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Executive Order 9066

Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942; this order authorized the secretary of war to prescribe certain areas as military zones, clearing the way for the incarceration of Japanese Americans, German Americans, Italian Americans in U. S. concentration camps. The text of Executive Order 9066 was as follows: Executive Order No. 9066 The President Executive Order Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises, national-defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533, as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. 1220, the Act of August 21, 1941, 55 Stat. 655. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to provide for residents of any such area who are excluded therefrom, such transportation, food and other accommodations as may be necessary, in the judgment of the Secretary of War or the said Military Commander, until other arrangements are made, to accomplish the purpose of this order.

The designation of military areas in any region or locality shall supersede designations of prohibited and restricted areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the Attorney General under the said Proclamations in respect of such prohibited and restricted areas. I hereby further authorize and direct the Secretary of War and the said Military Commanders to take such other steps as he or the appropriate Military Commander may deem advisable to enforce compliance with the restrictions applicable to each Military area here in above authorized to be designated, including the use of Federal troops and other Federal Agencies, with authority to accept assistance of state and local agencies. I hereby further authorize and direct all Executive Departments, independent establishments and other Federal Agencies, to assist the Secretary of War or the said Military Commanders in carrying out this Executive Order, including the furnishing of medical aid, food, transportation, use of land and other supplies, utilities and services.

This order shall not be construed as modifying or limiting in any way the authority heretofore granted under Executive Order No. 8972, dated December 12, 1941, nor shall it be construed as limiting or modifying the duty and responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, with respect to the investigation of alleged acts of sabotage or the duty and responsibility of the Attorney General and the Department of Justice under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, prescribing regulations for the conduct and control of alien enemies, except as such duty and responsibility is superseded by the designation of military areas hereunder. Franklin D. Roosevelt The White House, February 19, 1942. On March 21, 1942, Roosevelt signed Public Law 503 in order to provide for the enforcement of his executive order. Authored by War Department official Karl Bendetsen — who would be promoted to Director of the Wartime Civilian Control Administration and oversee the incarceration of Japanese Americans — the law made violations of military orders a misdemeanor punishable by up to $5,000 in fines and one year in prison.

As a result 112,000 men and children of Japanese ancestry were evicted from the West Coast of the United States and held in American concentration camps and other confinement sites across the country. Japanese Americans in Hawaii were not incarcerated in the same way, despite the attack on Pearl Harbor. Although the Japanese American population in Hawaii was nearly 40% of the population of Hawaii itself, only a few thousand people were detained there, supporting the eventual finding that their mass removal on the West Coast was motivated by reasons other than "military necessity."Japanese Americans and other Asians in the U. S. had suffered for decades from prejudice and racially-motivated fear. Laws preventing Asian Americans from owning land, testifying against whites in court, other racially discriminatory laws existed long before World War II. Additionally, the FBI, Office of Naval Intelligence and Military Intelligence Division had been conducting surveillance on Japanese American communities in Hawaii and the continental U.

S. from the early 1930s. In early 1941, President Roosevelt secretly commissioned a study to assess the possibility that Japanese Americans would pose a threat to U. S. security. The report, submitted one month before Pearl Harbor was bombed, found that, "There will be no armed uprising of Japanese" in the United States. "For the most part," the Munson Report said, "the local Japanese are loyal to the United States or, at worst, hope that by remaining quiet they can av

Shakti Gawain

Shakti Gawain was a New Age and personal development author. Her books have sold over 10 million copies. Born Carol Louisa Gawain, she graduated from the University of California with a degree in fine arts and dance in the mid 1970s. Gawain's best known book is Creative Visualization: Use the Power of Your Imagination to Create What You Want in Life, it has been a bestselling book for nearly 40 years. The book was said to have inspired Des'ree's 1994 hit song "You Gotta Be". Gawain was the co-founder, with Marc Allen, of New World Library Publishing Company and founder of Nataraj Publishing, a division of New World Library. Gawain and her husband, Jim Burns, divided their time between Hawaii, her father was a professor at a military academy in Northern California. Her mother, Elizabeth M. Gawain, was a city planner for HUD in Washington DC in the 1970s. "Creative Visualization" Living in the Light: A Guide to Personal and Planetary Transformation Developing Intuition: Practical Guidance for Daily Life Contacting Your Inner Guide: Step-By-Step Guided Meditations Designed to Help You Make Choices That Are Right for You Return to the Garden Awakening: A Daily Guide to Conscious Living Every Moment: A Journal with Affirmations Meditations: Creative Visualization and Meditation Exercises to Enrich Your Life The Path of Transformation: How Healing Ourselves Can Change the World The Four Levels of Healing: A Guide to Balancing the Spiritual, Mental and Physical Aspects of Life Creative Visualization Meditations Creating True Prosperity Creative Visualization and Transformation Partnering: A New Kind of Relationship Reflections in the Light: Daily Thoughts and Affirmations Create Your Own Affirmations: A Creative Visualization Kit The Millionaire Course: A Visionary Plan for Creating the Life of Your Dreams Living in the Light: Follow Your Inner Guidance to Create a New Life and a New World Shakti Gawain's Official Website "New Age Author Balances Life Like the Rest of Us" Miami Herald New-Age "Author Gawain Goes "Back to the Garden" Los Angeles Daily News

One Goal (film)

One Goal is a 2008 documentary film directed by the Spanish documentary maker Sergi Agustí. One Goal is an objective, but a passion; this documentary follows the path towards peace that a group of young amputated men began in Sierra Leone years ago. Through the power of their game they have become an example for their society. From icons of war to icons of peace and hope, they transformed their lives through a shared passion: football; the film was a finalist in the LinkTV online film contest in the category of "Overcoming Conflict". It won the main award at the 14th International Sport Film Festival of 2011 in Liberec; the film won the Paladino di Oro prize at the Sport film Festival in Palermo, Italy in November 2010, the Venus award to human values at the FILMETS Badalona film Festival in Badalona, Spain in November 2010. It won the Audience Award at the MIRADAS. DOC festival in Tenerife and the Benicassim Festival, Special Jury Mention at the Festival de Alcala de Henares ALCINE38, the Grand Prize of Spanish Cinema in the ZINEBI Documentary Film Festival of Bilbao among others.

African Film Festival of Cordoba-FCAT

Thomas Andrews (ironmaster)

Thomas Andrews FRSE FRS FCE ICE was an English metallurgical chemist and ironmaster. Born at Sheffield on 16 February 1847, he was only son of Thomas Andrews, proprietor of the Wortley Iron Works, near the town, his wife Mary Bolsover, he was educated at Broombank school, as a student of chemistry under Dr. James Allan of Sheffield. Andrews early undertook original scientific research, with the practical advice and guidance of his father, who died in 1871, he became head at Wortley. In 1888 Andrews was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, he was a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and of the Chemical Society, member of the Institution of Civil Engineers and Society of Engineers. He acted as the Board of Trade on metallurgical questions. At Cambridge University he delivered. Andrews died at his home, "Ravencrag", near Sheffield, on 19 June 1907. After investigation on a large scale Andrews determined the resistance of metals to sudden concussion at temperatures down to 0° Fahrenheit. In technical periodicals he published around 40 papers: the Society of Engineers awarded him two premiums for papers in their Transactions, "On the Strength of Wrought-iron Railway Axles", "On the Effect of Strain on Railway Axles".

In 1902 he received the Society's gold medal for the memoir "Effect of Segregation on the Strength of Steel Rails". In 1884 the Institution of Civil Engineers awarded him a Telford medal. A major paper on "Wear of Steel Rails on Bridges" was published in the Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute. Andrews by microscopic examination of metallic materials looked to determine the cause of naval accidents, he contributed on the subject to Engineering. In a paper on the microscopic effects of stress on platinum he broke new ground, he was author of Thoughts on Scepticism. Andrews married in 1870 Mary Hannah, daughter of Charles Stanley of Rotherham, had issue three sons and one daughter. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Andrews, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Mohammad Daud Miraki

Mohammed Daud Miraki is an Afghan activist and politician. Daud Miraki was born on January 1967 in Kabul, Afghanistan, he belongs to the Sulaimankhail tribe of Maidan Wardak province. Daud Miraki was only 5 years old when his father, General Ghulam Sediq Miraki, was appointed the Intelligence Chief of south and south-western Afghanistan, stationed in Kandahar, he along with his family moved back to Kabul. Escaping the soviet occupation in 1982, Daud and his family took refugee in Pakistan. Afterward he moved to Germany in 1983. In 1984, Daud along with his family moved to United States. Daud Miraki studied up to grade 6 in an elementary school in Kandahar. After completing grading 6 in Kandahar, his family moved back to Kabul where he completed grade 7 and 8, he completed grade 9 at Peshawar. He received his high school diploma from Senn High School in Chicago, in May, 1986. Daud was admitted at the University of Illinois, where he started to study biology. However, he changed his major to Political Science because of his desires to contribute to the betterment of Afghanistan.

In 1992, he graduated with a BA in political science. Daud Miraki received two master's degree, his first master's degree was in Political Science, specialization in International Relations, which he completed in 1993. His second master's degree was in Middle Eastern Studies, specialization in Conflict Resolution, which he received in 1996. In 2000, he completed his PhD in Public Policy Analysis. Daud Miraki taught management and policy courses at the Chicago State University for over three years, he started a non-for-profit organization, Afghan DU & Recovery Fund to raise awareness and funds to initiate some DU cleanup projects, relocate villagers from bombed villages, provide clean water and other basic sustenance for the poor people of Afghanistan. Daud Miraki has written journals and a book. Afghanistan after Democracy The Anatomy Of America's Defeat In Afghanistan Daud Miraki is known to be an ultra nationalist Afghan and most of his election goals were focused on giving the ethnic Pashtuns and the Pashto language more rights.

According to Mirakai, Pashtuns of Afghanistan make up around 65% of the total population. Thus, Pashto should be proclaimed as the first language of the state while Persian as the second language - not equal, he is a strong supporter of the removal of Durand Line and formation of Greater Afghanistan. Mirakai is a staunch criticizer of the NATO forces and their actions/policies in Afghanistan

2019 Shorter Hawks football team

The 2019 Shorter Hawks football team represents Shorter University during the 2019 NCAA Division II football season. They are led by second-year head coach Zach Morrison; the Hawks play their home games at Barron Stadium, are members of the Gulf South Conference. On August 1, 2019, the Gulf South Conference released their preseason coaches poll with the Hawks predicted to finish in 9th place in the conference; the Crusaders had only one player selected to the preseason all-Gulf South Conference team. Shorter's 2019 football schedule consists of five home and six away games in the regular season; the Hawks will host GSC foes Delta State, North Greenville, Valdosta State, West Florida, will travel to Florida Tech, Mississippi College, West Alabama, West Georgia. The Hawks will host one of the three non-conference games against Allen Yellow Jackets from the Appalachian Athletic Conference and will travel to East Tennessee State Buccaneers football from the Southern Conference and Fort Valley State from the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.

Two of the eleven games will be broadcast on ESPN3 and ESPN+, as part of the Gulf South Conference Game of the Week. Schedule Source