Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed is a 2008 American documentary-style propaganda film directed by Nathan Frankowski and starring Ben Stein. The film contends that there is a conspiracy in academia to oppress and exclude people who believe in intelligent design, it portrays the scientific theory of evolution as a contributor to communism, atheism, eugenics and, in particular, Nazi atrocities in the Holocaust. Although intelligent design is a pseudoscientific religious idea, the film presents it as science-based, without giving a detailed definition of the concept or attempting to explain it on a scientific level. Other than addressing issues of irreducible complexity, Expelled examines intelligent design as a political issue. Expelled opened in 1,052 movie theaters, more than any other documentary before it, grossed over $2,900,000 in its first weekend, it earned $7.7 million. Media response to the film has been negative. Multiple reviews, including those of USA Today and Scientific American, described the film as propaganda, with USA Today adding that it was "a political rant disguised as a serious commentary on stifled freedom of inquiry" and Scientific American calling it "a science-free attack on Darwin".
The New York Times deemed it "a conspiracy-theory rant masquerading as investigative inquiry" and "an unprincipled propaganda piece that insults believers and nonbelievers alike". The film was directed by stars Ben Stein. Stein provides narrative commentary throughout the film, he is depicted as visiting a sequence of universities to interview proponents of intelligent design who claim to have been victimized, evolutionary scientists who are presented as atheists. The film makes considerable use of vintage film clips, including opening scenes showing the Berlin Wall being constructed as a metaphor for barriers to the scientific acceptance of intelligent design; the film takes aim at some scientific hypotheses of the origin of life, presents a short animation portraying the inner workings of the cell to introduce the intelligent design concept of irreducible complexity, the claim that such complexity could not arise from spontaneous mutations. The intelligent design proponents shown include Richard Weikart, who claims that Darwinism influenced the Nazis.
The film associates Adolf Hitler's ambitions of a master race and the Holocaust to Darwinian ideas of survival of the fittest. It does so using stock footage film clips of Nazi concentration camp laboratories, as well as statements of sociologist Uta George, director of the Hadamar Memorial, where 15,000 people with disabilities were killed during World War II; the film directly addresses intelligent design only superficially, focusing on how it is treated in academia rather than on issues involving the concept itself. It makes no attempt to define intelligent design or show any scientific evidence in favor of intelligent design. Instead, the film deals with the subject entirely from a political, rather than scientific, viewpoint; the film depicts intelligent design as an alternative to evolution, claims it deserves a place in academia. This "design theory" is defined in the film by the Discovery Institute's Paul Nelson as "the study of patterns in nature that are best explained as a result of intelligence".
Stein says in the film that intelligent design is not taught or researched in academia because it is "suppressed in a systematic and ruthless fashion". The National Center for Science Education, one of the groups discussed in the film, responds that "Intelligent design has not produced any research to suppress", "The fundamental problem with intelligent design as science is that intelligent design claims cannot be tested."In the United States federal court case Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, intelligent design was judged a repackaged version of creationism and as such introducing intelligent design in public school science classrooms was unconstitutional religious infringement. In the film, the president of the Discovery Institute, Bruce Chapman, denied that teaching intelligent design in science classes is an attempt to sneak religion into public schools. Stein, the Discovery Institute and Expelled's publicist, Motive Entertainment, have all used the film to build support for Academic Freedom bills in various states.
These bills would permit educators in the public schools to independently introduce criticisms of or alternatives to evolution, but many view the bills as the latest in a series of anti-evolutionary strategies designed to bring creationism into the classroom. The film contends that there is widespread persecution of educators and scientists who promote intelligent design, a conspiracy to keep God out of the nation's laboratories and classrooms; the film contains interviews with scientists in which they describe this persecution. In the film, Stein says, "It's not just the scientists; the media is in on it, the courts, the educational system, everyone is after them." Stein further accuses academia of having a dogmatic commitment to Darwinism, comparable to the'party line' of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Eugenie Scott of the National Center for Science Education stated that the filmmakers were exploiting Americans' sense of fairness as a way to sell their religious views and that she feared that the film would portray "the scientific community as intolerant, as close-minded, as persecuting those who disagree with them.
And this is wrong." The film alleges that many scientists and the scientific enterprise are dogmatically committed to atheism, that a commitment to materialism in the scientific establishment is behind the claimed s
Blodgett Canyon is located in southwestern Montana in the northwestern United States. It is one of more than two dozen scenic canyons carved into the eastern flanks of the Bitterroot Range in Bitterroot National Forest. Starting from a group of peaks at over 8,500 feet along the Idaho/Montana border, the canyon steeply drops to Blodgett Lake at 6,800 feet. After running northeast for about a mile, it turns due east and descends for a total of about 12 miles to the Bitterroot Valley. A trailhead is located at the mouth of the canyon, just west of the community of Hamilton and at an elevation of 4,000 feet; the vertical canyon walls in the lower section rise over 2,000 feet above Blodgett Creek. Printz Ridge and Mill Point make up the northern wall, while Canyon Peak and Romney Ridge contribute to the southern wall; the upper section of the canyon is part of the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area. In the year 2000, the forest in the lower section of Blodgett Canyon was extensively burned; this damage extends about 2 miles above the trailhead.
The canyons in this region were carved out by ice age glaciers, which left behind U-shaped valleys, hanging valleys, steeply carved granite mountains and cirques, all of which are visible within Blodgett Canyon. The glacial valley is carved into granitic rocks of the Bitterroot Lobe of the Idaho Batholith, a Late Cretaceous to Paleocene intrusive body emplaced by subduction beneath the western margin of North America. Blodgett Canyon is known among the climbing community as one of the best big wall climbing spots in Montana and the region; the tallest route is the South Face of Flathead Buttress, at about 1,200 feet of sustained vertical
The 2016 Copa do Brasil Finals were the final two-legged tie that will decided the 2016 Copa do Brasil, the 28th season of the Copa do Brasil, Brazil's national cup football tournament organised by the Brazilian Football Confederation. The finals were contested in a two-legged home-and-away format between Atlético Mineiro, from Minas Gerais, Grêmio, from Rio Grande do Sul; the latter were crowned champions by an aggregate score of 4–2. The first leg was played at the Mineirão stadium in Belo Horizonte, on 23 November 2016; the second leg was scheduled to be played in the Arena do Grêmio, in Porto Alegre, on 30 November 2016, but was postponed to 7 December, following the crash of an aeroplane carrying the squad of Brazilian team Chapecoense on their way to the first leg of the Copa Sudamericana final. It was Atlético Mineiro's second and Grêmio's eighth appearance in the finals of the competition, the first time the teams faced each other in this stage. Grêmio earned the right to play in the 2017 Copa Libertadores through their victory.
Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first. The home-and-away teams for both legs were determined by a draw held on 4 November 2016 at the Brazilian Football Confederation headquarters in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Copa do Brasil Copa do Brasil at Brazilian Football Confederation
Putnam is an unincorporated community in Putnam County, United States. The community is located to the west of Senachwine Lake along Illinois Route north of Henry; this village of some 100 people was called Senachwine, named after the great Indian Chief Senachwine. Putnam is the only village in Putnam County on the west side of the Illinois River, it had an 8-year Grade School, whose students graduated to go to Henry-Senachwine High School in nearby Henry, Illinois. This school had a gymnasium, converted from an earlier Church. There is no open school in the village. In the mid-1900s the town had a Library, Auto Mechanic's Garage, Grocery Store, Post Office, community Town Hall, a non-denominational Christian Church, a Trucking Company, a Fire Station, along with the Grain Elevator and Church which still exist. In years a large Auction House was located on the south side of town, along with a Convenient store gas station; the Putnam Christian Church celebrated its 150 anniversary in the summer of 2016.
Locals use the conveniently located hill next to the church to sled in the winter. The town's main attraction, "The Swimmin' Hole", is located just north of the town
Choluteca Bridge, or Carías Bridge, is a suspension bridge located in the city of Choluteca, Honduras. It is an emblem of the city where it is located, it was built between 1935 and 1937 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers using US and Honduran capital for the construction of the road named Panamericana. The bridge's importance is not a matter of size; the Choluteca Bridge is 300 meters long, but it isn't the longest in the country or in the city—there is another bridge in Choluteca called The Bridge of the Rising Sun, 484 meters long. Built during the reign of Tiburcio Carias Andino, with the co-operation of the government of the United States during the time when it was performed, it is considered to be one of the greatest works of architecture in the country; the bridge is one of the few replicas of the Golden Gate Bridge that still exists, it controls the flow of traffic from Guatemala to Panamá. Destroyed by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, the bridge was remodelled in the year 2002 under the government of Ricardo Maduro.
The new Choluteca Bridge known as the Bridge of Rising Sun, was built by Hazama Ando Corporation between 1996 and 1998 and became the largest bridge constructed by a Japanese company in Latin America. In the same year that the bridge was commissioned for use, Honduras was hit by Hurricane Mitch, which caused considerable damage to the nation and its infrastructure. Many bridges were damaged while some were destroyed, but the new Choluteca Bridge survived with minor damage. While the bridge itself was in near perfect condition, the roads on either end of the bridge had vanished, leaving no visible trace of their prior existence. More impressively, the Choluteca River had carved itself a new channel during the massive flooding caused by the hurricane, it no longer flowed beneath the bridge. The bridge became known as “The Bridge to Nowhere”. In 2003, the bridge was reconnected to the highway
Nebraska Highway 36 is a highway in Nebraska. Its western terminus is 0.17 miles southwest of U. S. Highway 275 near Fremont, its eastern terminus is at U. S. Highway 75 in Omaha. Nebraska Highway 36 begins in far northwestern Douglas County west of a freeway intersection with U. S. Highway 275 between Fremont. After a brief northeasterly routing, it turns east into farmland, passes the Elkhorn River and meets Nebraska Highway 31, it turns southeast towards Bennington. After passing through the northern edge of Bennington, it goes east, turns southeast and meets Nebraska Highway 133, it continues east, passes through the northern edge of Glenn Cunningham Lake and turns southeasterly. It becomes a four-lane divided highway as it enters increasing residential areas, passes under Interstate 680 and meets its end at U. S. Highway 75 just south of that highway's intersection with I-680 in the Florence neighborhood of Omaha. Within the city limits of Omaha, it is McKinley Avenue. Prior to 1977, Nebraska Highway 36 extended east over the Mormon Bridge to connect with unsigned Iowa Highway 988.
That year, Interstate 680 was designated to use the bridge. The entire route is in Douglas County. Nebraska Roads: NE 21-40