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC) had reserved the right to change the decision made by the jury and Ukrainian public. Following Maruv's win, it was reported that the broadcaster had sent a contract to her management, requiring Maruv to cancel all her upcoming appearances and performances in Russia in order to represent Ukraine, she was also given 48 hours to sign the contract or be replaced.[199]

On 24 February 2019, Maruv revealed that the contract sent to her by UA:PBC had additionally banned her from improvising on stage and communicating with any journalist without the permission of the broadcaster, and required her to fully comply with any requests from the broadcaster. Later, the broadcaster published a statement explaining every entry of the contract.[200] If she were to not follow any of these clauses, she would be fined 2 million (~€65,500). Maruv also stated that the broadcaster would not give her any financial compensation for the competition and would not pay for her trip to Tel Aviv.[201]

On 25 February 2019, both Maruv and UA:PBC confirmed that she would not represent Ukraine in Israel due to disputes within the contract, and that another act would be chosen.[202] National final runner-up Freedom Jazz announced on 26 February 2019 that they had rejected the broadcaster's offer to represent Ukraine as well, with third place finisher Kazka confirming they had rejected the offer as well the following day;[203][204] the incident garnered media coverage from major international outlets such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, Billboard, The Telegraph, The Independent, SBS News, The Irish Independent, Le Figaro, Cosmopolitan, and ABC.[205] On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced that the country had withdrawn from the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest.[45]

Ticket sales controversy[edit]

The prices of the tickets for this year’s event sparked criticism, both in Israel and abroad,[206] with The Times of Israel calling it "likely the most expensive ever for Eurovision".[207] Explanations given for the high prices include the high cost of living in Israel and the fact that the Israeli government is not subsidising this year's Eurovision production.[208][209] Although the venue can hold up to 10,000 people, only 7,300 seats are available because of the size of the stage, the technical equipment and the security features. Of those 7,300 seats, 3,000 have been reserved for the EBU, leaving only 4,300 for the fans, thus demand exceeds supply.[210]

On 3 March 2019, ticket sales were frozen because of irregularities noticed by the Oversight Committee of the Israeli broadcaster KAN. Hebrew-language Israeli media reported tickets being illegally resold for 2.5 times the original price. Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan has instructed an investigation.[211]

On 14 March 2019, tickets went back on sale. According to KAN, 220 improperly-purchased tickets to the Final live show were revoked and were bought again in the second round of ticket sales.[212]

Multiple technical issues[edit]

Cyber attack during semi-final 1[edit]

KAN suffered a cyber attack by a group of hackers that affected the broadcaster's accessibility livestreams of the first semi-final;[213] the hackers were able to briefly show anti-Israeli statements on the streams such as “Israel is not safe, you will see” and “Risk of Missile Attack, Please take shelter”.[214] The incident is being investigated by both the broadcaster and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Kan released a statement regarding the incident saying "The problem was fixed quickly, and it seems that during the first semi-finals a site was hacked here for a few minutes, and we believe that the messages were not seen by many people."[215]

Semi-final 1 technical issues[edit]

Multiple broadcasters around Europe had reported various issues during the live broadcast of the first semi-final.[216] Issues ranged from a loss of commentary from Tel Aviv for the Netherlands and North Macedonia;[216] the Polish broadcaster, TVP, had to replace their regular commentator Artur Orzech who was based in Tel Aviv with another person who was based in Warsaw due to viewers being unable to hear Orzech.[216] Germany and the United Kingdom lost a portion of the show. In the United Kingdom the programme cut out as the recap of the qualifiers of the first semi-final began to play which was replaced by a message “We are sorry for the break in this programme and are trying to correct the fault,”[217] while in France the broadcaster France Televisions had experienced audio issues during the Portuguese and Belgian performances.[216] Similar technical issues happened at the 2011 contest.

Keiino's final jury performance[edit]

External video
Camera issues during Keiino's jury show performance, YouTube video

During the jury performance of Norway, two cases of technical issues occurred in a short time, the screen became black while Keiino performed "Spirit In The Sky"; when the picture came back again, the camera operator was showing in the picture. NRK complained to EBU and requested a new runthrough, but the EBU rejected the complaints.[218][219][220]

Jury vote issues[edit]

Belarusian jury dismissal and voting irregularity[edit]

On 18 May 2019, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) confirmed that the Belarusian jury has been dismissed from the Grand Final and that their votes would not count towards the final result; this decision comes after the members of the jury revealed during an interview which countries they had voted for during the first semi-final. This goes against the contest rules which state that the semi-final results are not to be revealed until after the Grand Final; the EBU also stated that the Belarusian votes would be allocated based on an aggregate result approved by the auditors.[221]

In the final, Belarus awarded its 12 points to Israel; this made Belarus the only country to award any jury points to Israel. Following the show, it was reported that the Belarusian jury vote was decided by an aggregate of the jury votes from the other countries in their semi-final allocation pot: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia. However, it emerged that the points awarded by Belarus in the final were the aggregate results given backwards; Israel had placed last in the aggregate, while Estonia, who had received 10 points, placed 25th, and so on until 17th place. If the points were revealed correctly, Malta should have received 12 points and North Macedonia would have won the jury vote ahead of Sweden.[222][223] Following this revelation, producer of the Belarusian entry Viktor Drobysh stated that he would sue the EBU over this incident, believing that it will strain Belarus–Russia relations, as Belarus did not award Russia any jury points after their jury's dismissal.[224][225]

On 22 May, the EBU released a statement confirming that the Belarusian jury votes were revealed in backwards order, they additionally corrected the official scoreboard to represent the actual points awarded by Belarus.[226]

Inverted voting[edit]

Following the reveal of the detailed jury voting, it emerged that three jurors appeared to have voted backwards in their semi-finals. In the first semi-final, Czech juror Jitka Zelenková ranked Portugal as her favourite entry, Slovenia as her least-favourite entry, and ranked Estonia as fourteenth on her list; this was in direct opposition to the other Czech jurors, who all ranked Slovenia first and two of which ranked Portugal last. In the final, Zelenková's rankings changed dramatically, and she listed Estonia as her fourth favourite and Slovenia as her sixth favourite. Neither Zelenková, the Czech broadcaster Česká televize (ČT), nor the EBU have confirmed that her semi-final one votes were backwards, but if it is true and her votes were reversed, Poland would have qualified to the final instead of Belarus.[227]

Swedish juror Lina Hedlund also appeared to have voted backwards in the second semi-final. Hedlund ranked the Netherlands and Switzerland as her favourite entries in the final, but ranked them as her two least-favourite entries in the semi-final. Additionally, Hedlund ranked Austria her favourite entry in the semi-final, which led Austria to receive eight points from Sweden. Neither Hedlund, the Swedish broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), nor the EBU have commented on the incident.[228][229][230]

The second semi-final also seemed to have Russian juror Igor Gulyaev casting his votes in a reverse order. In the semi-final, Gulyaev ranked Denmark first and Azerbaijan last, although he reversed this placement in the final. Additionally, he ranked Albania as his second least-favourite entry in the semi-final, but as his second favourite in the final. If his, and Lina's votes were reversed, then this would have had no impact on the result with minor differences in the number of points received by each country.[231][232]

This would be the second year in which a juror accidentally submitted their votes backwards. In the Eurovision Song Contest 2016, Danish juror Hilda Heick ranked the entries backwards, resulting in Ukraine receiving 12 points from Denmark instead of Australia.[228]

Political demonstrations[edit]

The holding of Eurovision in Israel had faced protests due to the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Two notable political demonstrations occurred during the final: during Madonna's interval performances of "Like a Prayer" and "Future", the singer directed a monologue to backup dancers wearing gas masks between the two songs, alluding to the "[storm] inside of us", and stating that "they think we are not aware of their crimes. We know, but we're just not ready to act"—interpreted as reference to the conflict. During "Future", two dancers respectively wearing Israel and Palestine flags on the back of their costumes were seen embracing when guest vocalist Quavo sang the lyrics "Not everyone is coming to the future, not everyone is learning from the past". Madonna stated that the inclusion of Israeli and Palestinian flags was not a pro-Palestine demonstration, but a call for unity and peace.[233]

During the unveiling of results, members of the Icelandic entry Hatari were seen presenting a banner containing the Palestine flag.[234][235] There had previously been concerns that the self-described anti-capitalist group would use their performance to protest against Israeli occupation of Palestine,[236] and the band had previously received warnings from the EBU about statements they had made prior to the contest.[237] After the contest, the EBU stated that "the consequences of this action will be discussed by the Reference Group (the Contest's executive board) after the Contest";[238] the Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel had called for a complete boycott of Eurovision in Israel. In response to Hatari's actions, the organization stated that "Artists who insist on crossing the Palestinian boycott picket line, playing in Tel Aviv in defiance of our calls, cannot offset the harm they do to our human rights struggle by 'balancing' their complicit act with some project with Palestinians. Palestinian civil society overwhelmingly rejects this fig-leafing."[239] Hatari subsequently announced a collaboration with Palestinian artist Bashar Murad for their next single.[240]

Other awards[edit]

In addition to the main winner's trophy, the Marcel Bezençon Awards and the Barbara Dex Award were contested during the Eurovision Song Contest 2019. Additionally, the OGAE voting poll took place before the contest.

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

The Marcel Bezençon Awards were first handed out during the Eurovision Song Contest 2002 in Tallinn, Estonia, honouring the best competing songs in the final. Founded by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 and the current Head of Delegation for Sweden) and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys and the Eurovision Song Contest 1984 winner from Sweden), the awards are named after the creator of the annual competition, Marcel Bezençon;[241] the awards are divided into three categories: Press Award, Artistic Award, and Composer Award. The winners are revealed shortly before the Eurovision final.

Category Country Song Performer(s) Composer(s)
Artistic Award  Australia "Zero Gravity" Kate Miller-Heidke Kate Miller-Heidke, Keir Nuttall, Julian Hamilton
Composer Award  Italy "Soldi" Mahmood Mahmood, Dario "Dardust" Faini, Charlie Charles
Press Award  Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence Duncan Laurence, Joel Sjoo, Wouter Hardy

OGAE[edit]

Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision (more commonly known as OGAE) is an international organisation that was founded in 1984 in Savonlinna, Finland by Jari-Pekka Koikkalainen;[242] the organisation consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond, and is a non-governmental, non-political, and non-profit company.[243] In what has become an annual tradition for the OGAE fan clubs, a voting poll took place before the main Eurovision Song Contest allowing members from over 40 clubs to vote for their favourite songs of the contest. Below is the top five overall results, after all of the votes had been cast.[244]

Country Performer(s) Song OGAE result
 Italy Mahmood "Soldi" 411
  Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" 406
 Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" 401
 Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" 224
 Cyprus Tamta "Replay" 218

Barbara Dex Award[edit]

The Barbara Dex Award is a fan award originally awarded by House of Eurovision from 1997 to 2016, and since 2017 by songfestival.be. This is a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist each year in the contest, and was named after the Belgian artist, Barbara Dex, who came last in the 1993, in which she wore her own self-designed dress.

Place Country Performer(s)
1  Portugal Conan Osíris
2  Cyprus Tamta
3  Belarus ZENA
4  Belgium Eliot
5  North Macedonia Tamara Todevska

Official album[edit]

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
ESC 2019 album cover.jpg
Compilation album by
Released26 April 2019
GenrePop
Length
  • 62:36 (CD 1)
  • 59:34 (CD 2)
LabelUniversal
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Song Contest: Lisbon 2018
(2018)
Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
(2019)

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by Universal Music Group digitally on 12 April 2019 and physically on 26 April 2019.[245][246] The album features all 41 participating entries.

CD 1
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Ktheju tokës" (Albania)Jonida Maliqi3:05
2."Walking Out" (Armenia)Srbuk2:56
3."Limits" (Austria)PAENDA3:00
4."Zero Gravity" (Australia)Kate Miller-Heidke2:56
5."Truth" (Azerbaijan)Chingiz3:04
6."Wake Up" (Belgium)Eliot2:59
7."Like It" (Belarus)Zena3:01
8."She Got Me" (Switzerland)Luca Hänni3:00
9."Replay" (Cyprus)Tamta2:52
10."Friend of a Friend" (Czech Republic)Lake Malawi2:58
11."Sister" (Germany)S!sters2:58
12."Love Is Forever" (Denmark)Leonora2:59
13."Storm" (Estonia)Victor Crone3:03
14."La Venda" (Spain)Miki Núñez2:57
15."Look Away" (feat. Sebastian Rejman) (Finland)Darude2:59
16."Roi" (France)Bilal Hassani2:54
17."Bigger than Us" (United Kingdom)Michael Rice2:56
18."Keep on Going" (Georgia)Oto Nemsadze3:04
19."Better Love" (Greece)Katerine Duska2:58
20."The Dream" (Croatia)Roko2:59
21."Az én apám" (Hungary)Joci Pápai2:58
Total length:62:36
CD 2
No.TitleArtistLength
1."22" (Ireland)Sarah McTernan2:53
2."Home" (Israel)Kobi Marimi2:57
3."Hatrið mun sigra" (Iceland)Hatari2:57
4."Soldi" (Italy)Mahmood3:06
5."Run with the Lions" (Lithuania)Jurij Veklenko3:00
6."That Night" (Latvia)Carousel3:02
7."Stay" (Moldova)Anna Odobescu3:00
8."Heaven" (Montenegro)Dmol2:54
9."Proud" (North Macedonia)Tamara Todevska2:55
10."Chameleon" (Malta)Michela Pace2:59
11."Arcade" (Netherlands)Duncan Laurence3:02
12."Spirit in the Sky" (Norway)KEiiNO3:04
13."Fire of Love (Pali się)" (Poland)Tulia2:45
14."Telemóveis" (Portugal)Conan Osíris3:01
15."On a Sunday" (Romania)Ester Peony3:03
16."Kruna" (Serbia)Nevena Božović3:05
17."Scream" (Russia)Sergey Lazarev2:57
18."Too Late for Love" (Sweden)John Lundvik2:57
19."Sebi" (Slovenia)Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl2:59
20."Say Na Na Na" (San Marino)Serhat3:00
Total length:59:34

Charts[edit]

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[247] 13
German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[248] 2
UK Compilation Albums (OCC)[249] 8

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ukraine withdrew approximately a month after the semi-final allocation draw.
  2. ^ Switzerland, who had been allocated to pot five, was pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final at the request of Swiss broadcaster SRF.
  3. ^ a b Contains two repeated lines in English.
  4. ^ Contains an idiom in Abkhaz.
  5. ^ a b Contains three words in Turkish.
  6. ^ a b Also contains lines in Danish and German.
  7. ^ a b Contains one repeated line in Northern Sami.
  8. ^ Contains two lines in Arabic.

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External links[edit]

Media related to Eurovision Song Contest 2019 at Wikimedia Commons