Ezekiel is the central protagonist of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible. In Judaism and Islam, Ezekiel is acknowledged as a Hebrew prophet. In Judaism and Christianity, he is viewed as the 6th-century BCE author of the Book of Ezekiel, which reveals prophecies regarding the destruction of Jerusalem, the restoration to the land of Israel, what some call the Millennial Temple visions; the name Ezekiel means'God Strengthens'. The author of the Book of Ezekiel presents himself as Ezekiel, the son of Buzzi, born into a priestly lineage. Apart from identifying himself, the author gives a date for the first divine encounter which he presents: "in the thirtieth year". If this is a reference to Ezekiel's age at the time, he was born around 622 BCE, about the time of Josiah's reforms, shortly after the call of Jeremiah to a prophetic ministry around 626 BCE. Ezekiel's "thirtieth year" is given as five years after the exile of Judah's king Jehoiachin by the Babylonians; the Aramaic Targum on Ezekiel 1:1, however, as well as the 2nd-century rabbinic work Seder Olam Rabba, take a different approach, where they both say that Ezekiel's vision came "in the thirtieth year after Josiah was presented with a Book of the Law discovered in the Temple".

According to Jewish tradition, Ezekiel did not write his own book, the Book of Ezekiel, but rather his prophecies were collected and written by the Men of the Great Assembly. Josephus claims that Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia's armies exiled three thousand Jews from Judah, after deposing King Jehoiakim in 598 BCE. According to the Bible and his wife lived during the Babylonian captivity on the banks of the Chebar River, in Tel Abib, with other exiles from Judah. There is no mention of him having any offspring. Ezekiel describes his calling to be a prophet by going into great detail about his encounter with God and four "living creatures" with four wheels that stayed beside the creatures. For the next five years he incessantly prophesied and acted out the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple, met with some opposition; however and his contemporaries like Jeremiah, another prophet, living in Jerusalem at that time, witnessed the fulfillment of their prophecies with the siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonians.

On the hypothesis that the "thirtieth year" of Ezekiel 1:1 refers to Ezekiel's age, Ezekiel was fifty years old when he had his final vision. On the basis of dates given in the Book of Ezekiel, his span of prophecies can be calculated to have occurred over the course of about 22 years; the last recorded prophecy of Ezekiel dates to April 570 BCE. Ezekiel, like Jeremiah, is said by Talmud and Midrash to have been a descendant of Joshua by his marriage with the proselyte and former prostitute Rahab; some statements found in rabbinic literature posit that Ezekiel was the son of Jeremiah, called "Buzi" because he was despised by the Jews. Ezekiel was said to be active as a prophet while in the Land of Israel, he retained this gift when he was exiled with Jehoiachin and the nobles of the country to Babylon. Rava states in the Babylonian Talmud that although Ezekiel describes the appearance of the throne of God, this is not because he had seen more than the prophet Isaiah, but rather because the latter was more accustomed to such visions.

Ezekiel, like all the other prophets, has beheld only a blurred reflection of the divine majesty, just as a poor mirror reflects objects only imperfectly. According to the midrash Canticles Rabbah, it was Ezekiel whom the three pious men, Hananiah and Azariah asked for advice as to whether they should resist Nebuchadnezzar's command and choose death by fire rather than worship his idol. At first God revealed to the prophet, but after they had left the house of the prophet determined to sacrifice their lives to God, Ezekiel received this revelation: "Thou dost believe indeed that I will abandon them. That shall not happen. Ezekiel is commemorated as a saint in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church—and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite—on July 21. Ezekiel is commemorated on August 28 on the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church, on April 10 in the Roman Martyrology. Certain Lutheran churches celebrate his commemoration on July 21. Saint Bonaventure interpreted Ezekiel's statement about the "closed gate" as a prophecy of the Incarnation: the "gate" signifying the Virgin Mary and the "prince" referring to Jesus.

This is one of the readings at Vespers on Great Feasts of the Theotokos in the Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic Churches. This imagery is found in the traditional Catholic Christmas hymn "Gaudete" and in a saying by Bonaventure, quoted by Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori: "No one can enter Heaven unless by Mary, as though through a door." The imagery provides the basis for the concept that God gave Mary to humanity as the "Gate of Heaven", an idea laid out in the Salve Regina prayer. John B. Taylor credits the subject with imparting the B


Doramectin is a veterinary drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of parasites such as gastrointestinal roundworms, eyeworms, sucking lice and mange mites in cattle. It is used for the treatment and control of internal parasitosis and mange. Doramectin is a derivative of ivermectin, its spectrum includes: Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus and Oesophagostomum species and Dictyocaulus viviparus, Dermatobia hominis, Boophilus microplus, Psoroptes bovis, among many other internal and external parasites. It is available as a 5-mg/ml topical solution. Doramectin is marketed in many Latin-American and some Asia and Africa countries as Doramec L. A. in a 1% Doramectin Long Acting Injectable Solution for cattle, sheep and others. Its oleous carrier confers to Doramec L. A. a slow and prolonged liberation, extending its action up to 42 days. Doramectin is available for horses as an oral, bioadhesive gel under the name Doraquest L. A. Oral Gel, it can be used to control and treat internal parasites as roundworms and some external parasites

History of Post-Communist Albania

In 1991, the Socialist Party of Albania, with specific social democratic ideology took control of the country through democratic elections. One year the Democratic Party of Albania won the new elections. After 1990, Albania has been seeking a closer relationship with the West. What followed were deliberate programs of economic and democratic reform, but Albanian inexperience with capitalism led to the proliferation of pyramid schemes – which were not banned due to the corruption of the government. Chaos in late 1996 to early 1997, as a result of the collapse of these pyramid schemes, alarmed the world and prompted the influx of international peacekeeping forces. In 1995, Albania was accepted into the Council of Europe and requested membership in NATO and is a potential candidate country for accession to the European Union; the workforce of Albania has continued to emigrate to Western countries Greece and Italy. Albania's postcommunist transformation continues, with more progress in some areas than others.

Greek-Albanian relations deteriorate, Athens blocks European Union loans to Tirana, impeding Albania's much-needed integration into Europe. Gross domestic product grows by 8%, inflation continues its downward spiral. Unemployment, remains the country's Achilles' heel; some $400 million sent home by Albanian emigrants play a vital role in boosting the domestic economy by increasing the volume of disposable income. For most, economic hardship and widespread poverty are the norm. Albania's foreign debt continues to soar; the political climate is stable, but hostility between ruling and opposition forces continues to surface. The Socialist Party and other political groups accuse President Sali Berisha of becoming authoritarian. Albania makes considerable progress in foreign affairs, although relations with some of its neighbours continue to be fraught with problems; the impasse in relations between Belgrade and Tirana persists, but ties with Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Italy further improve.

Relations with Greece raise worries about a new Balkan flash point. April 1994Following a raid on an army training camp in which two Albanian conscripts were killed, Tirana arrests five ethnic Greeks, finds them guilty of espionage and illegal possession of weapons, sentences them to between six and eight years in prison. Angered by the verdict, Athens expels as many as 70,000 of the 300,000 illegal Albanian immigrants living in Greece. April 1994Fatos Nano is convicted of embezzling state funds during his premiership in 1991 and sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment. July 1994Ramiz Alia is tried on a number of charges, including forced deportation of political prisoners, summary executions, the upholding of the 1967 ban on religious activity; the charges are changed to abuse of power and violation of citizens' rights. Alia pleads "not guilty" and protests. October 4, 1994A draft constitution is presented to Berisha. Failing to obtain the requisite two-thirds majority approval for it in the People's Assembly, Berisha calls for a national referendum, the first of its kind.

The November 6 vote goes against Berisha. November 1994Alia's prison sentence is reduced to five years. Berisha still faces formidable political and social problems; the leading opposition Socialist Party threatens the Democratic Party's hold on power, while the latter cites notable successes in economic and foreign affairs and predicts victory in the parliamentary elections scheduled for March 1996. Among the 49 new legislative decisions approved by the People's Assembly in 1995 are land and property laws that positively affect the flow of domestic and foreign investments in the field of agriculture; the process of privatization continues, with some 1,400 small-sized enterprises privatized. Albania's $700 million foreign debt is reduced. Gross domestic product grows by an estimated 6%, inflation drops to about 10%; the agricultural and private-service sectors register high rates of growth - 15%, 90%, 25%, respectively. The industrial sector remains the weakest economic link, with continued production losses.

Exports lag. Continued progress is made in foreign affairs, with the exception of an impasse between Tirana and Belgrade. A slight improvement in Greek-Albanian relations is evidenced. U. S.-Albanian military cooperation develops quickly. Joint projects in 1995 include U. S. intelligence-gathering flights to Bosnia and Herzegovina from bases in Albania, exchanges of high-level military delegations and military exercises, the construction of Albania's only military hospital. March 1995The chairman of the Democratic Party, Eduard Selami, is dismissed at an extraordinary party congress for opposing Berisha's efforts to organize a further referendum for the draft constitution. Selami is replaced by Tritan Shehu. May 1995Italy deploys troops along its coast to stem the continued influx of Albanian illegal immigrants. June 1995Ilir Hoxha, son of Enver Hoxha, is convicted of inciting national hatred for denouncing leaders of the Democratic Party in a newspaper interview. July 1995Albania is admitted to the Council of Europe.

July 7, 1995The Supreme Court orders the immediate release of Alia, owing to the provisions of a new penal code, which took effect at the beginning of June. In July the case against Vilson Ahmeti is abandoned, owing to