click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Eurystheus

In Greek mythology, Eurystheus was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid, although other authors including Homer and Euripides cast him as ruler of Argos. Eurystheus was the son of Sthenelus and Nicippe, he was a grandson of the hero Perseus, as was his opponent Heracles, he was married to daughter of Amphidamas. Eurystheus was a cousin of Heracles. In the contest of wills between Hera and Zeus over whose candidate would be hero, fated to defeat the remaining creatures representing an old order and bring about the reign of the Twelve Olympians, Eurystheus was Hera's candidate and Heracles—though his name implies that at one archaic stage of myth-making he had carried "Hera's fame"—was the candidate of Zeus; the arena for the actions that would bring about this deep change are the Twelve Labors imposed on Heracles by Eurystheus. The immediate necessity for the Labours of Heracles is as penance for Heracles' murder of his own family, in a fit of madness, sent by Hera.

Details of the individual episodes may be found in the article on the Labours of Heracles, but Hera was connected with all of the opponents Heracles had to overcome. Heracles' human stepfather Amphitryon was a grandson of Perseus, since Amphitryon's father was older than Eurystheus' father, he might have received the kingdom, but Sthenelus had banished Amphitryon for accidentally killing the eldest son in the family. When, shortly before his son Heracles was born, Zeus proclaimed the next-born descendant of Perseus should get the kingdom, Hera thwarted his ambitions by delaying Alcmene's labour and having her candidate Eurystheus born prematurely. Heracles' first task was to slay the Nemean Lion and bring back its skin, which Heracles decided to wear. Eurystheus was so scared by Heracles' fearsome guise that he hid in a subterranean bronze winejar, from that moment forth all labors were communicated to Heracles through a herald, Copreus. For his second labour, to slay the Lernaean Hydra, Heracles took with him his nephew, Iolaus, as a charioteer.

When Eurystheus found out that Heracles' nephew had helped him he declared that the labour had not been completed alone and as a result did not count towards the ten labours set for him. Eurystheus' third task did not involve killing a beast, but capturing one alive—the Ceryneian Hind, a golden-horned hind or doe sacred to Artemis. Heracles knew that he had to return the hind, as he had promised, to Artemis, so he agreed to hand it over on the condition that Eurystheus himself come out and take it from him. Eurystheus did come out, but the moment Heracles let the hind go, she sprinted back to her mistress, Heracles departed, saying that Eurystheus had not been quick enough; when Heracles returned with the Erymanthian Boar, Eurystheus was again frightened and hid in his jar, begging Heracles to get rid of the beast. The fifth labour proposed by Eurystheus was to clear out the numerous stables of Augeias. Striking a deal with Augeias, Heracles proposed a payment of a tenth of Augeias' cattle if the labour was completed successfully.

Not believing the task feasible, Augeias agreed. Heracles rerouted two nearby rivers through the stable; when Augeias learned of Heracles' bargain for the task, he refused payment. Heracles brought the case to court, Phyleus testified against his father. Enraged, Augeias banished both Phyleus and Heracles from the land before the court had cast their vote. However, Eurystheus refused to credit the labour to Heracles. So Heracles drove Augeias out of the kingdom and installed Phyleus as king. Heracles took his tenth of the cattle and left them to graze in a field by his home. For his sixth labour, Heracles had to drive the Stymphalian Birds off the marshes, he did so, shooting down several birds with his Hydra-poisoned arrows and bringing them back to Eurystheus as proof. For his seventh labour, Heracles captured the Cretan Bull, he rode it back to his cousin. Eurystheus offered to sacrifice the bull to Hera his patron, she refused the sacrifice. The bull was wandered to Marathon, becoming known as the Marathonian Bull.

When Heracles brought back the man-eating Mares of Diomedes Eurystheus dedicated the horses to Hera and allowed them to roam in the Argolid. Bucephalus, Alexander the Great's horse, was said to be descended from these mares. To acquire the belt of Hippolyte, queen of the Amazons was Heracles ninth task; this task was at the request of Admete. For the tenth labour, he stole the cattle of the giant Geryon, which Eurystheus had sacrificed to Hera. To extend what may have once been ten Labours to the canonical dozen, it was said that Eurystheus didn't count the Hydra, as he was assisted, nor the Augean stables, as Heracles received payment for his work. For the eleventh labour Heracles had to obtain the Apples of the Hesperides. For his final labour, he was to capture Cerberus, the three-headed hound that guarded the entrance to Hades; when he managed to bring the struggling animal back, the terrified Eurystheus hid in his jar one more time, begging Heracles to leave for good and take the dog with him.

After Heracles died, E

Bruce Yamashita

Bruce I. Yamashita is a Japanese American lawyer and a former officer in the United States Marine Corps Reserves, his successful legal case against institutional racial discrimination at the Officer Candidate School of the Marine Corps became the subject of a 2003 documentary titled A Most Unlikely Hero as well as an autobiography titled Fighting Tradition: A Marine's Journey to Justice. Bruce Yamashita was a Japanese American, born in Hawaii, his grandparents left Japan to reside in Hawaii nearly a century ago so he was raised as a third generation American. Yamashita graduated from the University of Hawaii Lab School and the University of Hawaii in 1979 and he was a former delegate to the Hawaii Constitutional Convention. Mr. Yamashita joined the Marines in February 1989 because he was attracted to the Corps elite force and believed that joining the Marines would validate his own status as a U. S. citizen. With expectation and high hopes, Yamashita was determined to become an exceptional Marine.

However, he was not only challenged by the brutality of the boot camp itself, he was attacked with ethnic taunts by the noncommissioned training officers. “You speak English?” and “We don’t want your kind around here. On April 7, 10 weeks after his enrollment in the Marines, Yamashita was ordered to report to the battalion headquarters, only to learn that he was being disenrolled. On top of that, he was insulted by the commanding officer and the rest of the staff in the headquarters. Being a minority and one of the first few non-white people who joined the Marines, Yamashita was shocked with his experience. "I thought,'Gee, I wish I was just white, maybe 5-10, 180 pounds,' " Yamashita recalled of his Quantico experience. "Then nobody would bother you.... The worst thing you can do is complain about your civil rights and the Constitution." The Marines claimed that Yamashita was disenrolled because of his lack in performance and leadership failure. The Marine Corps inspector general, Maj. Gen. Hollis Davison apologized to Yamashita since he was “subjected to ethnic insensitivity”.

However, he concluded. Yamashita was determined to fight the racial prejudice and discrimination that he had faced during his time at the Marine Corps. With the encouragement and support from his family and friends, Yamashita challenged the Marine Corps’ decision; the Marine Corps responded with a campaign of deception. However, Yamashita had acquired the support of Senator Daniel Inouye, an influential Democrat from Hawaii, the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, the entire Hawaiian congressional delegation. During that effort, the Marines offered to allow Yamashita to take the program again but he refused because he wanted to fight and clear his name; the Marines offered to commission him as a second lieutenant if he agreed to attend six months of additional officer training and nine weeks of military legal training. He refused. A new Navy assistant secretary, Mr. Pang, had taken interest in Mr. Yamashita’s case and followed the issue at the Senate Armed Service Committee. Mr Pang recommended the Navy Department’s offer to Mr. Dalton and Dalton authorizes it because he thought that the outcome was fair for both Mr. Yamashita and the Department of Navy.

On 18 March 1994, Bruce Yamashita was commissioned as a captain in the United States Marine Corps. Yamashita was 38 years old when, after 5 years of hard work and effort, he won his case against the Marine Corps. By that time, Yamashita was an attorney in Washington and his fight resulted in a high level apology and the offer of the commission as a captain. In 1994, he stood in front of the crowd, with overwhelming joy and victory, told the crowd that the victory means so more to him compared to five years ago. "His commissioning today is a tribute to his dedication, a tribute to his courage," said Rep. Norman Y. Mineta. Mr. Mineta is a prominent Japanese-American lawmaker and one of the members of Congress who backed Yamashita. Fighting Tradition is a book written by Mr. Yamashita about his struggle to fight and expose the racial discrimination against Asian Americans and other minorities within various levels of the Corps; the book covers in detail the story of Yamashita's 10 weeks of training and the racial harassment that he faced.

In addition, Yamashita provides vignettes of life for second and third generation Japanese-Americans. Yamashita tries to construct political meanings of Japanese-American identity in Hawaii. Yamashita did not intend to draw the stereotypes of Asian stoicism, part of the western thinking but some of his statements in the book indirectly points to that explanation; this is when he talked about how his parents never share with him about their experience of discrimination with hope to protect him from the harsh reality of the world or America. Overall, Fighting Tradition contributes to our understanding of the complexities of racism in a conservative society, it is a reminder of the power and importance of political mobilization by an individual to reach justice. A Most unlikely Hero is a documentary in 2003 about Captain Yamashita and his battle against racism in the Marine Corps, it is a 60-minute film by Steve Okino and enfolds the story of the 10 weeks of training in the USMC, just like in the book, Fighting Tradition.

Steve Okino was a member of the board of the Japanese American Citizens League. During Yamashita’s battle against the Marines, the JACL was a lead supporter and Okino was involved with community relations and the media. After Yamashita won the case, Okino started directing and producing the film, A Most Unlikely Hero, which took him eight years. A Most Unlikely

Clint Haslerig

Clinton Edward "Clint" Haslerig is a former American football player. He played college football for the University of Michigan from 1971 to 1973 and professional football from 1974 to 1976 for the Chicago Bears, Buffalo Bills, Minnesota Vikings, New York Jets. Haslerig was born in Cincinnati and attended St. Xavier High School, he was a star athlete for St. Xavier in football and track and was inducted into the school's Hall of Fame in 1991. In the profile of Haserlig written at the time of his induction into the Hall of Fame, the author noted, "This man was a physically imposing specimen who had tremendous speed and strength." In track, he ran the 880 relay. As a junior, he caught 20 passes as the split end for the only undefeated football team in St. Xavier history, he played college football as a wingback and flanker for the University of Michigan from 1971 to 1973. He was a starter for the 1972 and 1973 Michigan Wolverines football teams that compiled a record of 10-1-1. During his football career at Michigan, Haslerig totaled 856 all-purpose yards, including 434 receiving yards, 256 rushing yards, 167 yards on kickoff returns.

His longest gains for Michigan both came against Purdue -- a 52-yard reception in 1972 and a 41-yard reception in 1973. In the fourth quarter of the 1972 Ohio State game, Haslerig caught a three-yard pass from Dennis Franklin for a two-point conversion. With 43 seconds remaining in the same game, Haslerig caught a pass at the Ohio State 11-yard-line to set up a possible winning touchdown, but the Wolverines failed to convert and lost 14-11. In his final game for Michigan, he caught five passes for 64 yards in 10-10 tie against Ohio State in 1973. After his final game, The Michigan Daily asked, "Who can forget wingback Clint Haslerig and those perfect pass patterns he ran? Not the Ohio secondary." He was selected as an All-Big Ten player in 1973. Haslerig played professional football for three seasons for the Chicago Bears, Buffalo Bills, Minnesota Vikings, New York Jets, he appeared in 26 NFL games on special teams. He had two pass receptions for 28 yards, both during his tenure with the Vikings in 1975.

As of 1991, Haslerig was working as a partner in a consulting firm. He served as the National Director of Communications and Marketing for the National Alliance of African American Athletes

Jive Junction

Jive Junction is a 1943 American comedy film directed by Edgar G. Ulmer and written by Irving Wallace, Walter Doniger and Malvin Wald; the film stars Tina Thayer, Gerra Young, John Michaels, Jack Wagner and Jan Wiley. The film was released on December 1943, by Producers Releasing Corporation. Dickie Moore as Peter Crane Tina Thayer as Claire Emerson Gerra Young as Gerra Young John Michaels as Jimmy Emerson Jack Wagner as Grant Saunders Jan Wiley as Miss Forbes Beverly Boyd as Cubby William Halligan as Mr. Maglodian Johnny Duncan as Frank Johnny Clark as Chick Friedrich Feher as Frederick Feher Caral Ashley as Mary Odessa Lauren as Girl Robert McKenzie as Sheriff Jive Junction on IMDb

James Gilchrist (tenor)

James Gilchrist is a British tenor specialising in recital and oratorio singing. He was a treble in the Choir of New College, Oxford and a choral scholar in the Choir of King's College, Cambridge, he trained as a doctor, turning to a full-time music career in 1996. He now lives in Gloucestershire with three children. A prolific recitalist, he has appeared in many venues in the UK and abroad, his operatic repertoire includes roles in Handel's Acis and Galatea, Purcell's King Arthur and Vaughan Williams's Sir John in Love. He took part in the project of Koopman and the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir to record Bach's complete vocal works. In concert he has performed among others, Benjamin Britten's Serenade for Tenor and Strings with the Manchester Camerata and the Northern Sinfonia, Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius with the Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Tippett's The Knot Garden with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Sir Andrew Davis, Bach's Christmas Oratorio with the Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra under Ton Koopman, the St Matthew Passion at the Concertgebouw, Pulcinella with the Ensemble orchestral de Paris, Die Jahreszeiten with the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra and with the Handel and Haydn Society at the BBC Proms.

His extensive discography includes, for Stone Records, volumes 1 and 2 of the complete songs of Hugo Wolf, for Chandos, the title role in Britten's Albert Herring, Amaryllus in Vaughan Williams's The Poisoned Kiss, songs by Grainger, the Mass in E-flat by Schubert and most songs by Lennox Berkeley. In 2008, he collaborated with Ailish Tynan and David Owen Norris to record songs of early 20th-century female composer Muriel Herbert for Linn Records. Philip Campbell, "Messiah returns", Bay Area Reporter, 1 December 2005 Bernard Holland, "Straight From the Joyous Heart and Soul, in a Setting the Composer Would Relish, New York Times, 29 December 2000 Richard Morrison, "Vasari Singers/Backhouse", The Times, 16 May 2006 James Oestreich, "'The Creation' An Early-Music Master Follows Haydn Way Back to the Beginning", New York Times, 19 October 2009 James Gilchrist – Official website James Gilchrist's London Concerts

Spaarne

The Spaarne is a river in North Holland, Netherlands. This canalized river connects the Ringvaart to a side branch of the North Sea Canal, it runs through Haarlem and Spaarndam. The historic canals of Haarlem's moats are connected to the Spaarne. A lock at Spaarndam separates it from the North Sea Canal. According to Sterck-Proot, a historian, the name Spaarne comes from Spier, which means reed in old Dutch; the river flowed from the Haarlemmermeer to the IJ, which used to extend from the Zuiderzee all the way to Velsen. In the 13th century, a dam with locks was constructed at the mouth of the Spaarne where the village of Spaarndam formed. After a century of planning, Haarlem's Lake was pumped dry in 3 years from 1850–1853 and made into a polder; the Spaarne became a branch of the Ringvaart, lost much of its flow, became shallower. The construction of the North Sea Canal reduced most of the IJ Bay into polders but a small canalized section of the IJ remained at Spaarndam to connect the Spaarne to the new canal.

The river was deepened for the benefit of industries along its shores. At the juncture of the river and the ringvaart is the Cruquius Museum, a museum that resides in one of the three original pumping stations from 1850. Steam engines were used to pump the water out from the Haarlemmermeer polder. On the Heemstede side of the juncture is the old Castle Heemstede. Traveling up the river towards Haarlem, on the Heemstede side the dome of the Hageveld high school and former Catholic seminary can be seen. Continuing under the bridge to Schalkwijk, on that side is windmill "De Hommel", a sawmill, open to the public on spring and summer weekends. Across from that on the Heemstede side is rowing club K. R. Z. V. Het Spaarne and a few buildings by J. B. van Loghem, such as Tuinwijk, an early community living project sharing a garden. In the same block, entering Haarlem, is the old location of the ships architectural bureau De Voogt Naval Architects in the home of Henri de Voogt, known from Feadship. Nearing the next bridge, on the edge of the wood the Haarlemmerhout, villa Welgelegen can be seen, that once had a garden all the way to the Spaarne.

Once in the center of Haarlem, many historic buildings in the centre of Haarlem, including: The Weigh House of Haarlem Hodson house Teylers Museum Teylers Hofje Windmill "De Adriaan" Hofje van Noblet J. M Sterck-Proot, Tjeenk Willink, Haarlems oudste tijden: een vroeg-middeleeuwsch stadsbeeld, Haarlem, 1930. Bert Sliggers a.o. De loop van het Spaarne.