Exmoor is loosely defined as an area of hilly open moorland in west Somerset and north Devon in South West England. It is named after the River Exe, the source of, situated in the centre of the area, two miles north-west of Simonsbath. Exmoor is more defined as the area of the former ancient royal hunting forest called Exmoor, surveyed 1815–1818 as 18,810 acres in extent; the moor has given its name to a National Park, which includes the Brendon Hills, the East Lyn Valley, the Vale of Porlock and 55 km of the Bristol Channel coast. The total area of the Exmoor National Park is 692.8 km2, of which 71% is in Somerset and 29% in Devon. The upland area is underlain by sedimentary rocks dating from the Devonian and early Carboniferous periods with Triassic and Jurassic age rocks on lower slopes. Where these reach the coast, cliffs are formed which are cut with waterfalls, it was recognised as a heritage coast in 1991. The highest point on Exmoor is Dunkery Beacon; the terrain supports lowland heath communities, ancient woodland and blanket mire which provide habitats for scarce flora and fauna.
There have been reports of the Beast of Exmoor, a cryptozoological cat roaming Exmoor. Several areas have been designated as Nature Conservation Review and Geological Conservation Review sites. There is evidence of human occupation from the Mesolithic; this developed for agriculture and extraction of mineral ores into Iron Ages. The remains of standing stones and bridges can still be identified; the royal forest was granted a charter in the 13th century, however foresters who managed the area were identified in the Domesday Book. In the Middle Ages sheep farming was common with a system of agistment licensing the grazing of livestock as the Inclosure Acts divided up the land; the area is now used for a range of recreational purposes. Exmoor has been designated as a national character area by Natural England, the public body responsible for England's natural environment. Neighbouring natural regions include The Culm to the southwest, the Devon Redlands to the south and the Vale of Taunton and Quantock Fringes to the east.
Exmoor was designated a National Park in 1954, under the 1949 National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act. The Exmoor National Park is an upland area with a dispersed population living in small villages and hamlets; the largest settlements are Porlock, Dulverton and Lynmouth, which together contain 40 per cent of the park's population. Lynton and Lynmouth are combined into one parish and are connected by the Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railway. Exmoor was once a Royal forest and hunting ground, covering 18,810 acres, sold off in 1818. Several areas within the Exmoor National Park have been declared Sites of Special Scientific Interest due to their flora and fauna; this title earns the site some legal protection from development and neglect. In 1993 an environmentally sensitive area was established within Exmoor. Exmoor is an upland area formed exclusively from sedimentary rocks dating from the Devonian and early Carboniferous periods; the name of the geological period and system,'Devonian', comes from Devon, as rocks of that age were first studied and described here.
With the exception of a suite of Triassic and Jurassic age rocks forming the lower ground between Porlock and Timberscombe and from Minehead to Yarde, all of the solid rocks of Exmoor are assigned to the Exmoor Group, which comprises a mix of gritstones, slates, limestone and mudstones. Quartz and iron mineralisation can be detected in outcrops and subsoil; the Glenthorne area demonstrates the Trentishoe Member of the Hangman Sandstone Formation. The Hangman Sandstone represents the Middle Devonian sequence of North Somerset; these unusual freshwater deposits in the Hangman Grits were formed in desert conditions. As this area of Britain was not subject to glaciation, the plateau remains as a remarkably old landform; the bedrock and more recent superficial deposits are covered in part by moorland, supported by wet, acid soil. Exmoor has 55 kilometres of coastline; the highest sea cliff on mainland Britain is Great Hangman near Combe Martin at 318 m high, with a cliff face of 250 m. Its sister cliff is the 200 m Little Hangman.
The coastal hills reach a maximum height of 414 m at Culbone Hill. Exmoor's woodlands sometimes reach the shoreline between Porlock and Foreland Point, where they form the single longest stretch of coastal woodland in England and Wales; the Exmoor Coastal Heaths have been recognised as a Site of Special Scientific Interest due to the diversity of plant species present. The scenery of rocky headlands, ravines and towering cliffs gained the Exmoor coast recognition as a heritage coast in 1991. With its huge waterfalls and caves, this dramatic coastline has become an adventure playground for both climbers and explorers; the cliffs provide one of the longest and most isolated seacliff traverses in the UK. The South West Coast Path, at 1,014 kilometres the longest National Trail in England and Wales, starts at Minehead and runs along all of Exmoor's coast. There are small harbours at Porlock Weir and Combe Martin. Once crucial to coastal trade, the harbours are now used for pleasure; the Va
Asialink is a think-tank that promotes better relations between Australia and Asian economies. Asialink works alongside several philanthropic organizations to engage in civic and cultural relations that lead to business ties. Asialink was established in 1990 as a joint initiative of the Australian Government's Commission for the Future and the Myer Foundation, one of Australia's oldest and largest philanthropic organizations. After partnering with the University of Melbourne in 1991, Asialink began to develop programs in education, the arts and community awareness with the guidance of the Office of the Vice-Chancellor, the Advisory Board under Chairman Kenneith Myer AC and Executive chairman Professor Kwong Lee Dow. In 1998, Asialink became a non-academic department of the University of Melbourne, and in 2001, a grant from the Sidney Myer Centenary Celebration allowed Asialink to build the Sidney Myer Asia Centre, Asialink's current headquarters. In 2009, Asialink formed a partnership with Asia Society, concluded in 2011.
In December 2012, Asialink's Singapore Chapter, its first outside of Australia, was launched by Australia’s High Commissioner to Singapore, His Excellency Mr Philip Green. In March 2013, NSW Premier Barry O'Farrell launched Asialink's Sydney office. In July 2013, the Australian Federal Government announced $36 million of funding over 10 years for the establishment of a national centre for Asia capability, it was recommended by the Asialink Taskforce for an Asia Capable Workforce and is designed to improve the Asia skills of Australia’s workforce and deliver long-term benefits to the economy and society in general. Asialink is Australia’s leading centre for building Asia capability, public understanding of Asia, appreciation of Australia’s role in the Asian region. Asialink Business is Australia's National Centre for Asia Capability, it provides a range of business training programs, information products, events to build Asia capability in the business, government and broader communities. Established in 2013 with support from the Australian Government, Asialink Business has the University of Melbourne and the Myer Foundation as key stakeholders.
Asialink works with business and academia to produce innovative research, engage in regular policy dialogue across Asia, bring the best new thinking on Australia-Asia engagement to a general audience. Asialink Arts promotes cultural understanding, information exchange and artistic endeavour between Australia and the countries of Asia, it does this through reciprocal residencies, touring exhibitions, writing exchanges. The Asialink Leaders program is a professional development opportunity that brings together emerging corporate and not-for-profit leaders to build knowledge of contemporary Asian societies and business culture. Asialink's education arm, the Asia Education Foundation, provides teachers, education leaders and school communities with innovative programs, curriculum resources and networks to support the achievement of Aisa literacy for every young Australian. Asialink's community health program, Asia Australia Mental Health, is a consortium of St Vincent's Health and the Department of Psychiatry at The University of Melbourne.
AAMH partners with academic, community organisations and peak bodies in Asia and Australia to support culturally appropriate community-based mental health reform in the Asia-Pacific region. Asialink Business The University of Melbourne Asialink Asialink Index Asia Society Asia Education Foundation
Allhallows-on-Sea station was the railway station for Allhallows-on-Sea from 1932 to 1961. It was opened on the 14 and on 16 May 1932, it had an island platform with a run-round loop. The branch from Stoke Junction was single track, but it was doubled in 1935, singled again in 1957; the station closed on 4 December 1961 and was demolished in 1975, although the listed water tank remains. Opened by the Southern Railway the line passed on to the Southern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948 and was closed by the British Transport Commission. SourcesButt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day.
Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Station on navigable O. S. map Allhallows-on-Sea station on 1946 O. S. map