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Fólkvangr

In Norse mythology, Fólkvangr is a meadow or field ruled over by the goddess Freyja where half of those that die in combat go upon death, whilst the other half go to the god Odin in Valhalla. Others were brought to Fólkvangr after their death. Fólkvangr is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. According to the Prose Edda, within Fólkvangr is Freyja's hall Sessrúmnir. Scholarly theories have been proposed about the implications of the location. In the poem Grímnismál collected in the Poetic Edda, Odin tells the young Agnar that Freyja allots seats to half of those that die in her hall Fólkvangr, while Odin receives the other half: In chapter 24 of the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, High tells Gangleri that Freyja is "the most glorious of the ásynjur", that Freyja has a dwelling in the heavens called Fólkvangr, that "whenever she rides to battle she gets half of the slain, the other half Odin, as it says here: ".

High continues with a description of Freyja's hall Sessrúmnir. In Egils saga, when Egill Skallagrímsson refuses to eat, his daughter Þorgerðr says she will go without food and thus starve to death, in doing so will meet the goddess Freyja: Thorgerd replied in a loud voice,'I have had no evening meal, nor will I do so until I join Freyja. I know no better course of action. I do not want to live after my father and brother are dead.' Britt-Mari Näsström says that "as a receiver of the dead her abode is open for women who have suffered a noble death." Näsström cites the above passage from Egils saga as an example, points to a potential additional connection in the saga Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks, where the queen hangs herself in the dísarsalr after discovering that her husband has betrayed both her father and brother. Näsström comments that "this Dís could hardly be anyone but Freyja herself, the natural leader of the collective female deities called dísir, the place of the queen's suicide seems thus to be connected with Freyja."

John Lindow says that if the Fólk- element of Fólkvangr is to be understood as "army" Fólkvangr appears as an alternative to Valhalla. Lindow adds that, like Odin, Freyja has an association with warriors in that she presides over the eternal combat of Hjaðningavíg. Rudolf Simek theorizes that the name Fólkvangr is "surely not much older than Grímnismál itself", adds that the Gylfaginning description keeps close to the Grímnismál description, yet that the Gylfaginning descriptions adds that Sessrúmnir is located within Fólkvangr. According to Hilda Ellis Davidson, Valhalla "is well known because it plays so large a part in images of warfare and death," yet the significance of other halls in Norse mythology such as Ýdalir, where the god Ullr dwells, Freyja's Fólkvangr have been lost. Britt-Mari Näsström places emphasis on that Gylfaginning relates that "whenever she rides into battle she takes half of the slain," and interprets Fólkvangr as "the field of the Warriors." Näsström comments that: Freyja receives the slain heroes of the battlefield quite respectfully as Óðinn does.

Her house is called Sessrumnir,'filled with many seats', it fills the same function as Valhöll,'the hall of the slain', where the warriors eat and drink beer after the fighting. Still, we must ask, it might be a consequence of different forms of initiation of warriors, where one part seemed to have belonged to Óðinn and the other to Freyja. These examples indicate that Freyja was a war-goddess, she appears as a valkyrie, literally'the one who chooses the slain'. Siegfried Andres Dobat comments that "in her mythological role as the chooser of half the fallen warriors for her death realm Fólkvangr, the goddess Freyja, emerges as the mythological role model for the Valkyrjar and the dísir." In a 2012 paper, Joseph S. Hopkins and Haukur Þorgeirsson propose a connection between Fólkvangr, Sessrúmnir, numerous stone ships found throughout Scandinavia. According to Hopkins and Haukur, Fólkvangr and Sessrumir together paint an image of a ship and a field, which has broader implications and may connect Freyja to the "Isis" of the Suebi: Perhaps each source has preserved a part of the same truth and Sessrúmnir was conceived of as both a ship and an afterlife location in Fólkvangr.'A ship in a field' is a somewhat unexpected idea, but it is reminiscent of the stone ships in Scandinavian burial sites.'A ship in the field' in the mythical realm may have been conceived as a reflection of actual burial customs and vice versa.

It is possible that the symbolic ship was thought of as providing some sort of beneficial property to the land, such as good seasons and peace brought on by Freyr’s mound burial in Ynglinga saga. Evidence involving ships from the pre-Christian period and from folklore may be re-examined with this potential in mind. For example, if Freyja is taken as a possessor of a ship this ship iconography may lend support to positions arguing for a connection between a Vanir goddess and the "Isis" of the Suebi, associated with ship symbolism in Tacitus’s Germania. Afterlife beliefs involving strong nautical elements, separately, afterlife fields, have been identified in numerous Indo-European cultures …" Hopkins and Haukur a

Electron–ion collider

An electron–ion collider is a proposed type of particle accelerator collider designed to collide spin-polarized beams of electrons and ions, in order to study the properties of nuclear matter in detail via deep inelastic scattering. In 2015, the Department of Energy Nuclear Science Advisory Committee named the construction of an electron–ion collider one of the top priorities for the near future in nuclear physics in the United States. In 2020, The United States Department of Energy announced that an EIC will be built over the next ten years at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, at an estimated cost of $1.6 to $2.6 billion. In the US, Brookhaven National Laboratory has a declared design for an EIC scheduled to be built in 2030. In Europe, CERN has plans for the LHeC. There are Chinese and Russian plans for an electron ion collider. Brookhaven National Laboratory's conceptual design, eRHIC, proposes upgrading the existing Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, which collides beams light to heavy ions including polarized protons, with a polarized electron facility.

On January 9th, 2020, It was announced by Paul Dabbar, undersecretary of the US Department of Energy Office of Science, that the BNL eRHIC design was selected over the conceptual design put forward by Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility as the design of a future EIC in the United States. In addition to the site selection, it was announced that the BNL EIC had acquired CD-0 from the Department of Energy; the LHeC would make use of the existing LHC accelerator and add an electron accelerator to collide electrons with the hadrons. In order to allow understanding of spin dependence of the electron nucleon collisions, both the ion beam and the electron beam must be polarized. Achieving and maintaining high levels of polarization is challenging. Nucleons and electrons pose different issues. Electron polarization is affected by synchrotron radiation; this gives rise to both self polarization via the Sokolov Ternov effect and depolarization due to the effects of quantum fluctuations. Ignoring the effects of synchrotron radiation, the motion of the spin follows the Thomas BMT equation.

The luminosity determines the rates of interactions between nucleons. The weaker a mode of interaction is, the higher luminosity is required to reach an adequate measurement of the process; the luminosity is inversely proportional to the product of the beam sizes of the two colliding species, which implies that the smaller the emittances of the beams, the larger the luminosity. Whereas the electron beam emittance is determined by an equilibrium between damping and diffusion from synchrotrotron radiation, the emittance for the ion beam is determined by the injected value; the ion beam emittance may be decreased via various methods of beam cooling, such as electron cooling or stochastic cooling. In addition, one must consider the effect of intrabeam scattering, a heating effect. An electron ion collider allows probing of the substructure of protons and neutrons via a high energy electron. Protons and neutrons are composed of quarks, interacting via the strong interaction mediated by gluons; the general domain encompassing the study of these fundamental phenomena is nuclear physics, with the low level accepted framework being Quantum Chromodynamics, the'chromo' resulting from the fact that quarks are described as having three different possible values for color charge.

Some of the remaining mysteries associated with atomic nuclei include how nuclear properties such as spin and mass emerge from the lower level constituent dynamics of quarks and gluons. Formulations of these mysteries, encompassing research projects, include the proton spin crisis and the proton radius puzzle. Electron Ion Collider user group: One electron ion collider in the past was HERA in Hamburg, Germany. Hera ran from 1992 to 2007 and collided electrons and protons at a center of mass energy of 318 GeV

Takahama Line

The Takahama Line is a 9.4 km railway line owned by Iyotetsu. The line connects Matsuyama with the port town of Mitsuhama in Japan; the line runs in the northwest direction from Matsuyama City Station, terminating at Takahama Station. Opening in 1888, this is the first railroad in Shikoku. There is a planned extension to Matsuyama Port to the north of Takahama Station, served by a bus; the line is electrified with overhead lines and is double-tracked for the entire line, except for the portion between Takahama Station and Baishinji Station. The majority of rail services continue past Matsuyama City Station on the Yokogawara Line to Yokogawara Station. Trains arrive every fifteen minutes. All stations are located in Ehime Prefecture. Although not constructed yet, Matsuyama Tourist Port Station is given a number designation, IY00

Marcus Campbell (artist)

Marcus Campbell is a writer and sculptor. Campbell grew up in Napier, his parents were Harry Campbell. He studied English literature and drama in New Zealand, scenography in California and finished with a master's degree. Plays he wrote were staged in Auckland, Seattle and New York. In 1977 he was awarded a Commonwealth Scholarship for theatre studies in Canada, where he gained his Master of Fine Arts in Theatre Studies, he published a number of short stories and in 1981 received the Frank Sargeson Award for short story writing. After 12 years he turned to Eastern Orthodoxy, he spent a decade in a number of monasteries and visited Mount Athos, Greece about which he has written a memoir, ‘Crossways’. He was sewing the vestments worn in the Orthodox liturgy, he spent five years in Scotland moved to France where he still lives, worked as a gardener and property manager. Now retired, he spends his time on painting and sculpture Outsider art, with an emphasis on the Found Objects; the Lady of Yesterday.

In: Lydia Wevers: Cabernet Sauvignon with my Brother. New Zealand short stories. Fourth series. First Ed. 1984. Second Ed. 1986. Third Ed. 1989. ISBN 0 19 558 109 1 A Blue Forest. Austin Macauley, London 2015. ISBN 978 1 78455 657 0 Death of the Hawk: and other stories. CreateSpace, 2017. ISBN 9781539635208 Death of a Hawk The Sheep Without Slaves to Beauty A Fire at Culverden The Salt of the Sea Midnight Clear Ruby Chips A Crown of Thorns The Hour of Need The Devil You Know Flamin’ Giraffes The C Change Grandma’s Gift Revolting Black Pearls Stancie and the Stylobate Alverine Marcus Campbell: Biografical Note. In: Claus Reisinger: Marcus Campbell. Works and Days. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2015. ISBN 978-3-88462-361-9, S. 6. Claus Reisinger: Marcus Campbell. Works and Days. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2015. ISBN 978-3-88462-361-9 Marcus Campbell on Homepage of PHAART

1925 Atlantic hurricane season

The 1925 Atlantic hurricane season was an inactive Atlantic hurricane season during which four tropical cyclones formed. Only one of them was a hurricane; the first storm developed on August 18, the last dissipated on December 1. The season began at a late date; the official start of the season is considered to be June 1 with the end being October 31. Due to increased activity over the following decades, the official end of the hurricane season was shifted to November 30; the final two storms of the season impacted several areas, with the final storm affecting areas from Cuba to Rhode Island. The third storm caused little or no damage along the Texas coastline with gale-force winds being recorded only along the coast; the last storm caused severe damage along the beaches of the Florida Peninsula, with damages estimated in the millions along with four fatalities near Tampa. At least $600,000 was lost in damages dealt to the citrus industry and several maritime incidents resulted in over 55 fatalities.

The first indications of a tropical cyclone developing were on August 17. A ship in the vicinity of the developing system reported winds of 40 mph over 78 °F waters. Around 0000 UTC the next day, the system was classified as a modern-day tropical depression with sustained winds estimated at 30 mph. 18 hours the depression strengthened into a tropical storm, the first of the season while located to the north-northeast of the Bahamas. Gradual intensification took place throughout most of the storm's life as it traveled towards the northeast until becoming a hurricane around 0600 UTC on August 20. About 30 minutes a ship recorded winds of 45 mph and a pressure of 993.6 mbar, the lowest pressure recorded in relation to the small storm. Shortly after, the storm reached its peak intensity with winds of 80 mph. Increasing in forward motion, the storm became extratropical early on August 21 after turning towards the north; the second storm of the season was first identified on August 25 to the east of Florida as a tropical depression.

Around this time, several ships were reporting winds up to 25 mph in the vicinity of the system. Traveling towards the northeast, the storm intensified, attainting tropical storm status around 0600 UTC the next day. Several hours a ship recorded a pressure of 1010 mbar while located in the vicinity of the system; the storm turned towards the west-northwest that day and forward motion began to increase. Early on August 27, the storm weakened below tropical storm status and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while moving over cooler waters; the system dissipated shortly after over open waters. Although the storm remained over water for the duration of its existence, the outer reaches of the system brought rain and light winds to Georgia and the Carolinas. In Jacksonville, the storm produced 0.47 in of rain on August 25. Between August 26 and 27, Cape Hatteras received 2.06 in of rain from the storm. The third storm of the season was first identified as tropical depression off the northwestern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula early on September 6.

The system moved at a steady pace to the northwest towards the Rio Grande Valley. Shortly after forming, the depression strengthened into a tropical storm. At this time, a ship in the vicinity of the storm recorded a pressure of 1012 mbar. By 1800 UTC that day, the storm reached its peak intensity with winds of 50 mph. Around 9 pm CST that night, storm warnings were issued for areas between Brownsville and Corpus Christi, Texas; these warnings were expanded to include the entire Texas coastline. The storm made landfall in northern Mexico, just south of the Texas border, shortly after the warnings were extended. Around the time the storm made landfall, a pressure of 1002 mbar was recorded in Texas; the storm dissipated that day over southwestern Texas. No known damage was caused as a result of this storm and storm-force winds were only recorded over a small area on the Texas coastline; the storm produced minor rainfall over south Texas with Brownsville recording 0.56 in and Corpus Christi recording 0.95 in.

Winds up to 43 mph were reported in Brownsville around 1 am CST on September 7. A tropical depression developed near the Yucatan Peninsula early on November 27; the depression drifted southeastward and strengthened into a tropical storm. Once in the gulf, it intensified to winds of 65 mph. Early on December 1, the storm made landfall near Florida, at the same intensity; the system soon became extratropical. The extratropical cyclone emerged over the eastern Atlantic several hours and regained hurricane-force winds. By 0000 UTC, the extratropical system peaked with winds of 90 mph and a minimum pressure of 980 mbar. Around this time, the U. S. S. Patoka, in the vicinity of the storm, recorded a pressure of 978.5 mbar. The northeastward movement slowed shortly after crossing Florida. Around 2300 UTC, it made landfall between Wilmington and Cape Hatteras with winds equivalent to a minimal hurricane. Shortly after landfall, maximum sustained winds in the storm dropped below 75 mph. A strong area of high pressure located over the Canadian Maritimes caused the system to turn east-southeastward.

On December 5, the storm weakened further to the equivalent of a tropical depression as the system began to move towards the south. The remnants of the storm continued eastward, passing several hundred miles nort

List of Borussia Dortmund players

Borussia Dortmund is a German football club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia. The team play in the Bundesliga – the highest tier in the German football league system; the club was founded in 1909. The following is a list of players; this consists of appearances in the Bundesliga, 2. Bundesliga North, Regionalliga West, DFB-Pokal, European Cup, UEFA Cup, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Oberliga West and the finals of the German football championship. Players with fewer appearances are included if they are a club record holder, or have won a notable individual award with the club such as the German Footballer of the Year. Statistics correct as of end of 2017–18 season bold signifies current Borussia Dortmund player As at 26 December 2019 General"Borussia Dortmund legends"- A list of BVB greatest players "Die Spieler-Datenbank". Schwatzgelb.de - Das Borussia Dortmund Fanzine. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2011. "Borussia Dortmund". Fussballdaten. Specific