Unley Park, South Australia
Unley Park is a southern suburb of Adelaide in the City of Unley. Its postcode is 5061, it is located on east of the Belair railway line. Access via public transport is from the Unley Park railway station, Millswood railway station and the Unley Road "Go Zone". A feature of the district is leafy Victoria Avenue—Adelaide's wealthiest street, containing many large and luxurious houses built between the two World Wars. Politically, the suburb is safe for the Liberals. Unley Park Post Office opened on 2 January 1946 and closed in 1999. Two historic private schools were located on Thornber Street, Unley Park: Kyre College at number 4, Mrs. Thornber's School associated with Tormore House School, at number 39. Both were dissolved early in the 20th Century. Heywood Park
Parkside, South Australia
Parkside is an inner southern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Unley; the suburb was once home to the mental health campus of the Royal Adelaide Hospital. Known as'The Parkside Asylum', it was the primary mental health facility in the state, occupied one-third of the suburb's area. Parkside Post Office opened on 10 December 1859 and was renamed Eastwood in 1967. Parkside lies on the southern boundary of the southern park lands, it is bounded, among others, by Glen Osmond, Greenhill and Fullarton roads. The 2011 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 4,634 persons in Parkside on census night. Of these, 46.9% were male and 53.1% were female. The majority of residents are of Australian birth, with other common census responses being England and Italy; the age distribution of Parkside residents is comparable to that of the greater Australian population. 71.7% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%. The local newspaper is the Eastern Courier Messenger.
Other regional and national newspapers such as The Advertiser and The Australian are available. Parkside Primary School is located on Robsart Street. St Raphael's School is on Glen Osmond Road; the suburb is within dining precinct. One of the largest parks in Parkside is Howard Florey Reserve, on the corner of Campbell Road and Fullarton Road. Henry Codd Reserve lies between Maud Street and Fuller Street and connects via a walking trail to the Leicester Street playground. There is Mcleay Park, lying between George Street and Jaffrey Street. Most of these parks are fenced in. All have their own playgrounds; the suburb is serviced by several main roads. Unley and Fullarton roads connect the suburb to Adelaide city centre. Glen Osmond Road passes beside Parkside, linking the inner southeast of metropolitan Adelaide to the South Eastern Freeway. Public transport in Parkside is serviced by routes 172, run by the Adelaide Metro; the Adelaide to Glenelg tram line is very close to Parkside and there was once another tram line running south from the city.
List of Adelaide suburbs "City of Unley". Official website. City of Unley. Retrieved 14 April 2011
Black Forest, South Australia
Black Forest is an inner southern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Unley, bounded by the Glenelg Tramline, the Seaford railway line, South Road and East Avenue. "A dense area of bush known as the Black Forest once covered the Unley region of the Adelaide Plains. The woodland forest was a mix of grey-box, blue gum, red gum, native pines and sheoak trees, with grass trees, native grasses and orchids; these plants had deep roots that held the soil together and the plant debris that fell on the earth decomposed releasing nutrients into the soil."In the early years of colonial settlement, the Black Forest was "frequented by bush rangers and cattle thieves". There have been three Post Offices named Black Forest: the first opened on 1 September 1899 and was renamed Glandore in 1915, the second opened on 10 November 1947 and was renamed Clarence Park West in 1966, the third, located on South Road between Byron and Cowper Roads, opened on 8 January 1996; the 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 1,846 persons in Black Forest on census night.
Of these, 47.2% were male and 52.8% were female. The majority of residents are of Australian birth, with other common census responses being England and Greece. Black Forest Primary School opened in 1919, it is located off School Avenue, between Forest Avenue and Addison Road. The east end of the school grounds are adjacent to the "Forest Avenue Reserve"; the Forest Avenue Reserve is located on Forest Avenue near the centre of the suburb. There is the Princess Margaret Playground, at the east end of Byron Road; the Uniting Church History Centre is based in the former Church of Christ building on East Avenue. The Clarence Park Community Centre is located in the Institute Building and surrounding buildings on the corner of East Avenue and Canterbury Terrace; the centre includes a childcare facility and a men's shed. Black Forest is serviced by South Road, to a lesser degree by East Avenue. Black Forest is serviced by three tram stops, two train stations and buses on East Avenue and South Road. All services are run by the Adelaide Metro.
List of Adelaide suburbs "City of Unley". Official website. City of Unley. Retrieved 14 April 2011
Myrtle Bank, South Australia
Myrtle Bank is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Unley. The suburb is named after a property near the foothills built in 1842 by William Sanders, who arrived in South Australia in 1838, he named the premises'Myrtle Bank', because his friend James Gall of Trinity living in Edinburgh had a fine property of the same name. The property passed through the hands of Capt. William Elder, brother of Sir Thomas Elder, before being purchased in 1848 by William Ferguson, who built on the original house and lived there with his family until he died. During World War I the property became a repatriation hospital
Charles George Everard
Dr Charles George Everard MD was a physician, pioneer farmer and Member of the Legislative Council, in the early days of South Australia. Charles was born in Marshfield Gloucestershire on 29 August 1794. He, his wife Catherine, children William, Charles John and James George of Gloucestershire, arrived in Adelaide from London on the ship Africaine under Captain John Finlay Duff on 9 November 1836, were present at the Proclamation of the new Colony. Before leaving England he had purchased Sections 43 and 44 in the Hundred of Adelaide and eight Town Acres, he built his first house on one of these, on the corner of Hindley and Morphett Streets, along with a row of shops. He turned his attention to Section 43 on the Bay Road. Around 1838 he acquired Section 52 from Walter Thompson. By 1841 he and son William had cropped several acres of wheat and some barley, built two cottages. In 1838 he built a house at what is now 87 Anzac Highway, called Ashford House and was used for Ashford Special School renamed to Errington Special Education Centre, until the end of 2013.
Everard was one of the first eighteen appointed in 1839 to South Australia's newly created unicameral Legislative Council, was appointed J. P. and was elected to the first elected Legislative Council in 1857. Everard Park, South Australia was once part of his extensive land holdings: two acres on Wakefield Street, for many years used as a pitch for visiting circuses, was in 1894 purchased by A. Simpson & Son for a factory; the Electoral district of Ashford's name derives from the name given by Everard sometime before 1845 to his property'Ashford', thought to have the best orchard in the colony. The name was given to a suburb within the electorate: Ashford, South Australia Ashford Ashford House Keswick – The early residential years – from beginnings to World War I
Millswood, South Australia
Millswood is an inner-southern suburb of Adelaide in the City of Unley. It is dissected by Goodwood Road, which travels north to the Adelaide city centre from the southern suburb of Pasadena. On the west side of Goodwood Road it is surrounded by the suburbs of Goodwood, Black Forest and Clarence Park. On the east side of Goodwood Road it is surrounded by the suburbs of Goodwood, Hyde Park, Unley Park and Kings Park. At the northern edge of the west side of the suburb, the Adelaide-Goodwood railway line forks with the Seaford railway line going south-west and the Belair railway line going south-east. Within the triangle formed by the fork and Millswood Crescent are the SASMEE Park and the Millswood croquet and lawn tennis clubs; the Goodwood Oval and grandstand, with playground, barbeque facilities, soccer pitch and grandstand, cricket practise nets, eight hard tennis courts, are located to the west of the fork in the railway line. The former Goodwood Orphanage and the surrounding Orphanage Park are located on the south-east corner of Goodwood Road and Mitchell Street and now houses Tabor College Australia.
Millswood had its own railway station on the Belair line on the southern edge of the suburb, but this was closed in the 1990s. It was reopened in 2014. Goodwood Road passes under the railway line in a deep underpass, known as the Goodwood Subway, which floods during heavy rain
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful